Outline of chemistry

Outline of chemistry

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chemistry:

Chemistryscience of atomic matter (matter that is composed of chemical elements), especially its chemical reactions, but also including its properties, structure, composition, behavior, and changes as they relate the chemical reactions.[1][2] Chemistry is centrally concerned with atoms and their interactions with other atoms, and particularly with the properties of chemical bonds.

Contents

Nature of chemistry

Chemistry can be described as all of the following:

  • An academic discipline: one with academic departments, curricula and degrees; national and international societies; and specialized journals.
  • A scientific field (a branch of science) – widely-recognized category of specialized expertise within science, and typically embodies its own terminology and nomenclature. Such a field will usually be represented by one or more scientific journals, where peer reviewed research is published. There are several geophysics-related scientific journals.

Branches of chemistry

photochemistry, physical organic chemistry, phytochemistry, polymer chemistry, radiochemistry, solid-state chemistry, sonochemistry, supramolecular chemistry, surface chemistry, synthetic chemistry, thermochemistry, and many others.

Matter

Matter

Properties and Changes

  • Extensive property
  • Intensive property

Physical Properties and Changes

Chemical Properties and Changes

Classification of Matter

Atoms

Foundations of Atomic Theory

Dalton's Atomic Theory

Five main points of Dalton's atomic theory

  • Elements are made of extremely small particles called atoms.
  • Atoms of a given element are identical in size, mass, and other properties; atoms of different elements differ in size, mass, and other properties.
  • Atoms cannot be subdivided, created, or destroyed.
  • Atoms of different elements combine in simple whole-number ratios to form chemical compounds.
  • In chemical reactions, atoms are combined, separated, or rearranged.

Modern Atomic Theory

Structure

Atom

Counting Atoms

Relating Mass to Numbers of Atoms

Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms

The Periodic Law

History of the Periodic Table

Periodic Table

Electron Configuration and the Periodic Table

Electron Configuration and Periodic Properties

  • Valence electrons

Chemical Bonding

Chemical bond

Introduction

  • Ionic bonding
  • Covalent bonding
  • Non-polar covalent bond
  • Chemical polarity
  • Polar-covalent bond

Covalent Bonding and Molecular Compounds

Ionic Bonding and Compounds

Metallic Bonding

Molecular Geometry

Chemical Formulas and Compounds

Chemical Equations and Reactions

Stoichiometry

States of Matter

Gases

Solutions

Ions in Aqueous Solutions and Colligative Properties

Acids and Bases

Acid-Base Titration and pH

Reaction Energy

Reaction Kinetics

Chemical Equilibrium

Oxidation-Reduction Reactions

Concepts

Concepts by subject area

Concepts by branch

History

Main article: History of chemistry

Chemists

For more chemists, see: Nobel Prize in Chemistry and List of chemists

Lists

See also

References

  1. ^ "What is Chemistry?". Chemweb.ucc.ie. http://chemweb.ucc.ie/what_is_chemistry.htm. Retrieved 2011-06-12. 
  2. ^ Chemistry. (n.d.). Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary. Retrieved August 19, 2007.
  3. ^ Herbst, Eric (May 12, 2005). "Chemistry of Star-Forming Regions". Journal of Physical Chemistry A 109 (18): 4017–4029. doi:10.1021/jp050461c. PMID 16833724. 

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