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Encephalomyelitis is a general term for inflammation of the brain and spinal cord, describing a number of disorders:

* "acute disseminated encephalomyelitis" or "postinfectious encephalomyelitis", a demyelinating disease of the brain and spinal cord, possibly triggered by vaccination or viral infection; [RareDiseases|8639|Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis] [NINDS|acute_encephalomyelitis|Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis Information Page]
* "encephalomyelitis disseminata", a synonym for multiple sclerosis;
* "equine encephalomyelitis", a potentially fatal mosquito-borne viral disease that infects horses and humans;
* "myalgic encephalomyelitis", a syndrome involving inflammation of the central nervous system with symptoms of muscle pain and fatigue; the term has sometimes been used interchangeably with "chronic fatigue syndrome", though there is still controversy over the distinction. [RareDiseases|7121|Myalgic encephalomyelitis]
* "experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis" (EAE), an animal model of brain inflammation.


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  • Encephalomyelitis — vgl. Enzephalomyelitis …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • encephalomyelitis — [en sef΄ə lō΄mī΄ə līt′is] n. [ ENCEPHALO + MYELITIS] inflammation of the brain and spinal cord; specif., a viral disease of horses and other animals sometimes communicable to people …   English World dictionary

  • Encephalomyelitis — Inflammation of both the brain and the spinal cord. Encephalomyelitis can be caused by a variety of conditions that lead to inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. Among the common causes of encephalomyelitis are viruses which infect the… …   Medical dictionary

  • encephalomyelitis — n. an acute inflammatory disease affecting the brain and spinal cord. It is sometimes part of an overwhelming virus infection but acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a form of delayed tissue hypersensitivity provoked by a mild… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Encephalomyelitis disseminata — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 G35 Multiple Sklerose (Encephalomyelitis disseminata) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • encephalomyelitis vaccine — a bivalent killed virus vaccine of chicken tissue culture origin, used for immunization of horses against eastern and western equine encephalomyelitis …   Medical dictionary

  • encephalomyelitis — noun (plural encephalomyelitides) Etymology: New Latin Date: 1908 concurrent inflammation of the brain and spinal cord; specifically equine encephalitis …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • encephalomyelitis — encephalomyelitic /en sef euh loh muy euh lit ik/, adj. /en sef euh loh muy euh luy tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. [1905 10; ENCEPHALO + MYELITIS] * * * …   Universalium

  • encephalomyelitis — noun Inflammation of the brain and spinal cord …   Wiktionary

  • encephalomyelitis — n. inflammation of the brain and spinal cord …   English contemporary dictionary

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