FishBase is a comprehensive
databaseof information about fish. As of|2007|10, it included descriptions of over 30,000 species, over 260,000 common names in hundreds of languages, over 45,000 pictures, and references to more than 40,000 works in the scientific literature.
1987, Daniel Pauly, inspired by the Species Identification Sheets and other products Walter Fischerhad generated for the Food and Agriculture Organizationin the 1970s, proposed a standardized database for fish species, as a part of the " ICLARMSoftware Project". The following year, he began to work with Rainer Froese, who had been working on an expert systemto identify fish larvae. After a first attempt to build a system using Prolog, Froese switched to DataEase, a relational databasefor DOS. In 1989 the project received its first grant.
In 1993 the project switched to
Microsoft Access, and 1995 the first CD-ROMwas released as "FishBase 100". Its initial reviews in scientific journals lauded the scope but criticized the remaining gaps in coverage. Subsequent CDs were released annually, with the FishBase 2004 release needing five CDs, or one DVD. The software needs Windows 98or later, and is not available on any other computer platform such as Mac OS Xor Linux.
FishBase first appeared on the
World Wide Webin August 1996, and a webmasterwas hired in the following year. In 1999 a new module on ichthyoplankton and detailed data on fish larvae identification and rearing was created ( LarvalBase) under the supervision of Bernd Ueberschaer. Eventually, the complete data of the CDs became available online.
Since the year 2000, FishBase has been run by the FishBase Consortium. The consortium consists of:
Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thesaloniki
Fisheries Centre University of British Columbia, Vancouver
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm
WorldFish Center, Penang
Chinese Academy of Fishery Science, Beijing
As awareness of FishBase has grown among fish specialists, it has attracted over 1300 contributors and collaborators. In order to preserve its value as a scientific database, FishBase is not allowed to include original data; all of its content must be based on previously-published material.
List of online encyclopedias
*Froese, R. and D. Pauly, Editors. "FishBase 2000: concepts, design and data sources" (ICLARM, Los Baños, Laguna,
* [http://www.fishbase.org/ FishBase online]
* [http://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw/ The Fish Database of Taiwan]
* [http://www.larvalbase.org LarvalBase online]
* For early roots and possible future extensions see the German page.
* [http://filaman.ifm-geomar.de/search.php - DE]
* [http://www.fishbase.se/search.php - SE]
* [http://188.8.131.52/search.php - US]
* [http://fishbase.sinica.edu.tw/search.php - TW]
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