Carpet shark

Carpet shark
Carpet sharks
Temporal range: Late Jurassic–Recent[1]
Spotted wobbegong, Orectolobus maculatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Superorder: Selachimorpha
Order: Orectolobiformes
Applegate, 1972

See text

The carpet sharks are an order, Orectolobiformes, of sharks, so called because many members have ornate patterns reminiscent of carpets.

Carpet sharks have two dorsal fins, without spines, and a small mouth that is forward of the eyes. Many have barbels and small gill slits, with the fifth slit overlapping the fourth. The upper lobe of the caudal fin tends to be mostly in line with the body, while the lower lobe is poorly developed, except in the case of the whale shark. While many in the order are small, the whale shark is the largest living fish.



The order is small, with only around 43 species in seven families in 13 genera:

Order Orectolobiformes

  • Family Brachaeluridae Applegate (Blind sharks)
    • Genus Brachaelurus Ogilby, 1908
    • Genus Heteroscyllium Regan, 1908
      • Heteroscyllium colcloughi (Ogilby, 1908) (Bluegrey carpetshark)
  • Family Ginglymostomatidae Gill, 1862 (Nurse sharks)
    • Genus Ginglymostoma J. P. Müller & Henle, 1837
      • Ginglymostoma cirratum Bonnaterre, 1788 (Nurse shark)
    • Genus Nebrius Rüppell, 1837
      • Nebrius ferrugineus (Lesson, 1831) (Tawny nurse shark)
    • Genus Pseudoginglymostoma Dingerkus, 1986
      • Pseudoginglymostoma brevicaudatum (Günther, 1867) (Short-tail nurse shark)
  • Family Hemiscylliidae Gill, 1862 (Bamboo sharks)
    • Genus Chiloscyllium J. P. Müller & Henle, 1837
      • Chiloscyllium arabicum Gubanov, 1980 (Arabian carpetshark)
      • Chiloscyllium burmensis Dingerkus & DeFino, 1983 (Burmese bamboo shark)
      • Chiloscyllium caerulopunctatum Pellegrin, 1914 (Bluespotted bamboo shark)
      • Chiloscyllium griseum J. P. Müller & Henle, 1838 (Grey bamboo shark)
      • Chiloscyllium hasseltii Bleeker, 1852 (Hasselt's bamboo shark)
      • Chiloscyllium indicum (J. F. Gmelin, 1789) (Slender bamboo shark)
      • Chiloscyllium plagiosum (Anonymous, referred to Bennett, 1830) (Whitespotted bamboo shark)
      • Chiloscyllium punctatum J. P. Müller & Henle, 1838 (Brownbanded bamboo shark)
    • Genus Hemiscyllium J. P. Müller & Henle, 1837
      • Hemiscyllium freycineti (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) (Indonesian speckled carpetshark)
      • Hemiscyllium galei G. R. Allen & Erdmann, 2008[2]
      • Hemiscyllium hallstromi Whitley, 1967 (Papuan epaulette shark)
      • Hemiscyllium henryi G. R. Allen & Erdmann, 2008[2]
      • Hemiscyllium michaeli G. R. Allen & Dudgeon, 2010[3] (Milne Bay epaulette shark)
      • Hemiscyllium ocellatum (Bonnaterre, 1788) (Epaulette shark)
      • Hemiscyllium strahani Whitley, 1967 (Hooded carpetshark)
      • Hemiscyllium trispeculare J. Richardson, 1843 (Speckled carpetshark)
  • Family Orectolobidae Gill, 1896 (Carpet sharks)
    • Genus Eucrossorhinus Regan, 1908
      • Eucrossorhinus dasypogon (Bleeker, 1867) (Tasselled wobbegong)
    • Genus Orectolobus Bonaparte, 1834
      • Orectolobus floridus Last & Chidlow, 2008 (Floral banded wobbegong)
      • Orectolobus halei Whitley, 1940.[4]
      • Orectolobus hutchinsi Last, Chidlow & Compagno, 2006.[5] (Western wobbegong)
      • Orectolobus japonicus Regan, 1906 (Japanese wobbegong)
      • Orectolobus leptolineatus Last, Pogonoski & W. T. White, 2010 (Indonesian wobbegong)
      • Orectolobus maculatus (Bonnaterre, 1788) (Spotted wobbegong)
      • Orectolobus ornatus (De Vis, 1883) (Ornate wobbegong)
      • Orectolobus parvimaculatus Last & Chidlow, 2008 (Dwarf spotted wobbegong)
      • Orectolobus reticulatus Last, Pogonoski & W. T. White, 2008 (Network wobbegong)
      • Orectolobus wardi Whitley, 1939 (Northern wobbegong)
    • Genus Sutorectus Whitley, 1939
  • Family Parascylliidae Gill, 1862 (Collared carpet sharks)
    • Genus Cirrhoscyllium H. M. Smith & Radcliffe, 1913
      • Cirrhoscyllium expolitum H. M. Smith & Radcliffe, 1913 (Barbelthroat carpetshark)
      • Cirrhoscyllium formosanum Teng, 1959 (Taiwan saddled carpetshark)
      • Cirrhoscyllium japonicum Kamohara, 1943 (Saddle carpetshark)
    • Genus Parascyllium Gill, 1862
      • Parascyllium collare E. P. Ramsay & Ogilby, 1888 (Collared carpetshark)
      • Parascyllium elongatum Last & Stevens, 2008 (Elongate carpetshark)
      • Parascyllium ferrugineum McCulloch, 1911 (Rusty carpetshark)
      • Parascyllium sparsimaculatum T. Goto & Last, 2002 (Ginger carpetshark)
      • Parascyllium variolatum (A. H. A. Duméril, 1853) (Necklace carpetshark)
  • Family Rhincodontidae (J. P. Müller & Henle, 1839) (Whale sharks)
  • Family Stegostomatidae Gill, 1862 (Zebra sharks)

See also


  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2011). "Orectolobiformes" in FishBase. February 2011 version.
  2. ^ a b Allen & Erdmann (2008). "Two new species of bamboo sharks (Orectolobiformes: Hemiscylliidae) from Western New Guinea". Aqua (Miradolo Terme) 13 (3-4): 93–108. 
  3. ^ Allen & Dudgeon (2010). "Hemiscyllium michaeli, a new species of Bamboo Shark (Hemiscyllidae) from Papua New Guinea". Aqua International Journal of Ichthyology 16 (1): 19–30. 
  4. ^ Huveneers (2006). "Redescription of two species of wobbegongs (Chondrichthyes: Orectolobidae) with elevation of Orectolobus halei Whitley 1940 to species level". Zootaxa 1284: 29–51. 
  5. ^ Last, Chidlow & Compagno (2006). "A new wobbegong shark, Orectolobus hutchinsi n. sp. (Orectolobiformes: Orectolobidae) from southwestern Australia". Zootaxa 1239: 35–48. 

External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • carpet shark — any shark of the family Orectolobidae, found in tropical Indo Pacific waters, having mottled skin and fleshy lobes along the sides of the head. [1925 30] * * * ▪ fish       any of the approximately 25 species of sharks constituting the family… …   Universalium

  • carpet shark — noun shark of the western Pacific with flattened body and mottled skin • Syn: ↑Orectolobus barbatus • Hypernyms: ↑shark • Member Holonyms: ↑Orectolobus, ↑genus Orectolobus …   Useful english dictionary

  • carpet shark — noun a shark of the order Orectolobiformes …   Wiktionary

  • carpet shark — noun a small shallow water shark of the Indo Pacific region, typically with a conspicuous colour pattern. [Family Orectolobidae: several species.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • carpet shark — /ˈkapət ʃak/ (say kahpuht shahk) noun → wobbegong …  

  • Japanese carpet shark — japoninis raštuotryklis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Orectolobus japonicus angl. fringed shark; Japanese carpet shark; Japanese wobbegong rus. японская бородатая акула; японская ковровая акула;… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • necklace carpet shark — įvairiadėmis apykaklinis ryklys statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Parascyllium variolatum angl. necklace carpet shark; varied cat shark rus. изменчивая воротниковая акула ryšiai: platesnis terminas –… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • Arabian carpet shark — arabinis katryklis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Chiloscyllium arabicus angl. Arabian carpet shark rus. персидская кошачья акула ryšiai: platesnis terminas – azijiniai katrykliai …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • barbel-throated carpet shark — filipininis apykaklinis ryklys statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Cirrhoscyllium expolitum angl. barbel throated carpet shark rus. филиппинская шарфовая акула ryšiai: platesnis terminas – rytiniai… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • Taiwan saddled carpet shark — taivaninis apykaklinis ryklys statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Cirrhoscyllium formosanum angl. Taiwan saddled carpet shark rus. тайванская шарфовая акула ryšiai: platesnis terminas – rytiniai… …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

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