- Franklin County, Ohio
Infobox U.S. County
county = Franklin County
state = Ohio
April 30, 1803cite web|url = http://www.odod.state.oh.us/research/FILES/S0/Franklin.pdf |title = Ohio County Profiles: Franklin County |accessdate = 2007-04-28 |publisher = Ohio Department of Development | format = PDF]
seat wl = Columbus | largest city = Columbus
area_total_sq_mi = 543
area_total_km2 = 1407
area_land_sq_mi = 540
area_land_km2 = 1398
area_water_sq_mi = 3
area_water_km2 = 9
area percentage = 0.63%
census yr = 2000
pop = 1068978
density_sq_mi = 1980
density_km2 = 760
time zone = Eastern
UTC offset = -5
DST offset= -4
web = www.co.franklin.oh.us
named for =
Franklin County is a
countylocated in the state of Ohio, United States. As of 2000, the population was 1,068,978. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2007 Population Estimates, the population had grown to 1,118,107, which makes it the second largest county in Ohio (after Cuyahoga County) and the 34th largest county in population in the United States. Its county seatis Columbus,GR|6 which is located in the middle of the county. Columbus is the largest city in Ohio and the 15th largest city in the United States, according to the U.S. Census Bureau's 2005 Population Estimates. Columbus makes up about 66.56% of the population of the county, the rest being provided by various suburbs and townships, and Franklin County itself makes up about 9.42% of the state population as of 2000.
Franklin County, particularly Columbus, has been a centerpiece for presidential and U.S. congressional politics, most notably the 2000 presidential election, the 2004 United States presidential election, and the 2006 United States midterm elections. Franklin County is home to the largest
universityin the United States, The Ohio State University, which, as of Fall 2006, has an enrollment of 51,818 students.
The county was established on
April 30, 1803, less than two months after Ohio became a state, and was named after Benjamin Franklin.cite web|url = http://www.osuedc.org/profiles/profile_entrance.php?fips=39049&sid=0|title = Franklin County data |accessdate = 2007-04-28 |publisher = Ohio State UniversityExtension Data Center ] Franklin County originally extended all the way north to Lake Eriebefore Ohio subdivided further into more counties.
Franklin County has diverse levels of development, ranging from the urban core of Columbus to the quite rural southern and western portions of the county. The far south-west, near Harrisburg, offers little to no indication of a city of over 730,000 people (according the U.S. Census Bureau's estimates from July 1, 2005) less than 20 minutes away. This may be partly due to a development restriction established to protect the scenic Darby Creek on the border of Madison County.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Franklin County has a total area of 543
square miles (1,407 km²), of which, 540 square miles (1,398 km²) of it is land and 3 square miles (9 km²) of it (0.63%) is water. The county is located in the Till Plainsand the Appalachian Plateauland regions.
The county is drained by the
Olentangy Riverand the Scioto River. Major creeks in the county include Big Darby Creek, Walnut Creek, and Alum Creek.There are two reservoirs in the county, Hoover Reservoirand Big Darby Reservoir.
*Delaware County (north)
*Licking County (northeast)
*Fairfield County (southeast)
*Pickaway County (south)
*Madison County (west)
*Union County (northwest)
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 1,068,978 people, 438,778 households, and 263,705 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 1,980 people per square mile (765/km²). There were 471,016 housing units at an average density of 872 per square mile (337/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.48% White, 17.89% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 3.07% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.03% from other races, and 2.23% from two or more races. 2.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 438,778 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.00% were married couples living together, 13.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.90% were non-families. 30.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 11.70% from 18 to 24, 33.30% from 25 to 44, 20.10% from 45 to 64, and 9.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $42,734, and the median income for a family was $53,905. Males had a median income of $37,672 versus $29,856 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $23,059. About 8.20% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.20% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.
March 30, 1803, the Ohio government authorized the creation of Franklin County. The county originally was part of Ross County. Residents named the county in honor of Benjamin Franklin. In 1816, Franklin County’s Columbus became Ohio’s state capital. Surveyors laid out the city in 1812, and officials incorporated it in 1816. Columbus was not Ohio’s original capital, but the state legislature chose to move the state government there after its location for a short time at Chillicothe and at Zanesville. Columbus was chosen as the site for the new capital because of its central location within the state and access by way of major transportation routes (primarily rivers) at that time. The legislaturechose it as Ohio’s capital over a number of other competitors, including Franklinton, Dublin, Worthington, and Delaware.
Prior to the state legislature’s decision in 1812, Columbus did not exist. The city was designed from the first as the state’s capital, preparing itself for its role in Ohio’s political, economic, and social life. In the years between first ground-breaking and the actual movement of the capital in 1816, Columbus and Franklin County grew significantly. By 1813, workers had built a
penitentiary, and by the following year, residents had established the first church, school, and newspaperin Columbus. Workers completed the statehousein 1814. Columbus and Franklin County grew quickly in population, with the city having seven hundred people by 1815. Columbus officially became the county seat in 1824. By 1834, the population of Columbus was four thousand people, officially elevating it to “city” status.
Franklin County is currently made up of 13 cities, 12 villages, and 17 townships.
* [http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=1928 Franklin County history]
* [http://www.co.franklin.oh.us/ Franklin County official site]
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