Type I cytokine receptor

Type I cytokine receptor

Type I cytokine receptors are transmembrane receptors expressed on the surface of cells that recognize and respond to cytokines with four α-helical strands. These receptors are also known under the name hemopoietin receptors, and share a common amino acid motif (WSXWS) in the extracellular portion adjacent to the cell membrane. Members of the type I cytokine receptor family comprise different chains, some of which are involved in ligand/cytokine interaction and others that are involved in signal transduction.

Contents

Signal transduction chains

The signal transducing chains are often shared between different receptors within this receptor family.[1]

  • The common beta chain (CD131 or CDw131) is shared between the following type I cytokine receptors:
    • GM-CSF receptor
    • IL-3 receptor
    • IL-5 receptor.[3]

Examples

Type I cytokine receptors include interleukin receptors, colony stimulating factor receptors and other cytokine receptors

Interleukin receptors

Colony stimulating factor receptors

Hormone receptor/neuropeptide receptor

Other

References

  1. ^ Lichtman, Andrew H.; Abbas, Abul K. (2003). Cellular and molecular immunology (5th ed.). Philadelphia: Saunders. ISBN 0-7216-0008-5. 
  2. ^ He YW, Adkins B, Furse RK, Malek TR (1995). "Expression and function of the gamma c subunit of the IL-2, IL-4, and IL-7 receptors. Distinct interaction of gamma c in the IL-4 receptor". J. Immunol. 154 (4): 1596–605. PMID 7530740. http://www.jimmunol.org/cgi/content/abstract/154/4/1596. 
  3. ^ Stomski FC, Woodcock JM, Zacharakis B, Bagley CJ, Sun Q, Lopez AF (1998). "Identification of a Cys motif in the common beta chain of the interleukin 3, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and interleukin 5 receptors essential for disulfide-linked receptor heterodimerization and activation of all three receptors". J. Biol. Chem. 273 (2): 1192–9. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.2.1192. PMID 9422786. 

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