- Bramble shark
name = Bramble shark
status = DD | status_system = IUCN3.1
trend = unknown
image_width = 240px
image_caption = From plate 3 of "Oceanic Ichthyology" by
George Brown Goodeand Tarleton Hoffman Bean, published 1896.
phylum = Chordata
genus = "
species = "E. brucus"
range_map_width = 200px
range_map_caption = Range of the bramble shark (in blue)
binomial = "Echinorhinus brucus"
binomial_authority = (Bonnaterre,
The bramble shark, "Echinorhinus brucus", is covered with large, thorn-like
denticles, and hence the name "bramble" shark.
Bramble sharks have a long cylindrical body covered with large protruding denticles, no
anal fin, two small dorsal fins placed far on the back just before the tail, and five pairs of gill slits. They can reach a maximum length of 3.94 m (13 ft) and weigh 500 lbs (227 kg).cite book |last=Kindersley |first= Dorling |year=2001,2005 |title=Animal |location=New York City |publisher=DK Publishing |isbn=0-7894-7764-5]
The bramble shark is found in the Western
Atlanticfrom Georgia to Maine, Argentina, the Eastern Atlantic from South Africanorth to Norway, most of the Mediterranean, Mozambique, the Arabian Seanear Oman, the Indian Oceanof south Indiaand Sri Lanka, the Pacific Oceannear Honshū, Japan, south Australia, and New Zealand.
Habits and habitat
The bramble shark is a deepwater shark common only in the Eastern Atlantic from Portugal north, and the North Sea. It lives on the bottom of the sea between 18 to 900 m deep, and eats small sharks, bony fish, and
crabs. It is ovoviviparous with up to 24 pups per litter.
List of sharks
* Database entry includes justification for why this species is listed as data deficient
* FAO Species Catalogue Volume 4 Parts 1 and 2 Sharks of the World
* [http://www.elasmo-research.org/education/shark_profiles/echinorhiniformes.htm Elasmo Research, more info on Bramble shark]
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