- Stratford, Ontario
official_name = Stratford, Ontario
motto = "Industria et Ars (Industry and Arts)"
image_caption = City Hall
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Perth
leader_name =Dan Mathieson
leader_title1 = Governing Body
leader_name1 =Stratford City Council
established_title = Established
established_date =1859 (as town)
established_date2 = 1886 (city)
area_total_km2 = 21.92
population_as_of = 2006
population_footnotes =ref label|Stats_Canada|1|1(sc)
population_total = 30461
population_density_km2 = 1205.1
timezone = EST
utc_offset = −5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = −4
latd=43 |latm=22 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=80 |longm=58 |longs= |longEW=W
elevation_m = 364
postal_code_type = Postal code span
postal_code =N4Z, N5A
area_code = 519
website = [http://www.city.stratford.on.ca/ The City of Stratford Website]
When the area was first settled in 1832, the townsite and the river were named after
Stratford-upon-Avon, England, of Shakespearean fame. It is the seat of Perth County. Stratford was incorporated as a townin 1859 and as a cityin 1886. The first mayor was John Corry Wilson Dalyand the current mayor is Dan Mathieson. The swanhas become a symbol of the city. Each year twenty-four white swans and two black swans are released into the Avon River.
The town was originally a railway junction. Furniture manufacturing became an important part of the local economy by the twentieth century. A 1933 strike by furniture workers in Stratford, led by the Communist
Workers' Unity League, marks the last time the army was deployed to break a strike in Canada.
The city's economy took a major turn when the Shakespearean Stratford Festival started in 1953. The annual festival now brings hundreds of thousands of theatre goers and tourists to the area. Celebrities such as
Alec Guinness, Christopher Plummer, Peter Ustinov, Dame Maggie Smith, and William Shatnerhave performed at the festival. The world-renowned festival takes place in four theatres throughout the city; the Festival Theatre, the Avon Theatre, Tom Patterson Theatre and the Studio Theatre.
Notable past and present residents
Several celebrities hail from Stratford, most notably the singers
Loreena McKennittand Richard Manuel. Canadian news anchors Lloyd Robertsonand Tony Parsons both got their start in broadcasting at local radio station CJCS, Robertson in 1952 and Parsons in 1957. Thomas Edison briefly worked as a telegraph operator for the Grand Trunk Railwayat Stratford's railway station and the assistant architect of the United States Capitol, Michael G. Turnbull, was born in Stratford and lived there until the age of eleven, when his family emigrated to the United States. Stratford is often credited as the home of hockey superstar Howie Morenz, who was actually from nearby Mitchell. William D. Connor, Lieutenant Governorof Wisconsinfrom 1907 - 1909, grandfather of former Congressman and Secretary of Defense Melvin R. Laird, and great-grandfather of Jessica Laird Doyle, wife of Governor James Doyleof Wisconsin, was born near Stratford on a farm. Dr. Norman Bethunemade Stratford his temporary home in the early part 1917. He worked as a physician at a home on Albert Street (now demolished). The two stone dogs from this residence now stand guard outside the entrance to Queen's Park at the end of Parkview Drive. His sister Janet and her husband Thomas Stiles were host to the newlyweds Norman and Frances in 1924, when they stayed at Janet's home (335 Cobourg Street) for several months.
Historically, the city was a railway junction. Today,
Canadian National Railways, and the Goderich-Exeter Railwayprovide freight links, and VIA Rail Canadais the passenger carrier. While not on the Ontario freeway system, it is at the junctions of Highways 7, 8, and former 19 (Now Perth Road 119), and is connected to Highway 401 by expressways from Kitchener. Greyhound Canadaprovides daily service between London, Ontarioand Kitchener. Cherrey Bus Lines provides bus service from Stratford to Winghamcite web|url=http://www.cherreybuslines.com/scheduled_runs.html|title=Cherrey Bus Schedule|publisher=Cherrey Bus Lines|accessdate=2007-04-18] . Within the city Stratford Transitprovides the local bus service. The Stratford Municipal Airport(CNM4) is located just north of the city.
Stratford is home of the very successful OHA Midwestern Junior B hockey team, the
Stratford Cullitons. The Cullitons have produced notable NHL players such as Ed Olczyk, Craig Hartsburg, Garth Snow, Rob Blake, Chris Pronger, Nelson Emerson, Tim Taylor, Greg de Vries, Jeff Halpern, Rem Murrayand Boyd Devereauxand won several Sutherland Cupchampionships. Another hockey organization within the city is the Stratford Minor Hockey Association, which includes houseleague and travel teams for younger players. Stratford also has an Intercounty Baseball LeagueTeam called the Stratford Nationals, and a soccer team in the Kitchener and District Soccer League. Also a very successful Men's Rugby unionTeam, the Black Swans. The local high schools fare well in regional and provincial levels of sports.
In September 2005, Stratford hosted the
Ovation Music Festival. Winter concerts (produced by [http://www.standingovation.ca Standing Ovation Productions] ) have also taken place since 1997 at the Stratford Festival, where artists such as Gordon Lightfoot, Anne Murray, Blue Rodeo, Ronnie Hawkins, and Colin Jameshave performed.
Stratford Summer Music Festivalhas been held for seven seasons and features indoor and outdoor performances by international classical and world music artists as well as young Canadian performers in venues around downtown Stratford.
The [http://www.stratfordconcertband.com Stratford Concert Band] , a local wind ensemble, traces its history back to the CN Rail Employees Band formed in 1907 by James Malone. 2007 marks their 100th anniversary performing in Stratford, and will be celebrating with a gala concert and reception in May. The band performs a free outdoor concert in Upper Queen's Park every Wednesday evening in the summer months.
Notable musicians from Stratford include
Richard Manuelof The Band, John Tillwho backed up Janis Joplin, Ken Kalmuskyof the Great Speckled Bird (Manuel, Till & Kalmusky played together in The Revols), Dayna Manning, Colin Fisher, Trixie Lee, Richard Keelan, Jack Hayter, Louis Applebaum, John Boyden, and Loreena McKennitt.
Media and education
The Beacon Herald",
The Stratford City Gazette", and
*CJCS 1240 AM [http://www.cjcsradio.com/]
CHGK-FM107.7 FM [http://www.1077mixfm.com/]
The city's three secondary schools are:
Stratford Central Secondary School,
Stratford Northwestern Secondary School, both part of the Avon Maitland District School Board, and
St. Michael's Catholic Secondary School, which is part of the Huron Perth Catholic District School Board.
Stratford is also home to the prestigious
Stratford Chef School
Stratford has three sister cities: [ [http://www.sister-cities.org/icrc/directory/usa/CT] Web page titled "Online Directory: Connecticut, USA" at "Sister Cities International" Web site, accessed
March 27, 2007]
Stratford upon Avon, England
Stratford, Connecticut, United States
*1828 - Settlement begins.
*1832 - Thomas Mercer Jones, an agent of the
Canada Company, names the village "Stratford" and renames the portion of the Thames River running through it "The Avon River."
*1849 - The Perth County News is Stratford's first weekly newspaper.
*1853 - Perth County is created, with Stratford as its county seat.
*1854 - Stratford is incorporated as a
*1859 - Stratford is incorporated as a
*1885 - Stratford is incorporated as a
citywith a population of 9000.
*1918 - A gift from a Michigan CNR employee,
swans come to live in Stratford.
*1933 - The army is called in to end a general strike, the last time the military is used to quell a strike in Canada.
*1936 - The Shakespearean Gardens are created.
*1953 - The Stratford Shakespearean Festival Theatre is opened by a Stratford journalist,
*1957 - The Festival moves into its first permanent structure.
*1964 - The CNR shops close.
*1997 - Nations in Bloom crowns Stratford the "Prettiest City in the World."
*2003 - The Stratford Festival of Canada celebrated its 50th season welcoming 672,924 patrons to 18 plays.This was a record number of playgoers during the 50 seasons. The Avon Theatre realized a complete renewal and The Studio Theatre, a fourth theatre space seating 250 people was added.
Canadian City Geographic Location
West=St. Marys, London
East=Kitchener, New Hamburg, Shakespeare
South=Woodstock, Thamesford, Ingersoll| the year i went to stratford BG1828 - Settlement begins. 1832 - Thomas Mercer Jones, an agent of the Canada Company, names the village "Stratford" and renames the portion of the Thames River running through it "The Avon River." 1849 - The Perth County News is Stratford's first weekly newspaper. Ontario Street in the summertime.1853 - Perth County is created, with Stratford as its county seat. 1854 - Stratford is incorporated as a village. 1859 - Stratford is incorporated as a town. 1885 - Stratford is incorporated as a city with a population of 9000. 1918 - A gift from a Michigan CNR employee, swans come to live in Stratford. 1933 - The army is called in to end a general strike, the last time the military is used to quell a strike in Canada. 1936 - The Shakespearean Gardens are created. 1953 - The Stratford Shakespearean Festival Theatre is opened by a Stratford journalist, Tom Patterson. 1957 - The Festival moves into its first permanent structure. 1964 - The CNR shops close. 1997 - Nations in Bloom crowns Stratford the "Prettiest City in the World." 2003 - The Stratford Festival of Canada celebrated its 50th season welcoming 672,924 patrons to 18 plays.This was a record number of playgoers during the 50 seasons. The Avon Theatre realized a complete renewal and The Studio Theatre, a fourth theatre space seating 250 people was added.
 Neighbouring communities
Subdivisions of Ontario
* [http://www.city.stratford.on.ca/ The City of Stratford]
* [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/profil01/CP01/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3531011&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=stratford&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom= The City of Stratford at Statistics Canada]
* [http://www.stratfordfestival.ca/ The Stratford Festival Official Website]
* [http://www.ovationmusicfestival.ca/ Ovation Music Festival]
* [http://www.stratfordsummermusic.ca/ Stratford Summer Music Festival]
* [http://www.stratford.library.on.ca/ Stratford Public Library]
* [http://www.welcometostratford.com/ Stratford Visitors Information]
* [http://www.italkstratford.com/ italkSTRATFORD.com]
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