New York metropolitan area

New York metropolitan area
New York Metropolitan Area

New York-Newark-Bridgeport
New York-New
Combined Statistical Area (CSA)
—  Tri-State Area  —
New York
Coordinates: 40°48′31″N 74°1′13.39″W / 40.80861°N 74.0203861°W / 40.80861; -74.0203861Coordinates: 40°48′31″N 74°1′13.39″W / 40.80861°N 74.0203861°W / 40.80861; -74.0203861
Country United States of America
States  New York,  New Jersey,  Connecticut,  Pennsylvania
Largest city New York City
Other Cities Newark
Jersey City
New Haven
New Rochelle
 – Total 11,842 sq mi (30,670.6 km2)
Elevation 509-0 ft (509 m)
Population (2010)
 – Total 22,085,649
 – Density 1,865/sq mi (720.1/km2)
  Ranked 1st in the US
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 212, 646 917, 718, 347, 917, 929, 516, 631, 914, 845, 570, 203, 201, 551, 862, 973
Map of the Metropolitan Area

The New York metropolitan area, also known as Greater New York, or the Tri-State area, is the region that composes of New York City and the surrounding region. It is the most populous metropolitan area in the United States (including both the Metropolitan Statistical Area definition and the Combined Statistical Area definition) and is also one of the most populous in the world. It includes the largest city in the United States (New York City), the five largest cities in New Jersey (Newark, Jersey City, Elizabeth, Paterson and Trenton) and six of the seven largest cities in Connecticut (Bridgeport, New Haven, Stamford, Waterbury, Norwalk & Danbury). The total area of the metropolitan area is 11,842 sq mi (30,671 km2). It is one of the most important regions in the United States and the world being a center of industries such as entertainment, finance, news media, and manufacturing.



Metropolitan Statistical Area

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division
Nassau-Suffolk, NY Metropolitan Division
Newark-Union, NJ-PA Metropolitan Division
Edison-New Brunswick, NJ Metropolitan Division
Rest of the New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area

The U.S. Office of Management and Budget has two definitions of the area: the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and the Combined Statistical Area (CSA). The MSA definition is called the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, New York-New Jersey-Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area, and includes a population of 18,897,109 as of the 2010 census.[1] (roughly 1 in 16 Americans) as of 2010. The MSA is further subdivided into four metropolitan divisions. The 23-county metropolitan area includes ten counties in New York State (those coinciding with the five boroughs of New York City, the two counties of Long Island, and three counties in the lower Hudson Valley); 12 counties in Northern and Central New Jersey; and one county in northeastern Pennsylvania. The largest urbanized area in the United States is at the heart of the metropolitan area, the New York–Newark, NY–NJ–CT Urbanized Area (estimated to have a population of 18,319,939 as of 2008 and an area of 6,720 square miles).

The counties and county groupings constituting the New York metropolitan area are listed below with 2009 U.S. Census Bureau estimates of their populations.

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area (19,069,796)

Combined Statistical Area

The Combined Statistical Area definition consists of the original MSA plus a wider region consisting of five adjacent metropolitan areas. The area is known as the New York-Newark-Bridgeport, New York-New Jersey-Connecticut-Pennsylvania Combined Statistical Area, with an estimated population of 22,085,649[2] as of 2009. About one out of every fifteen Americans resides in this region, which includes seven additional counties in New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut, and is often referred to as the Tri-state Area and less commonly the Tri-State Region (but leaving out Pennsylvania). However, the New York City television designated market area (DMA) includes Pike County, Pennsylvania[3], which is also included in the CSA.

This wider region includes the largest city in the United States (New York City), the five largest cities in New Jersey (Newark, Jersey City, Elizabeth, Paterson and Trenton) and six of the seven largest cities in Connecticut (Bridgeport, New Haven, Stamford, Waterbury, Norwalk & Danbury). The total land area of the extended metropolitan area is 11,842 sq mi (30,671 km2).

In addition to the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, the following Metropolitan Statistical Areas are also included in the New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area (total pop. 22,232,494):


The area is frequently divided into the following regions:[4][5]

  • New York City (Center of the region)
  • Long Island (Nassau & Suffolk Counties, NY – separated by water from the rest of the region except New York City; not including Queens County or Kings County (Brooklyn) , which coincide with two of New York City's Five Boroughs)
  • North Jersey-Northern portion of New Jersey
  • Central Jersey- Middle portion of New Jersey
  • Hudson Valley (Lower Hudson Valley suburbs of Westchester, Putnam and Rockland Counties; and Mid-Hudson exurbs of Dutchess, Orange and Ulster Counties)
  • Western Connecticut (Only Fairfield, New Haven and Litchfield Counties are part of the region and separated by the state line)

All five areas can be (and often are) further divided. For instance, Long Island can be divided into the South and North Shores (usually when speaking about Nassau County), Western Suffolk, and the East End. The Hudson Valley and Connecticut are sometimes grouped together and referred to as the Northern Suburbs, largely because of the shared usage of Metro-North Railroad.[6]


Long Island/NYC

New York City

Long Island

Long Island is home to two of New York City's boroughs:Brooklyn and Queens as well as the more suburban Nassau and Suffolk counties.

It has a population of 7,568,304 as of the United States Census 2010 and is the most populated island in the United States and the 17th most populous island in the world. For transportation, it is served by the Long Island Expressway and the Long Island Railroad, both of which are heavily used for transport. It is also home to John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport, two of the three major airport hubs in the area.

Northern New Jersey

Northern New Jersey is typically defined as the following counties:

The New Jersey State Department of Tourism splits North Jersey into the urban Gateway Region and the more rural Skylands Region in regards to their contrasting character and quality.

Northern New Jersey is home to six of the largest cities of New Jersey:Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, Woodbridge Township, and Edison. The region can be geographically diverse with wetlands, mountains, and valleys scattered throughout the area. It has a large network of expressways and public transportation rail services which are mostly operated by New Jersey Transit. It is also home to the second largest airport in the area, Newark Liberty International Airport.

Central Jersey

The New Jersey State House in Trenton is the seat of the New Jersey Legislature.

Central Jersey is the middle portion of the state. It is home to both New York and Philadelphia commuters. Due to this fact it is loosely associated with the Delaware Valley and is considered to be part of both regions. Important towns such as Trenton (State capital of New Jersey) and Princeton (home to Ivy League Princeton University) are located in this subregion.

Hudson Valley

The Hudson Valley is the valley centered around the Hudson River north of New York City. It is mostly suburban and contains less job centers in contrast to the rest of the region. and Long Island. It is one the fastest growing areas as a result of the high housing costs in New York City and the inner suburbs. Historically, the valley was home to many factories, but many have closed. Cleanup efforts to improve the Hudson River water quality after years of pollution are currently planned and will be supervised by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).[7]


Fairfield, New Haven, and Litchfield Counties are located in the western portion of Connecticut with large business and industrial parks scattered throughout the area although mostly contained within Fairfield County. The three counties (and Connecticut in general) have had a long-standing reputation for affluence. Geographically, the areas are flat along the coast with low hills eventually giving way to large mountain ranges such as The Berkshires further inland. Many of the largest cities in the state are located within New Haven and Fairfield Counties.

Urban areas of the region

Skyline of New York City and Jersey City from Newark, New Jersey

The combined statistical area is a multicore metropolitan region containing several urban areas.

Urbanized Area State(s) 2000
1 New York—Newark NY--NJ--CT 17,799,861
42 Bridgeport—Stamford CT--NY 888,890
70 New Haven CT 531,314
90 Poughkeepsie—Newburgh NY 351,982
122 Trenton NJ 268,472
163 Waterbury CT 189,026
190 Danbury CT--NY 154,455
350 Hightstown NJ 69,977
435 Kingston NY 53,458
452 Middletown NY 50,071

Principal cities

The following is a list of principal cities in the New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area with 2005 U.S. Census Bureau estimates of their population. Principal cities are generally those where there is a greater number of jobs than employed residents.[8][9]


The New York Stock Exchange is the largest stock exchange by market capitalization.

The regional economy is the largest in the United States and one of the most important in the world as a center in international banking and commerce. New York is considered a global city. Finance, real estate, manufacturing, tourism, biotechnology, and education are in general, the leading industries in the area. Other industries include entertainment and news media. In 2010, the gross metropolitan product was $1.28 trillion dollars[10], second only to Tokyo and is bigger than all but 14 countries.[11] Along with its wealth, the area has a cost of living that is one of the highest in the world.[12]


The metropolitan area has numerous higher education institutions. Prestigious colleges such as Columbia University New York University, and Yale University (the latter is located outside the New York proper in New Haven) are located in the region.The New York City Department of Education is the largest school district in the United States serving over 1.2 million students.[13] Public high schools such as High Technology High School in Monmouth County, New Jersey, Newcomers High School in Long Island City, and Stuyvesant High School are some of the most prestigious in the country.[14]


According to the 2010 American Community Survey, Out of the 14,973,063 over 25 years of age, 14.8% (2,216,578) had a graduate or professional degree, 21.1% (3,166,037) had a bachelor's degree, 6.4% (962,007) had a associate degree, 16.0% (2,393,990) had some college education but no degree, 26.8% (4,009,901) had a high school diploma or equivalent, 14.8% (2,224,557) had less than a high school education.[15] In 2010, CNN Money ranked the area as one of the top 10 smartest regions in the United States. [16]


Commuter rail

The metropolitan area is partly defined by the areas from which people commute into New York City . The city is served by three primary commuter rail systems plus Amtrak.

An Acela Express train going to New York City. The Acela Express is the first and only high-speed rail service in the country.

The Long Island Rail Road (LIRR), the busiest commuter railroad in the United States,[17] is operated by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), an agency of New York State. It has two major terminals at Pennsylvania Station in Midtown Manhattan and Atlantic Terminal in Downtown Brooklyn, with a minor terminal at Long Island City station and a major transfer point at Jamaica station in Queens.

Metro-North Railroad (MNRR), the second busiest commuter railroad in the United States,[17] is also operated by the MTA, but in conjunction with the Connecticut Department of Transportation and New Jersey Transit. Its major terminal is Grand Central Terminal. Trains on the Port Jervis Line and Pascack Valley Line terminate at Hoboken Terminal; commuters may transfer at either Secaucus Junction for New Jersey Transit trains to New York Pennsylvania Station or at Hoboken Terminal for PATH trains into Manhattan.

New Jersey Transit (NJT), the third busiest commuter railroad in the United States by passenger miles and also third in trips when direct operated and purchased transportation services are both included (fourth if only direct operated are included),[17] is operated by the New Jersey Transit Corporation, an agency of New Jersey, in conjunction with Metro-North and Amtrak. A map of the system can be found here. It has major terminals at Pennsylvania Station in Manhattan, Hoboken Terminal in Hoboken, and Pennsylvania Station in Newark, with a major transfer point at Secaucus Junction. New Jersey transit also operates a light rail system in Hudson County, as well as the Newark City Subway. NJ Transit also consists of commuter buses operating in and out of Manhattan.

Amtrak's Northeast Corridor offers service to Philadelphia, New Haven, and other points between and including Boston and Washington, D.C.

Major stations in the metropolitan area are:

Station Railroad(s) County Type
Pennsylvania Station (New York City) LIRR, NJT, Amtrak New York Terminal and Transfer
Grand Central Terminal MNRR New York Terminal
Pennsylvania Station (Newark) NJT, Amtrak, PATH Essex Terminal and Transfer
Hoboken Terminal NJT, MNRR, PATH Hudson Terminal
Atlantic Terminal LIRR Kings Terminal
Hunterspoint Avenue LIRR Queens Terminal
Jamaica Station LIRR Queens Terminal and Transfer
Secaucus Junction NJT, MNRR Hudson Transfer
New Haven Union Station MNRR, Amtrak, Connecticut Shore Line East New Haven Terminal and Transfer
Trenton Station NJT, Amtrak, SEPTA Mercer Terminal and Transfer

The following table shows all train lines operated by these commuter railroads in the New York metropolitan area. New Jersey Transit operates an additional train line in the Philadelphia metropolitan area. (Shown counterclockwise from the Atlantic Ocean):

Line or Branch Railroad Counties
Far Rockaway LIRR Queens, Nassau
Long Beach LIRR Nassau
Montauk LIRR Suffolk
Babylon LIRR Nassau, Suffolk
West Hempstead LIRR Queens, Nassau
Hempstead LIRR Queens, Nassau
Ronkonkoma (Main Line) LIRR Nassau, Suffolk
Port Jefferson LIRR Nassau, Suffolk
Oyster Bay LIRR Nassau
Port Washington LIRR Queens, Nassau
New Haven MNRR, Shore Line East, Amtrak Westchester, Fairfield, New Haven
Harlem MNRR New York, Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Dutchess
Hudson MNRR, Amtrak Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Dutchess
Pascack Valley MNRR, NJT Hudson, Bergen, Passaic, Rockland, Orange
Port Jervis/Main Line/Bergen County MNRR, NJT Hudson, Bergen, Passaic, Rockland, Orange
Montclair-Boonton NJT New York, Hudson, Essex, Passaic, Morris, Warren
Morris & Essex (Morristown Line and Gladstone Branch) NJT New York, Hudson, Essex, Union, Morris, Somerset, Warren
Raritan Valley NJT Hudson, Essex, Union, Middlesex, Somerset, Hunterdon
Northeast Corridor and Princeton Branch NJT, Amtrak New York, Hudson, Essex, Union, Middlesex, Mercer
North Jersey Coast NJT New York, Hudson, Essex, Union, Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean

Additionally, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, an agency of the states of New York and New Jersey, operates the PATH system. This heavy rail transportation service serves the counties of New York, Hudson and Essex. A map can be found here.

Major highways

The following highways serve the region

Commuter bus

New Jersey Transit, Academy Bus, Coach USA, Adirondack Trailways (under the names of New York Trailways, Pine Hill Trailways, as well as Adirondack Trailways) and several other companies operate commuter coaches into the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Manhattan, and many other bus services in New Jersey. Bus services also operate in other nearby counties in the states of New York and Connecticut, but most terminate at a subway terminal or other rail station.

Major airports

John F. Kennedy airport is the largest airport serving the area

The metropolitan area is served by three major airports.

Airport IATA code ICAO code County State
John F. Kennedy International Airport JFK KJFK Queens New York
Newark Liberty International Airport EWR KEWR Essex/Union New Jersey
LaGuardia Airport LGA KLGA Queens New York

The following smaller airports are also in the metro area and provide daily commercial service:

Airport IATA code ICAO code County State
Long Island MacArthur Airport ISP KISP Suffolk New York
Stewart International Airport SWF KSWF Orange New York
Tweed New Haven Regional Airport HVN KHVN New Haven Connecticut
Westchester County Airport HPN KHPN Westchester New York

Commuter usage

According to the 2010 American Community Survey, 54.3 % (5,476,169) of commuters used a car or other private vehicle alone, 7.0% (708,788) used a carpool, 27.0% (2,721,372) used public transportation, 5.5% (558,434) walked to work, 2.0% (200,448) used some other mean of transportation to work. [18]

See also


During the Wisconsinan glaciation, the region was at the edge of a large ice sheet that was over 1000 feet in depth. The ice sheet scraped away large amounts of soil, leaving bedrock. Later on, the ice sheet would help split Long Island and what is now Staten Island apart.

The region was inhabited by Native American tribes such as the Lenape and others. The tribes used the abundant waterways that traversed the area for many purposes such as fishing and trade. Later, when Henry Hudson visited the area, he built a settlement called New Amsterdam in Lower Manhattan Island. New Amsterdam would later become today's New York City. In 1664, the English conquered the Dutch land holdings that included New Amsterdam and renamed it New York for the Duke of York. As the fur trade further moved north, New York became a trade hub. The trading bought in a diverse set of ethnic groups such as Africans, Jews, and the Portugese. The island of Manhattan was in some measure self-selected as a future metropolis by its extraordinary natural harbor formed by New York Bay (actually the drowned lower river valley of the Hudson River, enclosed by glacial moraines), the East River (actually a tidal strait) and the Hudson River, all of which are confluent at the southern tip, from which all later development spread.

During the American Revolution, New York was an important region during the battle, many battles such as the Battle of Long Island and the Battle of New York were fought here. However, New York remained in the hands of the British until the war ended with the United States gaining independence. After the war, New York was made capital of the United States, although for a rather short term before being moved to Philadelphia. In 1792, the Buttonwood Agreement was made by a group of merchants beginning the dawn of the New York Stock Exchange. Today, many people in the Tri-State Area work in this important stock exchange. Large-scale immigraition into New York was a result of large demand for manpower. The Cosmpolitan attitidue created tolerance for various cultures and ethnic groups. German, Irish, and Italian immigraition were some of the largest ethnic groups. Today, many of their descendents continue to live in the region. Cultural buildings such as , the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Metropolitan Opera, the American Museum of Natural History. New York newspapers were read around the country as media moguls James Gordon Bennett, Sr., Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst battle for readership. In 1884, over 70% of exports passed through ports in New York or in one of the surrounding towns. The modern New York City was founded in 1898, with the consolidation of what is now Manhattan, Staten Island, Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx.

The now unified New York City encouraged more physical connections between the boroughs and the growth of bedroom communities. The New York City Subway began operating in 1905 although split into different private systems that were later taken over by the city. Railroad stations such as Grand Central Terminal and Pennsylvania Station helped fuel suburban growth. During the era of Prohibition, the time when alcohol was banned, organized crime grew as demand for bootleg alcohol skyrocketed. The iconic Broadway Theater District developed with the showing of the musical, Show Boat.

The Great Depression ended the region's fortunes as a period of widespread unemployment and poverty began. City planner Robert Moses began his automobile centered career of building bridges, parkways, and later expressways. During World War II, the city economy was hurt due to the loss of shipping with Europe by blockades of German U-Boats. However, after the war ended, the city emerged as the only major city in the world unscathed by bombings and warfare.

After its population peaked in 1950, the city began to fall in decline with the population leaving the city for the suburbs. The effects were a result of white flight. Industry and commerce also declined in this era as well, with businesses leaving for the suburbs and other cities. Crime affected the city severely. Urban renewal projects alleviated the decay in Midtown Manhattan to a certain extent but later failed. Blackouts such as the Northeast Blackout of 1965 and the New York City Blackout of 1977 caused massive rioting. A rare highlight was the completion of the World Trade Center, which was one of the tallest buildings in the world. When conservative Ed Koch was elected, he would help rebuild the city and usher in a new era of prosperity.

In the 1980's, the city economy was booming. Wall Street was fueling an economic surge in the real estate market. Despite this, crime was still an issue. In the 1990's crime dropped substanially as the city transformed itself from a decaying city into an world class city.

The World Trade Center burning. It would later collapse, killing over 2,000 people many of whom lived in the suburbs surrounding the city

A major event in the regions history was the September 11th attacks, killing over 2,000 people as two planes crashed into the World Trade Center, later causing them to collapse. Businesses led an exodus from Lower Manhattan because of this. In 2003, another blackout occured, the 2003 North America blackout but suffered no looting. A building boom in New York City cotinues to this day although this has been slowed down by the Great Recession.

Statistical history

The U.S. Census Bureau first designated metropolitan areas in 1950 as standard metropolitan areas (SMAs). The "New York-Northeastern NJ SMA" was defined to include 17 counties: 9 in New York (the five boroughs of New York City, Nassau, Suffolk, Westchester, Rockland) and 8 in New Jersey (Bergen, Hudson, Pasaic, Essex, Union, Morris, Somerset, Middlesex). In 1960, the metropolitan area standards were modified and renamed standard metropolitan statistical areas (SMSAs). The new standards resulted in the splitting of the former SMA into several pieces: the nine New York counties became the "New York SMSA"; three of the New Jersey counties (Essex, Union, Morris) became the "Newark SMSA"; two other New Jersey counties (Bergen, Passaic) became the "Paterson-Passaic-Clifton SMSA"; Hudson County was designated the "Jersey City SMSA"; and Middlesex and Somerset counties lost their metropolitan status. In 1973, a new set of metropolitan area standards resulted in further changes: Nassau and Suffolk counties were split off as their own SMSA ("Nassau-Suffolk SMSA"); Bergen County (originally part of the Paterson-Clifton-Passaic SMSA) was transferred to the New York SMSA; the New York SMSA also received Putnam County (previously non-metropolitan); Somerset County was added to the Newark SMSA; and two new SMSAs, the "New Brunswick-Perth Amboy-Sayreville SMSA" (Middlesex County) and "Long Branch-Asbury Park SMSA" (Monmouth County), were established. In 1983, the concept of a consolidated metropolitan statistical area (CMSA) was first implemented. A CMSA consisted of several primary metropolitan statistical areas (PMSAs), which were individual employment centers within a wider labor market area. The "New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island CMSA" consisted of 12 PMSAs. Seven PMSAs were based on the original 1950 New York SMA that were split up: New York, Bergen-Passaic, Jersey City, Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon (Hunterdon added for the first time), Monmouth-Ocean (Ocean added for the first time), Nassau-Suffolk, and Newark (Sussex added for the first time). One additional PMSA was the Orange County PMSA (previously the Newburgh-Middletown SMSA). The other four PMSAs were former SMSAs in Connecticut: Bridgeport, Stamford, Norwalk, and Danbury. In 1993, four PMSAs were added to the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island CMSA: Trenton PMSA (Mercer County), Dutchess County PMSA, Waterbury PMSA, and New Haven PMSA. Several new counties were also added to the CMSA: Sussex, Warren, and Pike. The CMSA model was originally utilized for tabulating data from the 2000 census. In 2003, a new set of standards was established using the core-based statistical area (CBSA) model was adopted and remains in use as of 2010. The CBSA model resulted in the splitting up of the old CMSA into several metropolitan statistical areas: New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, Trenton-Ewing, Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk (includes Danbury), and New Haven-Milford (includes Waterbury).


2010 Census

As of the 2010 Census, the metropolitan area had a population of 22,085,649. The Population density was 1,865 per square mile. The racial markup was that 61.6% or 13,595,960 were White,16.9% or 3,727,105 were African Americans, 0.5% or 102,349 were American Indian and Alaskan Native, Asians were 9.1% or 2,008,906 overall, Pacific Islanders were less than 1% with a population of 9,971, 8.8% or 1,944,165 listed themselves as "some other race", while 3.2% (697,193) were of two or more races. Hispanics were 21.7% of any race or 4,790,542.

The median age was 37.9. 25.5% were under 18, 9.5% were 18 to 24 years, 28% were 25 to 44 years of age, 26.6% were 45 to 64 years old, and 13.2% were over the age of 65. Males composed 48.3% of the population while females were 51.7% of the population.

97.7% of the population were in households, 2.3% were in group quarters, and 1% were institutionalized. There were 8,103,731 of which 30.2 or 2,449,343 had children. 46.1% or 3,736,165 were composted of opposite sex and married couples. Male households with no wife composed 4.9% or 400,534. 15.0% or 1,212,436 were female households, with no husbands. 34% or 2,754,596 were non-family households. The household density were 684 per square mile. 91.9% of housing units were occupied with a 3.8% vacancy rate. The average household size was 2.65 per household. The average income for non-family households was $90,335, and the average income for families was $104,715. 13.3% or 2,888,493 of the popluation were below the poverty line.

26.7% or 5,911,993 of the population were born outside the United States. Out of this,17.4% or 1,028,506 were born in Europe, 27.0% or 1,595,523 were born in Asia, 3.8% or 224,109 were born in Africa, 0.2% or 11,957 were born in Oceania, 50.6% or 2,992,639 were born in Latin America.


Ethnic diversity

The Statue of Liberty has become an iconic symbol of immigration

Since its foundation as the mercantile colony of New Netherland the metropolitan area has been noted for ethnic diversity. Beginning in the later 19th century, the New York Area was in large degree divided among Italians, Irish, German, Jewish, African-American and Chinese populations. The Polish and Lebanese also established small communities. Thanks to successive waves of immigration, begun in earnest in the 19th century and continuing today, the area's diversity continues to grow. The states of New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut are all ranked among the top 10 fastest-growing immigration states in America, and great numbers of recent immigrants from across Latin America, East Asia, and the Caribbean now call the New York metropolitan area home. While prominent ethnic neighborhoods in the region are too numerous to list, there are multiple neighborhoods with large German, Jewish, Puerto Rican, Dominican, Cuban, Nicaraguan, Colombian, Jamaican, Haitian, Ecuadorian, Guatemalan, Mexican, Chinese, Guyanese, Trinidadian, Filipino, Russian, Turkish, Arab, Albanian, Korean, Japanese, Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Italian, Irish, Salvadorian, Peruvian, Greek, and Polish communities. The cuisines of virtually every major ethnic group are at least partially represented in the area, with the culinary landscape of New York changing slightly from year to year as new arrivals settle in.[19]

Religious divserity

The New York metropolitan area hosts a religious diversity in line with its ethnic diversity. Houses of worship exist for numerous Christian denominations, especially Catholicism but also various churches within both Eastern Orthodoxy and Protestantism. New York has a large Jewish population, is a major center of Orthodox Judaism and is home to the headquarters of many Hasidic movements, particularly in the borough of Brooklyn. Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Sikhism, Taoism, and many other religions have formal houses of worship in the area. Along with these religions, there are also many people who practice no religion at all.


Sports teams

The New York Knicks, Rangers, and Liberty sports teams play at Madison Square Garden

Listing of the professional sports teams in the New York metropolitan area


The New York City metropolitan area is home the headquarters of several well known media companies including: The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, Fox News, ABC, CBS and NBC. Local television channels include WCBS-TV 2 (CBS), WNBC 4 (NBC), WNYW 5 (FOX), WABC-TV 7 (ABC), WWOR-TV 9 (MyNetworkTV), WPIX 11 (CW), WNET 13 (PBS), WNYE-TV 25 (NYC Media) and WPXN-TV 31 (Ion). Radio stations serving the area include: WNYC, WFMU, WABC-AM, and WFAN. Many television and radio stations use the top of the Empire State Building to broadcast their terrestrial television signals. NY1 is a 24/7 local news provider available only to cable subscribers.

Area Codes

Area codes ny.png

The area is served by 23 area codes:

  • 212:Serves Manhattan and is overlaid with 646 and 917.
  • 718:Serves all other boroughs of New York City and is overlaid with 347, 917, 929
  • 917:Serves all of New York City
  • 516:Serves Nassau County
  • 631:Serves Suffolk County
  • 914:Serves Westchester County
  • 845:Serves the Hudson Valley counties of Southern New York State.
  • 570:Serves Northeastern Pennsylvania
  • 203:Serves Southwestern Connecticut and is overlaid with 475
  • 860:Serves the rest of Connecticut not served by 203 or 475
  • 201:Serves most of Bergen County, as well as parts of Essex, Hudson and Passaic in Northern New Jersey. and is overlaid with 551.
  • 973:Serves portions of Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Morris, Passaic, Sussex and Union Counties in Central New Jersey and is overlaid with 862.
  • 908:Serves communities in Union County, Somerset County, northern parts of Middlesex County, Hunterdon County, Warren County, and Morris County as well as some cell phones in Monmouth County in New Jersey.
  • 732:includes Middlesex and Somerset counties in Central Jersey and Union County in North Jersey, and Monmouth and northern Ocean counties on the Jersey Shore and overlaid with 848

See also


  1. ^ "Population Change for the Ten Most Populous and Fastest Growing Metropolitan Statiscal Areas: 2000 to 2010". U.S. Census Bureau. March 2011. p. 6. Retrieved April 12, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009" (CSV). 2009 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved March 23, 2010. 
  3. ^ New York City Designated Market Area map PDF
  4. ^ Geography Explained (see Change in Labor Market Areas)
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Metro-North Railroad". Metropolitan Transportation Authority of the State of New York. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Hudson River PCBs. New York, NY: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved September 29, 2011. 
  8. ^ Office of Management and Budget – Standards for Defining Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas, Sec. 5
  9. ^ U.S. Census Bureau – Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas and Principal Cities (December 2009)
  10. ^ "GDP by State". Greyhill Advisors. Retrieved September 23, 2011. 
  11. ^
  12. ^ Huddleston, Cameron. "Top 5 Cities with the highest cost of living". Kiplinger's. Retrieved November 12, 2011. 
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