Williamsport, Pennsylvania

Williamsport, Pennsylvania

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Williamsport, Pennsylvania
other_name =
native_name =
nickname = Billtown
settlement_type = City
motto = Home of the Little League World Series


imagesize =
image_caption = Williamsport's City Hall


flag_size =
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seal_size =
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image_blank_emblem =
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mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Map of Lycoming County, Pennsylvania highlighting Williamsport


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
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dot_mapsize =
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dot_x =
dot_y =
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position = right
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Pennsylvania
pushpin_mapsize =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = USA
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 =
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Lycoming
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Gabe Campana
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
leader_title4 =
leader_name4 =
established_title = Settled
established_date = 1769
established_title1 = Incorporated
established_date1 = 1806 (borough)
established_title2 =
established_date2 = 1866 (city)
area_magnitude =
unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 = 24.7
area_land_km2 = 23.0
area_water_km2 = 1.7
area_total_sq_mi = 9.5
area_land_sq_mi = 8.9
area_water_sq_mi = 0.7
area_water_percent =
area_urban_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_blank1_title =
area_blank1_km2 =
area_blank1_sq_mi =
population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_note =
population_total = 30706
population_density_km2 = 3456.3
population_density_sq_mi = 3456.3
population_metro =
population_density_metro_km2 =
population_density_metro_sq_mi =
population_urban =
population_density_urban_km2 =
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population_blank1_title =
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timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 41 |latm = 14 |lats = 40 |latNS = N
longd = 77 |longm = 1 |longs = 7 |longEW = W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 158
elevation_ft = 518
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code = 570
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 42-85312GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1213655GR|3
website = [http://www.cityofwilliamsport.org City of Williamsport]
footnotes =

Williamsport is a city in and the county seat of Lycoming County,GR|6 Pennsylvania in the United States. The population was 30,706 at the 2000 census. It is the principal city of and is included in the Williamsport, Pennsylvania Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Williamsport-Lock Haven, Pennsylvania Combined Statistical Area.

History

Williamsport was incorporated as a borough on March 1, 1806, and as a city on January 15, 1866. The city is the original home of Little League Baseball, founded in 1939 as a three-team league.

In the late 1800s Williamsport was known as "The Lumber Capital of the World" because of its thriving lumber industry. It also was the birthplace of the national newspaper "Grit" in 1882. Williamsport once had more millionaires per-capita than anywhere in the world. The area's local high school, the Williamsport Area High School, uses The Millionaires as its mascot.

Time Line

1763 - The Battle of Muncy Hills took place during the French and Indian War. It was a clash between the American Indians and white men seeking homestead sites in American Indian territory. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1763 - At the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, at the end of the French and Indian War, the British purchased the land that became Lycoming County from the Iroquois Nation who controlled the lands. It was known as the New Purchase. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1780 - Pennsylvania passed a law which provided for the gradual abolition of slavery. By 1848, all Pennsylvania slaves were legally free. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1795 - On April 13, Lycoming County was formed from Northumberland County. It encompassed all the lands of Northumberland County situated west of Muncy Hills and was a domain of 12,500 square miles, comprising most of north central Pennsylvania. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1806 - Williamsport was incorporated as a borough on March 1 [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1830 - Jacob L. Mussina established the Repasz Band, the oldest brass band in America still in existence. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1830-1865 - The Underground Railroad, a system of safe houses and routes for slaves escaping to freedom, was organized. Many Lycoming County abolitionists, including Daniel Hughes, served as conductors and agents. [tp://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1881 - A state law ended segregation in Pennsylvania schools. By 1948, all schools in this area were integrated. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1936 - The Flood of March 17-18 caused the river to crest at 33.9’. Flood waters reached High Street. It was known locally as the Hello, Al flood because Al Glaes, operating a short-wave radio station from his home on High Street, kept the city in touch with the rest of the world after the flood disrupted electricity and telephone service. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

City "firsts"

1778 - The first purpose built cemetery is opened on what is now the site of Calvary United Methodist Church on West Fourth Street. cite web |url = http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/Features/Williamsport%20First.htm |title = Lycoming County, Williamsport Firsts |accessdate = 2007-05-16 |author = Lou Hunsinger Jr. |publisher = Williamsport Sun-Gazette ]

1786 - The first house was built in Williamsport. James Russell built his inn on what is now the corner of East Third and Mulberry Streets in downtown.

1796 - The first recorded childbirth in Williamsport was James Russell the son of Mr. and Mrs. William Russell and grandson of James Russell of the Russell Inn.

1796 - The first school is built as a one room log addition to the building that would eventually become the first Lycoming County Courthouse. Caleb Bailey was the first teacher.

1798 - The first brick house in Williamsport was erected on Front Street, between Market and Mulberry, by Andrew Tulloh, a lawyer. The bricks were made on the banks of Grafius Run where that stream crossed Hepburn Street. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1799 - The first post office is built at the corner of Third and State Streets in what is now downtown. The post office was later converted to a saloon.

1800 - The first jail was constructed at the northeast corner of William and Third Streets. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1801 - The first store is opened by William Winter on Third Street.

1834 - The West Branch Canal opened on Oct. 15. The first boat to pass through the canal en route to Jersey Shore was that of George Aughenbaugh. The first freight carried into town was iron for the foundry of John B. Hall. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1834 - Enactment of the common school law by Pennsylvania Legislature led to public education here. In May of 1835, the first public schools opened in Williamsport. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1835 - The West Branch National Bank, the county's first bank, was established with John H. Cowden as president, James Armstrong and Tunison Coryell as cashiers. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1849 - The first Market Street Bridge is built over the West Branch Susquehanna River. It was opened as a toll bridge to cover the state's costs of $23,797.

1854 - The first brewery is opened. The brewery was sold to Henry Flock in 1865. This brewery was run by the Flock family until the 1940s. The Flock's business survived Prohibition by converting to a dairy.

1876 - Incorporated in 1873, the Williamsport Hospital opened its first facility April 1 at Elmira and Edwin Streets. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1939 - On June 6, the first Little League Baseball game was played on a sandlot outside Bowman Field in Williamsport. Carl Stotz conceived the idea of a Little League, and he and Bert and George Bebble managed the first three teams. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1941 - The U.S. entered WWII after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. Joe Lockard, of Williamsport, gave warning of the impending attack, but was ignored by the higher-ups. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

1941 - The Williamsport School Board created the Williamsport Technical Institute for high school and post-high school students. It grew into the Williamsport Area Community College, and later became Pennsylvania College of Technology. [http://www.historicwilliamsport.com/timelinenew.html]

Geography and climate

Williamsport is located at coor dms|41|14|40|N|77|1|7|W|city (41.244428, -77.018738),GR|1 and is bordered by the West Branch Susquehanna River to the south (with Armstrong Township, South Williamsport, Duboistown and Susquehanna Township south of the river), Loyalsock Township to the east and north, Old Lycoming Township to the north and Woodward Township to the west. As the crow flies, Lycoming County is about convert|130|mi|km|0 northwest of Philadelphia and convert|165|mi|km|0 east-northeast of Pittsburgh.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.5 square miles (24.7 km²). 8.9 square miles (23.0 km²) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.7 km²) of it (6.92%) is water.GR|1

Demographics



thumb|right|300px|Location of the Williamsport-Lock Haven CSA and its components:

Williamsport is the larger principal city of the Williamsport-Lock Haven CSA, a Combined Statistical Area that includes the Williamsport metropolitan area (Lycoming County) and the Lock Haven micropolitan area (Clinton County), [ [http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/metro_general/2006/List4.txt METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS] , Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.] [ [http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/metro_general/2006/List5.txt MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS] , Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.] [ [http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/metro_general/2006/List6.txt COMBINED STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENT CORE BASED STATISTICAL AREAS] , Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-08-01.] which had a combined population of 157,958 at the 2000 census.GR|2

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 30,706 people, 12,219 households, and 6,732 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,456.3 people per square mile (1,335.1/km²). There were 13,524 housing units at an average density of 1,522.3/sq mi (588.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.11% White, 12.73% African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 1.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.11% of the population.

There were 12,219 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.9% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.9% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 18.0% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,946, and the median income for a family was $33,844. Males had a median income of $26,668 versus $20,196 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,707. About 13.7% of families and 21.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.

Crime Rate [http://www.hellowilliamsport.com/crime.cfm]

Williamsport Crime StatisticsYear Population Violent Crime Murder Rape Robbery Assault Property Crime Burglary Theft Car Theft Arson 2005 30,232 134 3 16 64 51 1,202 219 917 66 1

Government

Williamsport operates on a "Strong Mayor" form of governing, meaning the mayor is given almost total administrative authority and a clear, wide range of political independence without consent of the city council. The current mayor of the City of Williamsport is Gabe Campana.

"See also:" List of Mayors of Williamsport, Pennsylvania

Economy

Williamsport is well-known for the Lycoming aircraft engines made by Textron. Brodart, a book publishing company, is also based in Williamsport. Shop-Vac is headquartered in the Newberry section of Williamsport and manufactures wet/dry vacuums and accessories for consumer, industrial, commercial and contractor uses. Overhead Garage Door is also located in Newberry. Bethlehem Wire Rope [http://www.wwwrope.com/] , a 46-acre manufacturing complex in Williamsport, with over 620,000 square feet under roof, is the single largest wire rope manufacturing facility in North America.

Neighborhoods

*Center City, between Hepburn Street and Basin Street, south of Little League Blvd
*Grampian Hills, the area around and north of Grampian Blvd.
*Millionaire's Row, along W. 4th Street
*Newberry, west of Lycoming Creek
*Park Avenue, south of Williamsport Hospital
*Vallamont, the area north of Rural Ave and west of Market St.
*East End, the area south of Grampian Blvd. and east of Market St.
*West Hills, the hillside and hilltop north of Dewey and west of Round Hill Road.

Transportation

Williamsport Regional Airport (IPT), located several miles east of the city in the borough of Montoursville, has fourteen flights daily to and from Philadelphia International Airport via US Airways (as of January 2008). [cite web|url = http://www.flyipt.com/schdflt.htm |title= "IPT Scheduled Flights" |publisher = Williamsport Regional Airport |accessdate = 2008-01-29] Susquehanna Trailways provides daily long distance bus service from a station in the downtown to Elmira, New York, Harrisburg, New York City, and Philadelphia. [cite web|url = http://www.susquehannabus.com/routes.html |title= "Susquehanna Trailways Bus Daily Routes" |publisher = Susquehanna Trailways |accessdate = 2008-01-29] Local bus service within Williamsport and to other places in Lycoming County near the river is offered by River Valley Transit. [cite web|url = http://www.citybus.org/routes/routes.htm |title= "River Valley Transit: Bus Routes and Schedules" |publisher = River Valley Transit |accessdate = 2008-01-29]

Williamsport is served by several major highways, including Interstate 180, U.S. Route 15, and U.S. Route 220. I-180 and US 220 currently run together northeast/southwest through Williamsport, and US 15 joins (in the opposite direction) for two miles. [cite map |scale = 1:65,000| publisher = Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, Bureau of Planning and Research, Geographic Information Division | url= ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/GHS/Roadnames/lycoming_GHSN.PDF | title= 2007 General Highway Map Lycoming County Pennsylvania | accessdate= 2008-01-29] Once completed, Interstate 99 will enter Williamsport from the southwest on US 220 and continue north on US 15, joining only one at a time. Train freight service (west to Avis and east to Muncy) is provided by the Lycoming Valley Railroad, which has its main yard in the Newberry section of Williamsport, and offers connections to the Norfolk Southern and Canadian Pacific railroads. [cite web | url= http://www.nshr.com/LVRR/lvrr.shtml | title= :Lycoming Valley Railroad" | publisher = North Shore Railroad System | accessdate= 2008-01-29] The West Branch Susquehanna River is not navigable, but a dam at Hepburn Street provides a large lake for recreational boating, including outings on the mock paddlewheeler "Hiawatha" from Susquehanna State Park. [cite web|url = http://www.ridehiawatha.com/ |title= "Hiawatha Paddlewheel Riverboat" |publisher = River Valley Transit |accessdate = 2008-01-29]

Current developments

[http://www.williamsport.org/ot2010/wotg/index.htm The Williamsport Downtown Gateway Revitalization Project] , begun in 2004, has been set into place in order to attract more people (both citizens of the Williamsport community and visitors) to the Downtown Williamsport area, as the last major transit project accomplished the exact opposite and has rerouted people around the city for years.

Construction on the Market Street Bridge, the first of many projects, began in June 2004. Physical work is expected to take four years, ending in 2008; three planned for the new bridge, and the last is scheduled for work on Via Bella.

The first two-lane bridge has been built just upstream of the existing structure. Demolition of the old bridge has been completed. Another two-lane structure will be built at the same location as the old bridge. The new upstream bridge will carry Route 15 southbound traffic, while the new downstream bridge will carry Route 15 northbound traffic.

A new 8+ screen movie theater on West 4th Street, opened on May 2, 2008; these are the first regular-schedule first-run movie screens in Williamsport proper in several years. The closest regular, first-run theater is at the Lycoming Mall, at least fifteen miles (24 km) away from the city center.

Other initiatives planned include the construction of a riverside amphitheater next to the new Market Street Bridge, a multi-purpose arena where hockey and ice skating would be available, a conference center with a pedestrian cable-stayed bridge spanning from the amphitheater across the highway to the center, and some other officials have even suggested the construction of an Imax theater in the downtown area. A Kohl's department store is in the works to be located next to the Wegman's supermarket. [http://www.cityofwilliamsport.org/EconomicDevelopment/DevelopmentandProjects/tabid/169/Default.aspx]

Williamsport "First Fridays" is a new addition to Williamsport monthly tradition. On the first Friday of each month, businesses, restaurants, and personal shops in the area come together to display a set theme (local photography, works of local artists, etc.) in each of their storefronts in order to bring pedestrians into the city.

Education

Williamsport is the home of two colleges, Lycoming College and Pennsylvania College of Technology, as well as the Newport Business Institute, Barone Beauty School and Empire Beauty School. [http://www.wasd.org/ Williamsport Area School District] consists of:
*Cochran Elementary School
*Hepburn Lycoming Elementary School
*Jackson Elementary School
*Round Hills Elementary School
*Sheridan Elementary School
*Stevens Elementary School
*Curtin Middle School
*Lycoming Valley Middle School
*Roosevelt Middle School
* [http://wasd.schoolwires.com/williamsportareahs/site/default.asp Williamsport Area High School] Williamsport Area School District has a renowned music program, ranked in the Top 100 in the country.

Catholic Schools include [http://www.sjnra.org/ Saint John Neumann Regional Academy] , which has five campuses in Lycoming County and provides education for pre-Kindergarten thru 12th grade students.The Center is a non profit organization that provides underprivileged children with tutoring services, dance classes, and many other fun activities.

Libraries

The [http://www.jvbrown.edu/ James V. Brown Library] is Williamsport's public library. The library offers books, DVDs, CDs, wireless Internet access, local history archives, the Lycoming County Law Library, and premium online reference resources. James V. Brown is a Family Place library, offering preschool and early learning opportunities, as well as programming for teens and adults. The library has recently begun construction of a new Children's Wing.

Lycoming College's [http://www.lycoming.edu/library/ Snowden Library] is another library in Williamsport.

ports

The Little League World Series is held annually on the other side of the West Branch Susquehanna River in South Williamsport, where Little League Baseball now has its headquarters. Williamsport also hosts the Williamsport Crosscutters, a minor league baseball club of the New York-Penn League.

Media

Local newspapers include the Williamsport Sun Gazette, [http://www.webbweekly.com Webb Weekly] and [http://www.williamsportguardian.com The Williamsport Guardian] .
The local news/talk radio stations are WRAK/WRKK (1400/1200 kHz), and [http://www.bybradio.com/index.php WWPA 1340 kHz] . Williamsport is ranked #271 by Arbitron in terms of its radio market.
Local online media includes [http://www.billtownlive.com Billtown Live] (events & index), [http://billtownblog.blogspot.com Billtown Blog] (commentary), [http://billtownboards.com/forums Billtown Boards] (discussion) and [http://www.williamsport.com Williamsport.com] (directory).
TV stations in Williamsport are served by the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre market.

Notable residents

*William Schreyer, financier [cite web|url=http://www.psu.edu/ur/archives/intercom_1997/Sept15/news.html|title=www.psu.edu/ur/archives/intercom_1997/Sept15/news.html ]
*Gary Brown, American football player
*Ernest Callenbach, writer
*Jack Losch, American football player
*George Luks, Ashcan School painter [cite web|url=http://www.askart.com/AskART/L/george_benjamin_luks/george_benjamin_luks.aspx|title=www.askart.com/AskART/L/george_benjamin_luks/george_benjamin_luks.aspx ]
*Henry J. Lutcher, businessman
*Mike Mussina, baseball player
*Bob Pellegrini, American football player
*Sal Rosato, American football player [cite web|url=http://www.databasefootball.com/players/playerpage.htm?ilkid=ROSATSAL01|title=www.databasefootball.com/players/playerpage.htm?ilkid=ROSATSAL01 ]
*Tina Russell, adult film actress
*James Hall Huling, U.S. Congressman
*H. Beam Piper, science fiction author
*Severin Roesen (1815? - 1872), still-life painter
*Carl Stotz, founder of Little League Baseball [cite web|url=http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0887007.html|title=www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0887007.html ]
*H. Paul Shuch, SETI scientist

References

External links

* [http://www.cityofwilliamsport.org City of Williamsport]
* [http://www.lyco.org/lyco/site/default.asp Lycoming County]
* [http://www.littleleague.org Little League]


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