List of municipalities in Ontario

List of municipalities in Ontario

There are currently 444 municipalities in the province of Ontario.[1][2]

In Ontario the term "municipality" refers to various forms of local government (including cities, counties, regional municipalities, towns, townships, villages, and confusingly, governments called municipalities) that provide services.

Two possible arrangements of local government exist[3]:

  • One level of governance: a unitary authority (also referred to as a "single-tier" municipality) is responsible for providing all services.
  • Two levels of governance: a county (or regional municipality) shares service responsibilities with constituent towns, cities, townships, and villages. These municipalities may be referred to as "upper-tier" and "lower-tier", respectively.

Sparsely populated Northern Ontario mostly lacks local government, instead using provincially-contracted local services boards to provide services. The exception is larger centres, which have unitary authorities. Although Northern Ontario can be divided into districts, these divisions are used only for census purposes.


Contents

Unitary authority ("Single-tier") configuration

This style of local government is found in two contexts:

  • The result of a provincially-mandated merger of a county with its constituent municipalities.
  • An independent city, in Southern Ontario formed by leaving the county.

Result of merger

Independent cities in Southern Ontario, and their former counties

Independent cities in Northern Ontario

Algoma District (Sault Ste. Marie)

Cochrane District (Cochrane)

Kenora District (Kenora)

Manitoulin District (Gore Bay)

Nipissing District (North Bay)

Parry Sound District (Parry Sound)

Rainy River District (Fort Frances)

Sudbury District (Espanola)

Thunder Bay District (Thunder Bay)

Timiskaming District (Haileybury)

Two-level ("Upper- and lower-tier") configuration

Regional municipalities and constituents

Durham (Whitby)

Halton (Milton)

Muskoka District (Bracebridge)

Niagara (Thorold)

Oxford County (Woodstock)

Peel (Brampton)

Waterloo (Kitchener)

York (Newmarket)

Counties and constituents

Bruce County (Walkerton)

Dufferin (Orangeville)

Elgin County (St. Thomas)

Essex County (Windsor)

Frontenac (Kingston)

Grey County (Owen Sound)

Haliburton County (Minden)

Hastings County (Belleville)

Huron County (Goderich)

Lambton County (Sarnia)

Lanark County (Perth)

Leeds and Grenville United Counties (Brockville)

Lennox and Addington County (Greater Napanee)

Middlesex County (London)

Northumberland County (Cobourg)

Perth County (Stratford)

Peterborough County (Peterborough)

Prescott and Russell United Counties (L'Orignal)

Renfrew County (Pembroke)

Simcoe County (Barrie)

Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry United Counties (Cornwall)

Wellington County (Guelph)

Notes

  1. ^ List of Ontario municipalities. Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  2. ^ Restructuring maps of Ontario. Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
  3. ^ Municipalities in Ontario. Association of Municipalities of Ontario. Retrieved 2011-06-08.

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