Eye disease

Eye disease

This is a partial list of human eye diseases and disorders.

The World Health Organization publishes a classification of known diseases and injuries called the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems or ICD-10. This list uses that classification.


H00-H06 Disorders of eyelid, lacrimal system and orbit

H10-H13 Disorders of conjunctiva

  • (H10) Conjunctivitis — inflammation of the conjunctiva
  • (H11.0) Pterygium — benign growth of the conjunctiva
  • (H11.3) Subconjunctival hemorrhage — burst blood vessels on conjunctiva
  • (H13.1*) Conjunctivitis in infectious and parasitic diseases classified elsewhere
    • Conjunctivitis (due to):
      • Acanthamoeba (B60.1+)
      • adenoviral follicular (acute) (B30.1+)
      • chlamydial (A74.0+)
      • diphtheritic (A36.8+)
      • gonococcal (A54.3+)
      • haemorrhagic (acute)(epidemic) (B30.3+)
      • herpesviral [herpes simplex] (B00.5+)
      • meningococcal (A39.8+)
      • Newcastle (B30.8+)
      • zoster (B02.3+)

H15-H22 Disorders of sclera, cornea, iris and ciliary body

H25-H28 Disorders of lens

H30-H36 Disorders of choroid and retina

H30 Chorioretinal inflammation

(H30) Chorioretinal inflammation

  • Retinochoroiditis [1]

H31 Other disorders of choroid

(H31) Other disorders of choroid

H32 Chorioretinal disorders in diseaseas classified elsewhere

(H32) Chorioretinal disorders in diseases classified elsewhere

  • (H32.0) Chorioretinal inflammation in infectious and parasitic diseases classified elsewhere
    • Chorioretinitis:
      • syphilitic, late ( A52.7+ )
      • toxoplasma ( B58.0+ )
      • tuberculous ( A18.5+ )
  • (H32.8) Other chorioretinal disorders in diseases classified elsewhere [1]

H33 Retinal detachments and breaks

H34 Retinal vascular occlusions

H35 Other retinal disorders

H36 Retinal disorders in diseases classified elsewhere

H40-H42 Glaucoma

H43-H45 Disorders of vitreous body and globe

  • (H43.9) Floaters — shadow-like shapes which appear singly or together with several others in the field of vision

H46-H48 Disorders of optic nerve and visual pathways

H49-H52 Disorders of ocular muscles, binocular movement, accommodation and refraction

  • (H49-H50) Strabismus (Crossed eye/Wandering eye/Walleye) — the eyes do not point in the same direction
  • H52 Disorders of refraction and accommodation
    • (H52.0) Hypermetropia (Farsightedness) — the inability to focus on near objects (and in extreme cases, any objects)
    • (H52.1) Myopia (Nearsightedness) — distant objects appear blurred
    • (H52.2) Astigmatism — the cornea or the lens of the eye is not perfectly spherical, resulting in different focal points in different planes
    • (H52.3) Anisometropia — the lenses of the two eyes have different focal lengths
    • (H52.4) Presbyopia — a condition that occurs with growing age and results in the inability to focus on close objects
    • (H52.5) Disorders of accommodation
      • Internal ophthalmoplegia

H53-H54.9 Visual disturbances and blindness

  • (H53.0) Amblyopia (lazy eye) — poor or blurry vision due to either no transmission or poor transmission of the visual image to the brain
  • (H53.0) Leber's congenital amaurosis — genetic disorder; appears at birth, characterised by sluggish or no pupillary responses
  • (H53.1, H53.4) Scotoma (blind spot) — an area impairment of vision surrounded by a field of relatively well-preserved vision. See also Anopsia.
  • (H53.5) Color blindness — the inability to perceive differences between some or all colors that other people can distinguish
    • (H53.5) Achromatopsia / Maskun — a low cone count or lack of function in cone cells
  • (H53.6) Nyctalopia (Nightblindness) — a condition making it difficult or impossible to see in the dark
  • (H54) Blindness — the brain does not receive optical information, through various causes
    • (H54/B73) River blindness — blindness caused by long-term infection by a parasitic worm (rare in western societies)
    • (H54.9) micro-opthalmia/coloboma — a disconnection between the optic nerve and the brain and/or spinal cord

H55-H59 Other disorders of eye and adnexa

  • (H57.9) Red eye — conjunctiva appears red typically due to illness or injury
  • (H58.0) Argyll Robertson pupil — small, unequal, irregularly shaped pupils

Other codes

The following are not classified as diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00-H59) by the World Health Organization:[2]

  • (B36.1) Keratomycosis — fungal infection of the cornea
  • (E50.6-E50.7) Xerophthalmia — dry eyes, caused by vitamin A deficiency
  • (Q13.1) Aniridia — a rare congenital eye condition leading to underdevelopment or even absence of the iris of the eye

See also


Please see the References section below for the complete listing of information.
  1. ^ a b c d World Health Organization ICD-10 codes: Diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00-H59). [1]. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
  2. ^ International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. 10th Revision. Version for 2007. [2]


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