- Atlantic County, New Jersey
Infobox U.S. County
county = Atlantic County
state = New Jersey
map size = 125
founded = 1837
seat = Mays Landing
largest city = Atlantic City | area_total_sq_mi =671
area percentage = 16.44%
census yr = 2000
pop = 252552
web = www.aclink.org
Atlantic County is a
countylocated in the U.S. stateof New Jersey. As of the 2000 Census, the population is 252,552. Its county seatis Mays LandingGR|6.
This county is part of the
All of what is known today as Atlantic County was once called "Egg Harbor Township", the eastern half of the original County of Gloucester. Named as an official district as early as 1693, it was bounded on the north by the Little Egg Harbor River (now known as the
Mullica River), and on the south by the Great Egg Harbor Riverand its southern branch the Tuckahoe River. Its eastern boundary was the Atlantic Ocean, but the western boundary in the South Jerseyinterior was not fixed until 1761.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 671
square miles (1,739 km²), of which, 561 square miles (1,453 km²) of it is land and 110 square miles (286 km²) of it (16.44%) is water.
Topographically, much of Atlantic County is low-lying and flat. The highest elevation, approximately 150 feet (50 m) above sea level, is found at two areas next to the
NJ Transitpassenger rail line just east of Hammonton. Sea level is the lowest point.
Burlington County, New Jersey- north
Ocean County, New Jersey- northeast
Cape May County, New Jersey- south
Cumberland County, New Jersey- southwest
Camden County, New Jersey- northwest
Gloucester County, New Jersey- northwest
Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge(part)
Great Egg Harbor Scenic and Recreational River(part)
estref= [cite web
title=QuickFacts: Atlantic County, New Jersey
U.S. Census Bureau
footnote=historical census data source: [cite web
title=New Jersey Resident Population by County: 1880 - 1930] [cite web
title=Geostat Center: Historical Census Browser
University of VirginiaLibrary
accessdate=2007-03-02] As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 252,552 people, 95,024 households, and 63,190 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 450 people per square mile (174/km²). There were 114,090 housing units at an average density of 203 per square mile (79/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.36% White, 17.63% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 5.06% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 6.06% from other races, and 2.58% from two or more races. 12.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.6% were of Italian, 13.0% Irish, 9.5% German and 5.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 95,024 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.50% were married couples living together, 14.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.50% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $43,933, and the median income for a family was $51,710. Males had a median income of $36,397 versus $28,059 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $21,034. About 7.60% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.80% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over.
In 1974, Atlantic County voters changed the county governmental form under the Optional County Charter Law to the
County executiveform. The charter provides for a popularly-elected executive and for a nine-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, responsible for legislation. The freeholders are elected to staggered three-year terms in partisan elections. Five of the freeholders represent equally-populated districts [ [http://www.aclink.org/Freeholders/mainpages/districts.asp Atlantic County Freeholder District Map] , accessed May 25, 2006] ; four are elected from the county on an at-large basis. Dennis Levinsonis Atlantic County's Executive. The Current Board of Chosen Freeholders Members are: [ [http://www.aclink.org/Freeholders/homepage.asp Atlantic County Board of Chosen Freeholders] , accessed March 1, 2007]
* [http://aclink.org/Freeholders/mainpages/member_profile.asp?ID=6 Alisa Cooper] , Freeholder At-Large (2008)
* [http://aclink.org/Freeholders/mainpages/member_profile.asp?ID=4 James Curcio] , Freeholder District 5, including Buena Borough, Buena Vista Township, Corbin City, Egg Harbor City, Estell Manor, Folsom, Hamilton Township (part), Hammonton, Mullica Township and Weymouth. (2009)
* [http://aclink.org/Freeholders/mainpages/member_profile.asp?ID=1 Richard Dase] , Freeholder District 4, including Absecon, Brigantine, Galloway Township and Port Republic. (2010)
* [http://www.aclink.org/Freeholders/mainpages/member_profile.asp?ID=5 Frank Giordano] , Freeholder At-Large (2009)
* [http://aclink.org/Freeholders/mainpages/member_profile.asp?ID=8 Joseph McDevitt] , Freeholder At-Large (2010)
*Chairman [http://www.aclink.org/Freeholders/mainpages/member_profile.asp?ID=2 Joseph F. Silipena] , Freeholder At-Large (2008)
* [http://aclink.org/Freeholders/mainpages/member_profile.asp?ID=7 Charles Garrett] , Freeholder District 1, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part) and Pleasantville. (2010)
*Vice Chairman [http://www.aclink.org/Freeholders/mainpages/member_profile.asp?ID=9 Thomas Russo] , Freeholder District 2, including Atlantic City (part), Egg Harbor Township (part), Longport, Margate, Somers Point and Ventnor. (2009)
* [http://www.aclink.org/Freeholders/mainpages/member_profile.asp?ID=3 Frank Sutton] , Freeholder District 3, including Egg Harbor Township (part), Hamilton Township (part), Linwood and Northfield. (2008)
Atlantic County is a Democratic-leaning county, in contrast to the other, strongly Republican
Jersey Shorecounties, Monmouth County, Ocean County, and Cape May County. In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, Atlantic County chose John Kerryover George W. Bushby a 5.9% margin, with Kerry winning by 6.7% statewide. [ [http://www.njvoterinfo.org/2004presNJ.htm New Jersey Presidential Election Returns by County - 2004] , NJVoterInfo.org. Accessed August 22, 2008.] It has gone Democratic in every Presidential election since 1992.
*Atlantic City (city)
*Buena Vista Township (township)
*Corbin City (city)
*Egg Harbor City (city)
*Egg Harbor Township (township)
*Estell Manor (city)
*Galloway Township (township)
*Hamilton Township (township)
*Margate City (city)
*Mullica Township (township)
*Port Republic (city)
*Somers Point (city)
*Ventnor City (city)
*Weymouth Township (township)
Institutions of higher education in Atlantic County include:
Atlantic Cape Community Collegein Mays Landing serves students from both Atlantic County and Cape May County.
Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, in Pomona
* [http://www.aclink.org/ Atlantic County website]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/nj/atlantic-cty.htm History of Atlantic County, New Jersey]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.