Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 19th century – 20th century – 21st century Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s – 1930s – 1940s 1950s 1960s Years: 1930 1931 1932 – 1933 – 1934 1935 1936 1933 by topic: Subject Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Aviation – Awards – Comics – Film – Literature (Poetry) – Meteorology – Music (Country) – Rail transport – Radio – Science – Sports – Television By country Australia – Canada – China – Ecuador – France – Germany – Greece – India – Ireland – Italy – Japan – Malaya – Mexico – New Zealand – Norway – Palestine Mandate – Philippines – Singapore – South Africa– Soviet Union – UK – USA Leaders Sovereign states – State leaders – Religious leaders – Law Birth and death categories Births – Deaths Establishments and disestablishments categories Establishments – Disestablishments Works and introductions categories Works – Introductions 1933 in other calendars Gregorian calendar 1933
Ab urbe condita 2686 Armenian calendar 1382
Assyrian calendar 6683 Bahá'í calendar 89 – 90 Bengali calendar 1340 Berber calendar 2883 British Regnal year 22 Geo. 5 – 23 Geo. 5 Buddhist calendar 2477 Burmese calendar 1295 Byzantine calendar 7441 – 7442 Chinese calendar 壬申年十二月初六日
(4569/4629-12-6)— to —癸酉年十一月十五日
Coptic calendar 1649 – 1650 Ethiopian calendar 1925 – 1926 Hebrew calendar 5693 – 5694 Hindu calendars - Bikram Samwat 1989 – 1990 - Shaka Samvat 1855 – 1856 - Kali Yuga 5034 – 5035 Holocene calendar 11933 Iranian calendar 1311 – 1312 Islamic calendar 1351 – 1352 Japanese calendar Shōwa 8
Korean calendar 4266 Minguo calendar ROC 22
Thai solar calendar 2476
- January 5 – Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins in San Francisco Bay.
- January 11 – Sir Charles Kingsford Smith makes the first commercial flight between Australia and New Zealand.
- January 15 – Political violence causes almost 100 deaths in Spain.
- January 17 – The U.S. Congress votes favorably for Philippines independence, against the view of President Herbert Hoover.
- January 23 – The Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, changing Inauguration Day from March 4 to January 20 starting in 1937.
- January 28 – The word Pakistan comes into being and is recognized by the Pakistan Movement to press for freedom.
- January 30
- February 1 – Adolf Hitler gives his "Proclamation to the German People" in Berlin.
- February 4 – A mutiny starts on the Dutch pantserschip De Zeven Provinciën.
- February 6 – The 20th Amendment to the United States Constitution goes into effect.
- February 6–February 7 – Officers on the USS Ramapo record a 34-meter high sea-wave in the Pacific Ocean.
- February 9 – The Oxford Union approves a resolution stating, "That this House will in no circumstances fight for its King and country."
- February 10 – The New York City-based Postal Telegraph Company introduces the first singing telegram.
- February 15 – In Miami, Florida, Giuseppe Zangara attempts to assassinate President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt, but instead fatally wounds Chicago Mayor Anton J. Cermak.
- February 17
- February 27 – Germany's parliament building in Berlin, the Reichstag, is set on fire (see Reichstag fire).
- February 28 – The Reichstag Fire Decree is passed in response to the Reichstag fire, nullifying many German civil liberties.
- March 2 – The original film version of King Kong, starring Fay Wray, premieres at Radio City Music Hall and the RKO Roxy Theatre in New York City.
- March 3
- March 4
- U.S. President Herbert Hoover is succeeded by Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR), who in reference to the Great Depression, proclaims "The only thing we have to fear, is fear itself" in his inauguration speech. FDR is sworn in by Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes. It is also the last time Inauguration Day in the United States occurs on March 4.
- Frances Perkins becomes United States Secretary of Labor, and the first female member of the United States Cabinet.
- The Parliament of Austria is suspended because of a quibble over procedure; Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss initiates authoritarian rule by decree (see Austrofascism).
- March 5
- March 6 – Mayor Anton Cermak of Chicago dies of the wound he received on February 15.
- March 9 – Great Depression: The U.S. Congress begins its first 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation.
- March 10 – An earthquake in Long Beach, California kills 117 people.
- March 12 – Great Depression: Franklin Delano Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States, in the first of his "Fireside Chats".
- March 15
- The Dow Jones Industrial Average rises from 53.84 to 62.10. The day's gain of 15.34%, achieved during the depths of the Great Depression, remains to date as the largest 1-day percentage gain for the index.
- Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss keeps members of the National Council from convening, starting the Austrofascist dictatorship.
- March 20 – Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed (it opens March 22).
- March 23
- The Reichstag passes the Enabling Act, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
- President Franklin Roosevelt signed an amendment to the Volstead Act known as the Cullen-Harrison Act, allowing the manufacture and sale of "3.2 beer" (3.2% alcohol by weight, approximately 4% alcohol by volume) and light wines.
- March 24 – Jews call for a boycott of German goods.
- March 27 – Japan leaves the League of Nations.
- March 31 – The Civilian Conservation Corps is established with the mission to relieve rampant unemployment.
- April 1 – The recently elected Nazis under Julius Streicher organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany.
- April 3
- April 4 – The American airship Akron crashes off the coast of New Jersey, leaving 73 dead.
- April 5
- The International Court in the Hague decides that Greenland belongs to Denmark and condemns Norwegian landings on eastern Greenland. Norway submits to the decision.
- President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a national emergency and issues Executive Order 6102, making it illegal for American citizens to own gold.
- April 7
- Beer is legalized in the United States, eight months before the full repeal of Prohibition in December.
- The Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service is passed in Germany.
- April 11 – Aviator Bill Lancaster takes off in England, in an attempt to make a speed record to the Cape of Good Hope, but vanishes (his body was not found until 1962, in the Sahara Desert).
- April 19 – The United States officially goes off the gold standard.
- April 21 – Nazi Germany outlaws the kosher ritual shechita.
- April 26
- April 27
- May 2
- May 3 – Nellie Tayloe Ross becomes the first woman to be named director of the United States Mint.
- May 5 – The detection by Karl Jansky of radio waves from the center of the Milky Way Galaxy is reported in the New York Times. The discovery leads to the birth of radio astronomy.
- May 8 – Mohandas Gandhi begins a 3-week hunger strike because of the mistreatment of the lower castes.
- May 10
- May 12 – Agricultural Adjustment Act is enacted in the USA.
- May 17 – Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort form The Nasjonal Samling (the National-Socialist Party) of Norway.
- May 18 – New Deal: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs an act creating the Tennessee Valley Authority.
- May 26 – The Nazi Party in Germany introduces a law to legalize eugenic sterilization.
- May 27
- June 5 – The U.S. Congress abrogates the United States' use of the gold standard by enacting a joint resolution (48 Stat. 112) nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold.
- June 6 – The first drive-in theater opens in Camden, New Jersey.
- June 12 – The London Economic Conference is held.
- June 17 – Union Station massacre: In Kansas City, Missouri, Pretty Boy Floyd kills 4 unarmed FBI agents and captured fugitive Frank Nash in a failed attempt to free him.
- June 21 – All non-Nazi parties are forbidden in Germany.
- June 25 – The Wilmersdorfer Tennishallen delegates convene in Berlin.
- June 26 – The American Totalisator Company unveils its first electronic pari-mutuel betting machine at the Arlington Park Racetrack near Chicago.
- July 1 – The London Passenger Transport Board is founded.
- July 4 – Gandhi is sentenced to prison in India.
- July 6 – The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game is played at Comiskey Park in Chicago.
- July 14 – Forming new political parties is forbidden in Germany.
- July 15 – International Left Opposition (ILO) is renamed International Communist League (ICL).
- July 20 – Vatican state secretary Eugenio Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII) signs an accord with Hitler.
- July 22
- July 24 – Several members of the Barrow Gang are injured or captured during a running battle with local police near Dexter, Iowa.
- August – Simele massacre: More than 3,000 Assyrian Iraqis are killed by the government.
- August 1 – The Blue Eagle emblem of the National Recovery Administration is displayed publicly for the first time.
- August 2 – Opening of the Stalin White Sea – Baltic Sea Canal, a 227 km navigable waterway constructed using forced labour in the Soviet Union connecting the White Sea with Lake Onega and the Baltic.
- August 14 – Loggers cause a forest fire in the Coast Range of Oregon, later known as the first forest fire of the Tillamook Burn. It is extinguished on September 5, after destroying 240,000 acres (970 km2).
- August 25 – The Diexi earthquake shakes Mao County, Sichuan, China and kills 9,000 people.
- August 30
- September 3 – Alejandro Lerroux forms a new government in Spain.
- September 12 – Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction.
- September 26 – A tornado destroys the town of Tampico, Mexico.
- October 1 – A failed assassination attempt against Englebert Dolfuss seriously injures him.
- October 10 – A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed near Chesterton, Indiana, by a bomb. This is the first proven case of air sabotage in commercial airline history.
- October 12 – The United States Army Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz is acquired by the United States Department of Justice, which plans to incorporate the island into its Federal Bureau of Prisons as a federal penitentiary.
- October 16 – Germany announces its intention to officially leave the League of Nations.
- October 17 – Albert Einstein arrives in the United States as a refugee from Nazi Germany; he accepts a position at Princeton University.
- November 5 – Spanish Basques vote for autonomy.
- November 8 – New Deal: – U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveils the Civil Works Administration, an organization designed to create jobs for more than 4 million of the unemployed.
- November 11 – Dust Bowl: In South Dakota, a very strong dust storm strips topsoil from desiccated farmlands (one of a series of disastrous dust storms that year).
- November 16
- November 19 – Spanish Second Republic: General elections result in victory by the right-wing parties.
- December 5 – The 21st Amendment to the United States Constitution is passed, repealing Prohibition.
- December 15 – The US 21st Amendment officially goes into effect, alcohol becomes legal in the US.
- December 18 – Korean Empire (South Korea and North Korea) is founded.
- December 21 – The British Plastics Federation (the oldest in the world) is founded.
- December 24 – A train crash in Lagny[disambiguation needed ], France kills over 200.
- December 26
- December 29 – Members of the Iron Guard assassinate Ion Gheorghe Duca, prime minister of Romania.
- The United States Federal Government outlaws cannabis.
- A coup attempt against Franklin Delano Roosevelt fails in the United States (see Smedley Butler).
- US President Roosevelt rejects socialism and government ownership of industry.
- Nazi Germany forms the Expert Committee on Questions of Population and Racial Policy under Reich Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick.
- The Holodomor famine takes place in Ukraine.
- The first doughnut store under the Krispy Kreme name opens in Nashville, Tennessee.
- Jimmie Angel becomes the first foreigner to see the Angel Falls (they are named after him).
- The Adélaïde Concerto, a spurious work attributed to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, is published as "edited" (actually composed) by Marius Casadesus.
- The Children and Young Persons Act is passed in Great Britain.
- 15 million unemployed in the USA.
- Five coalition cabinets form and fall in France.
- Turkey concludes a treaty with the creditors of the former Ottoman Empire to schedule the payments in Paris. (Turkey succeeds in clearing all the debt in less than twenty years.)
- The British Interplanetary Society is founded.
- The first dated ISCF group was started in Australia at North Sydney Boys High School, with the group still running today.
- January 2 – Morimura Seiichi, Japanese novelist and author
- January 6
- January 8 – Charles Osgood, American journalist and commentator (CBS Sunday Morning)
- January 9 – Robert Garcia, American politician
- January 14 – Stan Brakhage, American filmmaker (d. 2003)
- January 16 – Susan Sontag, American author (d. 2004)
- January 17
- January 18 – John Boorman, English film director
- January 23 – Chita Rivera, American actress and dancer
- January 25 – Corazon Aquino, President of the Philippines (d. 2009)
- February 2 – Tony Jay, British-American actor (d. 2006)
- February 6 – Leslie Crowther, British TV comedian & game show host (d. 1996)
- February 7 – John Anderton, English footballer
- February 8 – Elly Ameling, Dutch soprano
- February 12 – Costa-Gavras, Greek-born director and writer
- February 13
- February 14 – Madhubala, Indian actress (d. 1969)
- February 17 – Craig L. Thomas, American Senator (d. 2007)
- February 18
- February 21 – Nina Simone, American singer (d. 2003)
- February 22 – Katharine, Duchess of Kent
- February 27 – Raymond Berry, American football player
- February 28 – Miro Steržaj, Slovenian 9-pin bowler and businessman
- March 6 – Ted Abernathy, American baseball player (d. 2004)
- March 7 – Jackie Blanchflower, Irish footballer (d. 1998)
- March 12 – Barbara Feldon, American actress and model (Get Smart)
- March 13 – Mike Stoller, American songwriter
- March 14
- March 15 – Ruth Bader Ginsburg, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
- March 16 – Sandy Weill, American financier and philanthropist
- March 19 – Philip Roth, American author
- March 22 – May Britt, Swedish actress
- April 1 – Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- April 3 – Renae Youngberg. American professional baseball player
- April 5
- April 6 – Roy Goode, British legal academic
- April 12
- April 15
- April 16 – Joan Bakewell, British broadcaster
- April 18 – Michael Bradshaw, British actor (d. 2001)
- April 19 – Jayne Mansfield, American actress (d. 1967)
- April 24
- April 25
- Jerry Leiber, American composer
- Joyce Ricketts, American baseball player [AAGPBL] (d. 1992)
- April 26
- April 29 – Mark Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium
- April 30 – Willie Nelson, American country singer, songwriter
- May 3
- May 4 – J. Fred Duckett, Texan Sports announcer and teacher (d. 2007)
- May 7
- May 9 – Jessica Steele, English romance novelist
- May 10 – Barbara Taylor Bradford, English writer
- May 11 – Louis Farrakhan, African-American Muslim leader
- May 14 – Siân Phillips, Welsh actress
- May 15 – Carol Habben, American baseball player (d. 1997)
- May 21 – Maurice André, French trumpeter
- May 22 – Chen Jingrun, Chinese mathematician (d. 1996)
- May 23 – Joan Collins, English actress (Dynasty)
- May 25 – Ray Spencer, English footballer
- May 26 – Edward Whittemore, American writer and Central Intelligence agent (d. 1995)
- May 29 – Helmuth Rilling, German conductor
- June 1 – Charles Wilson, American politician (d. 2010)
- June 6 – Heinrich Rohrer, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- June 8 – Joan Rivers, American comedian
- June 11 – Gene Wilder, American actor (Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory)
- June 14 – Vladislav Rastorotsky, Soviet gymnastics coach
- June 17
- June 19 – Viktor Patsayev, Russian cosmonaut (d. 1971)
- June 20 – Danny Aiello, American actor
- June 21 – Bernie Kopell, American actor and comedian (Love Boat)
- June 23 – Dave Bristol, American baseball manager
- June 25 – Álvaro Siza, Portuguese Architect
- June 26 – Claudio Abbado, Italian conductor
- June 29 – John Bradshaw, American theologian and educator
- July 2 – Kenny Wharram, Canadian ice hockey player
- July 6 – Frank Austin, English footballer
- July 7
- July 8 – Marty Feldman, English comedian and actor (Young Frankenstein) (d. 1982)
- July 11 – Bob McGrath, American actor (Sesame Street)
- July 15
- July 18
- July 20
- July 21 – John Gardner, American novelist (d. 1982)
- July 23 – Bert Convy, American game show host, actor, and singer (d. 1991)
- July 24
- July 26 – Kathryn Hays, American actress/soap opera star
- July 27
- July 28 – Charlie Hodge, Canadian former ice hockey goaltender
- July 29
- July 30 – Edd Byrnes, American actor and singer (77 Sunset Strip)
- August 1
- August 2 – Tom Bell, English actor (d. 2006)
- August 8 – Joe Tex, African-American soul singer (d. 1982)
- August 10 – Doyle Brunson, American poker player
- August 11 – Jerry Falwell, American evangelist and conservative political activist (d. 2007)
- August 14 – Richard R. Ernst, Swiss chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
- August 15 – Jim Lange, American disc jockey and game show host (The Dating Game)
- August 16
- August 17 – Gene Kranz, retired American NASA Flight Director
- August 18 – Roman Polanski, Polish film director
- August 20 – George J. Mitchell, former United States Senator
- August 21
- August 23 – Robert Curl, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
- August 25 – Tom Skerritt, American actor
- August 28 – Jean Weaver, American female professional baseball player (d. 2008)
- August 29 – Arnold Koller, Swiss Federal Councilor
- September 1
- September 2 – Victor Spinetti, Welsh actor
- September 4 – Mathieu Kérékou, President of Benin
- September 9 – Michael Novak, American philosopher and author
- September 10 – Yevgeny Khrunov, Russian cosmonaut (d. 2000)
- September 11 – William Luther Pierce, American author and activist (d. 2002)
- September 13 – Eileen Fulton, American actress/soap opera star
- September 14 – Hillevi Rombin, Miss Universe 1955 (d. 1996)
- September 15
- September 17 – Dorothy Loudon, American actress (d. 2003)
- September 18 – Scotty Bowman, Canadian ice hockey coach
- September 19 – David McCallum, Scottish actor (The Man from U.N.C.L.E. and NCIS)
- September 20 – Dennis Viollet, English former footballer (d. 1999)
- September 21 – Dick Simon, American racing driver
- September 24
- September 25 – Hubie Brown, American basketball coach and broadcaster
- September 26 – Donna Douglas, American actress (The Beverly Hillbillies)
- September 27
- September 29 – Samora Machel, President of Mozambique (d. 1986)
- September 30 – Cissy Houston, American soul gospel singer
- October 9
- October 10 – Jay Sebring, American hair stylist (d. 1969)
- October 17 – Jeanine Deckers, Belgian nun and singer (d. 1985)
- October 23 – Lois Youngen, American professional baseball player
- October 24
- Reginald Kray, British gangster
- Ronald Kray, British gangster
- Norman Rush, American writer
- November 1 – Samir Roychoudhury, Indian Bengali poet and philosopher of Hungry generation
- November 3
- November 4 – Didier Ratsiraka, former President of Madagascar
- November 6 – Knut Johannesen, Norwegian speed-skater
- November 9 – Jim Perry, American game show host ($ale of the Century)
- November 10 – Don Clarke, Rugby football player of New Zealand (d. 2002)
- November 12 – Jalal Talabani, President of Iraq
- November 14 – Fred Haise, American astronaut who flew in Apollo 13
- November 15 – Jack Burns, American actor
- November 19 – Larry King, American talk show host
- November 23 – Krzysztof Penderecki, Polish composer
- November 25 – Kathryn Grant, American actress
- November 26
- November 28 – Hope Lange, American actress (The Ghost and Mrs. Muir) (d. 2003)
- December 1
- December 2 – Mike Larrabee, American athlete (d. 2003)
- December 3 – Paul J. Crutzen, Dutch chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
- December 6 – Henryk Górecki, Polish composer (d. 2010)
- December 9 – Orville Moody, American golfer (d. 2008)
- December 15 – Tim Conway, American actor and comedian
- December 17 – Walter Booker, American jazz bassist (d. 2006)
- December 20 – Jean Carnahan, American politician
- December 23 – Emperor Akihito of Japan
- December 26
- Ugly Dave Gray, Australian television personality
- Carroll Spinney, American puppeteer
- Augusto Odone, creator of Lorenzo's Oil
- January 3
- January 5 – Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States (b. 1872)
- January 7 – Bert Hinkler, Australian pioneer aviator (b. 1892)
- January 10 – Roberto Mantovani, Italian geologist (b. 1854)
- January 17 – Louis Comfort Tiffany, stained glass artist and jewelry designer, son of Charles Lewis Tiffany
- January 25 – Lewis J. Selznick, American film producer (b. 1870)
- January 29
- January 31 – John Galsworthy, English writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1867)
- February 5 – Josiah Thomas, Australian politician (b. 1863)
- February 12 – Henri Duparc, French composer (b. 1848)
- February 15 – Pat Sullivan, Australian-born director and producer of animated films (b. 1887)
- February 18 – James J. Corbett, American boxer (b. 1866)
- February 26 – Spottiswoode Aitken, Scottish-American actor (b. 1868)
- February 27 – Walter Hiers, American actor (b. 1893)
- March 1 – Uładzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (b. 1900)
- March 6 – Anton Cermak, Mayor of Chicago (assassinated) (b. 1873)
- March 10 – Ahmed Sharif es Senussi, Chief of the Senussi order in Libya (b. 1873)
- March 14 – Balto, American sled dog (b. 1919)
- March 20 – Giuseppe Zangara, attempted assassin of Franklin D. Roosevelt (b. 1900)
- March 26 – Eddie Lang, American musician (b. 1902)
- April 3 – William A. Moffett, U.S. admiral (sinking of the USS Akron) (b. 1869)
- April 17 – Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (b. 1876)
- April 22 – Henry Royce, English car manufacturer (b. 1863)
- May 6 – Li Ching-Yuen, Chinese herbalist, martial artist, tactical advisor (b. 1677)
- May 13 – Ernest Torrance, Scottish actor (b. 1878)
- May 16 – John Henry Mackay, German writer (b. 1864)
- May 24 – Percy C. Mather, English Protestant missionary
- May 26 – Jimmie Rodgers, American country singer (b. 1897)
- June 2 – Frank Jarvis, American athlete (b. 1878)
- June 29 – Fatty Arbuckle, American comedian (b. 1887)
- July 3 – Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (b. 1852)
- July 15
- September 7 – Edward Grey, British statesman (b. 1862)
- September 8 – Faisal I of Iraq, king of Iraq
- September 10 – Giuseppe Campari, Italian opera singer and Grand Prix driver (b. 1892)
- September 20 – Annie Besant, English Theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator (b. 1847)
- September 25 – Ring Lardner, American writer (b. 1885)
- October 5 – Renée Adorée, French actress (b. 1898)
- October 12 – John Lister, English politician (b. 1847)
- November 3 – Émile Roux, French physician (b. 1853)
- November 5 – Texas Guinan, American actress (b. 1884)
- November 30 – Arthur Currie, Canadian military leader (b. 1875)
- December 4 – Stefan George, German poet (b. 1868)
- December 8
- December 17 – Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama (b. 1876)
- December 19 – George Jackson Churchward, GWR Chief mechanical engineer (b. 1857)
- December 25 – Francesc Macià, President of the Generalitat (autonomous government of Catalonia) (b. 1859)
- December 26 – Eduard Vilde, Estonian writer (b. 1865)
- Physics – Erwin Schrödinger, Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac
- Chemistry – not awarded
- Physiology or Medicine – Thomas Hunt Morgan
- Literature – Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin
- Peace – Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane)
- The 1930s Timeline: 1933 – from American Studies Programs at The University of Virginia
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