Orchitis

Orchitis
Orchitis
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 N45
ICD-9 604
DiseasesDB 4342
MedlinePlus 001280
eMedicine emerg/344
MeSH D009920

Orchitis or orchiditis is a condition of the testes involving inflammation.[1] It can also involve swelling and frequent infection.

Contents

Symptoms

Symptoms of orchitis are similar to those of testicular torsion. These can include:

Causes

Orchitis can be related to epididymitis infection that has spread to the testicles, often caused by the sexually transmitted diseases chlamydia and gonorrhea. It can also be seen during active mumps, particularly in adolescent boys.

Ischemic orchitis may result from damage to the blood vessels of the spermatic cord during inguinal herniorrhaphy, and may in the worst event lead to testicular atrophy.[2]

Treatment

In most cases where orchitis is caused by epididymitis, treatment is an oral antibiotic such as cefalexin or ciprofloxacin until infection clears up. For viral infections, antibiotics are not recommended. In both causes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as naproxen or ibuprofen are recommended to relieve pain. Sometimes stronger pain medications in the opiate category are called for and are frequently prescribed by experienced emergency room physicians.

References

  1. ^ "orchitis" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  2. ^ Simons MP, Aufenacker T, Bay-Nielsen M, et al. European Hernia Society guidelines on the treatment of inguinal hernia in adult patients. Hernia (2009) 13:343–403

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Orchitis — Or*chi tis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? a testicle + itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the testicles. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Orchītis — (gr.), Hodenentzündung …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Orchītis — (griech.), Hodenentzündung, s. Hodenkrankheiten …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Orchitis — Orchītis (grch.), Hodenentzündung (s. Hoden) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Orchitis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 N45 Orchitis und Epididymitis B26.0 Mumps Orchitis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orchitis — Inflammation of the testis (male sex organ). There are many causes of inflammation of the testis including infections (such as mumps), diseases (such as polyarteritis nodosa), or injury. Also called orchiditis. * * * Inflammation of the testis.… …   Medical dictionary

  • orchitis — orchitic /awr kit ik/, adj. /awr kuy tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the testis. Also, orchiditis /awr ki duy tis/. [1790 1800; < NL; see ORCHI , ITIS] * * * Inflammation and swelling of the testes, caused by infection (most often mumps) or… …   Universalium

  • orchitis — n. inflammation of the testis. This causes pain, redness, and swelling of the scrotum, and may be associated with inflammation of the epididymis (epididymo orchitis). The condition may affect one or both testes; it is usually caused by infection… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Orchitis — Hodenentzündung * * * Or|chi|tis 〈[ çi: ] f.; , ti|den; Med.〉 = Hodenentzündung * * * Or|chi|tis, die; , …itiden (Med.): entzündliche Erkrankung der Hoden. * * * Orchitis   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • orchitis — (or ki tis) Inflammation of the testes …   Dictionary of microbiology

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