Meningoencephalitis

Meningoencephalitis
Meningoencephalitis
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 G04
ICD-9 323.9
DiseasesDB 22354
MeSH D888590

Meningoencephalitis (pronounced /mɛˌnɪŋɡɵ.ɛnˌsɛfəˈlaɪtɨs/, from Greek: meninges- membranes; enkephalos brain; and -itis inflammation) is a medical condition that simultaneously resembles both meningitis, which is an infection or inflammation of the meninges, and encephalitis, which is an infection or inflammation of the brain.

Contents

Causes

Causative organisms include protozoans, viral and bacterial pathogens.

Specific types include:

Bacterial

Viral

Other/multiple

Protozoal

Ameobic pathogens exist as free-living protozoans. Nevertheless, these pathogens cause rare and uncommon CNS infections. N. fowleri produces primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM). The symptoms of PAM are indistinguishable from acute bacterial meningitis. Other amebae cause granulomatous amebic encephalitis (GAE), which is a more subacute and can even a non-symptomatic chronic infection. Ameobic meningoencephalitis can mimic a brain abscess, aseptic or chronic meningitis, or CNS malignancy.[5]

Prognosis

The disease is associated with high rates of mortality and severe morbidity.[citation needed]

Notable cases

It was the claimed cause of death of the popular British TV presenter Christopher Price.[6]

In May, 2009 former Premier of New South Wales (Australia) Morris Iemma was admitted to hospital with meningoencephalitis[7].

See also

References

  1. ^ Bruyn HB, Sexton HM, Brainerd HD (March 1957). "Mumps meningoencephalitis; a clinical review of 119 cases with one death". Calif Med 86 (3): 153–60. PMC 1512024. PMID 13404512. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1512024. 
  2. ^ Newton, PJ; Newsholme, W; Brink, NS; Manji, H; Williams, IG; Miller, RF (2002). "Acute meningoencephalitis and meningitis due to primary HIV infection". BMJ (Clinical research ed.) 325 (7374): 1225–7. PMC 1124692. PMID 12446542. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1124692. 
  3. ^ Del Saz, SV; Sued, O; Falcó, V; Agüero, F; Crespo, M; Pumarola, T; Curran, A; Gatell, JM et al. (2008). "Acute meningoencephalitis due to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection in 13 patients: clinical description and follow-up". Journal of neurovirology 14 (6): 474–9. doi:10.1080/13550280802195367. PMID 19037815. 
  4. ^ Orgogozo JM, Gilman S, Dartigues JF, et al. (2003-07-08). "Subacute meningoencephalitis in a subset of patients with AD after Aß42 immunization". Neurology 61 (1): 46–54. doi:10.1212/01.WNL.0000073623.84147.A8. PMID 12847155. http://www.neurology.org/cgi/content/abstract/61/1/46?ck=nck. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  5. ^ Amebic Meningoencephalitis at eMedicine
  6. ^ "Presenter Killed by Rare Infection". BBC News. 2002-06-19. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/tv_and_radio/2053119.stm. Retrieved 2008-05-01. 
  7. ^ Silmalis, Linda (2009-06-28). "Paralysed Iemma fights to walk again". The Sunday Telegraph. http://www.news.com.au/story/0,27574,25702400-421,00.html. Retrieved 2009-06-28. 



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • meningoencephalitis — noun (plural meningoencephalitides) Etymology: New Latin Date: circa 1860 inflammation of the brain and meninges • meningoencephalitic adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • meningoencephalitis — me·nin·go·en·ceph·a·li·tis (mə nĭng gō ĕn sĕf ə līʹtĭs) n. Inflammation of the brain and meninges.   me·nin go·en·ceph a·litʹic ( lĭtʹĭk) adj. * * * …   Universalium

  • meningoencephalitis — noun inflammation of the brain and the meninges …   Wiktionary

  • meningoencephalitis — An inflammation of the brain and its membranes. SYN: cerebromeningitis, encephalomeningitis. [meningo + G. enkephalos, brain, + itis, inflammation] acute primary hemorrhagic m. SYN: acute epidemic leukoencepha …   Medical dictionary

  • meningoencephalitis — me·nin·go·encephalitis …   English syllables

  • meningoencephalitis — n. inflammation of the brain and its membranous coverings (the meninges) caused by bacterial, viral, or fungal infection. The disease may also involve the spinal cord, producing myelitis with paralysis of both legs, sometimes called… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • meningoencephalitis — noun inflammation of the brain and spinal cord and their meninges • Syn: ↑cerebromeningitis, ↑encephalomeningitis • Hypernyms: ↑meningitis, ↑encephalitis, ↑cephalitis, ↑phrenitis …   Useful english dictionary

  • Granulomatous meningoencephalitis — (GME) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) of dogs and, rarely, cats. It is a form of meningoencephalitis. GME is likely second only to encephalitis caused by canine distemper virus as the most common cause of… …   Wikipedia

  • Tick-borne meningoencephalitis — Taxobox name = Tick borne meningoencephalitis virus virus group = iv familia = Flaviviridae genus = Flavivirus species = Tick borne meningoencephalitis virus Tick borne meningoencephalitis or Tick borne encephalitis is a tick borne viral… …   Wikipedia

  • Necrotizing meningoencephalitis — (NME) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that occurs in young, small breed dogs. Necrotizing meingoencephalitis has been described in numerous small breeds, including the Pug, Maltese and Chihuahua.[1]… …   Wikipedia

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