Stomatitis is an inflammation of the mucous lining of any of the structures in the mouth, which may involve the cheeks, gums, tongue, lips, throat, and roof or floor of the mouth. The inflammation can be caused by conditions in the mouth itself, such as poor oral hygiene, poorly fitted dentures, or from mouth burns from hot food or drinks, or by conditions that affect the entire body, such as medications, allergic reactions, radiation therapy, or infections. A form of stomatitis known as stomatitis nicotina can be caused by smoking cigars, cigarettes, and pipes, and is characterized by small red bumps on the roof of the mouth. [cite web|year=1969|title=Smoking and Noncancerous Oral Disease|format=PDF|work=The Reports of the Surgeon General|url=|accessdate=2006-06-23]


Severe iron deficiency anemia can lead to stomatitis. Iron is necessary for the upregulation of transcriptional elements for cell replication and repair. Lack of iron can cause the genetic downregulation of these elements, leading to ineffective repair and regeneration of epithelial cells, especially in the mouth and lips.

When it also involves an inflammation of the gingiva, it is called gingivostomatitis.

Angular stomatitis

Irritation and fissuring in the corners of the lips is termed angular stomatitis or angular cheilitis. In children a frequent cause is repeated lip-licking and in adults it may be a sign of underlying iron deficiency anemia, or vitamin B deficiencis (e.g. B2-riboflavin, B9-folate or B12-cobalamins), which in turn may be evidence of poor diets or malnutrition (e.g. celiac disease).

See also

* Aphthous ulcer
* Bovine papular stomatitis


External links

* [ Health A-Z]
* [ DrHull]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stomatitis — (f), Mundschleimhautentzündung (f) eng stomatitis …   Arbeitssicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz Glossar

  • Stomatitis — Stom a*ti tis, n. [NL., fr. Gr. sto ma, atos, mouth + itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the mouth. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Stomatītis — (gr.), Entzündung der Mundhöhle; S. aphthōsa, die Schwämmchen; S. exsudativa, so v.w. Soor. Stomatocatharsis, Reinigung des Mundes; Stomatocatharterĭum (Stomatĭcum), den Mund reinigendes Mittel. Stomatodynie, Schmerz im Munde. Stomatomalăcie,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Stomatītis — (griech.), Entzündung der Mundschleimhaut, s. Mundkrankheiten. S. contagiosa pustulosa, Maulseuche der Pferde, eine seit 1878 wissenschaftlich festgestellte Entzündung der Maulschleimhaut der Pferde, die unter sehr auffälligen und heftigen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • stomatitis — 1859, from Gk. stomat “mouth” (see STOMA (Cf. stoma)) + ITIS (Cf. itis) …   Etymology dictionary

  • stomatitis — stomatìtis m DEFINICIJA pat. upalne promjene na sluznici usne šupljine, različita uzroka ETIMOLOGIJA nlat. ≃ grč. stóma: usta + itis …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • stomatitis — [stō΄mə tīt′is, stäm΄ətīt′is] n. [ModL: see STOMATO ] inflammation of the mouth …   English World dictionary

  • Stomatitis — Unter einer Stomatitis (aus griechisch Stoma = Mund und itis) versteht man eine Entzündung der Mundschleimhaut. Sie stellt eine eigene Krankheit dar, kann aber auch ein Begleitsymptom einer anderen Krankheit oder Nebenwirkung einer Therapie sein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stomatitis — Entzündung der Mundschleimhaut * * * Sto|ma|ti|tis 〈f.; , ti|ti|den〉 Entzündung der Mundschleimhaut [zu grch. stoma „Mund, Öffnung“] * * * Stomatitis   [zu Stoma] die, /... tiden, Entzündung der Mundschleimhaut; Ursachen sind Infektionen durch… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • stomatitis — Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth. [stomat + G. itis, inflammation] angular s. SYN: angular cheilitis. aphthous s. SYN: aphtha (2). epidemic s. contagious mouth …   Medical dictionary

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