British Interplanetary Society

British Interplanetary Society

The British Interplanetary Society (BIS) founded in 1933 by Mr. P.E. Cleator, it is the oldest organisation in the world whose aim is exclusively to support and promote astronautics and space exploration. It is a non-profit organisation with headquarters in London and is financed by members' contributions. BIS publishes the academic journal "Journal of the British Interplanetary Society" and the magazine "Spaceflight".

History

The BIS was preceded by the American Interplanetary Society (founded 1930), the German VfR, and Soviet rocket research groups, but unlike these it never became absorbed into a national industry.

When originally formed in January 1933, the BIS aimed not only to promote and raise the public profile of astronautics, but also to undertake practical experimentation into rocketry along similar lines to the organisations above. However early in 1936, the Society discovered this ambition was thwarted by the Explosives Act of 1875, which prevented any private testing of liquid-fuel rockets in the United Kingdom.

In the late 1930s, the group devised a project of landing people on the moon by a multistage rocket, each stage of which would have many narrow solid-fuel rockets. Their lander was gumdrop-shaped but otherwise quite like the Lunar Module. As it was considered that the cabin would have to rotate to provide artificial gravity by centrifugal force, the BIS is considered to have invented the first instrument for space travel - a navigation mechanism which would cancel out the rotating view.

In 1978, the Society published a starship study called Project Daedalus, which was a detailed feasibility study for a simple unmanned interstellar mission to Barnard's Star using present-day technology and a reasonable extrapolation of near-future capabilities. Daedalus used a pellet driven nuclear-pulse fusion rocket to accelerate to 12% of the speed of light.

The latest in this series of far-reaching studies produced the Project Boreas report, which designed a manned station for the Martian North Pole. The report was short-listed for the 2007 Sir Arthur Clarke Awards in the category of Best Written Presentation.

Awards given by the society

The science writer Arthur C. Clarke is a well-known former Chairman of the British Interplanetary Society. The society was presented with the first Special Award, from the 2005 Sir Arthur Clarke Awards. This was a gift of Sir Arthur's choice, independent of the judging panel. In 2008, the Society's magazine, "Spaceflight", edited by Clive Simpson, was the winner of the award for Best Space Reporting.

Charles Chilton joined the society before writing and producing the popular science-fiction radio trilogy "Journey Into Space".Interview with Charles Chilton, "Round Midnight", BBC Radio 2, 1989]

ee also

*Professor Archibald Low, one of the founder members of the BIS, and its President from 1936-1951.
* British space programme

External links

* [http://www.bis-spaceflight.com/index.htm BIS Homepage]
* [http://www.geocities.com/jcsherwood/ACClinks2.htm Arthur C. Clarke fan site]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • British Interplanetary Society — Pour les articles homonymes, voir BIS. La British Interplanetary Society (BIS), fondée en 1933, est la plus ancienne association dont l objet est exclusivement la promotion de l astronautique et de la conquête de l espace. C est une association à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Journal of the British Interplanetary Society — The Journal of the British Interplanetary Society ( JBIS ) is a technical scientific journal, first published in 1934. JBIS is concerned with space science and space technology. The journal is edited and published monthly in the United Kingdom by …   Wikipedia

  • British space programme — The British space programme was a plan by the British government and other interested bodies to promote British participation in the international market for satellite launches, satellite construction and other space endeavours. Significantly,… …   Wikipedia

  • Mars Society Australia — MSA Logo Mars Society Australia (MSA) is an Australian space advocacy organisation, which was formed in 1998. Its goals are to: Undertake broad public outreach to instill the vision of pioneering Mars. Support government funded Mars exploration… …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian Space Society — The Canadian Space Society (CSS) is a federally incorporated non profit Canadian corporation. Inspired by the old L5 Society and other space interest groups, its principal objective is to sponsor and promote the involvement of Canadians in the… …   Wikipedia

  • George King (Aetherius Society) — Infobox Person name = Dr. George King image size = 200px birth date = birth date|1919|1|23|mf=y birth place = Shropshire, England death date = death date and age|1997|7|12|1919|1|23|mf=y death place = occupation = Psychic Contactee Founder of the …   Wikipedia

  • Aetherius Society — The Aetherius Society is an organization founded by Dr. George King (1919 1997) in London in 1955 as the result of what King claimed were contacts with advanced extraterrestrial intelligences. Its guiding principle is service to humanity, through …   Wikipedia

  • JBIS — British Interplanetary Society Pour les articles homonymes, voir BIS. La British Interplanetary Society (BIS), fondée en 1933, est la plus ancienne association dont l objet est exclusivement la promotion de l astronautique et de la conquête de l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clarke, Sir Arthur C. — ▪ British author and scientist in full  Sir Arthur Charles Clarke  born Dec. 16, 1917, Minehead, Somerset, Eng. died March 19, 2008, Colombo, Sri L.       English writer who is notable for both his science fiction and his nonfiction.       Clarke …   Universalium

  • Paradoxe de Fermi — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fermi. Le radiotélescope Very Large Array dans le Nouveau Mexique (États Unis), haut lieu du …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”