Borough (New Jersey)

Borough (New Jersey)

A Borough (sometimes abbreviated Boro on road signs) in the context of New Jersey local government refers to one of five "types" and one of eleven "forms" of municipal government.

Though it is now the most common form of government in New Jersey, as of 1875, only 17 boroughs had been created, all by special acts of the legislature.

The Borough Act of 1878 allowed any township (or portion thereof) with a land area of no more than four square miles and a population not exceeding 5,000, to establish itself as an independent borough through a petition and referendum process on a self-executing basis. As enacted, a borough would be governed by an elected mayor (serving a one-year term) and a six-member council (elected to staggered three-year terms). The mayor would preside at council meetings, but had no vote except to break ties. A wave of boroughs were incorporated by newly-minted municipalities to allow for home-ruled school districts.

The Borough Act of 1897 amended the original Act, eliminating the self-executing incorporation feature of the earlier legislation. Henceforth, newly incorporated boroughs (or those seeking to dissolve or increase or decrease in size) required approval of the legislature. The elected mayor and six-member council were retained, with the mayor now serving a two-year term.

The Borough Act of 1987 was created to streamline borough law and clear away amendments, changes and contradictory rules that had accumulated over the century of the Borough's existence as a form of government. The 1987 Act allowed for the delegation of executive responsibility to an appointed administrator.

Traditionally, voters elect a mayor and six council-members at-large in a partisan election. The borough system has a weak mayor and the council performs most legislative and executive functions. This form of local government is used by 39% of the municipalities in New Jersey.


Boroughitis was a craze that swept through New Jersey in the late 19th century, which led groups of residents to unite to form Boroughs from within and among the many Townships that were the prevalent form at the time. This wave of municipal formations was fomented by legislation that allowed a Borough to be created by a referendum with no further legislative approval required. By 1875 only 17 boroughs existed, but with Boroughitis the prevalence of Boroughs exploded, so that they are now the most common type of municipal government in New Jersey, accounting for over 200 of the 566 municipal governments statewide.

External links

* [ New Jersey State League of Municipalities]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Borough (New Jersey) — Un borough (parfois abrégé en Boro sur les panneaux routiers) est, dans l État américain du New Jersey, l un des cinq types et l une des onze formes de gouvernement municipal. Bien qu il s agisse de la forme de gouvernement local la plus commune …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chatham Borough, New Jersey — This article is about a borough in New Jersey, for an adjacent township, see Chatham Township, for information about their shared school and library systems see The Chathams. Chatham, New Jersey   Borough   …   Wikipedia

  • Chester Borough, New Jersey — see also, Chester Township, New Jersey Chester   Borough   Borough of Chester …   Wikipedia

  • Mendham Borough, New Jersey — Mendham, New Jersey redirects here. For the township, see Mendham Township, New Jersey. Mendham Borough, New Jersey   Borough (New Jersey)   …   Wikipedia

  • Freehold Borough, New Jersey — Infobox Settlement official name = Borough of Freehold, New Jersey settlement type = Borough nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = 250x200px map caption = Map of Freehold Borough in Monmouth County mapsize1 = map caption1 …   Wikipedia

  • New Milford, New Jersey — Borough of New Milford, New Jersey   Borough   Nickname(s): The Birthplace of Bergen County[1] …   Wikipedia

  • New Providence, New Jersey —   Borough   Map of New Providence in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County in New Jersey …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth Borough, New Jersey — Elizabeth Borough was a borough that existed in Essex County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey, from 1740 until 1855.Elizabeth was established as a borough by Royal Charter on February 8, 1740, and was rechartered by the New Jersey Legislature on… …   Wikipedia

  • New Jersey locations by per capita income — New Jersey is one of the wealthiest states in the United States of America, with a per capita income of $27,006 (2000) and a personal per capita income of $40,427 (2003). Its median household income is $55,146 (2000), ranked first in the country …   Wikipedia

  • Flemington Borough, New Jersey Police Department — Flemington Borough Police Department, Flemington, New Jersey is located in the county seat of Hunterdon County. The Police Department is responsible for just the Borough of Flemington as the rest of Flemington is covered by the Raritan Township… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”