MeshID =

Endometritis refers to inflammation of the endometrium, the inner lining of the uterus. Pathologists have traditionally classified endometritis as either acute or chronic: acute endometritis is characterized by the presence of microabscesses or neutrophils within the endometrial glands, while chronic endometritis is distinguished by variable numbers of plasma cells within the endometrial stroma. The most common cause of endometritis is infection. Symptoms include lower abdominal pain, fever and abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge. Caesarean section, prolonged rupture of membranes and long labor with multiple vaginal examinations are important risk factors. Treatment is usually with broad-spectrum antibiotics.

Acute Endometritis

Acute Endometritis is characterized by infection. The most causative agents are Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus. The most common causes of infection are believed to be because of compromised abortions, delivery, medial instrumentation, and retention of placental fragments. Histologically, neutrophilic infiltration of the endometrial tissue is present during acute endometritis. The clinical presentation is typically high fever and purulent vaginal discharge. Menstruation after acute endometritis is excessive and in uncomplicated cases can resolve after 2 weeks with antibiotic treatment.

Chronic Endometritis

Chronic Endometritis is characterized by the presence of plasma cells in the stroma. The most common causes are chronic pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), tuberculosis, and chlamydia. Patients suffering from chronic endometritis often have an underlying cancer of the cervix or endometrium. Chronic granulomatous endometritis is most often tuberculous in etiology. The granulomas are small, sparse, and without caseation. The granulomas take up to 2 weeks to develop and since the endometrium is shed every 4 weeks, the granulomas are poorly formed. In human medicine pyometra (also a veterinary condition of significance) is regarded as a form of chronic endometritis seen in elderly women causing stenosis of the cervical os and accumulation of discharges and infection. Symptom in chronic endometritis is blood stained discharge but in pyometra the patient complaints of lower abdominal pain.


Pyometra, in medicine, is an accumulation of pus in the uterine cavity. This condition is very well known in veterinary medicine. Please see Pyometra in dogs.

ee also

*Maternal death
*Puerperal fever


* Pathology Board Review Series, 3rd edition
* Stedman's Medical Dictionary
* Robbins Basic Pathology 7th edition

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Endometritis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Endometritis Clasificación y recursos externos Aviso médico CIE 10 N …   Wikipedia Español

  • endometritis — f. ginec. Inflamación aguda o crónica de la mucosa uterina. Las formas crónicas suelen deberse a la invasión del bacilo tuberculoso, mientras que las formas agudas se deben a estreptococos, enterococos, gonococos y estafilococos. Los síntomas más …   Diccionario médico

  • Endometritis —   die, /... tiden, Gebärmutterentzündung, Entzündung der Gebärmutterschleimhaut, meist infolge aufsteigender Infektionen durch Eigen oder Fremdkeime der Scheide, u. a. bei Gonorrhö, nach Entbindungen, Fehlgeburten, Ausschabungen, Anwendung von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Endometritis — En do*me*tri tis, n. [NL. See {Endometrium}, and { itis}.] (Med.) Inflammation of the endometrium. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Endometrītis — Endometrītis, Entzündung der Gebärmutterschleimhaut …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • endometritis — f. Med. Inflamación del endometrio …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Endometritis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 N71 Entzündliche Krankheit des Uterus, ausgenommen der Zervix Endo(myo)metritis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • endometritis — /en doh mi truy tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the lining of the uterus. [1870 75; < NL; see ENDOMETRIUM, ITIS] * * * ▪ pathology       inflammation of the endometrium, the mucous lining of the uterus. Endometritis is most commonly caused by… …   Universalium

  • Endometritis — Inflammation of the endometrium. The endometrium is the inner layer of the womb (uterus). * * * Inflammation of the endometrium. [endometrium + itis, inflammation] decidual e. inflammation of the decidual mucous membrane of the …   Medical dictionary

  • endometritis — ► sustantivo femenino MEDICINA Inflamación de la mucosa del útero, que se manifiesta con fiebre, dolores y pérdidas purulentas. IRREG. plural endometritis * * * endometritis. f. Med. Inflamación del endometrio …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”