- Musculoskeletal disorder
Musculoskeletal disorders Classification and external resources MeSH D009140
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) can affect the body's muscles, joints, tendons, ligaments and nerves. Most work-related MSDs develop over time and are caused either by the work itself or by the employees' working environment. MSD's can also occur in the patients life outside work either through sport - tennis (elbow); music - guitar playing or a hobby - on-line tracing of a family tree. These external work events can be exacerbated by their daily profession. They can also result from fractures sustained in an accident. Typically, MSDs affect the back, neck, shoulders and upper limbs; less often they affect the lower limbs.
Health problems range from discomfort, minor aches and pains, to more serious medical conditions requiring time of MSDs are a priority for the EU in its Community strategy. Reducing the musculoskeletal load of work is part of the 'Lisbon objective', which aims to create 'quality jobs' by:
- enabling workers to stay in employment; and
- ensuring that work and workplaces are suitable for a diverse population.
- Musculoskeletal disorders Single Entry Point European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (OSHA)
- Good Practices to prevent Musculoskeletal disorders European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (OSHA)
- Musculoskeletal disorders homepage Health and Safety Executive (HSE)
- Hazards and risks associated with manual handling of loads in the workplace European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (OSHA)
Pathology: Medical conditions and ICD code (A/B, 001–139)Infectious disease/Infection: Bacterial disease (G+, G-) · Virus disease · Parasitic disease (Protozoan infection, Helminthiasis, Ectoparasitic infestation) · Mycosis · Zoonosis (C/D,
279–289)Cancer (C00–D48, 140–239)Myeloid hematologic (D50–D77, 280–289)Immunodeficiency · Immunoproliferative disorder · Hypersensitivity
(E, 240–278) (F, 290–319) (G, 320–359) (H, 360–389) (I, 390–459) (J, 460–519)Respiratory disease (Obstructive lung disease, Restrictive lung disease, Pneumonia) (K, 520–579)Stomatognathic disease (Tooth disease) · Digestive disease (Esophageal, Stomach, Enteropathy, Liver, Pancreatic) (L, 680–709) (M, 710–739)Musculoskeletal disorders: Myopathy · Arthropathy · Osteochondropathy (Osteopathy, Chondropathy) (N, 580–629)Urologic disease (Nephropathy, Urinary bladder disease) · Male genital disease · Breast disease · Female genital disease (O, 630–679)Complications of pregnancy · Obstetric labor complication · Puerperal disorder (P, 760–779) (Q, 740–759) (R, 780–799) (S/T, 800–999) Musculoskeletal disorders: Arthropathies (M00–M19, 711–719) Arthritis
polyarthritis)Septic arthritis · Tuberculosis arthritis · Reactive arthritis (indirectly)NoninfectiousSeronegative spondyloarthropathy: Reactive arthritis · Psoriatic arthritis · Ankylosing spondylitisRheumatoid arthritis: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis · Adult-onset Still's disease · Felty's syndromeNoninflammatory
Otherhemorrhage (Hemarthrosis) · pain (Arthralgia) · Osteophyte · villonodular synovitis (Pigmented villonodular synovitis) · Joint stiffness
anat(h/c, u, t, l)/phys
noco(arth/defr/back/soft)/cong, sysi/epon, injr
proc, drug(M01C, M4)Categories:
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.