- Burlington County, New Jersey
Infobox U.S. County
county = Burlington County
state = New Jersey
seallink = show
map size = 100
May 17, 1694
seat = Mount Holly
largest city = Moorestown
area percentage = 1.81%
census yr = 2000
pop = 423394
web = www.co.burlington.nj.us
Burlington County is a
countylocated in the U.S. stateof New Jersey. The county seatis Mount Holly. The county seat had been in Burlington, but as population moved away from the Delaware Rivera more central location was needed. As of 2000, the population was 423,394.
Burlington County dates back to 1681, when its court was established. The county was formed on
May 17, 1694, "by the union of the first and second Tenths"."The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 93.]
This county is part of the Philadelphia Metropolitan Area.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 819
square miles (2,122 km²), of which, 805 square miles (2,084 km²) of it is land and 15 square miles (38 km²) of it (1.81%) is water.
Most of the land in the county is coastal and alluvial plain with little relief. There are a few anomalous hills, however, and one of them, Arneys Mount, is the highest of not only the entire county but all of
South Jerseyat approximately 260 feet (79 m) above sea level. The low point is sea level along the Delaware.
Burlington County has the largest area of New Jersey's 21 counties.
Mercer County, New Jersey- north
Monmouth County, New Jersey- northeast
Ocean County, New Jersey- east
Atlantic County, New Jersey- south
Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania- west
Camden County, New Jersey- southwest
Bucks County, Pennsylvania- northwest
estref= [cite web
title=QuickFacts: Burlington County, New Jersey
U.S. Census Bureau
footnote=* lost territory historical census data source: [cite web
title=New Jersey Resident Population by County: 1880 - 1930] [cite web
title=Geostat Center: Historical Census Browser
University of VirginiaLibrary
accessdate=2007-03-02] As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 423,394 people, 154,371 households, and 111,610 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 526 people per square mile (203/km²). There were 161,311 housing units at an average density of 200 per square mile (77/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 78.39% White, 15.13% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 2.69% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.48% from other races, and 2.07% from two or more races. 4.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.0% were of Irish, 15.6% Italian, 13.3% German, 7.4% English and 5.4% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 154,371 households out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $58,608, and the median income for a family was $67,481. Males had a median income of $46,381 versus $32,228 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $26,339. About 3.20% of families and 4.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.50% of those under age 18 and 4.90% of those age 65 or over.
Burlington County is governed by a
Board of Chosen Freeholdersconsisting of five members. Freeholders are elected at large by the voters of Burlington County in partisan elections and serve staggered three-year terms. Burlington County's Freeholders have both administrative and policy making powers. Each Burlington County Freeholder oversees a particular area of service: Administration; Education and Human Services; Public Safety and Solid Waste; Economic Development and Public Works; and Land Use and Public Affairs. As of 2008, Burlington County's Freeholders are: [ [http://www.co.burlington.nj.us/gov/freeholders/index.htm The Burlington County Board Of Chosen Freeholders] , Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed January 30, 2008.]
*Freeholder Director Aubrey A. Fenton - Director of Economic Development and Transportation (Willingboro Township, 2008)
*Freeholder James K. Wujcik - Director of Economic Development and Public Safety (Cinnaminson Township, 2009)
*Deputy Director Joseph B. Donnelly - Director of Economic Development and Public Works (Cinnaminson Township, 2010)
*Dawn Marie Addiego - Director of Health and Human Services (Evesham Township, 2008)
*William S. Haines, Jr. - Director of Natural Resources (Medford Township, 2009)
In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election,
John Kerrycarried the county by a 7.0% margin over George W. Bush, with Kerry carrying the state by 6.7% over Bush. [ [http://www.njvoterinfo.org/2004presNJ.htm New Jersey Presidential Election Returns by County 2004] , Eagleton Institute of Politicsat Rutgers University. Accessed August 31, 2008.]
The following municipalities are located in Burlington County. Unincorporated areas are listed within the municipalities in which they are situated. The type of government is listed in parentheses where it is not included in municipality name:
*Bass River Township
*Edgewater Park Township
*Maple Shade Township
*Medford Lakes (borough)
*Mount Holly Township
*Mount Laurel Township
*New Hanover Township
**Fort Dix (part)
McGuire Air Force Base(part)
*North Hanover Township
McGuire Air Force Base(part)
**Country Lake Estates
**Fort Dix (part)
**Presidential Lakes Estates
**Fort Dix (part)
Most municipalities have their own municipal courts, and the county has a Superior Court as well. Municipal courts handle traffic and minor criminal and civil matters, while Superior Court handles the more serious cases.
Burlington County Collegeis a two-year public community collegeserving students from Burlington County. The school is located in Pemberton and was founded in 1966.
* [http://www.co.burlington.nj.us Official County Government website]
* [http://www.state.nj.us/state/darm/links/guides/pewan001.html Early houses] Nathaniel Rue Ewan's photographs of early houses of Burlington County, New Jersey.
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