Federal Information Processing Standard

Federal Information Processing Standard

Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States Federal government for use by all non-military government agencies and by government contractors. Many FIPS standards are modified versions of standards used in the wider community (ANSI, IEEE, ISO, etc.)

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Some FIPS standards were originally developed by the U.S. government. For instance, standards for encoding data (e.g. country codes), but more significantly some encryption standards, such as the Data Encryption Standard ( [http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/fips/fips46-3/fips46-3.pdf FIPS 46] ) and the Advanced Encryption Standard ( [http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/fips/fips197/fips-197.pdf FIPS 197] ).

FIPS Codes

Examples of FIPS Codes:
* FIPS country codes and region codes (10-4)
* FIPS place codes (55-3)
* FIPS county codes (6-4)
* FIPS state codes (5-2)

All similar to or comparable with (but "not the same as") ISO 3166, or the NUTS standard of the European Union.

Important Notice: The GNIS Feature ID superseded the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 55-3 database Place Code, now referred to as the "Census Code" as the Federal standard geographic feature record identifier. The FIPS 55-3 standard has been withdrawn and the FIPS55 data have been incorporated into the GNIS. The Census Bureau will continue to assign five digit codes for internal purposes until the transition to the GNIS Feature ID is completed following the 2010 census, at which time the codes will be no longer assigned or used. Until then but no later, Census codes will be available. Legacy systems are highly encouraged to convert to the Feature ID as soon as possible. See [http://geonames.usgs.gov/docs/fips55_change.pdf FIPS 55 Change Notice] . (Note: FIPS 6-4 State and county codes are separate codes and are NOT affected by this change.) [cite web | title=FIPS 55 codes | publisher=United States Geological Survey | url=http://geonames.usgs.gov/domestic/download_data.htm | format=HTML]

ee also

* FIPS 140 "Security requirements for cryptography modules"
* FIPS 201 "Personal Identity Verification for Federal Employees and Contractors"
* List of FIPS region codes
* Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA)


External links

* NIST [http://www.itl.nist.gov/fipspubs FIPS homepage]
* NIST [http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/fips/index.html FIPS resource center]
* NIST [http://csrc.nist.gov/index.html Computer Security Division]

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