- Albany, New York
name = Albany
official_name = City of Albany
settlement_type = City
motto = Assiduity
image_caption = Downtown Albany as seen from the Corning Tower.
pushpin_map_caption =Location within the state of New York
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location in Albany County and the State of
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Albany
Gerald D. Jennings(D)
established_title = Founded
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date = 1614
established_date2 = July 22, 1686
area_magnitude = 1 E7
area_total_sq_mi = 21.8
area_total_km2 = 56.6
area_land_sq_mi = 21.4
area_land_km2 = 55.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.5
area_water_km2 = 1.2
area_water_percent = 2.15
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 95,658
population_metro = 1,147,850
population_CSA = 1,147,850
population_density_km2 = 2118.4
population_density_sq_mi = 5488.1
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 42 |latm = 39 |lats = 35 |latNS = N
longd = 73 |longm = 46 |longs = 53 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 60
elevation_ft = 200
area_code = 518
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 36-01000
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0977310
twin1 = Tula
twin1_country = RUS
twin2_country = NED
twin3_country = CAN
twin4_country = ITA
twin5 = Nassau
twin5_country = BAH
website = http://www.albanyny.org/
Albany is the
capitalof the State of New York and the county seatof Albany County. Albany is 136 miles (219 km) north of New York City, and slightly to the south of the confluence of the Mohawk and Hudson Rivers. The city has a population of 94,172 (July 2007 est.). [ [http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/SUB-EST2007-4.html Population Estimates for All Places: 2000 to 2007 ] ]
Albany has close ties with the nearby cities of Troy, Schenectady, and Saratoga Springs, forming a region called the
Capital District. This area makes up the bulk of the Albany-Schenectady-Troy Metropolitan Statistical Area(MSA) with a population of 850,957, making it the fourth largest urban area in New York State, and the 56th largest MSA in the United States.
Albany is built on the site of the Dutch
Fort Orangeand its surrounding community of Beverwyck. The English acquired the site from the Dutch in 1664 and renamed it Albany, in honor of James II, Duke of Albany. A 1686 document issued by Thomas Dongangranted Albany its official charter. This date makes Albany the second oldest city in the state in terms of its date of incorporation, after New Amsterdam.
Albany is the fourth oldest city (behind Santa Fe, St. Augustine, and
Jamestown, Virginia), and the second oldest state capital (behind Santa Fe) in the United States. The original native settlement in the area was called Penpotawotnot. Its colonial history began when Englishman Henry Hudson, exploring for the Dutch East India Companyon the " Halve Maen" (or "Half Moon"), reached the area in 1609. In 1614, the Dutch company constructed Fort Nassau, its first fur tradingpost near present-day Albany and left Jacob Eelkensin charge. Commencement of the fur trade provoked hostility from the French colony in Canadaand amongst the native tribes, who vied to control the trade. In 1624, Fort Orangewas established in the area. Both forts were named in honor of the Dutch House of Orange-Nassau. Nearby areas were incorporated as the village of Beverwyckin 1652.
When the land was taken by the English in 1664, the name was changed to Albany, in honor of the Duke of York and Albany, who later became King
James II of Englandand James VII of Scotland. Duke of Albanywas a Scottish title given since 1398, generally to a younger son of the King of Scots. The name is ultimately derived from " Alba", the Gaelic name for Scotland. Albany was formally chartered as a municipality by Governor Thomas Donganon July 22, 1686. The "Dongan Charter" [ [http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/charter.html The Dongan Charter, New York State Museum] ] was virtually identical in content to the charter awarded to New York Citythree months earlier. Pieter Schuylerwas appointed first mayor of Albany the day the charter was signed.
In 1754, representatives of seven British North American colonies met in the
Albany Congress. Benjamin Franklinof Pennsylvaniapresented the Albany Plan of Union, the first formal proposal to unite the colonies. Although it was never adopted by Parliament, it was an important precursor to the U.S. Constitution. Albany native Philip Livingstonwas one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. William Alexander, a general in the Revolutionary War, died in Albany in 1783. Several US Navyships have since been named " USS Albany" in honor of the City's historical and military importance.
In 1777, the state capital of New York was moved from Kingston to Albany, about convert|50|mi|km north. The State Capitol building was constructed between 1867 and 1899 and inspired by the Hôtel de Ville (City Hall) in Paris, France. Notable architectural features include its "Million Dollar Staircase."
Albany's location on the
Hudson Rivermade it a center of transportation from the outset. In 1807, Robert Fultoninitiated a steamboatline from New York Cityto Albany. On October 26, 1825 the Erie Canalwas completed, forming a continuous water route from the Great Lakesto New York City. The Mohawk and Hudson Railroadbetween Albany and Schenectady, New Yorkopened on September 24, 1831 and subsequently became part of the New York Central Railroad. Erastus Corning, a noted industrialist and founder of the New York Central, called Albany home and served as its mayor from 1834 to 1837. His great-grandson, Erastus Corning II, served as mayor of Albany from 1942 until 1983, the longest single mayoral term of any major city in the United States.
Between 1965 and 1978, the
Empire State Plazawas constructed in Albany's Midtown, west of Downtown and south of the Capitol building. It was, and remains, controversial, in large part because it required the demolition of several historical neighborhoods and the forced removal of Jewish, Italian, Black, and Latino inhabitants. The Plaza was conceived by Governor Nelson Rockefellerand is now named in his honor. The Erastus Corning Towerstands 589 feet (180 m) high and is the tallest building in New York State outside New York City. Four other smaller towers, the Legislative Office Building, the Cultural Education Center(which houses the State Library and Museum), the Justice Building, and the impressive performing arts center known as "The Egg" make up the rest of the Empire State Plaza. The design of the Empire State Plaza is based loosely on the National Congress complex in the Brazilian capital of Brasilia.
A number of north-south streets in Albany are named after birds (for instance,
lark, dove, hawk, eagle, partridge, swan, etc.) At one point the east-west streets were named for animals, for instance- Lion (Washington Ave.), Fox (Sheridan Ave,), Deer (State Street west of Eagle), Wolf (Madison Ave.); the only ones to keep their animal names are Elk Street in the Sheridan Hollow neighborhood and Beaver Street downtown.
Modern day Albany consists of many neighborhoods with different characteristics.
The economy is heavily dependent on the state government, with much of Albany's population being employed by various state departments and legislators. Another top employer is Golub Corporation, the family-owned operator of Price Chopper supermarkets, which is headquartered in nearby
Rotterdam, New York.
Albany is increasingly seen as a leader in
nanotechnology, with the University at Albany's nanotechnology program leading the nation. The city is at the center of a 19-county region in eastern New York state branded as "Tech Valley" for the growing number of companies, entrepreneurs and research facilities focusing on high-tech industries such as geographical information, nanotechnology, biotechnology, homeland security, information technology, alternative energy.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.8 sq mi (56.6 km²). 21.4 sq mi (55.5 km²) of it is land and 0.5 sq mi (1.2 km²) of it (2.15%) is water. The Pine Bush, located on the far edge of the city with Guilderland and Colonie is the only sizable inland pine barrensand sand dunesin the United Statesand home to many endangered species including the Karner Bluebutterfly. Four lakes exist within city limits, including Buckingham Lake, Rensselaer Lake, Tivoli Lake, and Washington Park Lake.
Albany has a
humid continentalclimate, with cold, snowy winters, and hot, wet summers. Snowfall is significant, with annually about 63 inches, but much less than the lake-effect areas to the north and west. Albany is far enough from Lake Ontarioto avoid significant lake-effect snows, but does receive some. Albany is close enough to the coast to receive heavy snow from Nor'Easters, and the city gets the bulk of its yearly snowfall from these types of storms. Winters are often very cold, with temperatures occasionally dropping below 0 °F (-18 °C). Summers in Albany can contain stretches of excessive heat and humidity, with temperatures above 90 F and dew points near 70. Severe thunderstormsare common, as the city is located in a conducive area for severe weather near the Mohawk Valley. Tornadoesare rare but not unheard of.
Jan_Hi_°F = 31.1 |Jan_REC_Hi_°F = 65
Feb_Hi_°F = 34.3 |Feb_REC_Hi_°F = 68
Mar_Hi_°F = 44.5 |Mar_REC_Hi_°F = 89
Apr_Hi_°F = 57.3 |Apr_REC_Hi_°F = 92
May_Hi_°F = 69.8 |May_REC_Hi_°F = 94
Jun_Hi_°F = 77.5 |Jun_REC_Hi_°F = 99
Jul_Hi_°F = 82.2 |Jul_REC_Hi_°F = 100
Aug_Hi_°F = 79.7 |Aug_REC_Hi_°F = 99
Sep_Hi_°F = 71.3 |Sep_REC_Hi_°F = 100
Oct_Hi_°F = 59.7 |Oct_REC_Hi_°F = 89
Nov_Hi_°F = 47.5 |Nov_REC_Hi_°F = 82
Dec_Hi_°F = 36 |Dec_REC_Hi_°F = 71
Year_Hi_°F = 57.6 |Year_REC_Hi_°F = 100
Jan_Lo_°F = 13.3 |Jan_REC_Lo_°F = -28
Feb_Lo_°F = 15.7 |Feb_REC_Lo_°F = -21
Mar_Lo_°F = 25.4 |Mar_REC_Lo_°F = -21
Apr_Lo_°F = 35.9 |Apr_REC_Lo_°F = 10
May_Lo_°F = 46.5 |May_REC_Lo_°F = 26
Jun_Lo_°F = 55 |Jun_REC_Lo_°F = 36
Jul_Lo_°F = 60 |Jul_REC_Lo_°F = 40
Aug_Lo_°F = 58.3 |Aug_REC_Lo_°F = 34
Sep_Lo_°F = 49.9 |Sep_REC_Lo_°F = 24
Oct_Lo_°F = 38.8 |Oct_REC_Lo_°F = 16
Nov_Lo_°F = 30.8 |Nov_REC_Lo_°F = 5
Dec_Lo_°F = 20.1 |Dec_REC_Lo_°F = -22
Year_Lo_°F = 37.5 |Year_REC_Lo_°F = -28
Jan_Precip_inch = 2.71
Feb_Precip_inch = 2.27
Mar_Precip_inch = 3.17
Apr_Precip_inch = 3.25
May_Precip_inch = 3.67
Jun_Precip_inch = 3.74
Jul_Precip_inch = 3.50
Aug_Precip_inch = 3.68
Sep_Precip_inch = 3.31
Oct_Precip_inch = 3.23
Nov_Precip_inch = 3.31
Dec_Precip_inch = 2.76
Year_Precip_inch = 38.60
source = USTravelWeather.com [cite web|url=http://www.ustravelweather.com/weather-new-york/albany-weather.asp |title=Monthly Averages for Albany, NY |accessdate=2008-09-26 |date=2008 |publisher=
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 95,658 people, 40,709 households, and 18,400 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 4,474.6/sq mi (1,727.5/km²). There were 45,288 housing units at an average density of 2,118.4/sq mi (817.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 63.12% White, 28.14% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 3.26% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.15% from other races, and 2.98% from two or more races. 5.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Ancestries include: Irish (18.1%), Italian (12.4%), German (10.4%), English (5.2%), and Polish (4.3%). [http://www.city-data.com/city/Albany-New-York.html]
There were 40,709 households out of which 22.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.3% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 54.8% were non-families. 41.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.95. The median home value in Albany, NY, is $217,100. Home appreciation is 12.70% over the last year. The median age of Albany, NY, real estate is 63 years. [ [http://www.bestplaces.net/city/Albany_NY-HOUSING-3601000030.aspx Sperling's Best Places: Albany NY real estate resources] ]
In the city the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 19.3% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,375, [ [http://www.bestplaces.net/city/Albany_NY-ECONOMY-3601000020.aspx Sperling's Best Places: Albany, NY economic resources] ] and the median income for a family was $39,932. Males had a median income of $31,535 versus $27,112 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $20,340. About 16.0% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.8% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.
Nightlife and entertainment
Albany's geographic situation as a "Crossroads City" (roughly equidistant between New York,
Montreal, Buffalo and Boston) makes it a convenient stop for nationally touring artists and acts. The Palace Theatre and The Egg provide mid-sized forums for music, theater and spoken word performances. The Times Union Center, previously the Knickerbocker Arena ("The Knick") or more recently The Pepsi Arena ("The Pepsi"), serves as the city's largest musical venue for nationally and internationally prominent bands, as well as trade shows, sporting events and other large-scale community gatherings. The New York State Museumis a major cultural draw in Albany, focusing on fine arts, natural history, and New York's economic, political and social histories.
In recent years, the city's government has invested marketing and financial resources to cultivate venues and neighborhoods that can attract after-hours business, as well as public art installations. Pearl Street, Broadway and
Lark Streetnow serve as the most commercially active entertainment areas in the City. Lark Street is most closely identified with the City's contemporary cultural identity, and is often noted as being "Albany's Greenwich Village". Technically the westernmost border of the Center Square neighborhood and located one block east of Washington Park, Lark Street is home of many independent shops, coffee houses, restaurants, art galleries, antique shops, bars, and a tattoo parlor. Although the Southeastern most strip was rebuilt in 2002-2003 to place new roadways, trees, and sidewalks in front of the new shops in the active portion of Lark Street, some local residents have protested the neglect of the northwestern side of the street (crossing west of Central Avenue), which runs down into the less-affluent Arbor Hill neighborhood.
Summer concert series are sponsored by the City and local businesses at the Corning Preserve, Riverfront Park, Washington Park, Tricentennial Square and the
Empire State Plaza. " Metroland", the alternative newsweekly of the Capital Region, generally provides a focal point for previewing, reviewing and interviewing local artists and performers, as well as traveling events that pass through Albany.
Last call is at 4:00 AM in Albany, unlike the earlier 2:00 AM in most areas of the nation.Fact|date=June 2007 This is often attributed to the historically high density of industrial facilities and the demand of second and third shift patrons. New York law allows bars to be open until 4:00 AM (However, local municipalities can override it to an earlier time.) This law was designed to accommodate the thriving late nightlife of New York City, but Albany has adopted it as well.
Tulip Festival, or the Tulip Fest as it is locally known, is set in Albany’s Washington Park. This traditional Albany event marks the beginning of spring as thousands of tulips bloom in the Park in early May. Tulip Fest is a celebration of Albany’s rich Dutch heritage, and draws both local and regional attendance.cite web
title = Albany Special Events
publisher = City of Albany Office of Special Events & Volunteer Services
url = http://www.albanyevents.org/
format = HTML
accessdate = 2007-04-02 ]
* Alive at Five is a concert series held downtown on Thursdays throughout the summer. The concert series features local, regional and national artists and hosts different genres of music each week.
* The African American Family Day Arts Festival takes place in early August and provides musical acts, cultural cuisine, and family entertainment.
* Latin Fest offers Latin music, food and crafts every year in Washington Park.
* The Albany Jazz Festival is held at the end of summer every year in the Albany Riverfront, Park Amphitheater.
* Lark Fest is a festival held each fall over a three day span. The festvival, held on Lark Street, enjoys local artist performances, unique artisan wares are sold and musical performances by local bands ranging from jazz to metal and everything in between.
Albany possesses an active artistic community and culture that is often regenerated by students at the region's colleges and universities, the region's many nonprofit cultural organizations, and by former residents of regional megalopolii such as
Bostonand New York relocating to take advantage of Albany's affordable, historic housing and commercial spaces. The Albany Symphony Orchestra, Capital Repertory Theatre [http://www.capitalrep.org/] , Albany Institute of History & Artand Palace Theatre provide outlets for locally composed, created and curated works, as well as traveling exhibitions and shows. There are several small, private art galleries and antiquarian book shops in Albany, mainly clustered around Lark Streetbetween Washington Avenue and Madison Avenue. Also on Lark Street there is the annual Art on Lark, an outdoor sidewalk gallery featuring artists exhibiting and demonstrating their original work. This annual Sidewalk Art Show and Sale celebrates local artists and musicians.Albany also has two independent film theaters (the Spectrum 8 and The Madison [http://www.madison-theater.com/] ), as well as performing and fine arts venues associated with the University at Albanyand College of St. Rose.
Albany is home to a large and important collection of modern art. The Empire State Plaza Art Collection, which belongs to the public of New York State, includes works by
Alexander Calder, Robert Motherwelland Jackson Pollock. The emphasis of the collection is abstract work by New York artists from the 1960s and 1970s, including representative artists from the Abstract Expressionist, Color Fieldand Lyrical Abstractionmovements. Glenn Lowry, director of the Museum of Modern Artin New York City, has called the collection "the most important State collection of modern art in the country." [cite web|title=Introduction to the Collection|author=Lowry, Glenn D.|publisher=New York Office of General Services|url=http://www.ogs.state.ny.us/visiting/cultural/tours/artcollections/artintro.html]
Philip Livingstonwas one of the signers of the United States Declaration of Independence.
Peter Gansevoortwas a Colonel in the Continental Armyduring the American Revolutionary Warwho withstood St. Ledger's siege of Fort Stanwixin 1777.
Philip John Schuylerwas a general in the American Revolution and a United States Senator from New York
Philip Henry Sheridanwas a career U.S. Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War.
Bret Hartewas an American author and poet, best remembered for his accounts of pioneering life in California.
Joseph Henrywas a scientist who pioneered several theories of electromagnetism. The SI unit of inductance, the henry, is named after him.
Chester A. Arthur, 21st U.S. president, is buried in Albany Rural Cemeteryin Menands, north of the city.
Erastus Corning IIserved as mayor of Albany from 1942 until 1983, the longest single mayoral term of any major city in the United States.
Andrew Rooneyis an American radio and television writer. He became most famous as a humorist and commentator with his weekly broadcast "A Few Minutes With Andy Rooney", a part of the CBSnews program " 60 Minutes" since 1979.
* William Kennedy is a
Pulitzer Prize-winning author whose works feature much of the city's history and its Irish Americanculture.
William Devaneis an American film and television actor.
Stephen Hannockis a top American landscape painter, with work in Metropolitan Museumof Art in New York, NY, the Museum of Contemporary Artin San Diego, CA, the Museum of Fine Artsin Boston, MAand the National Museum of American Artin Washington, DC.
Gregory Maguireis an American author whose novels include "Wicked".
Florence Auerwas a pioneering early American film actress.
Trevanian, the best selling author of " Shibumi", grew up in Albany, and his largely autobiographical book "The Crazy Ladies of Pearl Street" is set there, showing the face of Albany in the 1930s in exceptional detail.
Charlayne Woodardis an award-winning American film, stage and television actor and playwright. She is a graduate of Albany High School.
Nikki Clearypop star singer
Government and politics
From Albany's formal organization in 1686 until 1779, mayors of Albany were appointed by the royal governor of New York, per the provisions of the original City Charter. From 1779 until 1839, mayors were chosen by the New York State's
Council of Appointment, typically for a one year term that began in September. After 1840, Albany's mayors were directly elected by the city's residents. Albany has had 74 mayors since its inception. Gerald D. Jenningsis the current Democratic mayor; he was first elected in 1993 and is currently serving in his fourth term of office. He is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition[cite web| url=http://www.mayorsagainstillegalguns.org/html/about/members.shtml| title=Mayors Against Illegal Guns: Coalition Members] , a bi-partisangroup with a stated goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets." The Coalition is co-chaired by BostonMayor Thomas Meninoand New York CityMayor Michael Bloomberg.
No Republican has been elected since 1921. 60.68% of the people in Albany are registered as Democrats. 37.28% are registered Republican. The remaining 2.04% are independent. [ [http://www.bestplaces.net/city/Albany_NY-VOTING-3601000110.aspx Sperling's Best Places: Albany NY Voting] ]
Albany has been dominated by the Democratic Party since the 1920s, although the local branch was more moderate than the national party, being made up of mainly working-class Catholic families.
Daniel P. O'Connellestablished a political machinein the city with the election of William Stormont Hackett in 1922. O'Connell's operation survived well into the 1980s, as the machine put forth candidates which the electorate dutifully voted for. Mayor Gerald D. Jennings' shocking upset in the 1993 Democratic mayoral primary over Harold Joyce, who had the Democratic Party’s formal endorsement and had only recently been its chairman, is often cited as the end of the O'Connell machine era in Albany. Fact|date=December 2007 More recently, David Soares' 2004 election as District Attorney has similarly been seen as a breaking of the mold, as Soares was not the favored candidate of the local Democratic Party. Although its founding base Catholics have shifted toward the Republican Party in recent decades, Albany continues to be dominated by the Democratic party.
* The Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller
Empire State Plaza(commonly known as simply the Empire State Plaza or The South Mall) is a large complex of several state-owned buildings downtown, including The Egg, Corning Tower, Swan Street Office Building, and Cultural Education Center(home of the New York State Museum). Built throughout the 1970s, Empire State Plaza is a powerful example of American late Modern architecture.
Albany City Hallis the city's seat of government. It houses the office of the mayor, the Common Council chamber, and the City and Traffic Courts. Designed by Henry Hobson Richardson in his trademark Richardson Romanesquestyle, the granite building was constructed between 1880 and 1883. Albany City Hall is known for its pyramidal-roofed clock tower, which contains the nation's first municipal carillon. The largest of the instrument's 60 bells weighs 11,200 pounds, and the carillon is still played regularly.
New York State Capitolis the capitol building of the state of New York. Housing the New York Legislature, it is located in on State Street in Capitol Park. The building, completed in 1899 at a cost of $25 million (roughly half a billion current dollars), was the most expensive government building of its time. It is a National Historic Landmark. The Capitol was constructed between 1867 and 1899 and inspired by the Hôtel de Ville(City Hall) in Paris, France. It is one of only ten capitol buildings in the United States that does not have a dome.
Alfred E. Smith Building, officially known as the Alfred E. Smith State Office Building and sometimes called simply the Smith Building, is a structure located in downtown Albany across the street from the New York State Capitoland One Commerce Plaza. The building's namesake, Alfred Emmanuel Smith, was a four-term governor of New York State and the Democratic Party's nomination for the 1928 Presidential Election. The Art Decoskyscraper has 34 stories and at 388 feet (118 m) is Albany's second tallest structure (after the Erastus Corning Tower). Completed in 1928, it houses offices of the New York Stategovernment. The building underwent an extensive renovation that began in 2002. This modernization, which cost at least $103 million, is now finished. Perhaps one of the most notable features of this building is the carving of all of the state's counties' names scrolling around the entire building.
Home Savings Bank Buildingand One Commerce Plazaare among downtown Albany's other high-rises.
* The Quackenbush House is Albany's oldest standing building (circa 1736), when built it actually sat just outside the city limits (which was at Clinton Ave.).
Schuyler Mansionis the popular, modern-day name for a large brick edifice built just inside Albany's southern boundary line in 1761. Situated on a large and commanding stretch of land, this Albany landmark was the home of General Philip John Schuyler. Other historic mansions include the Ten Broeck in Arbor Hill and the Cherry Hill on South Pearl Street.
* Originally an
Army National Guard armory, the Washington Avenue Armory Sports and Convention Arena is a mid-size venues for sports, entertainment and business. It is home of the Albany Patroonsof the Continental Basketball Associationand United States Basketball League.
* Washington Park is recognized as one of New York State's oldest city parks. [http://www.washingtonparkconservancy.com/ Washington Park Conservancy in the City of Albany NY ] ] The Park was officially organized in 1809, but its current location has been used as a recreational site for well over 300 years. [ [http://www.wpneighbors.org/park.htm WPNA - Washington Park Neighborhood Association ] ] Washington Park's current layout was designed in 1868 by
Frederick Law Olmsted. It was opened for the public use in 1871. [ [http://www.newbedford.com/olmsted.html#works Frederick Law Olmsted ] ] Frederick W. Brown's Lake House was added in 1876. Previously it had been a cemetery and when the made it into a park they moved the graves to Albany Rural.
* Lincoln Park was organized in 1886. It was originally known as Delaware Square and later as Beaver Park. [ [http://www.washingtonparkconservancy.com/Lincoln_Park.htm Lincoln Park ] ] Today, the park has a pool that is open to city residents during the summer months.
Pine Bushis the only sizable inland pine barrens sand dunes in the United States, and is recognized as a unique pine barrens ecosystem. It contains over 300 species of vertebrate animals, over 1,500 species of plants, and over 10,000 species of insects and other invertebrate animals. Many of them are rare and restricted to the Pine Bush habitat. The " Song of Hiawatha" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellowis sung by the Indian brave from the Vale of Tawasentha located in the Pine Bush. George Washingtonwrote of the Pine Bush in his diaries while traveling in upstate New York during the Revolutionary War. In " Moby-Dick", Herman Melvilledescribes the dark beauty of the Pine Bush in a long account of a stage coach ride from Albany to Schenectady.
* Albany Riverfront Park at the Corning Preserve is home to an 800-seat
amphitheatrewhich hosts numerous events from Spring through Fall. In addition, a visitors center houses an explanation of the Hudson River’s tides. The park also features a bike trail and boat launch.
*Buckingham Lake Park contains a pond with fountains, a footpath, a playground, and picnic tables.
Albany City School Districtenrolls about 10,000 students. It includes Albany High School, the city's public high school. The district also includes the Abrookin Vo-Tech Center High School and Harriet Gibbons High School for 9th Graders. [ [http://www.bestplaces.net/school/List.aspx?city=Albany_NY Sperling's Best Places: Albany NY schools] ] The district also has 11 elementary schools and 3 middle schools. Albany public schools spend $9,227 per student. The average school expenditure in the U.S. is $6,058. There are about 13.7 students per teacher in Albany. [ [http://www.bestplaces.net/city/Albany_NY-3601000000.aspx Sperling's Best Places: Albany NY (overview)] ] The city is also home to six charter schools, [ [http://www.bestplaces.net/school/List.aspx?type=Charter&city=Albany_NY Sperlings Best Places: Albany NY Charter Schools] ] with three more planned in the coming years.
* Colleges and universities in Albany include
Albany College of Pharmacy; Albany Law School; Albany Medical College; College of Saint Rose; Excelsior College; Maria College of Albany; Sage College of Albany; and the University at Albany, one of the four University Centers in the State University of New Yorksystem. The University at Albany Uptown Campus, sandwiched between Washington and Western Avenues in the western part of the city, is the second largest poured concretestructure in the world after The Pentagon. [ [http://www.oce.nysed.gov/Albany_info.htm The New York State Education Dept - Information on Albany, New York ] ]
Albany Free School– Founded in 1969 by Mary Leue, is the oldest inner-city independent alternative school in the United States.
The Harriet Tubman Free School– The high school program of the Free School of Albany was founded in 1969. HTFS states that they are "built upon principles of autonomy, respect, and personal responsibility".
* The Academy of the Holy Names - A Catholic all-female elementary, middle & high school.
The Albany Academy– Founded 1813, alumni include scientist Joseph Henryand Supreme Court Associate Justice Rufus Wheeler Peckham; Herman Melvilleattended The Albany Academy, but did not graduate.
Albany Academy for Girls– The oldest independent day school for girls in the United States.
Bishop Maginn High School- Co-ed Catholic High School
* Christian Brothers Academy – Founded in Albany in 1859 by the Brothers of Christian Schools, now located in the nearby town of Colonie.
Doane Stuart School– The area's only co-educational independent school and the only known merger of Catholicand Protestantschools in the United States.
La Salle School- Founded in 1854 by the Brothers of the Christian Schools (Christian Brothers).
Albany Times Union" is Albany's primary daily paper and the only one based close to the City; its headquarters have been located in nearby Colonie since the 1970s after a dispute over land needed for expansion with then-Mayor Erastus Corning 2nd. The newspaper celebrated its 150th year of publishing in 2006. Serving Albany to a lesser degree are the " Daily Gazette" (which focuses primarily on Schenectady) and "Troy Record". "Metroland" is the most notable alternative newsweekly in the area, publishing each Thursday, while The Business Review (née Capital District Business Review) is a business weekly published each Friday.In terms of broadcast media, Albany is part of Arbitronmarket #63 (radio), and Nielsen DMA#57 (television), and is a broadcast market with historical relevance. The pioneering influence of General Electricin nearby Schenectady directly contributed to the area emerging as the birthplace of station-based television ( WRGB) and one of the earliest FM broadcast stations (today's WRVE), in addition to the first federally licensed radio station in upstate New York, WGY. WRGB also has the distinction of being the very first affiliated station of the NBCTelevision Network. In 1947, this region was also home to the first independently-owned and operated stand-alone FM radio station in the United States, W47A. In the early 2000s, the greater Albany market had the distinction of having the highest concentration of FM broadcast stations east of the Mississippi River.
The Albany TV
DMAis served by the following stations, providing programming from many of the English-language American broadcast television networks: WRGB- CBS, WTEN-ABC, WNYT- NBC, WXXA- FOX, WMHT- PBS, WCWN-CW, WNYA- My Network TV, and WYPX-ION. All of these services, with the exception of WNYA, also have companion digital television transmitters serving the region. There are currently no local affiliates for any of the Spanish-language domestic broadcast television networks, however the national service of Univisionis provided via basic cableTV. Local cable TV operator Time-Warner Cableprovides a 24-hour cable newschannel, Capital News 9. Christian television networks TBN and 3ABNare available via low-power translator service to the immediate metro area. Unlike many television markets around the country, TV stations from neighboring markets cannot normally be received in the greater Albany area due to distance and terrain.
On the radio side, the Capital Region has three local News/Talk radio stations,
WGY, WROW, and WGDJon the AM( MW) band. All feature a mixture of locally oriented and nationally syndicated programming. There are two Sports formatted stations: WOFX, local affiliate for FOX Sports Radio; and WTMM, local affiliate for ESPN Radio. Both stations provide local sports and sports-talk programming as well as national content. The FM dial is primarily made up of commercial music-formatted stations similar to those in other cities around North America, the largest of which include Pop music station WFLY'FLY-92', Adult Contemporary WYJB'B-95.5', Adult Rock WRVE'99.5 The River', Soft music WKLI'Magic 100.9', Rock station WQBK-FM'Q-103', Classic Rock WPYX'PYX-106', and Country music WGNA'Country 107.7'. Public radio broadcasting is available from two organisations: Northeast Public Radio serves the Capital Region via their flagship station WAMC-FM, and is the primary local affiliate for NPRnetwork programming, and WMHT-FMis another local outlet that clears select NPRand PRIprogramming. WAMC focuses on News & Talk programming during the day, various music programs and BBC World Serviceprogramming in the evening, while WMHT-FM mainly provides Classical Music programming for most of their broadcast schedule. There are no radio stations in the Albany area that provide programming in languages other than English on a full-time basis. A few individual programs in languages including Spanish, Italian and Arabic are scheduled, primarily on college owned and operated stations.
In total, there are 16 AM/
MWstations, 30 full-power FM stations, 14 low-power FM translators, 8 full power analog TV stations, 5 low-power TV translators, and 8 full power digital TV ( DTV) stations licensed to communities within 30 miles (48km) of downtown Albany.
Capital District Transportation Authority(CDTA) provides bus service throughout Albany and surrounding areas (including Schenectady and Troy) and provides management for the local rail station (see below) and those in Schenectady and Saratoga Springs.
Albany International Airport, located in nearby Colonie, serves Albany and the greater Capital Region with air service across the US and to one Canadian destination.
* Albany-Rensselaer Amtrak station (located right across the Hudson river in Rensselaer, hence the station's name) was Amtrak's tenth busiest station and the second busiest in the state behind
New York Penn Stationwith a ridership of over 730,000 passengers, as of 2006 and serves as a connection point for many Amtrak trains. [ [http://www.amtrak.com/pdf/factsheets/NEWYORK06.pdf]
Greyhound Lines, Trailways, and Peter Pan/Bonanza buses are all served by a downtown terminal which is not far from most state office buildings and is convenient to most CDTA lines. There is also a Chinatown busservice that leaves from Central Ave and goes to Chinatown in New York City
New York State Thruwaytravels as Interstate 87into Albany from New York City, curving west through Albany, becoming Interstate 90at Exit 24, then travelling through Guilderland, Schenectady, and Rotterdam, finally heading west towards Syracuse and Buffalo.
Interstate 787runs from the Thruway at Exit 23 through downtown Albany, intersecting Interstate 90and finally ending in Cohoes.
Interstate 90before meeting the Thruway, runs through the north side of the city of Albany, making this portion of the highway the only non-tolled section in New York State outside the small non tolled portion in Buffalo. I-90 runs from the Thruway at Exit 24, loops around Albany, intersects I-787, runs through the western suburbs of Rennselaer County, and finally meets back up with the Thruway on the Berkshire Spur.
Interstate 87, after leaving the Thruway system, runs north to Saratoga Springs, Glens Falls, through the Adirondack Mountains, forming a vital link between Albany and Montreal.
*Other nearby interstates include
Interstate 890running through Schenectady, and Interstate 88 which runs from the Thruway towards Binghamton. A cancelled extension would have had I-88 running through the Capital Districtto Portsmouth, New Hampshire.
*It has been known and rumored that Albany may reinstitute light rail services (see
Albany Light Rail). The city was once served by both an urban streetcar service maintained by the United Traction Company as well as an interurban commuter service maintained by the Schenectady Railway Company, which also offered weekend recreational tours of the Mohawk Valley via rail. As in many American cities after the advent of the automobile, light rail services declined in popularity in Albany and were replaced by autobus and taxi services.
NCAA college athletic programs
University at Albany: Currently plays at the Division I level in all of its sports, though for most of its history it was a Division III school, with a brief stay at the Division II level in the late 1990s. The football team is a member of the Division I-AA Northeast Conference, while all other sports teams play as members of the America East Conference. In 2006, UAlbany became the first SUNYaffiliated school to send a team to the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament. The men's Lacrosse team has also made multiple appearances in its sport's NCAA Division I Championship Tournament, the first University at Albany team to do so. The Men's Track & Field team has produced All-American athletes such as Gered Burns, Joe Greene and Marc Pallozzi. UAlbany has hosted the New York Giantssummer training camp since 1996.
The College of Saint Rose: The St. Rose Golden Knights play at the Division II level. St. Rose plays in the Northeast Ten Conference.
Siena College, located in the Albany suburb of Loudonville, plays at the Division I level in all sports, although it discontinued its Division I-AA football program in 2003. It is a member of the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conferencefor most sports, with field hockey playing as a member of the Northeast Conference.
Minor league professional teams
Albany River Rats(AHL affiliate of the Carolina Hurricanes, was an affiliate of the New Jersey Devilsuntil 2006).
Albany Conquest( af2 arena football)
Albany Patroons(CBA and USBLbasketball)
* Chance of a Lifetime Basketball Academy (National Pro-Am basketball franchise)
Tri-City Valley Cats( New York-Penn League"short A" baseball, affiliate of the Houston Astros, based in nearby Troy).
Defunct professional teams
Albany Alleycatswere a professional soccer team that competed in the United Soccer Leaguesfrom 1995 to 1999
* Albany Firebirds were a team in the
Arena Football Leaguestarting in 1990. The team won the Arena Bowlin 1999, but moved to Indianapolis, Indianaafter the 2000 season. The Firebirds folded in late 2004.
Albany Attackentered the National Lacrosse Leagueas an expansion team prior to the 1999-2000 season. The Attack played four years in Albany, with by far the most successful the 2001-2002 season, when they made the league championship game. However, due to attendance problems, after the following season, the Attack moved to San Jose, Californiaand became the San Jose Stealth.
*Albany Senators (Eastern League baseball, was a minor-league affiliate of the
Boston Red Soxfor a time in the 1950s.
* Albany-Colonie Yankees (Eastern League baseball, AA affiliate of the
New York Yankeesfrom 1985 to 1994, playing host to several key players of the parent club's eventual late-1990s dominance.)
Albany A's/Albany-Colonie A's (Eastern League affiliate of the Oakland Athleticsin 1983 and 1984, superseded by the Albany-Colonie Yankees.)
Capital District Islanders( American Hockey League, forerunner to Albany River Rats when affiliated with the New York Islanders.)
Albany Choppers(International Hockey League, 1990-1991 season, folded February 1991)
Albany Patroons/Capital Region Pontiacs (original version from 1982 to 1993 was a dominant team in the league and a starting point for notable NBA coaches Phil Jacksonand George Karlmoved to Hartford, Connecticut, then folded before being revived in 2005.)
Albany-Colonie Diamond Dogs, played at Heritage Park in nearby Colonie beginning in 1995. Won the Northern League championship in 1999, but folded after the 2002 season due to financial difficulties and competition from the newly formed Valley Cats.
New York Kick( American Indoor Soccer Association) the team split time between Albany and Glens Falls, New Yorkso the team choose to be named after the state.
Times Union Center
Times Union Center, originally the Knickerbocker Arena (1990-1998) and later the Pepsi Arena (1998 - 2006), is a major regional athletic venue located in downtown Albany. It has a seating capacity of up to 17,500 for sporting events. The Siena College Men's Basketball team plays its home games there, and the Center is also home to the Albany River Rats(AHL) and Albany Conquest(af2). The Times Union Center has hosted NCAA Division I hockey and basketball post-season tournaments, among many other sporting events.
In popular culture
* The 1987 movie "Ironweed", starring
Jack Nicholsonand Meryl Streep, was filmed in Albany and surrounding cities and towns. It was based on the the 1983 novel by local author William Kennedy.
* In an episode of "
Arrested Development" tittled " Ready Aim Marry Me" season 2 episode 10, Martin Short's guest character, Jack Dorso, breaks boths his legs performing a birthday feat of strength in a newly remodeled gym in Albany NY.
* In "The Prototype", the second episode of the "Dilbert" animated television series, designers of a new product take part in a competition in which the loser is sent to the "dreaded" Albany office.
* In an episode of "The Simpsons" titled "
The Old Man and Lisa" (4F17), Principal Skinner while at the headquarters of the Junior Achievers Club at Springfield Elementarycomments that the "load of garbage" they saved has given the group more money for a field trip to Albany. The children (mostly composed of the school's smartest students) cheer.
* In "The Office", the fictional company
Dunder Mifflinhas an Albany branch office.
* In an episode of "
The Simpsons" titled " Homer to the Max" (AABF09), Homer spills a fondue pot over his control panel at the power plant, shorting out the circuitry. This clearly blacks out Albany (shown by a U.S. map in the background which shows a flicker of light disappear in upstate New York). This is confirmed when Lenny remarks "There goes Albany!".
* In an episode of "
The Simpsons" titled " 22 Short Films About Springfield" (3F18), Principal Skinnertries to explain that "steamed hams" is an Albany expression for hamburgers.
* In an episode of "The Simpsons" titled "
Lisa's First Word" (9F08), Grandpa Simpson declares that as a child he was voted the most handsome boy in Albany, New York.
David Spade's character, Dennis Finch, from the popular sit-com" Just Shoot Me!" was born in Albany.
Jack Smight's 1977 movie "Damnation Alley", a group of US Air Forcepersonnel cross a war-ravaged US to reach the source of a radio transmission from Albany.
The city of Albany has multiple new construction projects planned for the near future. The most massive of these is the proposed Albany
Convention Center, which has a projected cost of $397 million and would include two full service hotels. This project, however, has received negative feedback from many groups citing the cost is simply too high. [ [http://timesunion.com/AspStories/story.asp?storyID=659557&category=&BCCode=&newsdate=1/30/2008 Albany Convention Center plan at $397M - Page 1 - Times Union - Albany NY ] ]
The antiquated, run-down Wellington Row is due to have a 65 million dollar turn-around. The outside facade of the buildings, including the Wellington Hotel, will be kept and a new 14-story tower will be built behind the facade. The new Wellington Row project would include both residential and office space. This project has been approved by the city government. [http://www.historic-albany.org/newsletter%2008%20spring.pdf]
The Capital Grand is going be a multi-story luxury
condominiumcomplex on Broadway with river views. This will be a first of such apartment building in Albany, and $10 million dollars in condos has already been sold. [http://www.downtownalbany.org/uploads/publications/17_DowntownDevelopment.pdf] [www.thecapitalgrand.com]
Albany and its environs ranked against other cities
* According to a study conducted by the Acxiom Corp., Albany and its environs are the top-ranked standard test market for new business and retail products, because its population mirrors the characteristics of the U.S. consumer population as a whole more than any other. [cite news|url=http://www.cincypost.com/2004/06/03/aver060304.html|title=Cincinnati among Top 20 at average: N.Y. cities head test market list|author=Greg Paeth|first=Greg|last=Paeth|work=
The Cincinnati Post|publisher= E. W. Scripps Company|date=2004-06-03|archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20070312042230/http://www.cincypost.com/2004/06/03/aver060304.html|archivedate=2007-03-12] (2004)
Forbes" ranked Albany-Schenectady-Troy as the third best place in the country with the best education and named Albany a Top IQ Campus as part of its 150 Places to Live Rich. (2005)
* Albany-Schenectady-Troy is one of the healthiest communities in the nation according to "Self Magazine". (2006)
Small Times" magazine ranked University at Albany's College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering as the best in the country for micro and nanotechnology. The school was tops in education, facilities and industry outreach. (2006)
MSN Moneynamed Albany-Schenectady-Troy as the seventh fastest-growing region that is still cheap. (2005)
Popular Science" named Albany among its top cities for technology. (2005)
* Crystal IS made Deloitte’s Technology Fast 500 – a ranking of the fastest growing tech companies in the U.S. On2 Technologies, Albany Molecular Research and AngioDynamics are among the fastest growing New York companies.
CORESense, Inc.was named New York’s Rising Star Award Winner. (2005)
* Albany Molecular Research and Intermagnetics General both made Red Herring’s Small Cap 100 list for bioscience. (2005)
* "Forbes" ranked Albany the 18th best place to live and do business. (2006)
* "Forbes" ranked Albany the 30th best place for work. (2006)
* "Forbes" ranked Albany the 6th best housing market in the US. [ [http://www.forbes.com/2007/05/15/homes-housing-america-forbeslife-cx_mw_0515housingbest_slide_8.html Forbes: Best U.S> Housing Markets] ] (2007)
Neighborhoods of Albany, New York
Albany Post Road
Albany City Hall
* List of
Media in Albany, New York
Mayors of Albany, New York
List of cities in New York
*cite web |title=Albany, New York |work=City-Data.com |publisher= |url=http://www.city-data.com/city/Albany-New-York.html |accessmonthday=June 23 |accessyear=2008
*cite web| last=Barbagallo|first=Tricia|url=http://www.archives.nysed.gov/apt/magazine/archivesmag_sum07.pdf|title=Fellow Citizens Read a Horrid Tale|date2007|accessdate=June 2007
*cite web| last=Barbagallo|first=Tricia|url=http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/res/tbpoor.html|title=Poor, Destitute, and Legally Entitled: The Paupers of Albany, 1785-1800|url=http://www.albany.edu/history/|tile=University at Albany Master's Thesis|date2007|accessdate=June 2005
*cite web| last=Barbagallo|first=Tricia|url=http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/bios/t/jotayler.html|title=Biography of John Tayler (1742-1829)|date2000|accessdate=June 2003
*cite web| last=Barbagallo|first=Tricia|url=http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/art/art-jctb.html|title=James Caldwell of Albany: Immigrant Entrepreneur|date2000|accessdate=2000
*cite web| last=Barbagallo|first=Tricia|url=http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/poor.html|title=The Poor of Albany, New York|dateApril 2008|accessdate=June 2008
last=Bielinski|first=Stefan|url=http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/gallery.html|title=The People of Colonial Albany|
last=Bielinski|first=Stefan|url=http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/art/art-ote.html|title=From Outpost to Entrepot: The Birth of Urban Albany 1686 to 1776|
last=Bielinski|first=Stefan|url=http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/art/art-jls.html|title=The Jacksons, Lattimores and Schuylers:First African-American Families of Early Albany|
last=History Sources|url=http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/albany/pub.html|title=Publications of the Colonial Albany Project in the New York State Museum|
* [http://www.albany.com/ The Official Online Guide for all things in Albany, NY]
* [http://www.albanyny.org/ Official City Government Website]
* [http://www.albany.org/ Welcome to Albany (official tourist information website)]
* [http://www.ac-chamber.org/ Albany-Colonie Regional Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.nycourts.gov/courts/3jd/city/albany/albanytraffic.shtml Albany City Court - Traffic]
* [http://www.nycourts.gov/courts/3jd/city/albany/albanycriminal.shtml Albany City Criminal Court]
* [http://thehiddencity.com/ The Hidden City]
* [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/buildingbig/wonder/structure/ny_state_capitol.html PBS report on the State Capitol]
* [http://nysparks.state.ny.us/heritage/herit_area.asp New York State Heritage Areas]
* [http://newweb.erh.noaa.gov/ahps2/hydrograph.php?wfo=aly&gage=albn6&view=1,1,1,1,1,1 Hudson River Level at Albany, NY]
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