Elizabeth, New Jersey

Elizabeth, New Jersey
City of Elizabeth, New Jersey
—  City  —
Motto: Where history meets present
Map of Elizabeth in Union County
(click image to enlarge; also see: state map)
Census Bureau map of Elizabeth, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°39′44″N 74°12′33″W / 40.66222°N 74.20917°W / 40.66222; -74.20917Coordinates: 40°39′44″N 74°12′33″W / 40.66222°N 74.20917°W / 40.66222; -74.20917
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Union
Founded 1665
Incorporated March 13, 1855
 – Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 – Mayor Chris Bollwage[1]
 – Total 13.7 sq mi (35.4 km2)
 – Land 12.2 sq mi (31.6 km2)
 – Water 1.4 sq mi (3.7 km2)  10.47%
Elevation[2] 16 ft (5 m)
Population (2010 Census)[3]
 – Total 124,969
 – Density 10,269/sq mi (3,964.7/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 – Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07201 - Union Square station
07202 - Bayway station
07206 - Elizabethport station
07207 - P.O. Boxes
07208 - Elmora station
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 34-21000[4][5]
GNIS feature ID 0876147[6]
Website http://www.elizabethnj.org/
Union County Court House
View Near Elizabethtown, N. J., oil painting by Régis François Gignoux, Honolulu Academy of Arts

Elizabeth is a city in Union County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 124,969, retaining its ranking as New Jersey's fourth largest city (by population) with an increase of 4,401 residents (an added 3.7%) from its 2000 Census population of 120,568.[7] It is the county seat of Union County[8].

In 2008, Elizabeth was named one of "America's 50 Greenest Cities" by Popular Science magazine, the only city in New Jersey selected.[9]



Elizabeth, originally called "Elizabethtown" and part of the Elizabethtown Tract, was founded in 1665 by English settlers. The town was not named for Queen Elizabeth I as many people may assume, but rather for Elizabeth, wife of Vice Admiral Sir George Carteret, 1st Baronet and one of the two original Proprietors of the colony of New Jersey. She was the daughter of Philippe de Carteret II, 3rd Seigneur de Sark and Anne Dowse. The town served as the first capital of New Jersey. During the American Revolutionary War, Elizabeth was continually attacked by British forces based on Manhattan and Staten Island.

On March 13, 1855, the City of Elizabeth was created by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature, combining and replacing both Elizabeth Borough (which dated back to 1740) and Elizabeth Township (which had been formed in 1693), based on the results of a referendum held on March 27, 1855. On March 19, 1857, the city became part of the newly-created Union County. Portions of the city were taken to form Linden Township on March 4, 1861.[10]

The first major industry, the Singer Sewing Machine Company came to Elizabeth and employed as many as 2,000 people. In 1895, it saw one of the first car companies, when Electric Carriage and Wagon Company was founded to manufacture the Electrobat, joined soon by another electric car builder, Andrew L. Riker. The Electric Boat Company got its start building submarines for the United States Navy in Elizabeth, New Jersey beginning with the launch of USS Holland (SS-1) in 1897. These pioneering naval craft [known as A-Class] were developed at Lewis Nixon's Crescent Shipyard in Elizabeth between the years 1896-1903.[11] Elizabeth grew in parallel to its sister city of Newark for many years, but has been more successful in retaining a middle class presence and was spared riots in the 1960s.


Elizabeth is located at 40°39′44″N 74°12′33″W / 40.662152°N 74.209066°W / 40.662152; -74.209066 (40.662152, -74.209066).[12]

Elizabeth is bordered to the southwest by Linden, to the west by Roselle and Roselle Park, to the northwest by Union and Hillside, to the north by Newark (in Essex County). To the east the city is across the Newark Bay from Bayonne in Hudson County and the Arthur Kill from Staten Island, New York. The borders of Elizabeth, Bayonne, and Staten Island meet at one point on Shooters Island.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.7 square miles (35.4 km2). 12.2 square miles (31.6 km2) of it is land and 1.4 square miles (3.7 km2) of it (10.47%) is water.

Business and industry

Since World War II, Elizabeth has seen its transportation facilities grow; the Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal is one of the busiest ports in the world, as is Newark Liberty International Airport, parts of which are actually in Elizabeth. Elizabeth also features Little Jimmy's Italian Ices (since 1932), the popular Jersey Gardens outlet mall, Loews Theater, and the Elizabeth Center, which generate millions of dollars in revenue.

Industrial "backyard" East of Elizabeth, New Jersey

Together with Linden, Elizabeth is home to the Bayway Refinery, a ConocoPhillips refining facility that helps supply petroleum-based products to the New York/New Jersey area, producing approximately 230,000 barrels (37,000 m3) per day.

Portions of the city are covered by the Urban Enterprise Zone, which cuts the sales tax rate to 3½% (half of the 7% charged statewide) and offers other incentives to businesses within the district.[13] The Elizabeth UEZ has the highest business participation rate in the state, with approximately 1,000 businesses participating in — and benefiting from — the program. The UEZ has helped bring in more than $1.5 billion in new economic development to the City and has brought in over $50 million in sales tax revenue that has been reinvested in funding for additional police, streetscape and other infrastructure improvements.[14]

Celadon, a mixed-use development containing 14 glass skyscrapers, offices, retail, a hotel, boardwalk and many other amenities is proposed to border the east side of the Jersey Gardens mall, directly on the Port Newark Bay.. It is planned to break ground in the summer of 2008 on the ferry, roads and parking, and will continue construction for at least twelve more years.[15]


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 2,977
1820 3,515 18.1%
1830 3,455 −1.7%
1860 11,567
1870 20,832 80.1%
1880 28,229 35.5%
1890 37,764 33.8%
1900 52,130 38.0%
1910 73,409 40.8%
1920 95,783 30.5%
1930 114,589 19.6%
1940 109,912 −4.1%
1950 112,817 2.6%
1960 107,698 −4.5%
1970 112,654 4.6%
1980 106,201 −5.7%
1990 110,002 3.6%
2000 120,568 9.6%
2010 124,969 3.7%
historical data source:[16][17] [18]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 120,568 people, 40,482 households, and 28,175 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,865.5 inhabitants per square mile (3,809.5/km2). There were 42,838 housing units at an average density of 3,505.2 per square mile (1,353.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 55.78% White, 19.98% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 2.35% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 15.51% from other races, and 5.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 49.46% of the population.

The nation where the highest number of foreign-born inhabitants of Elizabeth were born was Colombia, which was the birthplace of 8,731 Elizabeth residents as of the 2000 Census. This exceeded the combined total of Mexico and Central America of 8,214. It also far exceeded the next highest single nation count of Cuba at 5,812. The largest number for a non-Spanish speaking country and third highest overall was immigrants from Portugal numbering 4,544. The next largest groups were Salvadoran immigrants numbering 4,043, Peruvians 3,591 and Dominican immigrants of whom there were 3,492.[19]

There were 40,482 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.45.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,175, and the median income for a family was $38,370. Males had a median income of $30,757 versus $23,931 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,114. About 15.6% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 17.2% of those age 65 or over.

Districts and neighborhoods

The city of Elizabeth had several distinct districts and neighborhoods.


Midtown (Broad St.& Morris Ave.), also occasionally known as Uptown, is the main commercial district. Midtown is a historic section as well. It includes the First Presbyterian Church and St. John's Episcopal Church, and its St. John's Episcopal Churchyard. The First Presbyterian Church was a battleground for the American Revolution. Located here are also the Art Deco Hersh Tower, and the Ritz Theatre which has been operating since 1926.

Art Deco Hersh Tower
Goethals Bridge


Bayway is located in the southern part of the City and borders the City of Linden. There are unique ethnic restaurants, bars, and stores along Bayway Avenue, and a variety of houses of worship. Housing styles are older and well maintained. There are many affordable two to four-family housing units, and multiple apartment complexes. The western terminus of the Goethals Bridge, which spans the Arthur Kill to Staten Island can be found here.


DownTown (also known as The Port, E-Port ), the oldest and perhaps the most diverse place in the City, is a collection of old world Elizabeth, new America, and a mix of colonial-style houses and apartment buildings that stretch east of Routes 1 & 9 to its shores. Although this has been an impoverished part of Elizabeth for many decades, this area has had a great deal of improvement in the last five years. Many homes have been refurbished or replaced with new, more ornate constructions. Housing projects that stood for years along First Street were demolished and replaced with attractive apartment complexes for those with low to moderate incomes. New townhomes on the waterfront have been developed & new 2 family homes are currently under construction.

The Elizabeth Marina, which in the past was filled with trash and debris along its walkway, has also beautified and many celebrations are held year round, from a Hispanic festival in the late spring to the lighting of a Christmas tree in the winter. Living conditions in this area continue to improve year after year. Historically, there was a Slavic community here, centered by a church (Sts. Peter and Paul Byzantine) and a Lithuanian (Sts. Peter and Paul, R.C.) and Polish (St. Adalbert) Roman Catholic Church still stands in the neighborhood. St. Patrick Church, originally Irish, dominates the 'Port and was built in 1888.


Warinanco Park, Elmora

Elmora is a middle/working-class neighborhood in the western part of Elizabeth. Home to many Jewish people, a number of kosher eateries can be found here. The main thoroughfare, Elmora Avenue, boasts some of the best restaurants, shops and boutiques. A few of the City’s most luxurious high-rise building complexes- affording views of the New York skyline- dot the edge of this neighborhood and are convenient to the Midtown NJ Transit Train Station. Also found here is Morris Avenue which is home to many Colombian stores and restaurants. The northwestern part of Elmora is known as Elmora Hills. It is a strongly middle- to upper-middle class neighborhood.

Immaculate Heart of Mary and St. Patrick's Church, Elizabethport

Frog Hollow

Frog Hollow is a small community of homes just west of the Arthur Kill, and south of Elizabeth Avenue, Frog Hollow contains older style, affordable homes, rentals and some quality restaurants in a working-class community. The statue honoring former Mayor Mack on Elizabeth Avenue is a landmark in the community. Frog Hollow is also convenient to the Veteran’s Memorial Waterfront Park. Frog Hollow was largely Irish from the late 19th century until World War II and the largest church in Elizabeth is St. Patrick's Church in Elizabethport, built by the Irish in the late 19th century and still in beautiful condition today.

Keighry Head

Keighry Head is located close to Midtown, containing affordable one and two-family homes, and apartment houses, convenient to the Midtown shopping district, and transportation.

War monument; north Elizabeth

North Elizabeth

North Elizabeth, also known as the "North End," is mainly a diverse working-class neighborhood home to many Portuguese as well. The North End has easy access to New York and Newark via its own NJ Transit train station, Routes 1&9 & the NJ Turnpike. The neighborhood also has Crane Square, the Historic Nugents Tavern, and Kellogg Park and its proximity to Newark Airport. There is currently a plan in place to develop the former Interbake Foods facility into shopping and residential town houses and condominiums. This community contains many larger one and two-family homes that have been rebuilt over the past decade. North Elizabeth also features many well-kept apartment houses and condominium units on and around North Avenue that are home to professionals who work in New York or the area. In addition, the only Benedictine women's community in New Jersey is located at Saint Walburga Monastery on North Broad Street.


Peterstown (also known as "The Burg") is a middle/working-class neighborhood in the southeastern part of the city. It is heavily industrial and ethnically diverse. Peterstown was once predominantly occupied by newly immigrated Italians and their descendants, but is less so today. Peterstown has clean, quiet streets and has many affordable housing opportunities with a “village” feel. The area contains the historic Union Square, home to produce stands, meat markets, fresh fish and poultry stores. Peterstown is also home to the DeCavalcante crime family, one of the most infamous Mafia families in the United States.

The Point

The Point is centrally located and defined by New Point Road, located close to Midtown. This community contains many new affordable two-family homes, apartment houses and is undergoing a transformation.

Quality Hill

Quality Hill is located north of Bayway and to the west of Peterstown. It is largely a middle-class neighborhood. It includes the Trinitas Hospital, the Main Complex, the Edison Academy, as well as cover most of South Broad Street.


Westminster is home to the City’s largest residential estates, a mix of Tudors, Victorians, ranch houses, colonial split levels and more. This neighborhood borders Hillside and contains many distinctive properties. It is also home to a new public school, considered one of the finest in the City’s system. The Elizabeth River runs through Westminster culminating in a dramatic splash of greenery and rolling hills off of North Avenue, near Liberty Hall. Residents use this area for recreation, whether it is at the newly christened Phil Rizzuto Park area, or for bird watching or for sunbathing by the river. It is one of the more affluent and historic area of Elizabeth.


Elizabeth City Hall

Local government

The City of Elizabeth is governed under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government under the Faulkner Act. The City government of Elizabeth is made up of a Mayor and a City Council. The Elizabeth City Council is made up of nine members. Three Council members are elected at large and six members are elected from each of Elizabeth's six wards.[20]

As of 2011, the City's Mayor J. Christian Bollwage, a lifelong resident of Elizabeth, is currently serving his fourth term as Mayor.[21] Council members are Council President Joseph Keenan (Third Ward), Carlos Cedeño (Fourth Ward), Frank Cuesta (at-large), William Gallman, Jr. (Fifth Ward), Nelson Gonzalez (Second Ward), Manny Grova, Jr. (First Ward), Edward Jackus (at-large), Frank Mazza (Sixth Ward) and Patricia Perkins-Auguste (at-large).[22]

Federal, state and county representation

The City of Elizabeth is split between the 10th and 13th Congressional districts and is part of New Jersey's 22nd state legislative district.[23]

New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald M. Payne (D, Newark). New Jersey's Thirteenth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires (D, West New York). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

20th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature, which is represented in the New Jersey Senate by Raymond Lesniak (D, Union) and in the New Jersey General Assembly by Joseph Cryan (D, Union) and Annette Quijano (D, Elizabeth).[24] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham).[25] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[26]

Union County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose nine members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis with three seats coming up for election each year.[27] As of 2011, Union County's Freeholders are Chairman Deborah P. Scanlon (Union, term ends December 31, 2012)[28], Vice Chairman Alexander Mirabella (Fanwood, 2012)[29], Linda Carter (Plainfield, 2013)[30], Angel G. Estrada (Elizabeth, 2011)[31], Christopher Hudak (Linden, 2011)[32], Mohamed S. Jalloh (Roselle, 2012)[33], Bette Jane Kowalski (Cranford, 2013)[34], Daniel P. Sullivan (Elizabeth, 2013)[35] and Nancy Ward (Linden, 2011).[36][37]

Emergency services


Police department


Medical services

Emergency Medical Services for the City of Elizabeth are handled by the Elizabeth Fire Departments - Division of Emergency Medical Services. This is a civilian Division of the Fire Department and handles approx 40,000 calls a year. The Division is made up of an EMS Chief, 5 Supervisors, 28 Full Time Emergency Medical Technicians, and approximately 11 Per Diem EMTs. The Division, at its maximum staffing, attempts to operate four ambulances and a supervisor on days (7A-7P) and there ambulances and a supervisor on nights (7P-7A).


The John E. Dwyer Technology Academy and Dunn Sports Center

The city's public schools are operated by Elizabeth Public Schools, serving students in kindergarten through 12th grade. The district is one of 31 Abbott Districts statewide.[38] Elizabeth High School is the largest high school in the state of New Jersey and one of the largest in the United States. By New Jersey Monthly the school was ranked at number 302 out of 316, making it the lowest school in Union County on the list.

Private schools

Elizabeth is also home to several private schools. There is St. Mary of the Assumption High School, Saint Patrick High School, St. Genevieve School, and the Jewish Educational Center,[39] which comprises the Yeshiva of Elizabeth (nursery through sixth grades), the Rav Teitz Mesivta Academy (boys, seventh through twelfth grades), and Bruriah High School (girls, seventh through twelfth grades).

Other private schools include Benedictine Academy (girls, ninth through twelfth grade) and Benedictine Preschool (ages 2 1/2 -4)

Princeton University was founded in 1746 in Elizabeth, New Jersey, as the College of New Jersey.

Kindergarten - 8th grade schools

The Elizabeth Public Schools system has many elementary and middle schools. Before the 2008-09 school year, all schools except high schools became K-8 schools. This replaced the middle schools and elementary schools.


The Elizabeth Public Library, the free public library with a main library, originally a Carnegie library, and three branches[40] has a collection of 342,305 volumes and annual circlution of about 191,000.[41][42]


Portions of Elizabeth are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide).[13]



Elizabeth is a hub of several major roadways including the New Jersey Turnpike / Interstate 95, Interstate 278 (including the Goethals Bridge), U.S. Route 1/9, Route 27, Route 28 and Route 439. Elizabeth's own street plan, in contrast to the more usual grid plan, is to a large degree circular, with circumferential and radial streets centered on the central railroad station.

Mass transit

Elizabeth Broad Street Train Station, completed 1893 or '94.

Elizabeth is among the U.S. cities with the highest transit ridership.

It has two train stations on NJ Transit's North Jersey Coast Line and the Northeast Corridor Line. Elizabeth Station also called Broad Street Elizabeth or Midtown Station is the southern station in Midtown Elizabeth. The other train station in Elizabeth is North Elizabeth Station.

New Jersey Transit is planning a segment of the Newark-Elizabeth Rail Link (NERL), designated as the Union County Light Rail (UCLR). The UCLR will connect Midtown Station with Newark Liberty International Airport and have seven or eight other stations in between within Elizabeth city limits. A possible extension of this future line to Plainfield would link the city of Elizabeth with the Raritan Valley Line.

In addition, the Colombian airline Avianca operates a private bus service from John F. Kennedy Airport to Union City and Elizabeth for passengers on Avianca flights departing from and arriving to JFK.[43]

Public bus

For public bus service to and from Elizabeth, see related page List of New Jersey Transit bus routes (1-99)

Local media

WJDM at 1530 on the AM dial is licensed to Elizabeth.

News 12 New Jersey is one of the most viewed weather and news channels in the city.

In 2008, Elizabeth was named one of "America's 50 Greenest Cities" by Popular Science magazine. Elizabeth was the only city in New Jersey selected. It ranked city number 45, under Fremont, California and above Livonia, Michigan.

Elizabeth Public-Access Channel

Residents of Elizabeth can tune into the Public-access television cable-TV channel at anytime to view public information such as the city bulletin board, live meetings, important health information and tips. This service is provided by Cablevision Local Programming. The service can be found on channel 18. The channel also has features such as Top 10 Ranked Television Shows, Educational Facts, Quote of The Day, Gas Price Statistics, and tips for keeping the city safe and clean.

Notable residents and natives

Sister cities


  1. ^ 2011 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed September 2, 2011.
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Elizabeth, Geographic Names Information System, accessed April 12, 2007.
  3. ^ 2010 census Population: Union County, Asbury Park Press. Accessed September 2, 2011.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 2, 2011. HTML version of original Excel spreadsheet.
  8. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  9. ^ Svoboda, Elizabeth. "America's 50 Greenest Cities", Popular Science, February 8, 2008.
  10. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 238.
  11. ^ Georgano, G.N. Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886-1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1985).
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ a b Geographic & Urban Redevelopment Tax Credit Programs: Urban Enterprise Zone Employee Tax Credit, State of New Jersey. Accessed July 28, 2008.
  14. ^ Elizabeth Urban Enterprise Zone, City of Elizabeth. Accessed August 22, 2006.
  15. ^ Harrison, Brianne. "$2B MXD Planned for Elizabeth Waterfront", GlobeSt.com, February 11, 2008. Accessed February 28, 2008.
  16. ^ "New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990". http://www.wnjpin.net/OneStopCareerCenter/LaborMarketInformation/lmi01/poptrd6.htm. Retrieved 2007-03-03. 
  17. ^ Campbell Gibson (June 1998). "Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in The United States: 1790 TO 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0027.html. Retrieved 2007-03-06. 
  18. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers New Jersey's 2010 Census Population Totals". U.S. Census Bureau. 2011-02-03. http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/2010_census/cb11-cn15.html. Retrieved 2011-02-05. 
  19. ^ Census Table of Immigrant Origins
  20. ^ 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 90.
  21. ^ Mayor's Biography, City of Elizabeth. Accessed April 17, 2011.
  22. ^ Elizabeth Council Members, City of Elizabeth. Accessed April 17, 2011.
  23. ^ 2010 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 57. Accessed April 17, 2011.
  24. ^ "Legislative Roster: 2010-2011 Session". New Jersey Legislature. http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/members/roster.asp. Retrieved 2010-07-12. 
  25. ^ "About the Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/about/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  26. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/lt/. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  27. ^ County Government, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
  28. ^ Vice Chairman Deborah P. Scanlon, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  29. ^ Freeholder Alexander Mirabella, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  30. ^ Freeholder Linda Carter, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  31. ^ Freeholder Angel G. Estrada, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  32. ^ Freeholder Christopher Hudak, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  33. ^ Freeholder Mohamed S. Jalloh, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  34. ^ Freeholder Bette Jane Kowalski, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  35. ^ Chairman, Daniel P. Sullivan, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  36. ^ Freeholder Nancy Ward, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  37. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 9, 2011.
  38. ^ Abbott Districts, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed March 31, 2008.
  39. ^ http://thejec.org/Education/EducationLaunch.htm
  40. ^ "Libraries". Visiting Elizabeth Attractions. City of Elizabeth. http://www.elizabethnj.org/libraries.html. Retrieved 2011-10-07. 
  41. ^ "Elizabeth Public Library". librarytechnology.org. September 21, 2011. http://www.librarytechnology.org/lwc-displaylibrary.pl?RC=6924. Retrieved 2011-10-06. 
  42. ^ "Libraries". Visiting Elizabeth Attractions. City of Elizabeth. http://www.elizabethnj.org/libraries.html. Retrieved 2011-10-07. 
  43. ^ "Board in New Jersey and Get off in Latin America." Avianca. Retrieved on January 27, 2009.
  44. ^ Moran, Malcolm. "Minnesota keeps its cool with Abdul-Khaliq", USA Today, October 6, 2003. Accessed January 28, 2011. "Abdul-Khaliq, a senior from Elizabeth, N.J., and Fork Union (Va.) Military Academy, has started 29 games."
  45. ^ Diskin, Colleen. "Mother Load: Author's beating the ban", The Record (Bergen County), October 6, 2007. Accessed October 6, 2007. "Blume, who grew up in Elizabeth, told me she meets mothers all the time who say they want to pass her books down to their kids."
  46. ^ Elias Boudinot, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed April 22, 2007.
  47. ^ Todd Bowles, Database Football. Accessed September 19, 2007.
  48. ^ " KNICKS' NEW CHIEF EXECUTIVE AND THEIR COACH", The New York Times, May 21, 1982, accessed April 22, 2007. "When Hubie Brown, the new coach of the Knicks, was growing up in Elizabeth, N.J., he learned about poverty."
  49. ^ Fox,Margalit. "Robert N. Buck Dies at 93. Was Record-Setting Aviator.", The New York Times, May 20, 2007. Accessed November 28, 2007. "Robert Nietzel Buck was born on Jan. 29, 1914, in Elizabethport, N.J., and reared in Westfield, N.J."
  50. ^ William Burnet, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 23, 2007.
  51. ^ Submarine Pioneers, United States Navy Submarine Warfare Division. Accessed January 28, 2011.
  52. ^ Nicholas Murray Butler: The Nobel Peace Prize 1931, Nobel Prize Organization. Accessed June 10, 2007. "Born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, this son of Henry L. Butler, a manufacturer, and Mary Murray Butler, daughter of Nicholas Murray, a clergyman and author, began his career with a brilliant record as a student."
  53. ^ Rodney Carter, database Football. Accessed September 19, 2007.
  54. ^ Alcides Catanho profile, database Football. Accessed June 10, 2007.
  55. ^ http://www.rockvillemama.com/dane/catlinjohn.txt
  56. ^ Staff. "MICHIGAN DOWNS MICH. STATE, 10-0; Chapman Caps Scoring With 58-Yard Touchdown Run", The New York Times, October 15, 1972. Accessed January 28, 2011.
  57. ^ Abraham Clark, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed April 22, 2007.
  58. ^ Amos Clark, Jr., Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed June 23, 2007.
  59. ^ Profile: Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff, ABC News, February 15, 2005. Accessed June 23, 2007. "Chertoff, who was born in Elizabeth, N.J., on Nov. 28, 1953, received his bachelor's degree from Harvard University in 1975 and his law degree from Harvard University in 1978."
  60. ^ Hasan, Khalid. "Bush nominee a rabbi’s son", Daily Times (Pakistan), January 13, 2005. Accessed June 23, 2007. "According to JTA, a Jewish news service, “Chertoff has strong ties to the Jewish community. Born and raised in Elizabeth, N.J., Chertoff is the son of a rabbi, his two children have attended Jewish day schools and his wife, Meryl, was a co-chairwoman of the regional Anti-Defamation League’s civil rights committee when he was the US attorney in New Jersey in the mid 1990s.”"
  61. ^ "Freddie (Red) Cochrane, Boxer, 77", The New York Times, January 19, 1993. Accessed December 5, 2007.
  62. ^ Jim Colbert PGA Tour. Accessed September 2, 2011.
  63. ^ DeHaven, Judy. "Under pressure, Conn. casinos go big", The Star-Ledger, May 19, 2008. Accessed June 1, 2008. "...Elizabeth native Tom Colicchio is opening a Craftsteak, and the landmark Junior's Cheesecake also will open an outlet..."
  64. ^ Joseph Halsey Crane, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed December 6, 2007.
  65. ^ Elias Dayton, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed December 6, 2007.
  66. ^ a b The Founding Fathers: New Jersey, National Archives and Records Administration, accessed April 21, 2007.
  67. ^ Staff. "SAM THE PLUMBER SHOWS OTHER SIDE; Sicilian Town Knows Him as Orphans' Benefactor", The New York Times, June 29, 1969. Accessed january 28, 2011. "Many of the Riberese who emigrated to the United States settled in Elizabeth, where DeCavalcante had his base of operations before he moved to Princeton."
  68. ^ John De Hart, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed June 10, 2007.
  69. ^ Smothers, Ronald. "Thomas Dunn, 76, Longtime Elizabeth Mayor", The New York Times, February 13, 1998. Accessed July 15, 2010.
  70. ^ Martin, Douglas. "John J. Fay Jr., 76, Ombudsman For the Elderly of New Jersey", The New York Times, October 29, 2003. Accessed July 7, 2010.
  71. ^ Charles Newell Fowler, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 9, 2007.
  72. ^ Haley, John. "South Plainfield's Muse rushes, but wins gold medal", Home News Tribune, June 2, 2007. Accessed July 24, 2007. "As for Freeman, the son of former U.S. Olympian Ron Freeman out of Elizabeth, he thought he should have won."
  73. ^ Reel, Ursula. "GAT'S DAGGER EX-TRA PAINFUL", New York Post, March 27, 2000. Accessed January 28, 2011.
  74. ^ Major General Alexander Hamilton, Historic Valley Forge, accessed April 21, 2007. "He started school in Elizabethtown NJ, but by 1773 was entered at Kings College (Now Columbia)."
  75. ^ Idec, Keith. "NBA dream fulfilled, Jenkins hungry for more", Herald News, January 12, 2005. Accessed July 22, 2007. "The Elizabeth native's athletic ability and scoring skills were obvious to Billups, but he has been more impressed recently with Jenkins' understanding of what Brown expects from his point guards."
  76. ^ Phineas Jones, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 13, 2007.
  77. ^ John Kean, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 29, 2007.
  78. ^ Staff. "James Kellogg 3d, 65, Once Headed Port Authority; Senior Member of Port Unit Served Williams College", The New York Times, December 30, 1980. Accessed February 11, 2011.
  79. ^ Kleiner, Dick. "Hugh-Kelly Offers Advice On Lights", Ocala Star-Banner, October 15, 1983. Accessed January 28, 2011. "About that hyphenated last name: Daniel Hugh-Kelly is really plain old Daniel Hugh Kelly from Elizabeth, NJ."
  80. ^ Kroloff, rabbi Charles A. "The president-elect and a renewed alliance", New Jersey Jewish News, November 13, 2008. Accessed January 28, 2011. "Perhaps we grew more comfortable with Obama because his Middle East advisers include men like Daniel Kurtzer, a native of Elizabeth and former ambassador to Israel."
  81. ^ Guzda, Henry P. "James P. Mitchell: social conscience of the Cabinet", Monthly Labor Review, August 1991. Accessed June 20, 2008.
  82. ^ via United Press International. "Thomas Mitchell, Actor, Dead; Star of Stage and Screen, 70; Actor's Career in the Movies and in Theater Spanned a Half Century Appeared in Many Films", The New York Times, December 18, 1962. Accessed January 28, 2011.
  83. ^ Hendrickson, Tad. "Close-Up on Elizabeth, New Jersey", The Village Voice, July 8, 2003. Accessed June 28, 2008. "Jazz saxophonist Hank Mobley was raised here."
  84. ^ Union County Baseball Hall of Fame Will Induct Three New Members, Feb. 11, Union County, New Jersey press release dated December 27, 2006. Accessed July 3, 2007. "Over the years, the awards dinner has honored many local and national baseball luminaries – including Joe Collins of Union, Phil Rizzuto of Hillside, Don Newcombe of Elizabeth, Jeff Torborg of Mountainside, Willie Wilson of Summit, Jake Wood of Elizabeth, and Elliott Maddox of Union."
  85. ^ Staff. "Actor Pena was Grateful to Meet DEA Agent's Wife", The Miami Herald, January 9, 1990. Accessed January 28, 2011. "Pena was born in Elizabeth, NJ, which became her namesake."
  86. ^ Gans, Andrew. "Readings of Broadway-Bound Lorenzo, with Blum, Dean, Jones and Zelno, Offered Nov. 13-15", Playbill, November 13, 2007. Accessed September 3, 2008.
  87. ^ "DEATH OF FRANKLIN L. POPE; Killed at His Home by an Electric Shock of 3,000 Volts. FOUND DEAD IN HIS CELLAR A Famous Electrician Known as an Expert All Over the World -- Had Lived for a Year in Great Barrington, Mass.", The New York Times, October 14, 1895. Accessed June 10, 2007. "Franklin Leonard Pope, the famous electrician, a resident of Elizabeth, N.J., for twenty-five years, was killed accidentally to-day by electricity at his home in this place, where he had lived for the last year."
  88. ^ Staff. "Falcons Notes: Changes up front top secret", Atlanta Journal-Constitution, September 28, 2000. Accessed January 28, 2011. "Defensive end Patrick Kerney grew up chiefly in Trenton, NJ, and running back Ron Rivers is from Elizabeth City, NJ -- both near Philadelphia."
  89. ^ "Saint-Dic, Adams among 5 players benched for Champ Sports Bowl", ESPN, December 24, 2007. Accessed June 28, 2008. "'I only took two classes this semester, a sociology class for three credits and a math class for five credits,' Saint-Dic said by phone from his hometown of Elizabeth, N.J."
  90. ^ Bittan, Dave. "DEBRALEE SCOTT", Philadelphia Daily News, November 30, 1984. Accessed December 28, 2007.
  91. ^ Milner, John M.. "Jay Lethal profile". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. http://slam.canoe.ca/Slam/Wrestling/Bios/lethal_jay.html. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  92. ^ Smith, Bruce. "Mickey Spillane, creator of Detective Mike Hammer, dies", Star Tribune, July 17, 2006, accessed April 21, 2007. "Spillane was born Frank Morrison Spillane on March 9, 1918, in the New York borough of Brooklyn. He grew up in Elizabeth, N.J., and attended Fort Hayes State College in Kansas where he was a standout swimmer before beginning his career writing for magazines."
  93. ^ Organizational History, Stratemeyer Syndicate. Accessed December 27, 2006.
  94. ^ William Sulzer, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed July 24, 2007.
  95. ^ Craig Taylor player profile, database Football. Accessed August 27, 2007.
  96. ^ " Dick Vosburgh: Comedy writer, lyricist, broadcaster and film buff with clients ranging from Bob Hope to Ronnie Corbett", The Independent, April 20, 2007. Accessed July 24, 2007. "Born Richard Kennedy Vosburgh in Elizabeth, New Jersey, in 1929, he moved to Washington when his father, Frederick, a reporter for Reuters news agency, was offered a job with the National Geographic Magazine."
  97. ^ [http://finance.groups.yahoo.com/group/transport-communications/message/2254 Transportation Communications Newsletter September 1, 2006. "1956 **50th anniversary** - Transportation Communications Newsletter editor Bernie Wagenblast is born in Elizabeth, New Jersey.",
  98. ^ The 50 Greatest New Jersey Sports Figures, Sports Illustrated, December 27, 1999.
  99. ^ Wind, Barbara. "IN PERSON; The Poet as Working Stiff", The New York Times, December 6, 1998. Accessed February 28, 2008. "Joe Weil is Elizabeth: working-class, irreverent, modest, but open to the world and filled with a wealth of possibilities."
  100. ^ *Sam Woodyard at Allmusic

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Elizabeth (New Jersey) — Elizabeth Spitzname: Eastwick Lage im County und im Bundesstaat Basisdaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth (New Jersey) — 40° 39′ 44″ N 74° 12′ 33″ W / 40.662222, 74.209167 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dowd Avenue (Elizabeth, New Jersey) — Dowd Avenue Route information Maintained by City of Elizabeth Length: 1.05 mi[1] (1.69 km) Major junctions …   Wikipedia

  • Mayor of Elizabeth, New Jersey — Mayor of Elizabeth, New Jersey:[1][2] J. Christian Bollwage 1992 to present Thomas Gerard Dunn (1921–1998) 1964 to 1992. He was the nation s longest serving mayor of a city of more than 100,000 people.[3] Steven J. Bercik (? 2003) 1956 to… …   Wikipedia

  • Port Elizabeth, New Jersey — Not to be confused with Port Newark Elizabeth Marine Terminal Port Elizabeth is an unincorporated area within Maurice River Township. The area is served as United States Postal Service ZIP code 08348.As of the United States 2000 Census, the… …   Wikipedia

  • St. John's Episcopal Church (Elizabeth, New Jersey) — St. John s Episcopal Church is located at 61 Broad Street in the historic heart of Elizabeth, New Jersey, and part of the Episcopal Diocese of New Jersey headquarted in Trenton. It was founded by missionaries of the Society for the Propagation of …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth (Nueva Jersey) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda City of Elizabeth Localización de Elizabeth en el condado de Union Ubicación   …   Wikipedia Español

  • New Jersey Route 81 — New Jersey Route 76 redirects here. For the current highway called Route 76, see Interstate 76 (east). Route 81 …   Wikipedia

  • New Jersey locations by per capita income — New Jersey is one of the wealthiest states in the United States of America, with a per capita income of $27,006 (2000) and a personal per capita income of $40,427 (2003). Its median household income is $55,146 (2000), ranked first in the country …   Wikipedia

  • New Jersey during the American Revolution — As the location of many major battles, New Jersey was pivotal in the American Revolution and the ultimate victory of the American colonists. The important role New Jersey played earned it the titles of Crossroads of the Revolution and the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”