- British Interplanetary Society
The British Interplanetary Society (BIS) founded in 1933 by Mr. P.E. Cleator, it is the oldest organisation in the world whose aim is exclusively to support and promote
astronauticsand space exploration. It is a non-profit organisationwith headquarters in Londonand is financed by members' contributions. BIS publishes the academic journal " Journal of the British Interplanetary Society" and the magazine "Spaceflight".
The BIS was preceded by the American Interplanetary Society (founded 1930), the German
VfR, and Soviet rocket research groups, but unlike these it never became absorbed into a national industry.
When originally formed in January 1933, the BIS aimed not only to promote and raise the public profile of astronautics, but also to undertake practical experimentation into rocketry along similar lines to the organisations above. However early in 1936, the Society discovered this ambition was thwarted by the
Explosives Actof 1875, which prevented any private testing of liquid-fuel rockets in the United Kingdom.
In the late 1930s, the group devised a project of landing people on the
moonby a multistage rocket, each stage of which would have many narrow solid-fuel rockets. Their lander was gumdrop-shaped but otherwise quite like the Lunar Module. As it was considered that the cabin would have to rotate to provide artificial gravityby centrifugal force, the BIS is considered to have invented the first instrument for space travel - a navigationmechanism which would cancel out the rotating view.
In 1978, the Society published a
starshipstudy called Project Daedalus, which was a detailed feasibility study for a simple unmanned interstellar mission to Barnard's Starusing present-day technology and a reasonable extrapolation of near-future capabilities. Daedalus used a pellet driven nuclear-pulse fusion rocketto accelerate to 12% of the speed of light.
The latest in this series of far-reaching studies produced the
Project Boreasreport, which designed a manned station for the Martian North Pole. The report was short-listed for the 2007 Sir Arthur Clarke Awards in the category of Best Written Presentation.
Awards given by the society
The science writer Arthur C. Clarke is a well-known former Chairman of the British Interplanetary Society. The society was presented with the first Special Award, from the 2005
Sir Arthur Clarke Awards. This was a gift of Sir Arthur's choice, independent of the judging panel. In 2008, the Society's magazine, "Spaceflight", edited by Clive Simpson, was the winner of the award for Best Space Reporting. Charles Chiltonjoined the society before writing and producing the popular science-fiction radio trilogy " Journey Into Space".Interview with Charles Chilton, "Round Midnight", BBC Radio 2, 1989]
Archibald Low, one of the founder members of the BIS, and its President from 1936-1951.
British space programme
* [http://www.bis-spaceflight.com/index.htm BIS Homepage]
* [http://www.geocities.com/jcsherwood/ACClinks2.htm Arthur C. Clarke fan site]
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