Classification and external resources

Micrograph of acute and chronic salpingitis. H&E stain.
ICD-10 N70
ICD-9 614.2
DiseasesDB 9748
eMedicine med/2059

Salpingitis is an infection and inflammation in the fallopian tubes. It is often used synonymously with Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), although PID lacks an accurate definition and can refer to several diseases of the female upper genital tract, such as endometritis, oophoritis, myometritis, parametritis and infection in the pelvic peritoneum[1] . In contrast, salpingitis only refers to infection and inflammation in the fallopian tubes. [1]


Acute and chronic salpingitis

There are two types of salpingitis: Acute salpingitis and chronic salpingitis.


The symptoms usually appear after a menstrual period. The most common are:

  • Abnormal smell and colour of vaginal discharge.
  • Pain during ovulation
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Pain coming and going in periods
  • Abdominal pain
  • Lower back pain
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Bloating


Causes and pathophysiology

The infection usually has its origin in the vagina, and ascends to the fallopian tube from there. Because the infection can spread via the lymph vessels, infection in one fallopian tube usually leads to infection of the other.[2]

Risk factors

It's been theorized that retrograde menstrual flow and that the cervix opens during menstruation allows the infection to reach the fallopian tubes.

Other risk factors include: Surgical procedures, breaking the cervical barrier:

Another risk is factors that alter the microenvironment in the vagina and cervix, allowing infecting organisms to proliferate and eventually ascend to the fallopian tube:

Finally, sexual intercourse may facilitate the spread of disease from vagina to fallopian tube. Coital risk factors are:

  • Uterine contractions
  • Sperm, carrying organisms upwards.

Bacterial species

The bacteria most associated with salpingitis are

However, salpingitis usually is polymicrobal, involving many kinds of organisms. Other examples of organisms involved are:


Over one million cases of acute salpingitis are reported every year in the U.S., but the number of incidents is probably larger, due to incomplete and untimely reporting methods and that many cases are reported first when the illness has gone so far that it has developed chronic complications. For women aged 16–25, salpingitis is the most common serious infection. It affects approximately 11% of the female of reproductive age.[1] Salpingitis has a higher incidence among members of lower socioeconomic classes. However, this is thought of being an effect of earlier sex debut, multiple partners and decreased ability to receive proper health care rather than any independent risk factor for salpingitis. As an effect of an increased risk due to multiple partners, the prevalence of salpingitis is highest for people aged 15–24 years. Decreased awareness of symptoms and less will to use contraceptives are also common in this group, raising the occurrence of salpingitis.


For the affected, 20% need hospitalization. Regarding patients aged 15–44 years, 0.29 per 100,000 dies from salpingitis.[1]

However, salpingitis can also lead to infertility, because the eggs released in ovulation can't get contact with the sperm. Approximately 75,000-225,000 cases of infertility in the U.S. are caused by salpingitis. The more times one has the infection, the greater the risk of infertility. With one episode of salpingitis, the risk of infertility is 8-17%. With 3 episodes of salpingitis, the risk is 40-60%, although the exact risk depends on the severity of each episode.[1]

In addition, damaged oviducts increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy. Thus, if one has had salpingitis, the risk of a pregnancy to become ectopic is 7 to 10-fold as large. Half of ectopic pregnancies are due to a salpingitis infection.[1]

Other complications are:

  • Infection of ovaries and uterus [2]
  • Infection of sex partners [2]
  • An abscess on the ovary [2]


Salpingitis is most commonly treated with antibiotics.[2]

Prompt treatment and Contact-tracing minimizes complications, Admission for Blood Culture and Iv Antibiotics if very Unwell (e.g.,Cefoxitin 2gr/6hrls slow IV with Doxycyclin 100 mg/12h PO) initially then Doxycyclin 100 mg /12 h PO with Metronidazole 400 mg 12h PO until 14 days can cover gonorrhea and chlamydia infection. if less unwell Ofloxacin 400 mg/12 h PO and Metronidazole 400 mg/12 hr PO for 14 days. Trace contacts and ensure the patient and partner seek treatment is essential.


By Pelvic examination, blood tests and mucus swab a doctor can diagnose salpingitis.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Salpingitis at eMedicine
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Salpingitis: treatment, symptoms, cause, prevention, complications, long-term outlook". 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Salpingitis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Salpingitis Clasificación y recursos externos Aviso médico …   Wikipedia Español

  • salpingitis — f. anat. patol. Inflamación crónica o aguda de las trompas de Falopio. Generalmente está provocada por una infección secundaria a otra infección procedente del endometrio o de la vagina. Las salpingitis de tipo crónico pueden proceder de una… …   Diccionario médico

  • Salpingitis — Sal pin*gi tis, n. [NL. See {Salpinx}, and { itis}.] (Med.) Inflammation of the salpinx. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Salpingītis — (griech.), Entzündung des Eileiters oder der Muttertrompete (salpinx), wird meist durch Infektion mit pathogenen Mikroorganismen (z. B. mit Tripperkeimen) hervorgerufen und ist fast immer sekundärer Natur. S. tritt im Gefolge von Erkrankungen der …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • salpingitis — salpingìtis m DEFINICIJA pat. upala jajovoda ETIMOLOGIJA grč. sálpigks: truba, cijev + itis …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • salpingitis — [sal΄pin jīt′is] n. [< SALPINGO + ITIS] inflammation of a fallopian tube or eustachian tube …   English World dictionary

  • Salpingitis — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • salpingitis — Inflammation of the uterine or the eustachian tube. [salping + G. itis, inflammation] chronic interstitial s. s. in which fibrosis or mononuclear cell infiltration …   Medical dictionary

  • salpingitis — (Del gr. salpinx, ingos, trompa + itis, inflamación.) ► sustantivo femenino MEDICINA Inflamación de las trompas del útero. IRREG. plural salpingitis …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Salpingitis — Eileiterentzündung * * * Sal|pin|gi|tis 〈f.; , ti|den〉 = Eileiterentzündung [zu grch. salpinx „Trompeter“] * * * Salpingitis   [zu Salpinx (nach der trompetenähnlichen Form der Eileiter)] die, /... tiden, die Eileiterentzündung (Eileiter). * * * …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”