Middletown, Ohio

Middletown, Ohio
Middletown, Ohio
—  City  —
Aerial view of Middletown
Location of Middletown, Ohio
Coordinates: 39°30′N 84°23′W / 39.5°N 84.383°W / 39.5; -84.383Coordinates: 39°30′N 84°23′W / 39.5°N 84.383°W / 39.5; -84.383
Country United States
State Ohio
Counties Butler, Warren
 - Total 25.8 sq mi (66.8 km2)
 - Land 25.7 sq mi (66.5 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation[1] 656 ft (200 m)
Population (2010)
 - Total 48,694
 - Density 2,011.4/sq mi (776.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 45042-45044
Area code(s) 513
FIPS code 39-49840[2]
GNIS feature ID 1061519[1]
Website http://www.cityofmiddletown.org/

Middletown is an All-America City[3] (awarded in 1957) located in Butler and Warren counties in the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Ohio. Formerly in Lemon, Turtlecreek, and Franklin townships, Middletown was incorporated by the Ohio General Assembly on February 11, 1833, and became a city in 1886. The city was the home of AK Steel Holding Corporation (formerly Armco), a major steel works founded in 1900 until offices were moved to West Chester Township, Ohio in 2007, but AK Steel's factory still resides in Middletown. Middletown contains a small municipal airport known as Hook Field, (airport code MWO), but is no longer served by commercial airliners, only general aviation. A regional campus of Miami University is located in Middletown.

The population of Middletown as of the 2010 census was 48,694.[4] It is part of the Cincinnati-Middletown Metropolitan Statistical Area as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau.[5] Its name is believed to have come from its founder, Stephen Vail, but questions remain unanswered as to why. One local historian stated that the city received its name because Mr. Vail had come from Middletown, New Jersey. Another writer believed that the city was named Middletown because it was the midway point of navigation on the Great Miami River, which was then considered a navigable stream. Another theory is credited to the city being roughly half way between Dayton and Cincinnati. Vail centered the city in Fractional Section 28 of Town 2, Range 4 North. The Towne Mall, located near I-75, was the main shopping center of the city until businesses moved out due to lack of patronage. The main shopping district of the area is now Cincinnati Premium Outlets, located one city over, in Monroe, Ohio. One of the first settlers in Middletown was Daniel Doty who migrated there from New Jersey in the late 18th century.



Middletown is located at 39°30′N 84°23′W (39.5060, -84.3759).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.8 square miles (66.8 km2), of which, 25.7 square miles (66.5 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.4 km2) of it (0.54%) is water.

Middletown adjoins the Great Miami River. Middletown also borders the cities of Franklin, Monroe, Trenton, and Liberty and Madison Townships.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 1,087
1860 2,070 90.4%
1870 3,046 47.1%
1880 4,538 49.0%
1890 7,681 69.3%
1900 9,215 20.0%
1910 13,152 42.7%
1920 23,584 79.3%
1930 29,992 27.2%
1940 31,220 4.1%
1950 33,695 7.9%
1960 42,115 25.0%
1970 48,767 15.8%
1980 43,719 −10.4%
1990 46,758 7.0%
2000 51,605 10.4%
2010 48,694 −5.6%

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 51,605 people, 21,469 households, and 13,933 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,011.4 people per square mile (776.5/km2). There were 23,144 housing units at an average density of 902.1 per square mile (348.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.98% White, 10.59% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.

There were 21,469 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,215, and the median income for a family was $43,867. Males had a median income of $35,705 versus $23,865 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,773. About 9.2% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.


From the mills at AK Steel, to the city's biggest employer and one of the nation's top 100 hospitals, Atrium Medical Center, Middletown is home to a wide variety of business and industry.

Most new commercial development is centered around the campus of the newly built Atrium Medical Center, located just east of Interstate 75. Atrium Medical Center replaces the former Middletown Regional Hospital. There has been much dissent in the community on the moving of the hospital from its former site to its new site three miles (5 km) away. However, the new hospital offers a much larger emergency room, private rooms, and newer and better technology and equipment. In addition, the City Council has been focusing on renewing the business prospects of downtown Middletown.

Middletown City School District provides educational opportunities for the majority of the community, while Franklin and Lebanon City School Districts oversee some outlying parts of the city. Other schools/districts located in the area include Bishop Fenwick High School, John XXIII Elementary School, Middletown Christian, Madison Local, Lakota Local, Summit Academy, Middletown Fitness & Preparatory Academy, LifeSkills Center of Middletown, Butler Technology and Career Development Schools, and Miami University-Middletown, a Miami University regional campus.

The Ohio Challenge Hot Air Balloon Festival, Middfest, Greek Festival, Fenwick Festival,First Fridays at First Methodist, and numerous outdoor concerts are just some of the many community events held annually in Middletown.

The Aeronautical Corporation of America, later to be called Aeronca, located to Middletown in 1940 from Cincinnati. The company designed and built thousands of aircraft, notably the Champ, Chief and Super Chief. The factory ceased aircraft production in 1951. Today, the company is an operating division of Magellan Aerospace.

Every two years, Middletown hosts the National Aeronca Association convention and fly-in where aircraft owners, pilots, enthusiasts and former employees of Aeronca gather at Hook Field Municipal Airport for a weekend of flying and camaraderie.

The Middletown Journal is a daily paper printed by Cox Publishing covering area, state, national, and world events.

Telephone service is provided through Middletown and Franklin exchanges. The area codes in use are 513 and 937. Another exchange has also been assigned to Middletown but will not be put into use until the 513 exchange runs out of numbers.

The Middletown area is also divided amongst two zip codes, 45042 and 45044. The dividing line for these two zip codes is generally Central Avenue.

Middletown is home to two radio stations, WPFB (AM), broadcasting on 910 kHz, and WPFB (FM) (The Rebel), broadcasting on 105.9 MHz. The broadcast tower is located not too far from Central Academy. It can be seen from much of the city.

Throughout history Middletown has been home to several main transportation routes including the Great Miami River, Miami and Erie Canal, Warren County Canal, Cincinnati and Lake Erie Railroad, Middletown and Cincinnati Railroad, and now Interstate 75, which is currently being widened to four lanes at the Middletown exit, Exit 32. In addition, the interchange for the northbound lanes is set to be redone from its current ribbon-like design to the more common, side ramps.

Blue Ball, Engle's Corner, Amanda, Lemon Township Morrell's Station, and Excello, Ohio have all been annexed by Middletown. More land was annexed by Middletown when the new Bishop Fenwick High School was built out in Hunter.

AK Steel's The Hot Strip Mill includes the first building design that ever needed to take into account the circumference of the earth.[citation needed]

Middletown was once home to a professional baseball team.[citation needed]

Middletown High School has more Division I State Basketball Championships (7) than any other school in the state.

The Middletown City School District has eight elementary schools, Amanda Elementary, Central Academy, Creekview Elementary, Highview Elementary, Mayfield Elementary, Miller Ridge Elementary, Rosa Parks Elementary, and Wildwood Elementary. The school district also has one middle school, Middletown Middle School.

Notable natives and residents


  1. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Fear, caution, patriotism watchwords in Middletown". http://www.enquirer.com/editions/2003/03/14/loc_middletownmood14.html. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder2". http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. Retrieved 2010-03-20. 
  5. ^ METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS(OMB Bulletin No. 10-02). December 1, 2009. pp. 28. http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/assets/bulletins/b10-02.pdf. 

Further reading

  • Bert S. Barlow, W.H. Todhunter, Stephen D. Cone, Joseph J. Pater, and Frederick Schneider, eds. Centennial History of Butler County, Ohio. Hamilton, Ohio: B.F. Bowen, 1905.
  • Jim Blount. The 1900s: 100 Years In the History of Butler County, Ohio. Hamilton, Ohio: Past Present Press, 2000.
  • Butler County Engineer's Office. Butler County Official Transportation Map, 2003. Fairfield Township, Butler County, Ohio: The Office, 2003.
  • A History and Biographical Cyclopaedia of Butler County, Ohio with Illustrations and Sketches of Its Representative Men and Pioneers. Cincinnati, Ohio: Western Biographical Publishing Company, 1882. [3]
  • Ohio. Secretary of State. The Ohio municipal and township roster, 2002-2003. Columbus, Ohio: The Secretary, 2003.

External links

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