- Peterborough, Ontario
official_name = City of Peterborough, Ontario
nickname = "The Electric City"
motto = "Dat natura, elaborant artes"
(Nature Provides, Industry Develops)
flag_link = Flag of Peterborough
image_shield = ptboarms.png
shield_link = Coat of arms of Peterborough
map_caption = Map of Ontario with Peterborough indicated with a red dot
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Peterborough County
leader_title1 = MP
leader_title2 = MPP
Dean Del Mastro(CPC)
established_title = Established
established_title2 = Incorporated as town
established_title3 = Incorporated as city
established_date = 1819 - Scott's Plains
established_date2 = 1850 - Peterborough
July 1, 1905
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 58.61
area_total_sq_mi = 22.63
population_as_of = 2006
population_metro = 116570
population_total = 74898
population_density_km2 = 1218.9
population_density_sq_mi = 3156.9
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
latd=44 |latm=18 |lats=00 |latNS=N
longd=78 |longm=19 |longs=00 |longEW=W
elevation_m = 195
elevation_ft = 640
website = http://www.peterborough.ca
postal_code_type = Postal code span
postal_code = K9H, K9J, K9K, K9L
area_code = 705
footnotes = Pop. Change (2001 – 2006): 4.8%
¹ According to the
Canada 2006 Census
Peterborough is a
cityon the Otonabee Riverin central-eastern Ontario, Canada, 125 kilometres (78 mi) northeast of Toronto. The population of the City of Peterborough was 74,898 in the 2006 census, while the census metropolitan area (CMA) had a population of 121,570. It presently ranks as the 33rd largest CMA in Canada. The current mayorof Peterborough is Paul Ayotte.
First Nationsgroups followed retreating glaciers into the area 11,000 years ago. Woodland Natives inhabited the area circa 1000 BC to AD 1000, followed by Iroquoisand Mississaugascirca 1740.
Samuel de Champlaintraveled through the area and stayed for a brief time near the present-day site of Bridgenorth, just north of Peterborough.
In 1818, Adam Scott settled on the west shore of the
Otonabee River. The following year he began construction of a sawmill and gristmill, establishing the area as Scott's Plains. The mill was located at the foot of present day King Street and was powered by water from Jackson Creek.
1825 marked the arrival of 1,878 Irish immigrants from the city of Cork. In 1822, the British Parliament had approved an experimental emigration plan to transport poor Irish families to
Upper Canada. The scheme was managed by Peter Robinson, at the time a politician in York (present-day Toronto). Scott's Plains was re-named Peterborough in his honour.
Sandford Fleming, inventor of Standard Timeand designer of Canada's first postage stamp, moved to the city to live with Dr. John Hutchison and his family, staying until 1847. Dr. John Hutchison was one of Peterborough's first resident doctors.
Peterborough was incorporated as a town in 1850 (population 2,191). Beginning in the late 1850s, a substantial canoe building industry grew up in and around Peterborough. The
Peterborough Canoe Companywas founded in 1893, with the factory being built on the site of the original Adam Scott mill. By 1930, 25% of all employees in the boat building industry in Canada worked in the Peterborough area. The period from 1928-36 saw the establishment of the Johnson Motor Company/ Outboard Marine(the makers of motorized boat engines) as an outgrowth of the original industry.
Peterborough would also see extensive industrial growth as the city was one of the first places in the country to begin generating hydro electrical power (even before the plants at
Niagara Falls). Companies like Edison General Electric Company(later Canadian General Electric) and America Cereal Company (later to become Quaker Oats, and in 2001 PepsiCo, Inc.), opened to take advantage of this new cheap resource.
In 1904, the village of Ashburnham (founded in 1859), on the east shore of the Otonabee River, was annexed to Peterborough. This area of the city is still referred to as "East City" by local residents. It is sometimes regarded as a separate entity to Peterborough, with residents referring to local businesses and homes as being in "East City", as opposed to the main bulk of the city. Peterborough was incorporated as a city on
Dominion Day— July 1, 1905(population 14,300). The city's flag and coat of arms were adopted in 1951.
In the 1970s, the Ontario Government helped sponsor the building of Peterborough Square with the aid of the Ontario Downtown Renewal Programme (ODRP). The mall was anchored by an
Eaton'sstore. Eaton's has since left, and the mall is currently without an anchor. The call centre"ICT Group, Inc." takes up the bulk of the anchor store's vacant space.
As of 2006 the new anchor point of Peterborough Square has been the Galaxy Cinemas.
The government relocated the central office of the Ministry of Natural Resources to a site downtown (kitty corner from Peterborough Square).
Ann Arbor, Michiganbecame Peterborough's sister city in 1983.
The population of the
Census Metropolitan Area(CMA) of Peterborough was 121,570 (Ontario 12,160,282, Canada 31,612,897) and of these 80,000 lived within the urban core. Peterborough lists as the 33rd largest urban area in Canada (14th in Ontario).
Children under five accounted for 4.8% of the resident population of the city (Ontario 5.8%, Canada 5.6%). People of retirement age (65 and over for males and females) made up 18.1% of the resident population (Ontario 13.0%, Canada 13.2%). The average age of a person in Peterborough was 40.6 years (Ontario 37.2 years, Canada 37.6 years).
The population density of Peterborough (CMA) averaged 85.4 people per square kilometre (221.2/sq mi), compared with an average of 12.6 people per square kilometre (32.6/sq mi) for the province.
It is anticipated that the city's population will grow by approximately 20,000 in the next 10 years, reaching 98,900 by 2017.
Manufacturing is the biggest local industry with
General Electricand Quaker Oatsmaintaining large operations in Peterborough. The city is also a 'bedroom' community for workers of General Motors Canada: the GM OshawaAutoplex is actually the largest industrial employer of Peterborough citizens. The Peterborough Regional Health Centre is the largest employer, followed by school boards and local government.
Companies like General Electric and Outboard Marine, with their high paying manufacturing jobs, had a major impact on the growth of the city. Aging facilities and more expensive labour compared with the developing world worked against the city. The
North American Free Trade Agreement(NAFTA) of the early 1990s resulted in saw a major shift in trading patterns for many Canadian companies. Other innovations like just in time delivery and pressure to produce ever cheaper goods impacted some of the large multi-nationals in the 1970s and 1980s. Today GE, PepsiCo Quaker, Siemens and numerous smaller manufacturing companies are experiencing significant growth. Minute Maid (Coca-Cola) recently invested $CDN20 million in a new warehouse and product line while auto parts supplier Ventra has doubled in size. Manufacturing job creation kept pace with the provincial average from 1991-2001. Lower costs, reliable labour and high quality post-secondary institutions are a competitive advantage for Peterborough. Peterborough was ranked number one location for business in Ontario by " Canadian Business" magazine in late 2004.
Peterborough is a
single-tier municipalitygoverned by a mayor-councilsystem. The Mayorof Peterborough is elected by direct popular voteto serve as the chief executive of the city. The Peterborough City Council is a unicamerallegislative body, comprising the Mayor and ten city councillors representing five geographical wards of the city. The present wards are as follows;
* Ward 1 - Otonobee - represented by - Eric Martin and J. Douglas Peacock
* Ward 2 - Monaghan - represented by - Henry Clarke and Jack Doris
* Ward 3 - Town - represented by - Ann E. Farquharson and Dean Pappas
* Ward 4 - Ashburnham - represented by - Patti S. Peeters and Len Vass
* Ward 5 - Northcrest - represented by - Shirley Eggleton and Bob Hall
Peterborough City Hall is located at 500 George Street North in downtown Peterborough and also houses the central offices of Peterborough Social Services.
Roads and highways
Peterborough is located 125 kilometres (78 mi) northeast of Toronto and is served by provincial Highway 115 (from Highway 401) and the
Highway 7junction, which becomes the Peterborough By-Pass. The eastern segment of Highway 7 was separated from the central segment by 6 km until the creation of the By-Pass. This freewaystyle highway runs 12.5 km off Highway 115 with five entrance routes into the city. Its entire length is part of the Trans-Canada Highway.
Public transitin the city of Peterborough is Peterborough Transit.
Peterborough Transit's hub is a central terminal located on Simcoe Street in the city's downtown core. It also serves as the regional terminus for
Coach Canada(formerly Trentway Wagar) routes into the city. Greyhound Lines of Canadaoperates an inter-city terminal nearby. GO Transit is currently looking in to establishing a bus service from Peterborough to Oshawa.
Peterborough is served by
Canadian Pacific Railway. No passenger services currently exist, but the federal government plans to reinstate them and significant progress had been made in 2008. MP Dean Del Mastro lobbied for passenger rail to be brought back to the small city, and there has been government funding put aside for a Peterborough - Toronto rail link.
Peterborough Airportis located off Highway 115.
Otonabee Riveris part of the Trent-Severn Waterway.
Public library system
Peterborough Public Librarywas established in 1911, and was originally known as "Carnegie Library". It now has two branches:
The Main Library, located at 345 Aylmer St. North, is a full service library with a well-stocked current circulating collection of books, CD audio books, CD-Music, DVDs and magazines. In addition to encyclopedias and dictionaries, the Reference Collection includes a local history collection, government documents, electronic resources and microforms selected to answer the information needs of our community. The library was recently used for the filming of the 2008-Bound Motion Picture Jumper.
The DelaFosse Branch, established in 1957, is located in the south end of the city at 729 Park St. South. It is a small neighbourhood branch with a recreational reading collection of approximately 14,000 hardcover and paperback books for all ages. Recent additions to the collection include a variety of multimedia including CDs, DVDs, CD-ROMs, and CD audio books.
The Peterborough Public Library is part of a larger borrowing network that shares a database of materials with The Kawartha Pine Ridge District School Board and Asphodel-Norwood Public Library System. This group of libraries is referred to as PACLAN (Peterborough and County Library Automation Network).
:See also the category
Kawartha Pine Ridge District School Board
Kawartha Pine Ridge District School Boardis the public English language school board that takes in the regions of the previous Peterborough County Board of Education and the Northumberland-Clarington Board of Education and covers almost 7,000 square kilometres. It serves the communities located in the Kawarthas to the north, and south to Lake Ontario. Hastings Countyis its eastern border and its western border extends to the City of Kawartha Lakes and to the edge of the City of Oshawa.
The Kawartha Pine Ridge District School Board presently operates 82 elementary schools, 15 secondary schools and 4 adult learning centres serving both the urban area and the outlining rural communities.
Peterborough Victoria Northumberland & Clarington Catholic District School Board
Peterborough Victoria Northumberland and Clarington Catholic District School Boardis the Catholic (Separate) English language school board for the region.
The Peterborough Victoria Northumberland and Clarington Catholic District School Board presently operates 33 elementary schools and 15 secondary schools.
Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud
Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sudis the Catholic (Separate) French language school board for the South-Central region of Ontario, which includes Peterborough.
The Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud presently operates 41 elementary schools and 8 secondary schools, of which the only school in Peterborough is the elementary school Monseigneur-Jamot.
Post secondary institutions
Established in 1964, Trent University is a
liberal artsand science oriented institution. Trent's academic focus is on environmental, cultural, and science studies. The main Symons Campus of Trent, located in the city's far north end, is approximately 14.60 square kilometres, over half of which is a part of Trent's Nature Areas, an ecologically diverse wild-life preserve.
Trent University is divided into a series of colleges: Champlain, Lady Eaton,
Catharine Parr Traill, Otonabee, Peter Gzowski, and Julian Blackburn. Each college has its own residence hall, dining room, and student government, except Julian Blackburn, which consists only of part-time students, and thus does not require a residence or dining facility.
Established in 1967, Fleming College, (formerly Sir Sandford Fleming College), is a multidisciplinary institution with two primary campuses within the city of Peterborough:
McRae Campus is located in a renovated
textilemill located downtown on McDonnel Street.
Sutherland Campus is located on Brealey Drive in the city's west end, and has recently undergone a massive expansion. The new St. Joseph’s at Fleming is the first long-term care facility to be built on a college or university campus. In 2005, the Peterborough Sport & Wellness Centre was constructed to accommodate the college's athletic needs. The college also operates campuses in nearby
Lindsay, Cobourg, and Haliburton.
Landmarks and notable institutions
Peterborough and the Kawarthas offer a multitude of
attractionsand events for all demographics. Rich in heritage, the region is host to an amazing array of museums, cultural exhibitions, indoor and outdoor galleries and theatres, Aboriginal heritage attractions and historical sites, as well as a vibrant arts community.
Peterborough Centennial Museum & Archivesis home to a diverse collection of artifacts. It was established in 1897 and moved to its present site on Armour Hill in 1967. The Archives collection includes items from Catharine Parr Traill, theoriginal Peter Robinson papers, the Park Studio Fondsand the Balsillie collection of Roy Studio Images, over 300,000 film and glass plate negatives dating back to 1896.
Trent-Severn Waterwaypasses through Peterborough and includes the Peterborough Lift Lock, the world's largest hydrauliclift lock, which opened in 1904. It is also the world's highest lift lock with a rise of 65 feet (19.8 m).
Del Crary Park is a large urban
greenspaceon Little Lake, located in close proximity to downtown Peterborough that is also home of the Peterborough Yacht Club. Free outdoor events and concerts are held here during the summer months, including the international Festival of Lights fireworks displays, Wednesday and Saturday evenings from June through August. The Art Gallery of Peterborough, opened in 1974, is situated on the shore of Little Lake beside Del Crary Park and features 1,004 pieces from around the world.
Showplace Performance Centre is a 647 seat, state of the art
performance facilitylocated downtown that opened in 1996. The Canadian Canoe Museum, located on Monaghan Road, is a unique national heritage centre that explores the canoe's enduring significance to the peoples of Canada.
Riverview Park & Zoois a 55.5 acre zoo operated by the Peterborough Utilities Group at the North end of Water Street. In addition to its animal exhibits, the zoo features a miniature train ride and the park contains a disc golf course. Admission is free.
Artspace[http://artspace-arc.org/] is one of Canada's oldest artist-run art centres, founded in 1974. Its mandate is to support the growth and development of contemporary artists. Artspace maintains a public gallery. Noted artist David Bierkwas one of the founding members.
The Peterborough Arts Umbrella [http://www.pauart.ca] is a membership-based arts facility. The PAU is mandated to serve practitioners of all artistic disciplines in Peterborough and surrounding area, and maintains a public gallery. Some services the PAU provides include a digital media centre, rehearsal spaces for music and theatre, workshops, and an accessible gallery for local and Canadian artists.
Peterborough New Dance and Public Energy [http://www.publicenergy.ca/] was founded by
Bill Kimballin 1994, and is a presenter and animator of contemporary danceand performance. It is the only full-time presenter of contemporary dance in Ontario outside of Torontoand Ottawa. The organization also supports the development of local dance and performance artists, produces the annual Emergency festival of new dance featuring area artists, and presents indigenous performing artists.
The [http://www.thepso.org/] was
incorporatedin 1967, with historical roots reaching back before the turn of the century. The PSO presents symphonic music. Music Director Michael Newnhamhas led the organization since 2001, which offers concerts and educational outreach programming to Peterborough and beyond.
Starfire Bandwas originally formed in 1999 by Peter Ford. It was an offshoot of the Kawartha Wind Symphony, which was composed of the older generation of musicians. The Starfire bandwas created for the younger generation of musicians and consists of students from Grade 7 to Grade 12 in the Peterborough, Ontarioarea who are interested in music, not necessarily with any or much experience.
Peterborough is also home of the Kawartha Artists Gallery, a group of amateur artists. Formed in 1991, under the leadership of Monica Jackson, the KAGS meets in the basement of the De La Fosse Library in Peterborough's south end. It has a variety of artists, which meet there: Weavers, Monday mornings,Life Drawing, Tuesday mornings,Still Life, Wednesday mornings, Portrait,Wednesday afternoons(September-June)and Outdoor Artists, Thursday mornings(indoors October-April). There are a number of single artist and multi-member exhibits in paint(abstract and representational), various media and photography. The annual membership is $40.00.
Peterborough has a resident professional theatre company; New Stages. Founded in 1997 by Randy Read, New Stages produces new Canadian and American plays, and runs a highly successful reading series of "edgier" work. New Stages is a fully equity company and uses both Showplace Peterborough and the Market Hall Performing Arts Centre
Peterborough is well known for its junior level hockey team, the
Peterborough Petesof the OHL. The 'Petes' were established in 1956 and have become the longest continuously operating team in the league. The Petes have produced a record number of National Hockey Leagueplayers such as Eric Staal, Jordan Staal, Mike Fisher, Chris Pronger, Steve Yzerman, Bob Gainey, Mike Ricci, Larry Murphy, Tie Domi, and coaches such as Scotty Bowman, Roger Neilson, Mike Keenan, Gary Green, and Dick Todd. They have also graduated the most players to the NHLof all current OHL teams.Fact|date=November 2007
Peterborough Memorial Centre, constructed in 1956, is the home of the Peterborough Petes and was named in honour of the many war veteranswho came from the region. It is located at the east of the exhibition grounds at the corner of Lansdowne and George Streets. In 2003, the Memorial Centre was renovated adding 24 luxury box suites, improved concessions, a licensed restaurant, new seats, boards, scoreboard and the addition of air conditioning.
The city also carries a Tier II Junior "A" team known as the
Peterborough Starsthat play in the Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League. Lacrosseis also popular in the area. The city's two major teams are the Peterborough Lakers (defending Major Series Lacrossechampions) and the Peterborough Jr. Lakers.
Media and journalism
Main|Media in Peterborough, Ontario"
Youth Emergency Shelter
Peterborough Regional Health Centre
* [http://www.coin-ced.org/ind/index.php?overview Community Opportunity & Innovation Network Inc.]
* Artsweek - annual celebration of the arts in Peterborough held in September.
* [http://www.downtowncountdown.ca Downtown Countdown] - alcohol/drug-free New Year's Eve celebration (website currently down)
* Emergency: Festival of New Dance and Performance by Peterborough Area Artists - festival held in late March / early April, produced by [http://publicenergy.ca/ Public Energy and Peterborough New Dance]
* [http://www.pfot.org Festival of Trees] - fundraiser in support of local healthcare built around a show of decorated Christmas trees and other seasonally themed displays, late November, Memorial Centre
Peterborough Folk Festival[http://www.ptbofolkfest.ca] - three-day music, arts and community festival, featuring free all-day outdoor event with five stages, traditionally held last weekend in August
* The Ontario municipal holiday (held on the first Monday in August) which is called
Simcoe Dayin Toronto and Colonel By Day in Ottawais called Peter Robinson Day locally
* Summer Festival of Lights - free concert series and fireworks, Wednesdays and Saturdays from June to August, Del Crary Park
* Peterborough Kinsmen Santa Claus Parade [http://www.peterboroughkinsmen.ca] - first Saturday of December at 5:00 pm.
* [http://www.quidnovis.com Quid Novis] - Central Ontario's Online Info Source since 1996
* [http://thekawarthas.net:9080/tourism/searchEvent.jsp Peterborough & the Kawarthas Tourism] - Peterborough & the Kawartha's Tourism Events Listings in Peterborough Region.
* [http://www.peterboroughpromotions.com/ Peterborough Promotions] General Events List for Peterborough.
Notable current and former residents
Sebastian Bach, musician, actor, and former lead singer of Skid Row
David Bateman (Canadian poet), actor and playwright
Jim Balsillie, co- CEOof Research In Motion
Scotty Bowman, former hockey coach, Detroit Red Wings, Montreal Canadiens
Dave Carley, playwright
Steve Chiasson, (1967-1999) NHL player
George Albertus Cox, (1840-1914), former mayor, Canadian Senator
Seán Cullen, comedian, radio personality
Robertson Davies, (1913-1995), novelist, playwright, critic, journalist and professor
*Jason Dunn, lead singer of the Christian band
Mike Fisher, NHL player with the Ottawa Senators
Sandford Fleming, (1827–1915) Canadian engineer, inventor (invented Standard Time)
Matt Frewer, aka 1980s icon "Max Headroom"
Bob Gainey, former NHL player and now General Manager with the Montreal Canadiens
Emily Haines, musician, lead singer of Metric
Rex Harrington, ballet dancer
Ronnie Hawkins, Rock and Roll legend, currently resides in Lakefield (Peterborough County)
Barclay Hope, actor
*William Hope, actor
David Kaye, voice actor
Mike Keenan, NHL coach with the Calgary Flames
Gerard Kennedy, 2006 Liberal leadership candidate, studied at Trent University.
Norman Knott, (1945–2003) Anishinaabe artist from Curve Lake
Steve Larmer, former NHL player with the Chicago Blackhawksand New York Rangers
Yann Martel, winner of the Booker Prize, studied philosophy at Peterborough's Trent University
Greg Millen, hockeyanalyst
Paul Nicholas Mason, author of "Battered Soles", "The Red Dress" and "The Discipline Committee"
Leah McLaren, journalist, author
*Derek McCormack, writer
Trevor McNevan, member of Christian rock band Thousand Foot Krutch
Susanna Moodie, (1803-1885) Canadian author
Roger Neilson, (1934-2003) innovative NHL coach who spent 10 years coaching the Peterborough Petes
Catherine Parr Traill, 19th century Canadian author
Lester B. Pearson, former Prime Minister of Canada
Corey Perry, NHL player with the Anaheim Ducks
Bobby Roode, professional wrestler working for Total Nonstop Action Wrestling
Serena Ryder, singer and songwriter
Neil Sanderson, the drummer of Three Days Grace
Cory Stillman, NHL player with the Ottawa Senators
Thomas Symons, founding President of Trent University
Christian Tannaand Jagori Tanna, brothers and founders of the band I Mother Earth
Estella Warren, former synchronized swimmer turned model and actress
Greg Wells, songwriter and record producer
Rob Wells, songwriter and record producer
Peter Wray, film maker, writer and marketing strategist
* [http://www.peterborough.ca City of Peterborough homepage]
* [http://www.county.peterborough.on.ca County of Peterborough homepage]
* [http://www.peterboroughchamber.ca Greater Peterborough Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.thekawarthas.net Peterborough and the Kawarthas Tourism site]
* [http://www.gpaedc.on.ca Greater Peterborough Area Economic Development Organization site]
* [http://www.hanifworld.com/Peterborough.htm Peterborough Views] Peterborough Attractions such as Peterborough Lift Lock and
Riverview Park & Zoo
* [http://www.ylm.ca/peterborough YLM Peterborough Businesses] Official Business Listings and Events for the City of Peterborough, Peterborough and the Kawarthas Tourism and The Greater Peterborough Area Chamber of Commerce
* [http://www.pcma.ca Peterborough Centennial Museum and Archives]
* [http://www.nexicom.net/~history/SITEMAP.html Hutchison House Museum]
* [http://www.gopetesgo.com/home.php Peterborough Petes]
* [http://www.canoemuseum.net/ Canadian Canoe Museum]
* [http://www.quidnovis.com Quid Novis] Community Central Ontario's Online Information Source
* [http://www.knowaboutpeterborough.com KnowAbout Peterborough] Peterborough's Online Magazine & Community Directory
* [http://www.jaggedpath.com/ The JaggedPath] Mountain biking trails in and around Peterborough
* [http://www.waynecook.com/apeterborough.html Historic Plaques of Peterborough County]
* [http://www.pcma.ca/roylightlensheart.htm Roy's Studio Photography Collection] Over a century of photos of the people of Peterborough
* [http://www.warsawcaves.com/index.html Warsaw Caves Conservation Area] Caves, camping, swimming, and hiking. Located 30 minutes northeast of Peterborough
* [http://www.learningsource.ca The Learning Source] Interest and recreation courses in everything from business to belly dancing
* [http://www.ontarioparks.com/english/petr.html Petroglyphs Provincial Park] Centuries old, this is Canada's largest known collection of aboriginal rock carvings depicting turtles, snakes, birds, humans and other images. Northeast of Peterborough, hiking trials and interpretive centre
* [http://peterboroughkkinsmen.ca Peterborough Kinsmen Club]
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