- Camden, New Jersey
City of Camden, New Jersey — City — Motto: In a Dream, I Saw a City Invincible Coordinates: Country United States State New Jersey County Camden Settled 1626 Incorporated February 13, 1828 Government – Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council) – Mayor Dana Redd (2013) Area – Total 10.38 sq mi (26.9 km2) – Land 8.82 sq mi (22.8 km2) – Water 1.56 sq mi (4.0 km2) 15.03% Elevation 20 ft (6 m) Population (2010 Census) – Total 77,344 – Density 7,451.3/sq mi (2,875.2/km2) Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5) – Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4) ZIP codes 08102-08110 Area code(s) 856 FIPS code 34-10000 GNIS feature ID 0875105 Website http://www.ci.camden.nj.us
The city of Camden is the county seat of Camden County, New Jersey. It is located across the Delaware River from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 77,344. The 2010 population represents a decline of 2,560 (3.2%) from the 79,904 residents enumerated during the 2000 United States Census, with Camden ranking as the 12th largest municipality in the state in 2010 after having been ranked 10th in 2000.
Camden was originally incorporated as a city on February 13, 1828, from portions of the now-defunct Newton Township, while the area was still part of Gloucester County. On March 13, 1844, Camden became part of the newly formed Camden County.
Although once a thriving center for manufacturing and industry, Camden is perhaps best known for its struggles with urban dysfunction. Three Camden mayors have been jailed for corruption, the most recent being Milton Milan in 2000. Since 2005 the school system and police department have been operated by the State of New Jersey; the takeover will expire in 2012. In 2008, Camden had the highest crime rate in the U.S. with 2,333 violent crimes per 100,000 people while the national average was 455 per 100,000. Camden public schools spend $17,000 per student per year and two thirds of the students graduate. Two out of every five residents are below the national poverty line.
- 1 History
- 2 Port
- 3 Government
- 4 Geography
- 5 Neighborhoods
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Fire department
- 9 Waterfront
- 10 Economy
- 11 Education
- 12 Sports
- 13 Crime
- 14 Points of interest
- 15 Noted residents
- 16 References
- 17 External links
Fort Nassau (located within the present boundaries of nearby Gloucester City, New Jersey), was built by the Dutch West India Company in 1626, and was the first European attempt to settle the area now occupied by Camden. Initial European activity in the vicinity of present-day Camden occurred along the banks of the Delaware River where the Dutch and the Swedish vied for control of the local fur trade. Europeans continued to settle in and improve the area during the 17th century. Much of the growth directly resulted from the success of another Quaker colony across the Delaware River known as Philadelphia, which was founded in 1682 and soon had enough population to attract a brisk trade from West Jersey and Camden. To accommodate the trade across the river, a string of ferries began operation.
19th century onward
For over 150 years, Camden served as a secondary economic and transportation hub for the Philadelphia area. But that status began to change in the early 19th century. One of the U.S.'s first railroads, the Camden and Amboy Railroad, was chartered in Camden in 1830. The Camden and Amboy Railroad allowed travelers to travel between New York City and Philadelphia via ferry terminals in South Amboy, New Jersey and Camden. The railroad terminated on the Camden waterfront, and passengers were ferried across the Delaware River to their final Philadelphia destination. The Camden and Amboy Railroad opened in 1834 and helped to spur an increase in population and commerce in Camden.
Originally a suburban town with ferry service to Philadelphia, Camden evolved into its own city, as industry and neighborhoods grew. Camden prospered during strong periods of manufacturing demand and faced distress during periods of economic dislocation.
Like most American cities, Camden suffered from decline in the 20th century as the manufacturing base and many residents moved out to other locations. Currently, government, education, and health care are the three biggest employers in Camden; however, most employees commute to Camden and live in nearby suburbs such as Cherry Hill. Revitalization has occurred along the Camden Waterfront and in the neighborhoods of Cooper Grant, Cramer Hill, and Fairview, with direct access to Philadelphia.
From 1901 through 1929, Camden was headquarters of the Victor Talking Machine Company, and thereafter to its successor RCA Victor, the world's largest manufacturer of phonographs and phonograph records for the first two-thirds of the 20th century. RCA Victor contained one of the first commercial recording studios in the United States, where Enrico Caruso, among others, recorded. General Electric reacquired RCA in 1986.
In 1992, the state of New Jersey under the Florio Administration made an agreement with GE to ensure that GE would not close the Camden site. The state of New Jersey would build a new high tech facility on the site of the old Campbell Soup Company factory and trade these new buildings to GE for the existing old RCA Victor Buildings. Later, the new high tech buildings would be sold to Martin Marietta. In 1994, Martin Marietta merged with Lockheed to become Lockheed Martin. In 1997, Lockheed Martin divested the Camden Plant as part of the birth of L-3 Communications.
The famous "Nipper Building" depicting RCA's famous "His Master's Voice" trademark in its tower windows has since been renovated into a luxury apartment building called "The Victor." Building 8 is set to be rehabilitated into luxury condominiums called "Radio Lofts." Both projects are the work of Dranoff Properties, a well known Philadelphia development corporation that has specialized in these types of constructions. Another older building, Victor Building No. 2, is used to this day to house the Camden City Board of Education. Most of the other old RCA Victor buildings have long since been demolished.
From 1899 to 1967, Camden was the home of New York Shipbuilding Corporation, which at its World War II peak was the largest and most productive shipyard in the world. Notable naval vessels built at New York Ship include the ill-fated cruiser USS Indianapolis and the aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk. In 1962, the first commercial nuclear-powered ship, the NS Savannah, was launched in Camden. The Fairview Village section of Camden (initially Yorkship Village) was a planned European-style garden village built by the Federal government during World War I to house New York Shipbuilding Corporation workers.
At Camden's peak, 10,000 workers were employed at RCA, while another 40,000 worked at New York Shipbuilding. RCA had 23 out of 25 of its factories inside Camden. Campbell Soup was also a major employer. By 1969, Camden had been losing jobs and residents for a quarter century due in large part to urban decay, highway construction, and racial tensions.
In his book Capital Moves: RCA's Seventy-Year Quest for Cheap Labor, Jefferson Cowie mentions that Camden in the 1920s was known as "the Citadel of Republicanism".
After years of economic and industrial growth, the city of Camden faced years of rising crime and blight. On September 6, 1949, mass murderer Howard Unruh went on a killing spree in his Camden neighborhood in which he killed thirteen people. Unruh, who was convicted and subsequently confined to a state psychiatric facility, died on October 19, 2009.
The Camden 28 were a group of "Catholic left" anti-Vietnam War activists who in 1971 planned and executed a raid on a Camden draft board, resulting in a high-profile trial against the activists that was seen by many as a referendum on the Vietnam War in which 17 of the defendants were acquitted by a jury even though they admitted having participated in the break in.
Situated on the Delaware River, with access to the Atlantic Ocean, the Port of Camden handles breakbulk and bulk cargo. The port consists of two terminals: the Beckett Street Terminal and the Broadway Terminal. The port receives hundreds of ships moving international and domestic cargo annually.
In 2005, the Port of Camden (South Jersey Port Corporation) was subject to an unresolved criminal investigation and a state audit. Some activities in the port are under the jurisdiction of the Delaware River Port Authority.
Since July 1, 1961, the city has operated under a Mayor-Council form of government. Under this form of government, the City Council consisted of seven Council members originally all elected at-large. In 1994, the City divided the city into four council districts, instead of electing the entire Council at-large, with a single council member elected from each of the four districts. In 1995, the elections were changed from a partisan election to a non-partisan system.
Mayor Milton Milan was jailed for his connections to organized crime. On June 15, 2001, he was sentenced to serve seven years in prison on 14 counts of corruption, including accepting mob payoffs and concealing a $65,000 loan from a drug kingpin.
As of 2011[update], Dana Redd is the Mayor of Camden. She is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition, a bi-partisan group with a stated goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets." The Coalition is co-chaired by Boston Mayor Thomas Menino and New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg. Members of the City Council are Council President Francisco Moran (Ward 3), Vie President Curtis Jenkins (at large), Dana M. Burley (Ward 1), Luis A. Lopez (Ward 4), Deborah Person-Polk (at large), William W. Spearman (Ward 2) and Marilyn Torres (at large).
Federal, state and county representation
Camden is in the 1st Congressional district and is part of New Jersey's 5th state legislative district. The legislative district was kept unchanged by the New Jersey Apportionment Commission based on the results of the 2010 Census.
New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Rob Andrews (D, Haddon Heights). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).
5th district of the New Jersey Legislature, which is represented in the New Jersey Senate by Donald Norcross (D, Camden) and in the New Jersey General Assembly by Angel Fuentes (D, Camden) and Gilbert "Whip" Wilson (D, Camden). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Camden County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, its seven members elected at-large to three-year terms office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. As of 2011, Camden County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Louis Cappelli, Jr. (Collingswood, term ends December 31, 2011), Freeholder Deputy Director Edward McDonnell (Pennsauken Township, 2013), Riletta L. Cream (Camden, 2011), Rodney A. Greco (Gloucester Township, 2012), Ian K. Leonard (Camden, 2012), Jeffrey L. Nash (Cherry Hill, 2012) and Carmen Rodriguez (Merchantville, 2013).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.38 square miles (26.9 km2); 8.82 square miles (22.8 km2) is land and 1.56 square miles (4.0 km2) is water. The total area is 15.03% water.
Camden contains the U.S.'s first federally funded planned community for working class residents, Yorkship Village (now called Fairview). The village was designed by Electus Darwin Litchfield, who was influenced by the "garden city" developments popular in England at the time.
Camden has approximately 32 neighborhoods:
- Ablett Village
- Bergen Square
- Center City/Downtown Camden/Central Business District
- Central Waterfront
- Cooper Point
- Cramer Hill
- Delaware Gardens
- East Camden
- Lanning Square
- Liberty Park
- Morgan Village
- North Camden
- Pyne Point
- South Camden
- Waterfront North
- Waterfront South
- Whitman Park
- Yorkship Square
Historical populations Census Pop. %± 1840 3,371 — 1850 9,479 181.2% 1860 14,358 51.5% 1870 20,045 39.6% 1880 41,659 107.8% 1890 58,313 40.0% 1900 75,935 30.2% 1910 94,538 24.5% 1920 116,309 23.0% 1930 118,700 2.1% 1940 117,536 −1.0% 1950 124,555 6.0% 1960 117,159 −5.9% 1970 102,551 −12.5% 1980 84,910 −17.2% 1990 87,492 3.0% 2000 79,318 −9.3% 2010 77,344 −2.5% historical data sources:
As of the census of 2010, there were 77,344 people, 24,475 households, and 16,918 families residing in the city. The racial makeup was 17.6% White (4.9% non-hispanic white), 48.1% Black or African American (43.5% non-hispanic black), 0.8% Native American, 2.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 27.6% Some other race, 3.8% Two or More Races. 47.0% of residents were Hispanic or Latino, of any race.
As of the census of 2000, there were 79,904 people, 24,177 households, and 17,431 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,057.0 people per square mile (3,497.9/km²). There were 29,769 housing units at an average density of 3,374.3 units per square mile (1,303.2/km²).
As of the Census Bureau's 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, the racial makeup of the city was 49.9% Non-Hispanic Black, 15.5% White, 2.6% Asian, 0.8% Native American, 0.0% Pacific Islander, and 28.5% from other races. 2.7% of residents were from two or more races. 42.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race, majority of which were Puerto Rican. 13.3% of the population is foreign-born.
There were 24,177 households out of which 42.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.1% were married couples living together, 37.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.52 and the average family size was 4.00.
In the city, the population is quite young with 34.6% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.
The per capita income for the city was $11,967. 35.4% of the population and 38.3% of families were below the poverty line. 45.5% of those under the age of 18 and 23.8% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
52% of the city's residents lived in poverty in 2006, one of the highest rates in the nation. The city had a median household income of $18,007, the lowest of all U.S. communities with populations of more than 65,000 residents, making it America's poorest city. A group of poor Camden residents were the subject of a 20/20 special on poverty in America broadcast on January 26, 2007, in which Diane Sawyer profiled the lives of three young children growing up in Camden. A follow-up was shown on November 9, 2007.
As of 2009, the unemployment rate in Camden was 19.2%, compared to the 10% overall unemployment rate for Burlington, Camden and Gloucester counties and a rate of 8.4% in Philadelphia and the four surrounding counties in Southeastern Pennsylvania.
In the 2000 Census, 28.85% of Camden residents identified themselves as being of Puerto Rican heritage. This was the third highest proportion of Puerto Ricans in a municipality on the United States mainland, behind only Holyoke, Massachusetts and Hartford, Connecticut, for all communities in which 1,000 or more people listed an ancestry group.
New Jersey Transit's Walter Rand Transportation Center is located at Martin Luther King Boulevard and Broadway. In addition to being a hub for New Jersey Transit (NJT) buses in the Southern Division, Greyhound Lines, the PATCO Speedline and River Line make stops at the station.
The PATCO Speedline offers frequent train service to Philadelphia and the suburbs to the east in Camden County, with stations at City Hall, Broadway (Walter Rand Transportation Center) and Ferry Avenue.
Since its opening in 2004, NJT's River Line has offered frequent light rail service to towns along the Delaware north of Camden, and terminates in Trenton. Camden stations are 36th Street, Walter Rand Transportation Center, Cooper Street-Rutgers University, Aquarium and Entertainment Center.
NJT bus service is available to Philadelphia on the 313, 315, 317, and 318 and various 400 series lines, to Atlantic City is served by the 551 bus. Local service is offered on the 450, 451, 452, 453, and 457 lines.
The City of Camden is protected 24/7 by the professional firefighters of the City of Camden Fire Department. Officially organized in 1869, the Camden Fire Department is the oldest paid fire department in the state of New Jersey and is among the oldest in the United States. In 1916, the Department was the first in the United States that had an all-motorized fire apparatus fleet. The Camden Fire Department currently operates out of 6 Fire Stations, located throughout the city, and operate a front line fire apparatus fleet of 4 Engines, 3 Ladders, 1 Squad, 1 Rescue, 1 Haz-Mat Unit, 1 Special Operations Unit, a Fire Boat, and numerous special, support, and reserve units, under the command of a Deputy Chief and a Battalion Chief. In the past two years, the Camden Fire Department has suffered severe economic cutbacks, including company closures and staffing cuts. Layoffs have forced the city to rely on assistance from volunteer companies in surrounding communities when firefighters from all eight companies are out on calls. The CFD has been reduced from 6 Engines, 3 Ladders, 1 Squad, 1 Rescue, 2 Battalions, and 1 Deputy Chief to 4 Engines, 3 Ladders, 1 Squad, 1 Rescue to use when needed, 1 Battalion, and 1 assistant Chief and 1 department Chief .
Fire Station Locations and Apparatus
Engine Company Ladder Company Special Unit Battalion Chief Address Neighborhood Engine 1 Ladder 1 Marine Unit Car 3(Deputy Chief) 4 N. 3rd St. Center City Squad 7 1115 Kaighns Ave. Whitman Park Ladder 2 Rescue 1, Rescue 2 (Special Ops.), Haz-Mat. 1 Battalion 1 1301 Broadway South Camden Engine 9 Tower Ladder 3 3 N. 27th St. East Camden Engine 10 2500 Morgan Blvd. South Camden Engine 11 901 N. 27th St. Cramer Hill
One of the most popular attractions of Camden is the city's waterfront, along the Delaware River. The waterfront is highlighted by its four main attractions, the USS New Jersey; the Susquehanna Bank Center; Campbell's Field; and the Adventure Aquarium.
The Adventure Aquarium was originally opened in 1992 as the New Jersey State Aquarium at Camden. In 2005, after extensive renovation, the aquarium was reopened under the name Adventure Aquarium. The aquarium was one of the original centerpieces in Camden's plans for revitalizing their city.
The recently renamed Susquehanna Bank Center (formerly known as the Tweeter Center) is a 25,000-seat open-air concert amphitheater that was opened in 1995 and renamed after a 2008 deal in which the bank would pay $10 million over 15 years for naming rights.
The USS New Jersey (BB-62) was a U.S. Navy battleship that was intermittently active between the years 1943 and 1991. After its retirement, the ship was turned into a museum along the waterfront that opened in 2001. The New Jersey saw action during World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and provided support off Lebanon in early 1983.
Other attractions at the Waterfront are the Wiggins Park Riverstage and Marina, One Port Center, The Victor Lofts, the Walt Whitman House, the Walt Whitman Cultural Arts Center, the Rutgers-Camden Center For The Arts and the Camden Children's Garden.
The Waterfront is also served by two modes of public transportation. New Jersey Transit serves the Waterfront on its River Line, while people from Philadelphia can commute using the RiverLink Ferry, which connects the Waterfront with Old City Philadelphia.
Riverfront State Prison
Riverfront State Prison, which opened in August 1985, was a state penitentiary located near downtown Camden, north of the Benjamin Franklin Bridge. It held 1,009 inmates in 2006. The last prisoners were transferred in June 2009 to other locations, and the prison was closed and subsequently demolished. The site is expected to be redeveloped by the State of New Jersey, the City of Camden, and private investors.
- Campbell Soup Company
- City of Camden
- Cooper University Hospital
- Delaware River Port Authority of Pennsylvania & New Jersey
- L-3 Communications, fmr. Lockheed Martin
- Our Lady of Lourdes Medical Center
- Rutgers University-Camden
- State of New Jersey
- New Jersey Judiciary
- Susquehanna Bank
Urban enterprise zone
Portions of Camden are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide).
Camden had been passed over for redevelopment for many decades. The dawn of the 21st century has brought new redevelopment plans. Campbell Soup Company has decided to go forward with a scaled down redevelopment of the area around its corporate headquarters in Camden, including an expanded corporate headquarters. The nearby Sears building was bought by a local developer, with plans for loft-style housing and commercial businesses. Cherokee Investment Partners had a grand plan to redevelop north Camden with 5,000 new homes and a shopping center on 450 acres (1.8 km2). Cherokee dropped their plans in the face of local opposition and the slumping real estate market.
- Communications plan
- Adventure Aquarium
- Campbell's Field baseball park
- Ferry Terminal Building
- L-3 Communications headquarters
- One Port Center
- Radio Lofts (in progress)
- Susquehanna Bank Center, fmr. Tweeter Center
- Victor Lofts
Camden's public schools are operated by Camden City Public Schools district. As of the 2009-10 school year, the city's 32 schools served 13,106 students. The district is one of thirty-one Abbott Districts, a group of New Jersey school districts identified as being in "poorer urban districts" or "special needs districts", that receive special state funding including free preschools for three- and four-year-olds.
- High schools
- Brimm Medical Arts High School (248 students)
- Camden High School (1,016)
- Creative and Performing Arts High School (158)
- MetEast High School (95)
- Woodrow Wilson High School (987)
Holy Name School, Sacred Heart Grade School, San Miguel School, St. Anthony of Padua School, St. Joseph Pro-Cathedral School are elementary schools that operate under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden.
The University District, adjacent to the downtown, is home to the following institutions:
- Camden County College
- Rowan University, satellite campus
- Rowan and Cooper University Hospital announced the formation of a new medical school, 'Cooper Medical School of Rowan University'
- Rutgers University
- Camden College of Arts & Sciences
- Business School-Camden
- Rutgers School of Law-Camden
- University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ)
- Affiliated with Cooper University Hospital
- Coriell Institute for Medical Research
- Affiliated with Cooper University Hospital
- Affiliated with Rowan University
- Affiliated with University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
The city was once home to two Carnegie libraries, the Main Building and the Cooper Library in Johnson Park. The city's once extensive library system has been beleguered by financial difficulties and in 2010 it threatened to close, but was incorporated by the county system. Nonetheless the main branch did close in February 2011.
Club Sport League Venue Logo Camden Riversharks Baseball Atlantic League of Professional Baseball Campbell's Field
Camden Crime rates (2009) Crime type Rate* Homicide: 34 Forcible rape: 60 Robbery: 766 Aggravated assault: 1,020 Violent crime: 1,880 Burglary: 1,035 Larceny-theft: 2,251 Motor vehicle theft: 649 Arson: 137 Property crime: 3,935 Notes
* Number of reported crimes per 100,000 population.
2009 population: 78,980
Source: 2009 FBI UCR Data
Based on statistics reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Camden was the third-most dangerous city in the U.S. during 2002, and has been ranked the nation's most dangerous city in 2004, 2005 and 2009, based on crime statistics in the six categories of murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, and auto theft. In 2005, homicides in Camden dropped sharply, to 34 — 15 fewer murders than were reported in 2004. Though Camden's murder rate is still much higher than the national average, the reduction in 2005 was a drop of over 30%. Then in 2006, the numbers of murders climbed to 40. With murders dropping by 10% across New Jersey in 2009, Camden's murder rate declined from 55 in 2008 down to 33, a drop of 40% that was credited to anti-gang efforts and more firearms seizures. Despite significant cuts in the police department due to the city's fiscal difficulties, murders in 2009 and 2010 were both under 40, staying below the peak that had occurred in 2008, and had continued to decline into early 2011.
Morgan Quitno Corporation has ranked Camden in the top ten most dangerous cities in the U.S. since 1998, when they first included cities with populations below 100,000. It was ranked the most dangerous overall in 2004 and 2005. It dropped down to the fifth spot for the 2006 and 2007 rankings but rose to number two in 2008 and to the top spot in 2009. In The Nation, journalist Chris Hedges describes Camden as "the physical refuse of postindustrial America", afflicted by homelessness, drug trafficking, prostitution, robbery, looting, constant violence, and an overwhelmed police force (presently facing reduction by half due to budget cuts).
Points of interest
- Adventure Aquarium
- Battleship New Jersey Museum and Memorial
- Camden Riversharks Baseball Team at Campbell's Field
- Harleigh Cemetery
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Camden County, New Jersey
- William J. Browning (1850–1920) — represented New Jersey's 1st congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1911–1920
- Stephen Decatur Button (1813–1897) — architect; designer of schools, churches and Camden's Old City Hall (1874-75, demolished 1930).
- Donovin Darius (born 1975) — played in the National Football League for the Jacksonville Jaguars
- Rachel Dawson (born 1985) — field hockey midfielder
- Rawly Eastwick (born 1950) - former Major League Baseball pitcher who won two games in the 1975 World Series.
- George Hegamin (born 1973) — played in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys, Philadelphia Eagles and Tampa Bay Buccaneers
- Richard Hollingshead (1900–75) — inventor of the drive-in theater.
- Richard "Groove" Holmes (1931–91) — Jazz organist
- Robert S. MacAlister, Los Angeles, California, City Council member, 1934–39, born in Camden.
- Aaron McCargo, Jr. (born 1971) — chef; host of Big Daddy's House, a television cooking show on the Food Network television channel; television personality
- Francis F. Patterson, Jr. (1867–1935) — represented New Jersey's 1st congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1920–1927
- Jim Perry (born 1933) — game show host and television personality
- Mike Rozier (born 1961) — collegiate and professional football running back who won the Heisman Trophy in 1983
- John F. Starr (1818–1904) — represented New Jersey's 1st congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives, 1863–1867
- Sheena Tosta (born 1982), Olympic Silver Medalist 2008.
- Nick Virgilio (1928–89) — haiku poet.
- Dajuan Wagner (born 1983) — professional basketball player for the Cleveland Cavaliers, 2002–2005, and the Polish team Prokom Trefl Sopot
- Walt Whitman (1819–92) — essayist, deist, journalist and poet
- ^ Anthony DePalma, "The Talk of Camden; A City in Pain Hopes for Relief Under Florio", The New York Times, February 7, 1990.
- ^ 2011 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed July 2, 2011.
- ^ a b GCT-PH1. Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2000 for Camden County, New Jersey -- County Subdivision and Place, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 7, 2011.
- ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Camden, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed April 16, 2007.
- ^ a b c The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 7, 2011. HTML version of original Excel spreadsheet.
- ^ a b c d 2011 Apportionment Redistricting: Municipalities sorted alphabetically, New Jersey Department of State, p. 2. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Camden city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed September 7, 2011.
- ^ Look Up a ZIP Code, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 7, 2011.
- ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey", Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.
- ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ Snyder, John P. (1969). The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968. Bureau of Geology and Topography (Trenton, New Jersey). p. 104.
- ^ a b Staff writer (July 16, 2001). "Milan Begins Sentence". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/07/16/nyregion/metro-briefing-new-jersey-camden-milan-begins-sentence.html. Retrieved December 25, 2009. "Former Mayor Milton Milan, 38, convicted of corruption charges in December, is now serving his seven-year sentence at a low-security federal prison in Loretto, Pa., where he was transferred Friday. ... On June 15, Mr. Milan was sentenced on 14 counts of corruption, including taking payoffs from the mob, as well as concealing the source of a $65,000 loan from a drug kingpin."
- ^ Hirsch, Deborah. "Report ranks Camden most dangerous U.S. city", Courier-Post, November 24, 2009. Accessed February 17, 2011. "According to the study, Camden had 2,333 violent crimes for every 100,000 residents in 2008. By comparison, the national rate is 455."
- ^ Staff writer (November 26, 2009). "Camden's Crisis — Ungovernable? — The State May Have Failed the City It Took Over". Reuters (via The Economist). http://www.economist.com/world/unitedstates/displaystory.cfm?story_id=14974307. Retrieved December 23, 2009. "Camden had the highest crime rate in the country in 2008, according to CQ Press, with 2,333 violent crimes for every 100,000 people. The national average is 455. Camden spends $17,000 per child on education, yet only two thirds complete school. Two fifths of Camden residents live below the poverty line."
- ^ Early Settlement, City of Camden. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Greenberg, Gail. County History, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ "Rutgers University Computing Services - Camden"
- ^ "Made in S.J.: RCA Victor". Portal to gallery of photographs (22) related to the Victor Talking Machine Company. Courier-Post, January 30, 2008. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Staff. "General Electric gets go-ahead to acquire RCA", Houston Chronicle, June 5, 1986. Accessed July 3, 2011. "The Federal Communications Commission cleared the way today for General Electric Co. to acquire RCA Corp. and its subsidiaries, including the NBC network. In allowing the transfer of RCA, the commission rejected four petitions to block the $6.28 billion deal.'
- ^ Ott, Dwight. "Dranoff to rehab 2d Camden site The Redevelopment Agency authorized the builder to redevelop an RCA factory into waterfront condos.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, May 4, 2006. Accessed July 3, 2011. "The panel unanimously authorized Philadelphia developer Carl Dranoff to rehabilitate the former RCA No. 8 factory into 86 condominiums, with commercial space on the first floor."
- ^ "Made in S.J.: Shipbuilding". Portal to gallery of photographs (16) related to shipbuilding in Camden. Courier-Post. Undated. Accessed December 25, 2009.]
- ^ Encarta Encyclopedia: Ship. Accessed June 23, 2006. Archived October 31, 2009.
- ^ Staff. "Unnecessary excellence: what public-housing design can learn from its past.", Harper's Magazine, March 1, 2005. Accessed July 3, 2011. "'If it indicates the kind of Government housing that is to follow, we may all rejoice.' So wrote a critic for The Journal of the American Institute of Architects in 1918 about Yorkship Village, one of America's first federally funded public-housing projects. Located in Camden, New Jersey, Yorkship Village was designed to be a genuine neighborhood, as can be seen from these original architectural plans."
- ^ "Made in S.J.: Campbell Soup Co.". Portal to gallery of photographs (20) related to The Campbell Soup Company. Courier-Post. Undated. Accessed December 25, 2009.
- ^ Cowie, Jefferson R. Cowie (1999). Capital Moves: RCA's Seventy-Year Quest for Cheap Labor (Cornell University Press. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-8014-3525-6. (excerpt available at Google Books).
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- ^ Lewis, Mary Beth. "Ten Best First Facts", in Car and Driver, January 1988, p. 92.
- ^ Ramsland, Katherine. "Rampage in Camden", TruTV. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Dorwart, Jeffery M. Camden County, New Jersey: the making of a metropolitan community, 1626-2000, p. 154. Rutgers University Press, 2001. ISBN 0813529581. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Staff. "17 OF CAMDEN 28 FOUND NOT GUILTY; Admitted Draft-Office Raid--Both Sides Ask Dismissal of Charges on 11 Others", The New York Times, May 21, 1973. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ "Man Frisked by Whitman Awaits Appeal in Unrelated Drug Case". The New York Times. July 19, 2000. http://www.nytimes.com/2000/07/19/nyregion/man-frisked-by-whitman-awaits-appeal-in-unrelated-drug-case.html.
- ^ Port History, South Jersey Port Corporation. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Port Audit Decried As Political Attack, Red Orbit, September 8, 2005.
- ^ Fair, Richard L. "South Jersey Port Corporation", Office of the State Auditor", October 28, 2005. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Guenther, Alan. "Corzine outlines his vision for rebirth of Camden", Courier-Post, December 24, 2006. Accessed February 17, 2011.
- ^ Voter Participation in Camden City: Gubernatorial Election. Accessed June 23, 2006.
- ^ 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 28.
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- ^ City Council Members, City of Camden. Accessed July 3, 2011.
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- ^ "Legislative Roster: 2010-2011 Session". New Jersey Legislature. http://www.njleg.state.nj.us/members/roster.asp. Retrieved 2010-02-08.
- ^ "About the Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/about/. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". New Jersey. http://www.nj.gov/governor/lt/. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- ^ What is a Freeholder?, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
- ^ Louis Cappelli, Jr., Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
- ^ Edward McDonnell, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
- ^ Riletta L. Cream, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
- ^ Rodney A. Greco, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 6, 2011.
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- ^ Board of Freeholders, Camden County, New Jersey. Accessed January 3, 2011.
- ^ "Louis Cappelli Jr. and Edward McDonnell re-elected to leadership posts on Camden County Freeholder Board at Today’s Reorganization Meeting", Camden County, New Jersey press release dated January 5, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2011.
- ^ Osborne, James. "Democrats retain hold on Camden County freeholder board", The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 3, 2010. Accessed January 6, 2011.
- ^ Staff. "Fairview begins new experiment", Courier-Post, December 6, 2001. Accessed February 17, 2011. "This village-like neighborhood at the southern edge of Camden was America's first planned community for the working class."
- ^ "A Place Called Yorkship — Electus Litchfield's Plan". Accessed June 23, 2006.
- ^ How Will Camden Be Counted in the 2010 Census?, CamConnect.org. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 — 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Gibson, Campbell (June 1998). "Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in The United States: 1790 TO 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0027.html. Retrieved March 6, 2007.
- ^ Wm. C. Hunt, Chief Statistician for Population. "Fourteenth Census of The United States: 1920; Population: New Jersey; Number of inhabitants, by counties and minor civil divisions" (ZIP). U.S. Census Bureau. http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/41084506no553.zip. Retrieved March 21, 2007.
- ^ a b c d e State & County QuickFacts: Camden, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/34/3410000.html
- ^ 2005-2009 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Camden city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 17, 2011.
- ^ "Poverty in the City of Camden", Legal Services of New Jersey, April 2007. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Fahim, Kareem. "Rethinking Revitalization; In Crumbling Camden, New Challenges for a Recovery Plan", The New York Times, November 5, 2006. Accessed February 17, 2011.
- ^ Diaz, Joseph. "Waiting on the World to Change", 20/20 (US television series), January 25, 2007. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Diaz, Joseph. "Camden's Little Citizens With Big Dreams: Community Still Full of Children With Great Promise and Great Need", 20/20 (US television series), November 9, 2007, backed up by the Internet Archive as of October 28, 2009. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Staff. "S. Jersey faring worse on jobs than Phila. area", The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 29, 2009. Accessed July 26, 2011. "The unemployment rate in Burlington, Camden, and Gloucester Counties was 10 percent in September, compared with 7.1 percent in Bucks, Montgomery, Chester, and Delaware Counties.... The jobless rate of 19.2 percent in the troubled city of Camden weighs on the figure for South Jersey, but even without it the aggregate rate for the three counties which are home to nearly a quarter of the region's population was 9.6 percent. Add Philadelphia's 11 percent unemployment rate to the mix in Southeastern Pennsylvania and the overall rate there jumps to 8.4, still significantly below the rate in South Jersey."
- ^ Puerto-Rican Communities, EPodunk. Accessed July 26, 2011.
- ^ Camden County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Camden Fire Department, City of Camden. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Bureau of Emergency Services Citywide Tour Command, City of Camden. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Katz, Matt; and Simin, Darran. "Camden's worst-case budget scenario calls for 350-plus layoffs", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 8, 2010. Accessed July 3, 2011. "Camden will lay off more than 150 police officers, 77 firefighters, and about 150 other employees unless the mayor can wrest concessions in union contracts in the coming days, according to union officials and employees. The cuts, described as the worst-case scenario, would amount to more than a third of the city's unionized workforce."
- ^ Simon, Darran. "Camden mayor voices concern to N.J. over fires", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 13, 2011. Accessed July 13, 2011. "Redd said she wanted to "dispel any misinformation" about the need for manpower from other towns to help Camden firefighters on Thursday and Saturday. Camden's Fire Department is down by 29 positions after layoffs by the cash-strapped city in January. Camden relies on assistance from suburban companies, most of them staffed by volunteers, when the city's eight companies are all deployed."
- ^ "Aquarium Accredited". . Portal to gallery of photographs (6) related to the Adventure Aquarium. Courier-Post. March 31, 1999. Accessed December 25, 2009.
- ^ Strauss, Robert. "Camden Still Finds Itself Treading Water", The New York Times, April 30, 2006. Accessed July 3, 2011. "Three years ago, with great fanfare, Gov. Jim McGreevey announced the transfer of development rights for those 33 acres to Steiner and Associates, a Cincinnati firm, along with a $3 million grant and a $15 million loan to get started on a proposed $53 million renovation of the state aquarium, the linchpin, according to Steiner's plans, of a retail/entertainment/commercial/residential development that would transform Camden. Three years later, Adventure Aquarium, as it is now called, is there, but the rest of the site is still made up of those parking lots."
- ^ Staff. "Tweeter Center is being renamed, The Camden concert venue will be Susquehanna Bank Center in a $10 million deal with the Lititz, Pa., firm.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, February 5, 2008. Accessed July 3, 2011. "Tweeter Center is being renamed, The Camden concert venue will be Susquehanna Bank Center in a $10 million deal with the Lititz, Pa., firm."
- ^ "Camden Riversharks Home Opener". Portal to gallery of photographs (30) related to the Camden Riversharks. Courier-Post. Undated. Accessed December 25, 2009.
- ^ "Visit the Battleship New Jersey". Portal to gallery of photographs (36) related to the Battleship New Jersey. Courier-Post. Undated. Accessed December 25, 2009.
- ^ "Camden's Historic Walt Whitman House". Portal to gallery of photographs (20) related to the Walt Whitman House. Courier-Post. Undated. Accessed December 25, 2009.
- ^ Home page, RiverLink Ferry System. Accessed September 7, 2011.
- ^ "Riverfront Prison to Close". Portal gallery of photographs (17) related to the Riverfront State Prison. Courier-Post Undated (copyright 1999). Accessed December 25, 2009.
- ^ Staff writer (August 13, 1985). "$31 Million Prison Opens in Jersey". United Press International (via The New York Times). Accessed December 25, 2009.
- ^ Staff. "Hated Camden prison goes down", Philadelphia Daily News, December 17, 2009. Accessed July 3, 2011. "In speech after speech, those officials called the demolition of Riverfront State Prison a new beginning for the people of North Camden whose views of the Philadelphia skyline and the Delaware River have been marred by razor wire and watchtowers for 24 years."
- ^ Geographic & Urban Redevelopment Tax Credit Programs: Urban Enterprise Zone Employee Tax Credit, State of New Jersey, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 25, 2009. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ "Campbell's Soup Topping Off Ceremony". Portal to gallery of photographs (36) related to the topping-off ceremony of the headquarters of The Campbell Soup Company. Courier-Post. April 24, 2009. Accessed December 25, 2009.
- ^ Camden City Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Abbott Districts, New Jersey Department of Education, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 15, 2009. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Camden County Schools, Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden. Accessed July 3, 2011.
- ^ Minters, Brooke. "New medical dean named at Rowan University in Camden", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 10, 2010. Accessed July 3, 2011. "Paul Katz, who recently helped start a medical school in Scranton, was tapped Wednesday to be founding dean of another medical start-up: the Cooper Medical School of Rowan University in Camden."
- ^ "Carnegie Library". http://www.dvrbs.com/camden/CamdenNJ-CarnegieLibrary.htm. Retrieved 2011-09-26.
- ^ http://johnson-park.camden.rutgers.edu/index.html
- ^ http://articles.philly.com/2010-08-06/news/24972581_1_library-board-three-libraries-library-book
- ^ http://www.nj.com/news/index.ssf/2011/02/main_branch_of_camden_public_l.html
- ^ "Report Ranks Camden Most Dangerous U.S. City". Courier-Post. November 24, 2009.
- ^ Fewer Camden Murders in 2005, WPVI-TV, January 2, 2006.
- ^ Lu, Adrienne. "Camden homicides down 40% this year The drop led N.J.'s 10% decline. The attorney general credited better law enforcement.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, December 30, 2009. Accessed July 3, 2011. "Camden led the way in New Jersey with a decline from 55 to 33 homicides as of Dec. 21, a 40 percent reduction. Statewide, New Jersey had 332 homicides in 2009 as of Dec. 21, compared with 369 as of Dec. 21, 2008, a drop of 10 percent."
- ^ Goldstein, Joseph. "Police Force Nearly Halved, Camden Feels Impact", The New York Times, March 6, 2011. Accessed July 3, 2011. "Since the city laid off nearly half its police force in January, the mayor and police chief have tried to stay positive, with the police chief even suggesting that his leaner force will be a model for others facing similar circumstances.... It is too early to tell if the police layoffs have allowed more crime to occur; in the first two months of 2011, there were fewer homicides than during the same period last year. But the number of assaults involving a firearm has more than tripled to 79 from 22 over that period.... In each of the last two years, Camden recorded fewer than 40 murders, significantly less than the 54 murders of 2008, when the city was ranked the most dangerous in America, according to a widely quoted survey. "
- ^ "11th Annual Safest/Most Dangerous Cities Survey: Top and Bottom 25 Cities Overall". Accessed June 23, 2006.
- ^ "12th Annual Safest/Most Dangerous Cities Survey: Top and Bottom 25 Cities Overall". Accessed June 23, 2006.
- ^ "13th Annual Safest (and Most Dangerous) Cities: Top and Bottom 25 Cities Overall". Accessed October 30, 2006.
- ^ "City Crime Rankings, 14th Edition, 2007". "CQ Press".
- ^ "City Crime Rankings 2008–2009". "CQ Press".
- ^ Hirsch, Deborah (November 24, 2009). "Report ranks Camden most dangerous U.S. city" Courier-Post. Accessed December 22, 2009.
- ^ "City of Ruins". Accessed January 28, 2011.
- ^ "Camden, N.J., to lose nearly half its cops". Accessed January 28, 2011.
- ^ William John Browning, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 16, 2007.
- ^ Lurie, Maxine N.; and Mappen, Marc. "Button, Stephen Decatur", Encyclopedia of New Jersey, p. 110. Rutgers University Press, 2004. ISBN 0813533252. Accessed September 7, 2011.
- ^ Stephen Decatur Button, DVRBS.com. Accessed September 7, 2011.
- ^ Staff. "Oakland signs Donovin Darius The veteran safety from Camden adds experience to the Raiders' secondary.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, July 11, 2007. Accessed September 7, 2011. "Darius, who will turn 32 next month, had been a mainstay in Jacksonville's secondary since he was the club's first-round pick in the 1998 draft out of Syracuse. But the Jaguars released him in June, trying to get younger and faster on defense. He is a graduate of Woodrow Wilson High in Camden."
- ^ Donovin Darius, National Football League. Accessed November 12, 2007.
- ^ Rachel Dawson, USA Field Hockey. Accessed December 20, 2007.
- ^ "Olympic Feature-Field Hockey's Rachel Dawson". Portal to gallery of photographs (15) related to Rachel Dawson. Courier-Post. Aug. 12, 2008. Accessed December 28, 2009.
- ^ Newman, Mark. "Series opens on historic dateRed Sox, Rockies in line to add to Oct. 24 legacy", MLB.com, October 24, 2007. Accessed September 7, 2011. "1950: Rawly Eastwick was born in Camden, N.J. He became a key pitcher for Cincinnati's Big Red Machine, pitching five games in the 1975 World Series and winning Games 2 and 3 on his way to a second ring."
- ^ "Rawly Eastwick Statistics and History", Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 7, 2011.
- ^ George Hegamin, database Football. Accessed September 30, 2007.
- ^ Sullivan, Joseph F. "The Last Drive-In in New Jersey Is Fading to Black", The New York Times, August 31, 1991. Accessed February 17, 2011. "The first drive-in was the brainchild of Richard Hollingshead Jr. of Camden, who experimented by mounting a movie projector on the roof of his car to show home movies on the side of a building."
- ^ Staff. "'GROOVE' HOLMES, 60, A GIANT TO JAZZ, FRIENDS", The Philadelphia Inquirer, July 2, 1991. Accessed July 3, 2011. "Born and raised Richard Jackson in Camden, Groove took his stepfather's last name for show business."
- ^ Robert Stuart MacAlister reference file, Los Angeles Public Library. Accessed September 7, 2011.
- ^ "McCargo Cooks!". Portal to gallery of photographs (11) related to Aaron McCargo, Jr.. Courier-Post. July 16, 2008. Accessed December 28, 2009.
- ^ "Aaron McCargo Cooking Lesson". Portal to gallery of photographs (18) related to Aaron McCargo, Jr.. Courier-Post. Jan. 26, 2009. Accessed December 28, 2009.
- ^[non-primary source needed]Aaron McCargo, Jr.. Accessed December 27, 2009.
- ^ Francis Ford Patterson, Jr., Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 26, 2007.
- ^ "Mike Rozier". Portal to gallery of photographs (26) related to Mike Rozier. Courier-Post. December 5, 2008. Accessed December 25, 2009.
- ^ John Farson Starr, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 24, 2007.
- ^ Woods, David. "Hurdler Tosta makes most of a second chance", USA Today, August 18, 2008. Accessed February 2, 2011. "Tosta, 25, is a UCLA graduate who was born in Camden, N.J., and attended high school in Garfield, Va."
- ^ Staff. "HERE, THERE & EVERYWHERE AN INSIDER'S GUIDE TO WHAT'S HOT IN TOWN", Philadelphia Daily News, May 10, 1985. Accessed February 2, 2011. "FRIDAY Nick Virgilio, one of the world's most respected haiku poets, makes a hometown appearance Friday at 8 p.m. at Camden's Walt Whitman Center, 2nd & Cooper streets."
- ^ "Dajuan Wagner". Portal to gallery of photographs (73) related to Dajuan Wagner. Courier-Post. Ju;y 25, 2007. Accessed December 28, 2009.
- ^ "Walt Whitman". Portal to gallery of photographs (29) related to Walt Whitman. Courier-Post. September 24, 2008. Accessed December 28, 2009.
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Municipalities and communities of Camden County, New JerseyCounty seat: Camden Cities
Camden | Gloucester
Audubon | Audubon Park | Barrington | Bellmawr | Berlin | Brooklawn | Chesilhurst | Clementon | Collingswood | Gibbsboro | Haddon Heights | Haddonfield | Hi-Nella | Laurel Springs | Lawnside | Lindenwold | Magnolia | Merchantville | Mount Ephraim | Oaklyn | Pine Hill | Pine Valley | Runnemede | Somerdale | Stratford | Tavistock | Woodlynne
Townships CDPs Communities State of New Jersey Topics Regions
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