- Mickey Spillane
For the gangster, see Mickey Spillane (mobster).
Spillane in 1973.
Born Frank Morrison Spillane
March 9, 1918
Brooklyn, New York City,
Died July 17, 2006(aged 88)
Murrells Inlet, South Carolina,
Occupation Novelist Nationality American Period 1947–2006 Genres Hardboiled crime fiction,
Frank Morrison Spillane (March 9, 1918 – July 17, 2006), better known as Mickey Spillane, was an American author of crime novels, many featuring his signature detective character, Mike Hammer. More than 225 million copies of his books have sold internationally. In 1980, Spillane was responsible for seven of the top 15 all-time best-selling fiction titles in the U.S.
Born in Brooklyn, New York City, and raised in Elizabeth, New Jersey, Spillane was the only child of his Irish bartender father, John Joseph Spillane, and his Scottish mother, Catherine Anne. Spillane attended Erasmus Hall High School, graduating in 1935. He started writing while in high school, briefly attended Fort Hays State College in Kansas and worked a variety of jobs, including summers as a life-guard at Breezy Point, Queens, and a period as a trampoline artist for the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus.
During World War II Spillane enlisted in the Army Air Corps, becoming a fighter pilot and a flight instructor. While flying over Murrells Inlet, South Carolina, he said, "That is where I want to live." Later, he would use his celebrity status to publicize the Grand Strand on TV, but when it became a popular resort area and traffic became a problem, Spillane said, "I shouldn't have told people about it."
Mickey and Mary Ann Spillane had four children (Caroline, Kathy, Michael, Ward), and their marriage ended in 1962. In November 1965, he married his second wife, nightclub singer Sherri Malinou. After that marriage ended in divorce (and a lawsuit) in 1983, Spillane shared his waterfront house in Murrells Inlet with his third wife, Jane Rogers Johnson, whom he married in October 1983, and her two daughters (Jennifer and Margaret Johnson).
In 1989, Hurricane Hugo ravaged his Murrells Inlet house to such a degree it had to be almost entirely reconstructed. A television interview showed Spillane standing in the ruins of his house. He received an Edgar Allan Poe Grand Master Award in 1995. Spillane's novels went out of print, but in 2001, the New American Library began reissuing them.
Spillane died July 17, 2006 at his home in Murrells Inlet, of pancreatic carcinoma. After his death, his friend and literary executor, Max Allan Collins, began the task of editing and completing Spillane's unpublished typescripts, beginning with a Mike Hammer novel, The Goliath Bone (2008).
In July 2011, Murrells Inlet named U.S 17 Business the "Mickey Spillane Waterfront 17 Highway." The proposal first passed the Georgetown County Council in 2006 while Spillane was still alive, but the South Carolina General Assembly rejected the plan then.
He is survived by his wife, Jane Spillane, of Murrells Inlet, South Carolina.
Spillane started as a writer for comic books. While working as a salesman in Gimbels department store basement in 1940, he met tie salesman Joe Gill, who later found a lifetime career in scripting for Charlton Comics. Gill told Spillane to meet his brother, Ray Gill, who wrote for Funnies Inc., an outfit that packaged comic books for different publishers. Spillane soon began writing an eight-page story every day. He concocted adventures for major 1940s comic book characters, including Captain Marvel, Superman, Batman and Captain America. Two-page text stories, which he wrote in the mid-1940s for Timely, appeared under his name and were collected in Primal Spillane (Gryphon Books, 2003).
Spillane joined the United States Army Air Forces on December 8, 1941, the day after the attack on Pearl Harbor. In the mid-1940s he was stationed as a flight instructor in Greenwood, Mississippi, where he met and married Mary Ann Pearce in 1945. The couple wanted to buy a country house in the Newburgh, New York, 60 miles north of New York City, so Spillane decided to boost his bank account by writing a novel. In 19 days he wrote I, the Jury. At the suggestion of Ray Gill, he sent it to E. P. Dutton.
With the combined total of the 1947 hardcover and the Signet paperback (December 1948), I, the Jury sold six and a half million copies in the United States alone. I, the Jury introduced Spillane's most famous character, hardboiled detective Mike Hammer. Although tame by current standards, his novels featured more sex than competing titles, and the violence was more overt than the usual detective story. An early version of Spillane's Mike Hammer character, called Mike Danger, was submitted in a script for a detective-themed comic book. " 'Mike Hammer originally started out to be a comic book. I was gonna have a Mike Danger comic book,' [Spillane] said in a 1984 interview." Two Mike Danger comic-book stories were published in 1954 without Spillane's knowledge, as well as one featuring Mike Lancer (1942), were published with other material in "Byline: Mickey Spillane," edited by Max Allan Collins and Lynn F. Myers, Jr. (Crippen & Landru publishers, 2004).
The Signet paperbacks displayed dramatic front cover illustrations. Lou Kimmel did the cover paintings for My Gun Is Quick, Vengeance Is Mine, One Lonely Night and The Long Wait. The cover art for Kiss Me, Deadly was by James Meese.
- 1947 I, the Jury - Mike Hammer
- 1950 My Gun is Quick - Mike Hammer
- 1950 Vengeance Is Mine! - Mike Hammer
- 1951 The Big Kill - Mike Hammer
- 1951 The Long Wait
- 1951 One Lonely Night - Mike Hammer
- 1952 Kiss Me, Deadly - Mike Hammer
- 1961 The Deep
- 1962 The Girl Hunters - Mike Hammer
- 1964 Day of the Guns - Tiger Mann
- 1964 The Snake - Mike Hammer
- 1965 Bloody Sunrise - Tiger Mann
- 1965 The Death Dealers - Tiger Mann
- 1966 The By-Pass Control - Tiger Mann
- 1966 The Twisted Thing - Mike Hammer
- 1967 The Body Lovers - Mike Hammer
- 1967 The Delta Factor
- 1970 Survival Zero - Mike Hammer
- 1972 The Erection Set - a Dogeron Kelly novel; in the Jacqueline Susann mold
- 1973 The Last Cop Out - written in the third person
- 1979 The Day The Sea Rolled Back - young adult
- 1982 The Ship That Never Was - young adult
- 1989 The Killing Man - Mike Hammer
- 1996 Black Alley - Mike Hammer
- 2003 Something Down There - featuring semi-retired spy Mako Hooker
- 2007 Dead Street - completed by Max Allan Collins
- 2008 The Goliath Bone - Mike Hammer; completed by Max Allan Collins
- 2010 The Big Bang - Mike Hammer; completed by Max Allan Collins
- 2011 Kiss Her Goodbye - Mike Hammer; completed by Max Allan Collins
Spillane portrayed himself as a detective in Ring of Fear (1954), and rewrote the film without credit for John Wayne's and Robert Fellows' Wayne-Fellows Productions. The film was directed by screenwriter James Edward Grant. Several Hammer novels were made into movies, including Kiss Me Deadly (1955). In The Girl Hunters (1963) filmed in England, Spillane appeared as Hammer, one of the few occasions in film history in which an author of a popular literary hero has portrayed his own character. Spillane was scheduled to film The Snake as a follow up, but the film was never made.
On October 25, 1956, Spillane appeared on The Ford Show, Starring Tennessee Ernie Ford, with interest on his Mike Hammer novels. In 1974, he appeared with Jack Cassidy in the television series Columbo in the episode "Publish or Perish." Spillane portrayed a writer who is murdered.
In 1969, Spillane formed a production company with Robert Fellows who had produced The Girl Hunters to produce many of his books, but Fellows died soon after and only The Delta Factor was produced.
During the 1980s, he appeared in Miller Lite beer commercials. In the 1990s, Spillane licensed one of his characters to Tekno Comix for use in a science-fiction adventure series, Mike Danger. In his introduction to the series, Spillane said he had conceived of the character decades earlier but never used him.
When literary critics had a negative reaction to Spillane's writing, citing the high content of sex and violence, Spillane answered with a few terse comments: "Those big-shot writers could never dig the fact that there are more salted peanuts consumed than caviar... If the public likes you, you're good." Russian-American author Ayn Rand publicly praised Spillane's work at a time when critics were almost uniformly hostile. She considered him an underrated if uneven stylist and found congenial the black-and-white morality of the Hammer stories. She later publicly repudiated what she regarded as the amorality of Spillane's Tiger Mann stories. German painter Markus Lüpertz claimed that Spillane's writing influenced his own work, saying that Spillane ranks as one of the major poets of the 20th century.
- ^ Gulley, Andrew (Oct-January 2006). "Interview: Mickey Spillane". The Strand Magazine.
- ^ Boyer, David. "Neighborhood Report: Flatbush: "Grads Hail Erasmus as It Enters a Fourth Century", The New York Times, March 11, 2001. Accessed December 1, 2007.
- ^ Rippetoe, Rita Elizabeth Booze and the Private Eye: Alcohol in the Hard Boiled Novel. McFarland, 2004.
- ^ a b c Vasselli, Gina (2011-07-11). "New name coming soon for road in Murrells Inlet". The Sun News. http://www.thesunnews.com/2011/07/11/2271191/new-name-coming-soon-for-local.html. Retrieved 2011-07-11.
- ^ The New York Times obituary
- ^ Guardian obituary
- ^ "Mystery Novelist Spillane Dies", The Washington Times
- ^ a b CBS News obituary
- ^ Spillane, Mickey. Dead Street. Hard Case Crime/Dorchester Publishing, 2007, p. 214.
- ^ Time
- ^ "The Ford Show, Season One". ernieford.com. http://www.ernieford.com/FordShow1-1.htm. Retrieved December 28, 2010.
- ^ 
- ^ p.77 Baker, Robert Allen & Nietzel, Michael T. Private Eyes: One Hundred and One Knights : A Survey of American Detective Fiction, 1922-1984 Popular Press, 1985
- ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2006/jul/18/news
- Mickey Spillane at the Internet Movie Database
- "'Comics Were Great!' A Colorful Conversation with Mickey Spillane", Alter Ego vol. 3, #11, November 2001. Accessed September 5, 2008. WebCitation archive.
- "The Religious Affiliation of Writer of Hard-boiled Detective Novels Mickey Spillane", Crime Time August 6, 2001, via Famous Jehovah's Witnesses. WebCitation archive.
- Liukkonen, Petri. "Mickey Spillane (1918-2006) - Pseudonym of Frank Morrison Spillane", Books and Writers], n.d. WebCitation archive.
- Smith, Kevin Burton. "Authors and Creators: Mickey Spillane (Frank Morrison Spillane) (1918-2006)", Thrilling Detective, n.d. WebCitation archive.
- Holland, Steve. "Mickey Spillane: Hardboiled's Most Extreme Stylist or Cynical Exploiter of Machismo?", Crime Time 2.6, December 1999, via MysteryFile.com
- Meroney, John. "Man of Mysteries: It'd Been Years Since Spillane Pulled a Job. Could We Find Him? Yeah. It Was Easy", The Washington Post, August 22, 2001, p. C01. WebCitation archive.
NovelsI, the Jury (1947) • My Gun Is Quick (1950) • Vengeance Is Mine! (1950) • One Lonely Night (1951) • The Big Kill (1951) • Kiss Me, Deadly (1952) • The Girl Hunters (1962) • The Snake (1964) • The Twisted Thing (1966) • The Body Lovers (1967) • Survival... Zero! (1970) • The Killing Man (1989) • Black Alley (1996) • The Goliath Bone (2008) FilmsI, the Jury (1953) • Kiss Me Deadly (1955) • My Gun Is Quick (1957) • The Girl Hunters (1963) • Margin For Murder (TV, 1981) • I, the Jury (1982) • Murder Me, Murder You (TV, 1983) • More Than Murder (TV, 1984) • The Return of Mickey Spillane's Mike Hammer (TV, 1986) • Come Die With Me (TV, 1994) • Mike Hammer: Song Bird (V, 2003) TelevisionMickey Spillane's Mike Hammer (1958-1960) • Mickey Spillane's Mike Hammer (1984-1985) • The New Mike Hammer (1986-1987) • Mike Hammer, Private Eye (1997-1998)Categories:
- 1918 births
- 2006 deaths
- American anti-communists
- American crime fiction writers
- American Jehovah's Witnesses
- American novelists
- American people of Irish descent
- American writers of Irish descent
- Cancer deaths in South Carolina
- Deaths from pancreatic cancer
- Erasmus Hall High School alumni
- People from Brooklyn
- People from Elizabeth, New Jersey
- People from Georgetown County, South Carolina
- United States Army Air Forces officers
- United States Army Air Forces pilots of World War II
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