Fort Frances

Fort Frances
Fort Frances
—  Town  —

Coat of arms
Motto: Industry and perseverance
Fort Frances is located in Ontario
Fort Frances
Coordinates: 48°37′N 93°24′W / 48.617°N 93.4°W / 48.617; -93.4Coordinates: 48°37′N 93°24′W / 48.617°N 93.4°W / 48.617; -93.4
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
District Rainy River District
Settled
Incorporated 1903
Government
 – Mayor Roy Avis
 – Federal riding Thunder Bay—Rainy River
 – Prov. riding Kenora—Rainy River
Area[1]
 – Land 26.85 km2 (10.4 sq mi)
Population (Canada 2006 Census)[1]
 – Total 8,103
 – Density 301.8/km2 (781.7/sq mi)
 – Demonym Fort Francesian
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 – Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code P9A
Area code(s) 807
Website www.fort-frances.com

Fort Frances is a town in, and the seat of, Rainy River District in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. The population as of the 2006 census was 8,103 and Fort Frances' population peaked in 1971 at 9,947. Fort Frances is a popular fishing destination, it hosts the Fort Frances Canadian Bass Championship annually.

Located on the international border with the United States where Rainy Lake narrows to become Rainy River, it is connected to International Falls, Minnesota, by the Fort Frances-International Falls International Bridge. The town is the third largest community of Northwestern Ontario after Thunder Bay and Kenora, the town offers many shopping and dining outlets. AbitibiBowater is the main industry in Fort Frances.

Contents

History

This was the first European settlement west of Lake Superior; it was established by French Canadian Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Vérendrye, first commander of the western district. In 1731 he built Fort St. Pierre near this spot as support for the fur trade with native peoples. In 1732 his expedition built Fort St. Charles on Magnuson Island on the west side of Lake of the Woods. After some time, Fort St. Pierre fell out of use.[2]

In 1817, following the War of 1812 and redefinition of borders between Canada and the United States, the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) built a fort here. Officials named the subsequent settlement after Lady Frances Simpson, wife of then Hudson's Bay Company Governor George Simpson, who visited the fort many times.[2]

Incorporated in 1903, the town held a big centennial celebration in 2003.

The main employer is a pulp and paper mill established in the early 1900s. It has had numerous owners over the years, notably Edward Wellington Backus. Now owned by AbitibiBowater, the mill employs about 700 persons.

On June 25, 1946, the town was struck by a tornado which caused major damage. This tornado struck a week after the deadly Windsor tornado.

Transportation

There are three airports in the area, one in the United States. The two local airports are for general aviation and other a privately owned floatplane base.

Ontario Highway 11 and Ontario Highway 71 are two major roads in Fort Frances. Both are part of the Trans Canada Highway and the latter ends in Fort Frances. The town is connected to Kenora via Highway 71, while Highway 11 provides connections to Devlin, Emo, and Rainy River to the west, and Atikokan to the east.

Canadian National Railway travels into Fort Frances with freight traffic only and travels across the International Bridge into the US.

Train, truck and car traffic to and from the United States is via the Fort Frances-International Falls International Bridge over the Rainy River.

Fort Frances Transit operated until 1996 and Fort Frances Handi-Van Transit is a provincial funded service run by the Town of Fort Frances. Caribou Coach Transportation Company Incorporated runs a bus route to and from Thunder Bay. This route was once served by Greyhound Canada.

Climate

Climate data for Fort Frances
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10
(50)
12.2
(54.0)
24.4
(75.9)
31.7
(89.1)
35
(95)
40
(104)
42.2
(108.0)
35.6
(96.1)
34.4
(93.9)
31.1
(88.0)
22.8
(73.0)
13.9
(57.0)
42.2
(108.0)
Average high °C (°F) −10.6
(12.9)
−6.4
(20.5)
1.1
(34.0)
10.3
(50.5)
18.8
(65.8)
22.9
(73.2)
25.4
(77.7)
24
(75)
17.6
(63.7)
10.4
(50.7)
0.2
(32.4)
−8.1
(17.4)
8.8
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.6
(3.9)
−11.9
(10.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
4.3
(39.7)
12.4
(54.3)
17
(63)
19.6
(67.3)
18.2
(64.8)
12.3
(54.1)
6
(43)
−3.4
(25.9)
−12.4
(9.7)
3.5
Average low °C (°F) −20.5
(−4.9)
−17.3
(0.9)
−9.5
(14.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
5.9
(42.6)
11
(52)
13.7
(56.7)
12.4
(54.3)
7.1
(44.8)
1.5
(34.7)
−6.9
(19.6)
−16.6
(2.1)
−1.7
Record low °C (°F) −44.4
(−47.9)
−43.3
(−45.9)
−37.2
(−35.0)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−11.1
(12.0)
−5
(23)
0.6
(33.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
−17.8
(0.0)
−16.7
(1.9)
−32
(−26)
−40
(−40)
−44.4
(−47.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 30.4
(1.197)
23.9
(0.941)
30.9
(1.217)
44.8
(1.764)
70.2
(2.764)
115.2
(4.535)
94.2
(3.709)
89.7
(3.531)
83.7
(3.295)
55.9
(2.201)
41.1
(1.618)
29.5
(1.161)
709.5
(27.933)
Source: Environment Canada[3]

Demographics

Census Population
1901 697
1911 1,611
1921 3,109
1931 5,470
1941 5,849
1951 8,038
1961 9,481
1971 9,947
1981 8,906
1991 8,891
2001 8,315
2006 8,103

Fort Frances had a population of 8,103 people in 2006, which was a decrease of 2.5% from the 2001 census count. The median household income in 2005 for Fort Frances was $54,859, which is below the Ontario provincial average of $60,455.[1]

Coat of arms

The city coat of arms features a bull moose; maple leaves; a "Magneto", representative of electricity (industry); two men in a canoe; a white pine tree; and the motto "Industry and Perseverance."

Media

Newspapers

Online Media

  • NWO Update

Television stations

There are no local CTV, Global or TVO outlets or repeaters; Shaw Cable carries CJBN-TV (CTV) from Kenora, CITV-TV (Global) from Edmonton, and TVO, plus CITY-TV (Citytv), CHCH-TV (independent), CFTM-TV (TVA, live feed) and TFO.

United States network programming on Shaw TV comes from Detroit (WDIV-TV, WXYZ-TV, WWJ-TV, and WTVS) and Rochester (WUHF); stations from the Duluth television market are not available on cable, though they are available over-the-air from repeaters in International Falls.

Radio stations

Another radio station, CKWO FM 92.3, was licensed to the neighbouring Couchiching First Nation. The station closed and went silent in 2007.

Education

Elementary and secondary schools

Rainy River District School Board

  • Fort Frances High School
  • Robert Moore School
  • JW Walker School

Northwest Catholic District School Board

  • St Michael's School
  • St Francis School

Post-secondary schools

Notable Fort Francesians

Culture and attractions

  • The Fort Frances Museum
  • The Border Land Arts Alliance
  • Tour de Fort
  • Folk Festival
  • Pither's Point Park
  • Le LaVerendrye Parkway
  • Scott Street and Kings Highway Shopping Districts
  • Kitchen Creek Golf Club
  • Heron Landing Golf Course
  • Logging Tug Hallet
  • 8th Street Walking & Ski Trails
  • Little Beaver Snow Park
  • Royal Canadian Legion Park
  • Clover Valley Farmer's Market
  • City Hall
  • The Parkway Tower
  • Rendezvous Yacht Club
  • The Noden Causeway

Sport

Fort Frances is home to the following amateur sports teams:

Fort Frances was the home of the former amateur sports teams:

Sporting facilities include:

  • Memorial Sports Center
  • Energy Fitness Centre
  • Curves For Woman

Sources

External links



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