- Pembroke, Ontario
official_name = Pembroke, Ontario
nickname = The Heart of the Ottawa Valley
imagesize = 240px
image_caption = Pembroke City Hall and Muskrat River
dot_mapsize = 250px
dot_map_caption = Location of PAGENAME
dot_x = 209 |dot_y = 154
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Renfrew
leader_title = City Mayor
leader_title1 = Governing Body
Pembroke City Council
leader_title2 = MPs
established_title = Established
established_date = 1828
area_total_km2 = 14.35
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 13930
population_density_km2 = 970.7
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd=45 |latm=49 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=77 |longm=06 |longs= |longEW=W
elevation_m = 460
elevation_ft = 1509
postal_code_type = Postal Code
website = [http://www.pembrokeontario.com/ City of Pembroke]
footnotes = Dwellings: 6,351
Pembroke (2006 population 13,930; CA population 23,195) is a
cityat the confluence of the Muskrat Riverand the Ottawa Riverin the Ottawa Valleyin eastern Ontario, Canada. Pembroke is the seat of Renfrew County.
The first European settler to the area now known as Pembroke was Daniel Fraser in 1823, who squatted on land that was discovered to have been granted to a man named Abel Ward. Ward later sold the land (where Moncion's Grocers is located) to Fraser, and nearby Fraser Street is named after the family.
Peter White, a veteran of the Royal Navyarrived in 1828, squatting beside Fraser on the land where Dairy Queen is now located. Other settlers followed, attracted by the growing lumbering operations of the area.
Pembroke became a
police villagein 1858. Pembroke is named after Sidney Herbert, First Admiralty Secretary from 1841 to 1845 and son of George Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke.
Pembroke was incorporated as a town in
1878and as a city in 1971. It was named seat for Renfrew County in 1861. This set the stage for construction shortly thereafter on the Renfrew County Courthouse, which finished in 1867, and the arrival of many civil servants, much wealth and much construction. In the 20-year period following 1861, Pembroke basically became the city it is today in terms of layout and buildings, although many homes and other structures have been lost to time. A fire in 1918 destroyed much of Pembroke's downtown.
From 2005 to 2007, the Courthouse and Jail (now non-functional) were re-constructed into one building and historic renovations were also completed. Visitors on weekdays can view original 1867 jail cells in the basement, and the original courtroom, complete with a huge replica of the original brass light fixture. County meetings were held here for many years. Three hangings occurred at the indoor gallows inside the Courthouse, two in the 1870's and one in 1952.
Other historic buildings that survive in Pembroke include a historic synagogue, two original hospitals, the Dunlop mansion (Grey Gables Manor Bed & Breakfast), the 'Munroe Block' downtown, and two houses belonging to the White family. A fire in 1918 downtown destroyed many buildings, including the Pembroke Opera House.
In 1898 it became the seat of the
Roman Catholic Diocese of Pembroke.
Pembroke is the largest commercial centre between North Bay and
Ottawa. Historically, forestry and farming formed the backbone of the local economy and remain important today. Local timber products include lumber, plywood, veneer, hydro poles and fibreboard. Other local manufacturing operations produce office furniture. CFB Petawawain nearby Petawawa, Chalk River Laboratoriesof Atomic Energy of Canada Limitedin Chalk River and OLS call centres are also regional employers.The economy also benefits from tourism, aided partly by Pembroke's location on the Trans-Canada Highway. Pembroke is a gateway to natural adventures on the Petawawa and Ottawa Rivers, Algonquin Park and to world-class white water rafting a short distance to the southwest.
Local attractions include an outstanding number (30) of striking historic
murals in the downtown area depicting the history of the city, from steam engines to logging. The Champlain Trail Pioneer Village and Museum [http://www.downtownpembroke.com/pembrokemuseum] , features costumed guides who provide interpretation for guests. The history of Ottawa Valley settlers comes alive inside the fully furnished schoolhouse, pioneer log home and church - all built in the 1800’s. Other outdoor exhibits include train station, sawmill, blacksmith shop, stonelifter, carriage shed, woodworking shop, bake oven, smokehouse and a 1923 Bickle fire engine. The large museum features artifacts which range from fossils and Native Canadian arrowheads to furniture, clothing and manufactured products of Pembroke from various eras. There is also a replica of Samuel de Champlain's Astrolabe (he brought the original to the Valley in 1613), an original Cockburn pointer boat, Corliss steam engine, doctor's examination room, fancy parlour rooms, general store, hair salon and more.
The Pembroke Hydro Museum commemorates national hydro-electric development in Pembroke, including the first electric streetlights in Pembroke, and the first municipal building with electric lights (Victoria Hall).
Pembroke hosts one of the campuses of Ottawa-based
Algonquin College. Among the new programs are 'Outdoor Adventure' and 'Outdoor Adventure Naturalist'.
Pembroke has more murals than almost any city in Canada. See [http://www.muralroutes.com/mmapcan.htm Mural Routes of Canada] for more.
The city is home to the annual "Old Time Fiddling and Step Dancing Festival" that happens Labour Day weekend at Riverside Park. There are often up to 1400 RVs parked there for the week preceding the event. Award-winning fiddler/step dancer
April Verchis a Pembroke native. It is also host to the annual [http://www.silverstick.pembroke.on.ca/index.htm "Silver Stick Minor League Hockey Tournament"] . Silver Stick brings in several hundred children and youth on weekends in November and early December for regional qualifying games.
Pembroke's Public Library was designed by architect
Francis Conroy Sullivan, a contemporary of Frank Lloyd Wright.
Pembroke has been the home of the
Pembroke Lumber KingsJunior A Hockey Club since 1958. They have been members of the Central Junior A Hockey Leaguesince 1961.
privateDwell=6,351 |privateDwellusual=6,012 |medianHHIncome=34,296 per person aged 15+
Most broadcast media transmitting in the Pembroke area are rebroadcasters of stations from
Ottawa, Arnprior or Toronto. CHVR-FMis the only broadcast station directly based in the Pembroke area itself. Pembroke also remains CHRO-TV's official city of license, although the station currently operates out of studios in Ottawa.
The city's main daily newspaper is the "The Daily Observer". The Observer also publishes the twice-weekly free "The News", a carrier for flyers.
Notable citizens from Pembroke
*Pembroke is the birthplace of comedian
Tom Green, although Green's family subsequently moved to Ottawa.
Paul Joseph James Martinalso known as Paul Martin, Sr., noted lawyer, politician and father of former Prime Minister Paul Martinwas raised in Pembroke.
*Pembroke boasts three NHL Hall of Fame hockey players:
Frank Nighbor, Harry Cameronand Hugh Lehman(see mural below).
*Rower/kayaker Sarah Boudens, who will be participating in the 2008 Beijing Olympics, is a Pembroke native.
Jason Blaine, a country singer who was born and raised in Pembroke
* [http://www.pembroke.ca/ City of Pembroke official website]
* [http://www.downtownpembroke.com Pembroke business directory] .
Canadian City Geographic Location (8-way)
Centre = Pembroke
North = "
Ottawa River" / L'Isle-aux-Allumettes, Quebec
East = Laurentian Valley
South = Laurentian Valley
West = Laurentian Valley
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.