- Aerobic organism
An aerobic organism or aerobe is an organism that can survive and grow in an oxygenated environment. Faculitative anaerobes grow and survive in an oxygenated environment and so do aerotolerant anaerobes.
Notice that oxygen is used during the oxidation of glucose and water is produced.
Almost all animals, most fungi, and several bacteria are obligate aerobes, which require oxygen. Most anaerobic organisms are bacteria.[clarification needed] Being an obligate aerobe, although advantageous from the energetical point of view, also means obligatory exposure to high levels of oxidative stress.
Yeast is an example of a facultative anaerobe, which can develop in the presence of oxygen but does not require it. Individual human cells are also facultative anaerobes: they switch to lactic acid fermentation if oxygen is not available. However, for the whole organism this cannot be sustained for long, and humans are therefore obligate aerobes.
- Aerobic digestion
- Anaerobic digestion
- Facultative anaerobic organism
- Fermentation (biochemistry)
Pathogenic bacteria Human flora Substrate preference Oxygen preference StructuresOutside envelopeComposite Shapes
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.