- Midtown Manhattan
Midtown Manhattan, or simply Midtown, is an area of Manhattan, New York City home to world-famous commercial zones such as Rockefeller Center, Broadway, and Times Square. Midtown Manhattan is home to the city's tallest and most famous buildings such as the Empire State Building and Chrysler Building.
Midtown, along with "Uptown" and "Downtown", is one of the three major subdivisions of Manhattan (though "Uptown" and "Downtown" can also be used as adjectives or adverbs, and can take on completely different meanings in the other boroughs, whereas the term "Midtown" cannot) and can be understood as those parts of Manhattan in neither of these two other regions - that is, all areas between 14th Street and 59th Street, from the Hudson River to the East River, about five square miles or 12 km2. The core of Midtown Manhattan is from about 31st Street to 59th Street between Third and Ninth avenues, about two square miles (this is the area most commonly referred to as "Midtown.") The "Plaza District", a term used by Manhattan real estate professionals to denote the most expensive area of midtown from a commercial real estate perspective, lies between 42nd Street and 59th Street, from Third Avenue to Seventh Avenue, about a square kilometer or half a square mile.
As New York's largest central business district, Midtown Manhattan is indisputably the busiest single commercial district in the United States, and among the most intensely and diversely used pieces of real estate in the world. The great majority of New York City's skyscrapers, including its tallest hotels and apartment towers, lie within Midtown. More than 700,000 commuters work in its offices, hotels, and retail establishments; the area also hosts many tourists, visiting residents, and students. Some areas, especially Times Square and Fifth Avenue, have massive clusters of retail establishments. Sixth Avenue in Midtown holds the headquarters of three of the four major television networks, and is one of a few global centers of news and entertainment. It is also a growing center of finance, second in importance within the United States only to Downtown Manhattan's Financial District. Times Square is also the epicenter of American theater.
Midtown encompasses many neighborhoods including Hell's Kitchen and Chelsea on the West Side, and Murray Hill, Kips Bay, Turtle Bay, and Gramercy on the East Side. It is also sometimes broken into "Midtown East" and "Midtown West", or north and south as in the New York City Police Department's Midtown North and Midtown South precincts. A simplistic and by no means comprehensive list of the neighborhoods in the Midtown area is as follows:
- Between 59th Street to the north and 42nd Street to the south, from west to east:
- Hell's Kitchen from the Hudson River to 8th Avenue, including
- Times Square and the Theatre District from West 42nd Street to around West 53rd Street (according to some until Central Park at Central Park South/59th Street), and from 8th Avenue to Sixth Avenue
- The Diamond District on West 47th Street between 6th Avenue and 5th Avenue
- Midtown East from around 6th Avenue to the East River, including (going from west to east, and north to south):
- Between 42nd Street north and around 34th Street, from west to east, and north to south:
- Hell's Kitchen from the Hudson River to 8th Avenue
- The Garment District from West 42nd Street and West 34th Street and 9th Avenue to 5th Avenue
- Herald Square around the intersection of Broadway, 6th Avenue and West 34th Street
- Murray Hill from East 42nd Street to East 34th Street and 5th Avenue to 2nd Avenue
- Between 34th Street and 23rd Street, from west to east:
- Between 23rd Street and 14th Street, going west to east and north to south:
- Chelsea between the Hudson River and Sixth Avenue
- The Meatpacking District in the southwesternmost corner of Midtown, to the south of West 15th Street
- Madison Square and the Flatiron District, the area surround the intersection of Broadway, 5th Avenue and 23rd Street.
- Union Square, to the northeast of the intersection of Broadway, East 14th Street and Park Avenue South
- Gramercy from East 23rd Street to East 14th Street and Lexington Avenue to 1st Avenue
- Peter Cooper Village from East 23rd Street to East 20th Street and 1st Avenue to Avenue C (parallel the East River)
- Stuyvesant Town from East 20th street to East 14th Street and 1st Avenue to Avenue C
Midtown is the original district in the United States to bear the name and included historical but now defunct neighborhoods such as the Ladies' Mile, along Fifth Avenue from 14th Street to 23rd Street and the Tenderloin, from 23rd Street to 42nd Street and Fifth Avenue to Seventh Avenue.
Other important sights in Midtown:
- Empire State Building
- Museum of Modern Art
- St. Patrick's Cathedral
- Grand Central Terminal
- New York Public Library
- Chrysler Building
- Time Warner Center
- One Bryant Park
- United Nations Headquarters
- Carnegie Hall
- Madison Square Garden
- Manhattan Center
- James Farley Post Office
- Pennsylvania Station
- Plaza Hotel
- The Waldorf-Astoria Hotel
- Bryant Park
- Trump Tower
- Times Square
- Flagship stores of retailers such as:
- Prominent gentlemen's clubs in Midtown:
- The Brook
- The Century Association
- The Columbia University Club of New York
- The Cornell Club of New York
- The Dartmouth Club of New York
- The Harvard Club of New York
- The New York Yacht Club
- The Penn Club of New York
- The Princeton Club of New York
- The Racquet and Tennis Club
- The Joseph Lubin House of Syracuse University
- The Union League Club of New York
- The University Club of New York
- The Yale Club of New York City
Important streets and thoroughfares in Midtown:
Midtown Manhattan has the headquarters of several companies, including 4Kids Entertainment, Barnes & Noble, Bloomberg LP, Calvin Klein, Cantor Fitzgerald, CBS Corporation, Citigroup, Colgate-Palmolive, Cushman & Wakefield, DC Comics, Deloitte, Duane Reade, Estée Lauder Companies, Foot Locker, Frederator Studios, JPMorgan Chase, Hess Corporation, Kroll Inc., L-3 Communications, Marsh & McLennan Companies, Marvel Entertainment, McGraw-Hill, MetLife, MidOcean Partners, Morgan Stanley, NBC Universal, The New York Times Company, NexCen Brands, Pfizer, Polo Ralph Lauren, Saks Incorporated (Saks Fifth Avenue), The Sharper Image, Simon & Schuster, Six Flags, TBWA Worldwide, Thomson Reuters, Time Warner, Time Warner Cable, Univision Communications, and Viacom. The New York Institute of Finance is located in Midtown Manhattan.
Foreign subsidiary operations
Haier operates its United States offices in the Haier Building at 1356 Broadway; the building previously was a building of the Greenwich Savings Bank. Haier held the opening ceremony on March 4, 2002. Sumitomo Corporation operates its New York Office, the headquarters of the corporation's United States operations, at 600 Third Avenue, 10016 in the Murray Hill neighborhood. El Al's North American headquarters are in Midtown. The Air France USA regional headquarters are in 125 West 55th Street in Midtown Manhattan. Hachette Book Group has its headquarters in 237 Park Avenue. In 1994 Alitalia considered moving its USA headquarters from Midtown to Lower Manhattan, but decided to keep the offices where they were at the last minute. Global Infrastructure Partners has an office in Midtown Manhattan.
Former economic operations
American companies formerly headquartered in Midtown Manhattan include American Airlines, American Comics Group, American Overseas Airlines, Central Park Media, Eastern Airlines, GoodTimes Entertainment, LJN, NewKidCo, Pan American World Airways, Philip Morris Companies (now Altria Group), Trans Caribbean Airways, and Trans World Airlines.
Several countries, Argentina, The Bahamas, People's Republic of China, Costa Rica, Germany, Republic of Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, United Kingdom, Ukraine, have consulates-general in Midtown Manhattan accredited to the United States. In addition the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office of the Republic of China is in Midtown Manhattan.
Government and infrastructure
The United States Postal Service operates the James A. Farley Post Office, New York City's main post office, in Midtown Manhattan. The post office stopped 24 hour service beginning on May 9, 2009 due to decreasing mail traffic.
The New York City Department of Education operates public schools in Midtown Manhattan.
The New York Public Library operates the Mid-Manhattan Library at 455 Fifth Avenue at 40th Street. The system also operates the 58th Street Branch Library at 127 East 58th Street, between Park Avenue and Lexington Avenue.
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- Between 59th Street to the north and 42nd Street to the south, from west to east:
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