- Schenectady, New York
official_name = City of Schenectady, New York
nickname = The Electric City
Union College's Nott Memorial, one of the most recognized buildings in Schenectady
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Located in Schenectady County in the State of
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Schenectady
established_title = Founded
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date = 1765
established_date2 = 1798
area_total_sq_mi = 11.0
area_total_km2 = 28.5
area_land_sq_mi = 10.9
area_land_km2 = 28.1
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
area_water_km2 = 1.27
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 61,821
population_metro = 850,957
population_CSA = 1,147,850
population_density_km2 = 2200.4
population_density_sq_mi = 5699
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 42 |latm = 48 |lats = 15 |latNS = N
longd = 73 |longm = 55 |longs = 45 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 74
elevation_ft = 211-275
area_code = 518
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 36-65508
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0964570
website = http://www.cityofschenectady.com
Schenectady (pronEng|skəˈnɛktədi; Θkahnéhtati [Rudes, B. "Tuscarora English Dictionary" Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999] in Tuscarora) is a
cityin Schenectady County, New York, United States, of which it is the county seat. As of the 2000 census, the city had a population of 61,821. Schenectady is the ninth largest city in New York. The name "Schenectady" is derived from a Mohawk word for "on that side of the pinery," or "near the pines," or "place beyond the pine plains."
The city of Schenectady is in eastern New York State, near the confluence of the Mohawk and
Hudson Rivers. It is in the same metropolitan area as the state capital, Albany; Schenectady is about eighteen miles northwest of Albany.
The area that is now Schenectady was originally the land of the Mohawk tribe of the
IroquoisNation. When Dutch settlers arrived in the Hudson Valley in the middle of the 17th century, the Mohawk called the settlement at Fort Orange"Schau-naugh-ta-da", meaning "over the pine plains." Eventually, this word entered the lexicon of the Dutch settlers, but the meaning was reversed, and the name referred to the bend in the Mohawk River where the city lies today.
Schenectady was first settled in 1661 when the area was part of the Dutch colony of
New Netherland. Settlement was led by Arent van Curlerof Nijkerkin the Netherlands, who was granted letters patent to Schenectady in 1684.
February 8, 1690, during King William's Warthe Schenectady massacre, led by Franceand its Indian allies, resulted in the death of 60 of Schenectady's inhabitants. [ [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~vanepsgenealogy/schmass.html The Schenectady Massacre: Settlers Killed and Captured ] ] In 1748, during King George's Warit was again attacked by the French and their Indian allies.
In 1765, Schenectady was incorporated as a borough. It was chartered as a city in 1798.
American Revolutionary Warthe local militia unit the 2nd Albany County Militia Regimentwas active during the Battle of Saratogaand in fights against Loyalist troops. Union Collegewas founded here in 1795.
Thomas Edisonmoved his Edison Machine Works to Schenectady. In 1892, Schenectady became the headquarters of the General Electric Company.
Schenectady is home to
WGY-AM, one of the first commercial radio stations in the United States. The station was named for its owner, General Electric (the G), and the city of Schenectady (the Y) Fact|date=December 2007. General Electric also generated the first regular television broadcasts in the United States in 1928, when experimental station W2XB began regular broadcasts on Thursday and Friday afternoons. This television station is now WRGB, for years the Capital District's NBCaffiliate, but more recently its CBSaffiliate.
Historic population of Schenectady: 13,655 in 1880; 31,682 in 1900; 92,061 in 1950.
The city was once known as "The City that Lights and Hauls the World" -- a reference to two prominent businesses in the city, the Edison Electric Company (now known as
General Electric), and the American Locomotive Company(ALCO). GE retains its administrative core in Schenectady, but many of manufacturing jobs relocated to the Sun Beltand abroad. ALCO's operations fizzled as the company went through acquisitions and restructuring in the late 1960s, and its Schenectady plant closed in 1969. In the late 20th century, the city experienced difficult financial times, as did many upstate New York cities. The loss of employment helped cause Schenectady's population to decline by nearly one-third since 1950. Nevertheless, Schenectady is part of a metropolitan area with better economic health.Fact|date=February 2007
Schenectady is located at coor dms|42|48|15|N|73|55|45|W|city (42.804076, -73.929289)GR|1. The altitude above sea level is 211 to 275 feet.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.0 square miles (28.5 km²), of which, 10.9 square miles (28.1 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (1.27%) is water.
It is generally considered to be part of the
Capital District, the metropolitan area surrounding Albany, New York state's capital. Along with Albany and Troy, it is one of the three small, older industrial cities in the region.
estimate=61531As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 61,821 people, 26,265 households, and 14,051 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 5,699.0 people per square mile (2,199.9/km²). There were 30,272 housing units at an average density of 2,790.6/sq mi (1,077.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 76.77% White, 14.77% African American, 0.36% Native American, 2.00% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.52% from other races, and 3.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.88% of the population. There is a growing Guyanese population in the area.
There were 26,264 households out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.0% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.5% were non-families. 38.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,378, and the median income for a family was $36,458. Males had a median income of $30,869 versus $25,292 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $17,076. About 16.8% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.5% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.
The mayor is
Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides regular service to Schenectady. Schenectady also has freight rail service from Canadian Pacific Railwayand CSX Transportation.
Places of interest
Proctors Theatreis an arts center. Built in 1926 as a vaudeville/movie theater, it has been refurbished. It is home to "Goldie," a Wurlitzer theater pipe organ. Proctor's was also the site of one of the first public demonstrations of television, projecting an image from a studio at the GE plant a mile [2 km] away. Today, Proctors is home to 3 theaters including the historic Mainstage at Proctors, the GE Theatre at Proctors and 440 Upstairs at Proctors.
*The [http://www.historicstockade.com/ Stockade Historic District] , which features dozens of Dutch and English Colonial houses from the 18th and 19th centuries, is New York's first National Register historic district, designated in 1965. It is named after the stockade fence that originally surrounded the settlement.
*The [http://www.realtyplot.org/ GE Realty Plot] , located near Union College, was built by General Electric Company executives and features lovely 18th and early 19th century homes. The historic neighborhood is unique for its eclectic collection of grand homes in a variety of architectural styles, including Tudor, Dutch Colonial, Queen Anne, and Spanish Colonial. The Plot is home to the first all electric home in the United States, and is one of the first planned residential neighborhoods in the US. The Plot also hosts an annual House and Garden Tour.
Union College, adjacent to the GE Realty Plot, is the oldest planned college campus in the United States. The Union campus features Jackson's Garden, with eight acres (32,000 m²) of formal gardens and woodlands, and the unique 16-sided Nott Memorialbuilding, built in 1875.
*Central Park is the crown jewel of Schenectady's parks. Central Park is the highest elevation point in the city. The Common Council voted in 1913 to purchase the land for the present site of the park. The park features an acclaimed rose garden, Iroquois Lake, and a stadium tennis court that is home to the
New York Buzzof the World Team Tennisleague.
Schenectady Museumfeatures exhibits on the development of scienceand technology. It contains the Suits-Bueche Planetarium.
*Schenectady's City Hall is the focal point of government in the city. It was designed by
McKim, Mead and Whiteand built in 1933.
*Located in Schenectady is its [http://www.golfschenectady.com/ Municipal Golf Course] . It's an 18-hole championship facility sited among oaks and pines.
*:The course was designed in 1935 by Jim Thompson under the
Works Progress Administration(WPA) program. The Schenectady Municipal Golf Course stretches to 6,600 yards (6000 m) and features fast, undulating greens and tight fairways with grasses and native vegetation. The course was ranked by Golf Digest as a "Best Places to Play in 2004" and received a three-star rating.
*Jay Street, located between Proctors and City Hall, is a short street closed to motor traffic. It features a number of small, independently operated businesses and eateries and is a popular destination.
Schenectady Light Opera Company (SLOC)is a small community theater on group on State Street in downtown Schenectady.
Empire State Aerosciences Museum, in nearby Glenville, features extensive exhibits and materials on aviation.
Edison Exploratorium, exhibits and promotes the physical development of engineering of technology that was developed or produced in Schenectady.
*Schenectady is referenced, or is the setting for many of Kurt Vonnegut's books. Most notably Hocus Pocus and Player Piano.
General Electricplant has the ZIP Code12345.
*Schenectady is the former home of the
Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame. In 2005 the Hall moved to Amsterdam, New York.
*The world's first commercial TV station,
WRGBstill broadcasts each day from its Balltown Road studios in Niskayuna, just outside the city line, but still in Schenectady County. WRGB also did the first color television broadcast, which gave the station its name ("RGB" stands for red, green, and blue).
*The official song of Schenectady, entitled "Our Schenectady," was composed by John Van Laak and was sung by Judi Merriam. It was adopted by the Schenectady City Council on
January 30, 1995. Immediate protests and disagreements arose from the population for the contrived lyrics and style of the song as well as the heavy handed way the city council adopted it without input. Lyrics are:
:"In Schenectady":"Our Schenectady":"What a warm and friendly place it is to be":"Nestled among plains and hills":"With a beautiful river that always gives us thrills":"And stores and shops with all that one might need or wish to see":"And legends and tales and lots of history"
:"Oh Schenectady":"Our Schenectady":"Let us now plan and help to make it grow"
:"If we will all do our best":"Then others can do the rest":"For places to study and learn in":"Places to work and earn in":"Places to live in happiness"Source: "Daily Gazette"
January 31, 1995p. B1
*The notable sleep-talker
Dion McGregorhad a dream (the audio recorded by his roommate) in which he was a member of a Dorothy Lamourfanclub purchasing sixteen train tickets to Schenectady.
*Stephen Alexander, (1806-1883), noted astronomer, mathematician, and educatorcite book | title = Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896 | publisher = Marquis Who's Who | date = 1967]
Horatio Allen, (1802-1889), born in Schenectady, noted railroad engineer and inventor
Ralph Alpher(1921-2007), a noted cosmologist who won the National Medal of Sciencefor his seminal work on the Big Bang Theory, worked in Schenectady for 50 years, first at General Electric and then at Union College.
Chester Arthurlived in Schenectady while attending Union College
Jason Bittner, drummer for Shadows Fall
*Science fiction author
Pat Cadiganwas born in Schenectady.
Jimmy Carter, a US Navy lieutenant at the time, began graduate studies in nuclear physics at Union Collegestarting in March, 1953, but left in July, 1953 after his father's death to tend to the family peanut farm. [ [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jimmy_Carter] ]
Ann B. Davis(Alice on " The Brady Bunch") was born in Schenectady
John Owen Dominis, the consort of Queen Liliuokalaniof Hawaii
Jamie Dukes, an American football player born in Schenectady
*Archbishop Harry J. Flynn, Seventh Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Minneapolis/St. Paul, was born in Schenectady.
Patricia Kalemberwas born in Schenectady.
Irving LangmuirAwarded the 1932 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
*Sir Charles Mackerras, the famous British conductor, was born in Schenectady while his father was taking an electrical-engineering course. See [http://www.economist.com/books/displaystory.cfm?story_id=E1_VTPVVVV Medallion man]
Ray Nelson, science fiction author and cartoonist was born in Schenectady
John Sayleswas born and raised in Schenectady; the Schenectady High school of fine arts is named after him.
Shirley Muldowney, the First Lady of Drag Racing was born and raised in Schenectady.
Pat Rileywas born and raised in Schenectady. The Schenectady High School athletics wing was named after him after he donated a substantial amount of money for its creation.
Don RittnerAuthor and historian lives in Schenectady
William Sewardattended Union College before losing the election against Abraham Lincoln
Mickey Rourkewas born in Schenectady
Charles Proteus Steinmetz, a famous electrical engineer, built a home in the GE Realty Plot, which burnt to the ground. A monument to Steinmetz stands on the site.
Samuel S. Stratton, a Congressman for 30 years after his tenure as mayor.
*John Tudor, Major League Baseball pitcher, won the
1985 World Serieswith the St. Louis Cardinals
Deborah Van Valkenburgh, female co-star in the cult classic movie " The Warriors" was born in Schenectady.
Kurt Vonnegut, the author, lived in Schenectady while working for GE in the early 1950s.
George H. Wells(1833-1905), though Northern-born was a Confederate States of Americaofficer, attorney and member of the Louisiana State Senate
* [http://www.cityofschenectady.com City of Schenectady (official website)]
* [http://www.schist.org Schenectady County Historical Society]
* [http://www.sayschenectady.org/ Visit Schenectady (tourist information)]
* [http://www.schenectadychamber.net/ Schenectady County Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.schenectadyny.info City of Schenectady Info]
* [http://www.courts.state.ny.us/courts/4jd/schdycty.HTM Schenectady City Court information]
* [http://www.timesunion.com/communities/Nijkerk/ Schenectady/Nijkerk Council]
* [http://www.schenectadyrose.com/ Central Park Rose Garden]
* [http://www.dailygazette.com Daily Gazette, the local newspaper on line]
* [http://www.davidpietrusza.com/Schenectady-players.html Schenectady Blue Jays who Made the Major Leagues]
* [http://www.schenectadymuseum.org/ Schenectady Museum and Suits-Bueche Planetarium]
* [http://www.smara.com/ Schenectady Museum Amateur Radio Association]
* [http://www.historicstockade.com/ Stockade Historic District]
* [http://www.realtyplot.org/ GE Realty Plot]
* [http://nysparks.state.ny.us/heritage/herit_area.asp New York State Heritage Areas]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.