Vineland, New Jersey

Vineland, New Jersey
Vineland, New Jersey
—  City  —
Downtown Vineland
Motto: "A Harvest of Opportunities in the Heart of the Northeast"
Map of Vineland in Cumberland County. Inset: Location of Cumberland County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Vineland, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°28′49″N 75°00′50″W / 39.48028°N 75.01389°W / 39.48028; -75.01389Coordinates: 39°28′49″N 75°00′50″W / 39.48028°N 75.01389°W / 39.48028; -75.01389
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Cumberland
Incorporated February 5, 1952[1]
 – Type Faulkner Act Mayor-Council
 – Mayor Robert Romano (term ends 2012)[3]
 – Administrator Denise Monaco[4]
 – Total 69.0 sq mi (178.7 km2)
 – Land 68.7 sq mi (177.9 km2)
 – Water 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)  0.42%
Elevation[5] 102 ft (31 m)
Population (2010 Census)[6]
 – Total 60,724
 – Density 880.1/sq mi (339.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 08360, 08361, 08362
Area code(s) 856
FIPS code 34-76070[7][8]
GNIS feature ID 0881466[9]

Vineland is a city in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 60,724.[6] Vineland, Millville and Bridgeton are the three principal New Jersey cities of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses those three cities and all of Cumberland County for statistical purposes.

Vineland was originally incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on May 28, 1880, from portions of Landis Township, based on the results of a referendum held three days earlier. On July 1, 1952, Vineland borough and Landis Township were merged to form Vineland city, based on the results of a referendum held on February 5, 1952.[1][10][11]



Charles K. Landis purchased 20,000 acres (81 km2) of land in 1861, near Millville, New Jersey, and along an existing railroad line with service to Philadelphia, to create his own alcohol-free utopian society based on agriculture and progressive thinking. The first houses were built in 1862, and train service was established to Philadelphia and New York City, with the population reaching 5,500 by 1865.[12]

Established as a Temperance Town, where the sale of alcohol was prohibited, Landis required that purchasers of land in Vineland had to build a house on the purchased property within a year of purchase, that 2½ acres of the often-heavily wooded land had to be cleared and farmed each year, and that adequate space be placed between houses and roads to allow for planting of flowers and shade trees along the routes through town. Landis Avenue was constructed as a 100-foot (30 m) wide and about 1-mile (2 km) long road running east-west through the center of the community, with other, narrower roads connecting at right angles to each other.[13]

After determining that the Vineland soil was well-suited for growing grapes (hence the name), Landis started advertising to attract Italian grape growers to Vineland, offering 20 acres (81,000 m2) of land that had to be cleared and used to grow grapes. Thomas Bramwell Welch founded Welch's Grape Juice, and purchased the locally grown grapes to make "unfermented wine" (or grape juice).[13] The fertile ground also attracted the glass-making industry and was home to the Progresso soup company. Throughout the first half of the 20th century, most of the city was involved in the poultry industry, which led to the city being dubbed “The Egg Basket of America.”[14]

Vineland Poultry Laboratories (now Lohman Animal Health) was started by Arthur Goldhaft. Dr. Goldhaft is credited with putting "a chicken in every pot" after developing the fowl pox chicken vaccine that saved millions of chickens from death. Dr. Goldhaft's work at Vineland Poultry Laboratories in Vineland, helped protect the world's chicken supply from the fowl pox disease.[15]

Additionally, Vineland had New Jersey’s first school for mental health, the Vineland Developmental Center, which now has an east and west campus. These institutions house mentally handicapped women in fully staffed cottages. Henry H. Goddard, an American psychologist, coined the term "Moron" while directing the Research Laboratory at the Training School for Backward and Feeble-minded Children in Vineland. This facility was sufficiently well-known that one American Prison Association pamphlet in 1955 heralded Vineland as "famous for its contributions to our knowledge of the feebleminded."[16]

The city of Vineland celebrated its 150th birthday in 2011. Mayor Robert Romano initially ordered a custom cake from Buddy Valastro of Carlo's Bake Shop in Hoboken, the business featured in the TLC reality television series Cake Boss. After outcry from local business owners, the order was canceled and five Vineland bakeries were commissioned to create elaborate cakes for the event.[17]


Vineland is located at 39°28′49″N 75°00′50″W / 39.480415°N 75.014013°W / 39.480415; -75.014013 (39.480415, -75.014013).[18]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 69.0 square miles (179 km2), of which, 68.7 square miles (178 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) of it (0.42%) is water. Of all the municipalities in New Jersey to hold the label of 'city,' Vineland is the largest in total area (Hamilton Township in Atlantic County is the largest municipality.)

Vineland borders Deerfield Township, Millville, and Maurice River Township. Vineland also borders Salem County, Gloucester County, and Atlantic County. The city is approximately 38 miles (61 km) from the Atlantic Ocean.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1930 21,603
1940 24,439 13.1%
1950 29,573 21.0%
1960 37,685 27.4%
1970 47,399 25.8%
1980 53,753 13.4%
1990 54,780 1.9%
2000 56,271 2.7%
2010 60,724 7.9%
Population sources:
1930-1990[19] 2000[20] 2010[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 56,271 people, 19,930 households, and 14,210 families residing in the city. The population density was 819.2 people per square mile (316.3/km2). There were 20,958 housing units at an average density of 305.1 per square mile (117.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 67.47% White, 13.62% African American, 0.54% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 14.01% from other races, and 3.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 30.00% of the population.[20]

There were 19,939 households out of which 80.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.17.[20]

In the city the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.[20]

The median income for a household in the city was $40,076, and the median income for a family was $47,909. Males had a median income of $35,195 versus $25,518 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,797. About 9.8% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.[20]


Local government

The City of Vineland is governed under the Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council) system of municipal government under New Jersey’s Optional Municipal Charter Law, commonly called the Faulkner Act.[2] There are two separate and co-equal branches of government, each directly elected by the people: the mayor, who serves as chief executive; and the City Council, which functions in a legislative role. Municipal elections are non-partisan. The Mayor and Council serve four-year terms of office elected concurrently.[21]

As of 2011, the Mayor of Vineland is Robert Romano, whose term of office ends on June 30, 2012 (along with those of all members of the City Council). Members of the Vineland City Council are President Peter Coccaro, Vice President Edward Conrow, Douglas Albrecht, Mayra Arroyo and Louis Cresci.[22]

On July 1, 2008, Robert Romano, son of former Mayor Joseph Romano, succeeded Perry D. Barse . Council members Peter F. Coccaro III, Mayra Arroyo, Louis F. Cresci Jr., Edward W. Conrow, and Douglas A. Albrecht, all of whom won their positions in the municipal election on May 13, 2008, also took office.[23]

Federal, state and county representation

Vineland is in the 2nd Congressional district and is part of New Jersey's 1st state legislative district.[24] The legislative district was kept unchanged by the New Jersey Apportionment Commission based on the results of the 2010 Census.[6]

New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

1st legislative district of the New Jersey Legislature, which is represented in the New Jersey Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the Assembly by Nelson Albano (D, Vineland) and Matthew W. Milam (D, Vineland).[25] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham).[26] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[27]

Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year.[28] As of 2011, Cumberland County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director William Whelan (Bridgeton, term ends December 31, 2011)[29], Deputy Director James A. Dunkins, (Millville, 2011)[30], Samuel L. Fiocchi, Sr. (Vineland, 2013)[31] Jane Jannarone (Vineland, 2011)[32], Carl W. Kirstein (Bridgeton, 2013)[33], Louis N. Magazzu (Bridgeton, 2012)[34] and Thomas Sheppard (Cedarville, 2012)[35][36]


Vineland Public Schools serves students in public school in grades K-12 and is one of 31 Abbott Districts statewide.[37] Schools in the district (with 2009-10 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[38]) are Casimer M. Dallago, Jr. Preschool Center / IMPACT (241) and Max Leuchter Preschool Center (215) for preschool, Dane Barse School (409), D'Ippolito Elementary School (668), Marie Durand School (558), Johnstone School (460), Dr. William Mennies School (624), Petway School (546), Gloria M. Sabater School (561), John H. Winslow School (532) for grades K-5, Landis School (469), Anthony Rossi School (561), Veterans Memorial School (534) and Thomas W. Wallace, Jr. School (505) for grades 6-8, Vineland High School (2,739) for grades 9-12 and Cunningham Alternative School (156) for students in grades 6-12 with "personal or academic challenges that prevent them from reaching their full potential".[39]

Cumberland Christian School is a private coeducational day school located in Vineland, serving students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. The school, founded in 1946, has a total enrollment of over 1,000 students.[40] The city is home to two Catholic elementary schools — Bishop Schad Regional School (combining St. Francis and Sacred Heart Schools) and St. Mary's School — and Sacred Heart High School for grades 9-12, all of which operate under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden.[41]

The Ellison School is a private, nonsectarian coeducational day school located on South Spring Road in Vineland. The school, with an enrollment of about 120 students in pre-kindergarten through 8th grade, is known for rigorous academics and a small (6:1) student/teacher ratio. The school was founded in 1959 and moved to its current site in 1968.[42]

For the year of 2008, Forbes listed Vineland as the 2nd least-educated city in the country, behind Lake Havasu City, Arizona.[43]


The marquee of the Landis Theater

Portions of Vineland are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide).[44]

The main street in Vineland is Landis Avenue. The traditional downtown area is located several blocks east and west of the intersection of Landis Avenue and the Boulevard. The Boulevard is a pair of roads that flank the main north/south railroad which connected Vineland with Cape May to the south and Camden/Philadelphia to the north. After many years of decline there has been much recent activity to restore the vitality of "The Avenue" and the center city area. New construction includes a new transportation center, courthouse, post office, elementary school / community center and sidewalk upgrades. In 2005, Vineland was designated a Main Street Community and, through the work of this group, money has been earmarked to continue this improvement through property and facade improvements, business retention and marketing.[45]

Points of interest

  • The Delsea Drive-In, located on Route 47 (Delsea Drive) north of County Route 552, is the only remaining drive-in theater in the state of New Jersey, the state in which they were created in 1932.[46][47]
  • The Palace of Depression was built by the eccentric and mustached George Daynor, a former Alaska gold miner who lost his fortune in the Wall Street Crash of 1929, and was known as "The Strangest House in the World" or the "Home of Junk", and was built as a testament of willpower against the effects of The Great Depression. A full restoration is scheduled to be completed in late 2010.[48]
  • The Landis MarketPlace opened in 2011 as a two-level indoor public market and includes an Amish market on the lower level and several vendors on the upper level.[49]
  • In 2009, as much as $25 million in grants from the Economic Stimulus Act of 2008 were allocated to help with the cleanup of the Vineland Chemical Company site. The company's owners had paid $3 million towards the cleanup of soil and water at the site polluted with arsenic and other toxic materials, though the United States Environmental Protection Agency has spent more than $120 million to remetiate the Superfund site.[50]


Route 47, Route 55 and Route 56, as well as County Route 540, County Route 552 and County Route 555 all pass through Vineland. Two general aviation airports are located nearby. Vineland-Downstown Airport is located 4 miles (6.4 km) northeast of the central business district, and Kroelinger Airport, 3 miles (4.8 km) north.

Notable residents


  1. ^ a b "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 120.
  2. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 8.
  3. ^ 2011 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed August 15, 2011.
  4. ^ Administration/busadmin.htm Business Administration, City of Vineland. Accessed April 5, 2011.
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Vineland, Geographic Names Information System, accessed April 16, 2007.
  6. ^ a b c d 2011 Apportionment Redistricting: Municipalities sorted alphabetically, New Jersey Department of State, p. 11. Accessed August 27, 2011.
  7. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  9. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "MERGER CAMPAIGN AROUSES VINELAND; 'Hole' in Jersey 'Doughnut' Fights for Civic Status in February 5 Referendum Merger Defeated in 1929 Wide Interest Noted", The New York Times, November 25, 1951. p. 58
  11. ^ "NEW CITY SET IN JERSEY; 2 Communities Vote to Merge as Vineland on July 1", The New York Times, February 6, 1952. p. 24.
  12. ^ a b Our People of the Century: Charles K. Landis - Founder of a City, Creator of a Dream. Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 13, 2008.
  13. ^ a b THE FOUNDING OF VINELAND AND ITS GROWTH AS AN AGRICULTURAL CENTER, West Jersey and South Jersey Heritage. Accessed August 28, 2007.
  14. ^ Rob Spahr (2011-08-Aug). "Vineland celebrates its 150th anniversary with parade, fireworks and cake". The Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved 2011-15-Aug. 
  15. ^ Our People of the Century - Arthur Goldhaft: Pioneering Vet Put "a chicken in every pot", Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed July 13, 2008.
  16. ^ Strange Maps (2008-06-23). "Come Visit New Jersey… You’ll Never Leave". 
  17. ^ Dineen, Caitlin (2011-09-Aug). "Vineland's bakeries enjoyed participating in 150th birthday celebration following "Cake Boss" controversy". The Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved 2011-15-Aug. 
  18. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  19. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed August 27, 2011.
  20. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights: Vineland city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 27, 2011.
  21. ^ Vineland's Form of Government, City of Vineland. Accessed July 27, 2006.
  22. ^ Government, City of Vineland. Accessed April 5, 2011.
  23. ^ "Romano, slate win in sweep", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), May 14, 2008.
  24. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 65. Accessed August 27, 2011.
  25. ^ "Legislative Roster: 2010-2011 Session". New Jersey Legislature. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  26. ^ "About the Governor". New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  27. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  28. ^ About Cumberland County Government, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
  29. ^ William Whelan, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  30. ^ Rev. James A. Dunkins, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  31. ^ Samuel L. Fiocchi, Sr., Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  32. ^ Jane Jannarone, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  33. ^ Carl W. Kirstein, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  34. ^ Louis N. Magazzu, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  35. ^ Thomas Sheppard, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  36. ^ County Freeholders, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011. Note that as of the date the source was accessed, the county website incorrectly listed 2014 term end dates for Fiocchi and Kirstein, which based on their three-year term is 2013.
  37. ^ Abbott Districts, New Jersey Department of Education, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 15, 2009. Accessed April 6, 2011.
  38. ^ Data for the Vineland Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 27, 2011.
  39. ^ School Websites, Vineland Public Schools. Accessed April 6, 2011.
  40. ^ History, Cumberland Christian School. Accessed August 27, 2011.
  41. ^ Cumberland County Schools, Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden. Accessed August 27, 2011.
  42. ^ School History, Ellison School, Accessed August 27, 2011.
  43. ^ Anas, Brittany. "Forbes: Boulder is country's smartest town", Camera (newspaper), November 26, 2008, backed up by the Internet Archive as of April 17, 2009. Accessed April 6, 2011.
  44. ^ Geographic & Urban Redevelopment Tax Credit Programs: Urban Enterprise Zone Employee Tax Credit, State of New Jersey, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 25, 2009. Accessed August 27, 2011.
  45. ^ The Main Street Approach, Maint Street, Vineland. Accessed August 27, 2011. "In 2005, Vineland was designated a Main Street Community. This designation is part of a state and national revitalization program that is intended to help businesses make the most of their location, whether it is on Landis Avenue or elsewhere in the Main Street District."
  46. ^
  47. ^ Howard, Jen. "The Delsea Drive-in keeps a vintage summer tradition alive ", WHYY newsworks, July 15, 2011. Accessed August 27, 2011. "Delonardis feels his drive-in must be the best, partly because it's the only one in New Jersey--the birthplace of the drive-in. In 1933, the first one opened on Admiral Wilson Boulevard in Pennsauken."
  48. ^ Palace of Depression, Roadside America. Accessed October 2, 2007.
  49. ^ Barlas, Thomas. "Landis MarketPlace in Vineland welcomes first customers", The Press of Atlantic City, May 5, 2011. Accessed August 27, 2011.
  50. ^ Broder, John M. "Without Superfund Tax, Stimulus Aids Cleanups", The New York Times, April 25, 2009. Accessed August 27, 2011. "Vineland’s former owners, now deceased, paid $3 million toward a cleanup that began a decade ago and has already cost more than $120 million. The site will get $10 million to $25 million in stimulus money to speed a continuing project to purge arsenic and other chemicals from soil and water on the site’s 54 acres."
  51. ^ Assembly Member Nelson Albano profile, Project Vote Smart. Accessed August 8, 2007.
  52. ^ Senator Nicholas Asselta, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed October 2, 2007.
  53. ^ Jackson, Vincent. "VINELAND'S OBIE BERMUDEZ A WINNER AT LATIN GRAMMYS", The Press of Atlantic City, November 5, 2005. Accessed January 20, 2011.
  54. ^ Martin, Douglas. "Robert Butler, Aging Expert, Is Dead at 83", The New York Times, July 7, 2010. Accessed August 27, 2011. "Dr. Butler’s mission emerged from his childhood, he wrote in his book. His parents had scarcely named him Robert Neil Butler before splitting up 11 months after his birth on Jan. 21, 1927, in Manhattan. He went to live with his maternal grandparents on a chicken farm in Vineland, N.J."
  55. ^ Coppola, Anthony. "Vineland's Darren Ford joins MLB's San Francisco Giants", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), September 2, 2010. Accessed August 15, 2011. "Darren Ford received some Giant news late Tuesday evening. The 2004 Vineland High School graduate was promoted to the Major League Baseball club in San Francisco, ending his current stint with the Double-A Richmond Flying Squirrels."
  56. ^ Darren Ford, Major League Baseball. Accessed August 15, 2011.
  57. ^ Staff. "The News of New Jersey: The Strange and Wierd Funeral of Atheist Jeremiah Hacker", Daily True American, September 2, 1895. Accessed January 20, 2011.
  58. ^ Marquard, Bryan. "Alan Kotok; he tred vanguard of computers with brilliance, wit", Boston Globe, June 6, 2006, accessed April 25, 2007. "Born in Philadelphia, Mr. Kotok was an only child and grew up in Vineland, N.J., where his father owned a hardware store."
  59. ^ via Associated Press. "Vineland native Jillian Loyden added to U.S. women's soccer training camp roster", The Press of Atlantic City, April 11, 2011. Accessed August 27, 2011.
  60. ^ Jillian Loyden, Villanova University. Accessed July 17, 2011.
  61. ^ Our People of the Century - Miles Lerman: A Holocaust Survivor, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed August 27, 2011. "Miles Lerman, a Vineland businessman, traveled throughout the U.S. and Europe, collecting artifacts and money to build the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C."
  62. ^ Wallace, William N. "Football Free Agents: Grass Isn't Greener", The New York Times, April 23, 1978. Accessed October 16, 2011. "'It's not doing much for me,' said Piccone the other day by telephone from his home in Vineland, N.J."
  63. ^ Kallman, Dave. "Road America Notes", Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, August 17, 1996, accessed April 25, 2007. "Other support series: Jeret Schroeder of Vineland, N.J., led a group of 12 Player's / Toyota Atlantic drivers who bettered the track record in provisional qualifying for the race Sunday."
  64. ^ Sungenis, Pab. Cartoon for Saturday, August 27, 2011, The New Adventures of Queen Victoria, August 27, 2011. Accessed August 27, 2011. "Panel 4 - Queen Victoria: Hey Wikidiots! We got your '[citation]' RIGHT HERE!</> Edward: Mum!</>"
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