City (New Jersey)

City (New Jersey)
New Jersey Municipal Government Flag of New Jersey
Traditional forms
Borough Township
City Town Village
Modern Forms
Walsh Act/Commission
1923 Municipal Manager
Faulkner Act Forms
Mayor-Council Council-Manager
Small Municipality
Nonstandard Forms
Special Charter
Changing Form of Municipal Government
Charter Study Commission This box: view · talk · edit

A City in the context of New Jersey local government refers to one of five types and one of eleven forms of municipal government.

Despite the widely held perception of a city as a large, urban area, cities in New Jersey have a confused history as a form of government and vary in size from large, densely populated areas to much-smaller hamlets.


The 1897 and 1899 city charter laws applied only to areas with a population under 12,000, and provided for a directly elected mayor, who served a two-year term and had strong executive powers. Both featured a council elected from wards to staggered three-year terms, plus one councilman elected at-large for a term of two years. The Mayor had veto power, which could be overridden by a two-thirds vote of the Council. The two acts differed in a number of ways, including the process for selection of a Board of Education (1897: elected; 1899: appointed by Council).

By 1987, there were only eleven cities under these City Acts (including East Orange, which effectively operated under a special City charter). As in other forms, many amendments, revisions and changes had been made over the years, leading to confusing and often conflicting legislation.

The City Act of 1987 provides for a directly elected mayor who serves a four-year term and for a council that consists of seven members; six elected from two wards for staggered three-year terms and one elected at large for a four year term. There are three councilmen in each ward with one councilmember from each ward up for election every year. The mayor is the chief executive and votes only to break a tie. The Mayor has veto power over all or portions of any ordinance, subject to override by a two-thirds vote of the Council. The Act also provides for the delegation of executive responsibilities to a municipal administrator.

Those cities operating under pre-1987 charters could retain the characteristics of their structure of government regarding terms of office, number of positions and other powers. Provisions of the 1987 Act can then be adopted through a petition and referendum process by the electorate.

See also

  • List of cities in New Jersey

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • City (New Jersey) — Une city est l un des cinq types et l une des onze formes de gouvernement municipal dans le New Jersey, aux États Unis. Contrairement à l idée reçue d une city comme une grande ville urbaine, les cities du New Jersey varient fortement en taille… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jersey City, New Jersey — City of Jersey City   City   Skyline of Downtown Jersey City …   Wikipedia

  • Jersey City (New Jersey) — Jersey City Jersey City Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Atlantic City, New Jersey — Atlantic City redirects here. For other uses, see Atlantic City (disambiguation). Atlantic City   City   City of Atlantic City …   Wikipedia

  • Ocean City, New Jersey —   City   Ocean City seen from a top the giant ferris wheel on the Boardwalk …   Wikipedia

  • Union City, New Jersey — Infobox Settlement official name = Union City, New Jersey nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = image mapsize = 250x200px map caption = Union City highlighted in Hudson County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of… …   Wikipedia

  • Corbin City, New Jersey —   City (New Jersey)   …   Wikipedia

  • Margate City, New Jersey —   City (New Jersey)   Atlantic Ocean shoreline …   Wikipedia

  • Neptune City, New Jersey — Neptune City redirects here. For the album, see Neptune City (album). Not to be confused with Neptune Township, New Jersey. Neptune City, New Jersey   Borough   …   Wikipedia

  • Ventnor City, New Jersey — Infobox Settlement official name = Ventnor City, New Jersey settlement type = City (New Jersey) nickname = motto = imagesize = 250x200px image caption = Atlantic Ocean shoreline image image mapsize = 250x200px map caption = Map of Ventnor City in …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”