- United States general elections, 2006
The 2006 United States midterm elections were held on Tuesday,
November 7 2006. All United States House of Representativesseats and one third of the United States Senateseats were contested in this election, as well as 36 state governorships, many state legislatures, four territorial legislatures and many state and local races. The election resulted in a sweeping victory for the Democratic Party which captured the House of Representatives, the Senate, and a majority of governorships and state legislatures from the Republican Party.
The victory of the Democratic Party in the 2006 Congressional elections was a major historic milestone for an additional reason: it saw the election of the first woman to serve as the Speaker of the House.
Nancy Pelosi, the leader of the Democrats in the House of Representatives, became the highest-ranking woman in the history of the government of the United States upon her election as Speaker in January 2007. In the United States, the Speaker is not only the presiding officer and leader of the majority party, the Speaker also directly follows the Vice President of the United Statesin the line of succession to the presidency.
March 2003, President George W. Bushordered an invasion of Iraq, a state which the U.S. government claimed was linked to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, and, more importantly, was producing weapons of mass destruction. That May, just two months after the initial invasion, Bush announced the end of major combat operations in Iraq. In the following months, insurgents began resisting the American occupation. Additionally, religious tensions between majority Shiiteand minority Sunni Muslims, tensions which had been suppressed under the grip of the Hussein regime, began to result in violence. By the end of 2003, despite the war being initially popular, the post-war occupation was losing support from the American public. A November 2003 Gallup poll showed that Bush’s job approval rating had fallen to 50% from a high of 71% at the outset of the war. [cite news|title=Presidential Job Approval In Depth |publisher=Gallup Poll |date= 2007-05-20|url=http://galluppoll.com/content/default.aspx?ci=1723&pg=2|accessdate=2007-05-20]
The next year, Bush won reelection over Democratic nominee John Kerry with less than 51% of the popular vote and 286
electoral votes(only 16 votes ahead of the 270 votes needed.), the smallest winning margin ever for an incumbent president since Woodrow Wilsonin the 1916 Presidential Election. It was, however, the first time since 1988 that a winner garnered a popular majority. Terrorism and the war in Iraq dominated the election, with domestic issues taking a secondary role. Bush began his second term with a continuation of the occupation and a push to overhaul Social Security with his privatization plan. Both policies proved unpopular, and violence in Iraq continued to increase. Compounding the unpopularity of the war was the fact that no weapons of mass destruction were ever found. August 2005 was the last time any major public opinion poll recorded majority approval of Bush’s job. [ [http://126.96.36.199/CFIDE/roper/presidential/webroot/presidential_rating_detail.cfm?allRate=True&presidentName=Bush Roper poll] ] Negative perceptions of Bush following the slow governmental response to Hurricane Katrinafurther weighed on his popularity.
Simultaneously, the Republican-controlled 109th congress’s popularity was declining as well. Both Bush’s and the congress’s involvement in the
Terri Schiavocontroversy in March 2005 were highly unpopular. A series of congressional scandals also rocked Washington D.C., most notably the ongoing Jack Abramoff lobbying scandaland the William Jeffersoninvestigation for the Democrats, as well as the Mark Foley scandaland the Cunningham scandal, both in October 2006. Additionally, the congress had a smaller than average list of major accomplishments and was not in session for a larger than average amount of days, allowing Democrats and others to characterize it as a “Do-Nothing” congress and blame the Republican leadership for the lack of progress.
Throughout 2006, sectarian violence was ongoing in Baghdad and other areas of Iraq; many claimed that the conflict was evolving into a
civil war. Perceptions of congress and Republicans in general remained highly negative. President Bush’s job approval rarely rose above 40%. In the months and weeks before the election, most political analysts claimed that the political environment was the worst for Republicans since the early 1930s, when another unpopular president's ( Herbert Hoover) party lost control of Congress.
ummary of results
The Democratic Party won a majority of the state governorships [cite web | url=http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20061108/ap_on_el_gu/eln_governors_16 | title=Democrats guaranteed governor majority | author=Robert Tanner | date=2006-11-07 | publisher=
Associated Press] and the U.S. House and Senate seats each for the first time since 1994, an election-year commonly known as the " Republican Revolution." For the first time in the history of the United States, no Republican captured any House, Senate, or Gubernatorial seat previously held by a Democrat. [cite web | url=http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/11/08/politics/main2161309.shtml | title=Why The Democrats Won | author=David R. Jones | date=2006-11-08 | publisher= CBS News]
Democrats took a 233-202 advantage in the House of Representatives, and achieved a 49-49 tie in the
United States Senate. The Senate figure is sometimes quoted in the media as 51-49, which includes two members who ran as independent candidates: one who pledged to align with Democrats and another who lost the Democratic primary but won the general election as an independent promising to caucus with the Democrats. [cite web | url=http://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/11/10/ct.senate.ap/index.html | title=Lieberman: Call me a Democrat | author= | date=2006-11-10 | publisher= CNN] The final Senate result was decided when Democrat James Webb was declared the winner in Virginia against incumbentGeorge Allen by the Associated Press. [cite web | url=http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/democrats_senate | title=Democrats take control of the Senate | author=Liz Sidoti and Bob Lewis | date=2006-11-08 | publisher= Associated Press] On November 9, 2006, Allen and fellow Republican incumbent Sen. Conrad Burns(Mont.) both conceded defeat, ceding effective control of the Senate to the Democrats. [cite web | url=http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6076276 | title=Sen. Allen Concedes Defeat in Virginia | author= | date=2006-11-09 | publisher= NPR] [cite web | url=http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=6270464 | title=Sen. Burns Concedes Montana Race | author= | date=2006-11-09 | publisher= NPR]
The election made
Nancy Pelosi(D-California) the first-ever female, first-ever Italian-American, and first-ever Californian Speaker of the House[cite web | url=http://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/11/07/election.exitpolls/index.html | title=Corruption named as key issue by voters in exit polls | author= | date=2006-11-08 | publisher= CNN] and Harry Reid(D-Nevada) the first Mormon Senate Majority Leader. [cite web | url=http://deseretnews.com/dn/view/0,1249,650204534,00.html | title=Will Reid get top job in Senate? | author= | date=2006-11-05 | publisher= Deseret Morning News] Keith Ellison (D-Minnesota) became the first Muslimever elected to the U.S. Congress [cite web | url=http://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/11/08/muslim.elect/index.html | title=Minnesota voters send first Muslim to Capitol Hill | author= | date=2006-11-08 | publisher= CNN] and Mazie Hirono(D-Hawaii) and Hank Johnson(D-Georgia) became the first Buddhists in a United Statesgoverning body. [cite web | url=http://www.shns.com/shns/g_index2.cfm?action=detail&pk=CONGRESS-PROFILE-11-08-06 | title=From Buddhists to allergist, Congress represents all the people | author=Lee Bowman and Lisa Hoffman | date=2006-11-08 | publisher= Scripps Howard News Service] . Although seven states banned recognition of same-sex marriage, Arizona became the first state to reject such a ballot initiative. [cite web | url=http://advocate.com/news_detail_ektid39285.asp | title=Same-sex marriage ban rejected in Arizona in historic first | author= | date=2006-11-09 | publisher= Advocate] South Dakotarejected a ban on abortion under almost any circumstances, which was intended to overturn federal constitutional abortion-rights nationwide by setting up a strong test casethat proponents hoped would lead to the overruling of Roe v. Wade. [cite web | url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/08/AR2006110800218.html | title=South Dakotans Reject Abortion Measure | author=Chet Brokaw | date=2006-11-08 | publisher= Associated Press]
Some of the Republican House and Senate seats lost by the Republicans belonged to members of the
Republican Revolutionof 1994. Senator Rick Santorum(R-Pennsylvania), Senator Mike DeWine(R-Ohio), Congressmen Charlie Bass(R-New Hampshire), John Hostettler(R-Indiana), Gil Gutknecht(R-Minnesota), and J.D. Hayworth(R-Arizona) all were elected in Democratic held seats in the 1994 elections and defeated in 2006. The Democrats also won back the Kansas 2nd and Ohio 18th, both lost to them in 1994. Rep. Sue Kelly(R-New York), also a member of the Republican "Class of 1994," was defeated.
The Democratic Party also claimed a majority of state governorships in the 2006 elections, gaining control of Republican-held governorships in New York, Massachusetts, Colorado, Arkansas, Maryland and Ohio, to give the party a 28-22 advantage in governorships.
The campaign preceding the election was one of the dirtiest in recent memory, as candidates on both sides engaged in very negative campaigning. Scandals, including the Mark Foley Congressional Page Scandal, the Jack Abramoff scandal, and various allegations of marital infidelity and abuse doomed certain candidates, especially incumbents in PA-10 and NY-20, which hosted one of the most negative campaigns in the country. Virginia senator
George Allen, a potential Republican 2008 Presidential candidate, saw his chances for reelection disappear when he was caught on video using a racial slur to describe a young Indian-Americanwho worked for his opponent's campaign.
The Democrats gained six Senate seats by defeating Republican senators in the states of Missouri, Montana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Virginia. The Democrats secured a 51-49 majority in the Senate (Senator
Joe Liebermanof Connecticutand Senator Bernie Sandersof Vermontare Independents who will vote with Democrats on caucusissues). The Democrats gained thirty House seats from the Republicans. For the first time since the midterm elections of 1994, the Democratic Party gained control of both houses of the United States Congress.
United States House of Representatives
All 435 seats in the
United States House of Representativeswere up for election.
United States Senate
The 33 seats in the
United States SenateClass 1 were up for election.
Of the 50 United States governors, 36 were up for election. Twenty two of those contested seats were held by Republicans, and the remaining 14 were held by Democrats. Of the 36 state governorships up for election, ten were open due to retirement, term limits, or primary loss. Although most governors serve four-year terms, the two exceptions,
Vermontand New Hampshire, elect governors to two-year terms. As a result of the 2006 gubernatorial elections, there are now 28 Democratic governors and 22 Republican governors, a reversal of the numbers held by the respective parties prior to the elections.
Additionally, governorships were up for election in the U.S. territories of
Guam, held by a Republican, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, where the Democratic governor was retiring. In each location, the incumbent party maintained control of the governorship.
Nearly all state legislatures were up for election. Prior to the general elections, with the exception of the
nonpartisan Nebraska Legislature, 21 legislatures were controlled by Republicans, 19 by Democrats, and nine were split legislatures (where each house is controlled by a different party). As a result of the 2006 elections, 23 legislatures were carried by Democrats, 17 by Republicans, and 9 legislatures were split. In all, Republicans lost, and Democrats gained, more than 300 state legislative seats. Democrats gained control of the Oregon Legislative Assembly, the Minnesota Legislature, the Iowa General Assemblyand the New Hampshire General Court. In New Hampshire's case, both houses of the legislature flipped from the Republicans to the Democrats. The Republicans, meanwhile, did not gain control of any state legislature. Instead, state Republicans lost their majorities in the Wisconsin Senate, the Michigan House of Representatives, the Pennsylvania House of Representatives, and the Indiana House of Representatives, turning those legislatures into split bodies. Conversely, Republicans gained control of 2 state houses - the Montana House of Representativeschanged from a 50-50 split to a 50-49-1 split, with the lone Constitution Party representative voting for Republican control of that body. Also, the election produced a 26-26 split in the Mississippi Senate, previously under a Democratic majority, with the tie-breaking vote coming from Republican lieutenant governor Amy Tuck.
Democrats gained or retained control of the state legislatures and governorships of 15 states, thus creating unified government in
Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oregon, Washington, and West Virginia, although the governorship of Louisiana reverted to the Republicans with the October 2007 election of Bobby Jindal. Republicans now control ten state governments, these being, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Missouri, North Dakota, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, and Utah. [ [http://www.ncsl.org/statevote/statevotemaps2006.htm# 2006 Party Control Maps] ]
Democrats won a veto-proof supermajority in both houses of the
Connecticut General Assembly, with Democrats holding a commanding 131-56 majority.
The most dramatic change in party control occurred with the
New Hampshire General Court, where Republicans held a 92 seat majority in the lower House and an eight seat majority in the upper Senate prior to the election. By the end of the evening, Republicans were down 81 seats in the House and five in the Senate, giving control of the General Court to the Democrats. This coincided with the landslide reelection of Democratic Governor John Lynch, the takeover of both of New Hampshire's U.S. House seats by Democrats, and New Hampshire's unique Executive Council gaining a Democratic majority.
Third parties received largely mixed results in the 2006 elections. In the
Maine House of Representatives, Green State Representative John Ederwas narrowly defeated by Democratic rival Jon Hinckin a bitterly contested campaign over Portland's 118th District. Eder's loss deprived the U.S. Green movement's highest elected position in any state office. [ [http://pressherald.mainetoday.com/news/state/061111greens.html Greens see rosy future in spite of '06 losses] ]
Vermont House of Representatives, the Vermont Progressive Partysuccessfully maintained its six seats within the chamber. The Vermont Progressive Party has in recent years become one of the most consistently successful third parties in the U.S. to be elected to higher office.
In Illinois, out of seemingly dissatisfaction of both the candidacies of Democratic Governor
Rod Blagojevichand Republican candidate Judy Baar Topinkaresulted in 10% of the electorate voting for the Green Party candidate Rich Whitney, an accomplishment by all means considering Whitney did not campaign on television or radio.
Rick Joremade history becoming the first candidate of the right-wing Constitution Party to be elected to a state legislature, elected to the 12th District in the Montana House of Representatives. Jore initially won in 2004 by three votes, only to see the courts throw out enough ballots to give the Democrat the victory. In the 2006 elections, Jore won convincingly, garnering 56.2% of the vote. [ [http://sos.mt.gov/ELB/archives/2006/elections/general/house/hd12/index.asp UNOFFICIAL 2006 General Election Results] ] However, the Montana Constitution Party is no longer chartered under the national party, denying the United States Constitution Partythe claim of holding a higher office.
Neither the Libertarian nor the Reform Parties gained any state legislative seats.
Voters weighed in on various ballot initiatives. These included:
* In a hotly-contested referendum that inspired a widely-publicized feud between conservative radio talk show host Rush Limbaugh and actor Michael J. Fox, Missouri voters narrowly passed an initiative to allow funding for embryonic stem cell research. The presence of the referendum on the ballot may also have aided Democrat Claire McCaskill in her victory over incumbent senator Jim Talent, who had opposed the measure.
*An amendment to the Missouri Constitution that would have levied a Tobacco Tax was defeated 51 to 48.
* Raising the
minimum wage, which passed in all six states with such referenda (AZ, CO, MO, MT, NV, OH)
Washingtonan initiative to repeal the estate tax failed.
* Banning the recognition of same-sex marriage, passing in seven out of eight states (
Colorado, Idaho, South Carolina, South Dakota(in South Dakota the proposition passed by a margin of only 51 to 48. Some gay rightsactivists viewed as a sign of future progress from a historically rather conservative state.) , Tennessee, Virginia, Wisconsin, with Arizonavoting against the proposition, the first state in the nation to do so.
*Colorado voters narrowly rejected an amendment to establish domestic partnerships by a margin of 52% to 47%.
cannabis, failing in both states with such referenda for use for unconditional reasons ( Colorado, Nevada) as well as for medical use only ( South Dakota)
affirmative action, passing in Michigan
parental notificationbefore an abortionfor minors, failing in both states with such referenda ( California, Oregon)
* Banning nearly all abortions, including those for victims of
rapeand incest, which failed in South Dakota
Instant-runoff voting, which passed in the city of Minneapolis, Minnesota
* A referendum to ease restrictions on
winesales in Massachusetts, which failed.
* Rhode Island voters approved a constitutional amendment to reextend the franchise to former criminals following their release, effectively enfranchising individuals on parole or probation.
* In California, voters endorsed a $37 billion package of bonds (Propositions 1A through 1E) to pay for transportation projects, housing, levee repairs and other infrastructure -- said to be the largest program of its kind in U.S. history. [cite news | title=Key Ballot Measures| author=| url=http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2006/pages/results/ballot.measures/| date=
November 8 2006| publisher= CNN]
Numerous other elections for local, city, and county public offices were held.
An unusual local election occurred in
South Dakota; Marie Steichenwas elected to Jerauld Countycommissioner, despite the fact that she died two months before the election. Her name was never replaced on the ballot, and voters who chose her were aware of her death. [cite news |url=http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15622299/ |publisher= MSNBC| date=2006-11-08 |accessdate=2006-11-10 |title=Dead woman wins county commissioner's race]
Richmond, California, a city of more than 100,000 residents, the Green Party challenger, city councilperson Gayle McLaughlin, unseated Democratic incumbent Irma Andersonand will now become the first Green Party mayor of a city of that size. [cite news |url=http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2006/11/09/GREENMAYOR.TMP |publisher= San Francisco Chronicle| date=2006-11-09 |accessdate=2006-11-14 |title=Green Party likely to win in Richmond mayor's race]
Two candidates in Nevada’s branch of the Constitution Party, called the
Independent American Party (Nevada), were also elected to office. Jackie Berg was elected Eureka CountyClerk with 54.1% of the vote, easily topping Republican and Libertarian opposition. Also, Cel Ochoa will be the new constable in Searchlight, Nevadaby virtue of winning 54.93% of the vote to defeat her Republican rival. Another Nevada Independent Party member, Bill Wilkerson, was elected to the Elko, NevadaSchool Board, in a non-partisan race. [cite news |url=http://www.constitutionparty.com/news.php?aid=359 |publisher=Constitution Party| date=2006-11-09 |title=Constitution Party Celebrates Election Victories]
Missoula County, Montana, residents passed a measure to encourage the County Sheriff's Department to make marijuana enforcement a last priority. [cite news |url=http://www.missoulian.com/articles/2006/11/08/news/mtregional/news06.txt |publisher=Missoulian| date=2006-11-08 |accessdate=2006-11-08 |title=Missoula County approves marijuana initiative]
Dallas County, Texas, Democrats regained control in 41 out of 42 contested GOP judgeships, as well as the district attorney's office and the county judge's seat. [cite news |url=http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/dws/news/elections/2006/stories/111206dnmetjustice.333a85c.html |publisher= The Dallas Morning News| date=2006-11-12 |accessdate=2006-11-14 |title=Voters put a new face on justice]
Reasons for Democratic Win
Beginning just after George W. Bush's reelection, political analysts point to a number of factors and events that led to the eventual Republican defeat in 2006. It is generally agreed that the single most important issue during the 2006 election was the
war in Iraq, and more specifically President Bush's handling of it.
Indeed, public opinion polling conducted during the days just before the election and the weeks just after it showed that the war in Iraq was considered the most important election issue by the largest segment of the public. [cite news |url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/23/AR2006102300766.html |publisher=
The Washington Post| date=2006-10-24 |accessdate=2007-04-23 |title= Independent Voters Favor Democrats by 2 to 1 in Poll] Exit polling showed that relatively large majorities of voters both fell into the category of disapproving of the war or expressing the desire to withdraw troops in some type of capacity. Both brackets broke extremely heavily for Democrats. [cite news |url=http://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/11/08/election.why/index.html |publisher= CNN| date=2006-11-08 |accessdate=2007-04-23 |title= Exit polls: Bush, Iraq key to outcome] The issue of the war seemed to play a large part in the nationalization of the election, a departure from previous midterm elections, which tended to be about local, district-centric issues. [cite news |url=http://cookpolitical.com/column/2006/091206.php |publisher= Cook Political Report| date=2006-09-12 |accessdate=2007-04-23 |title= Weighing the Odds] The effect of this was a general nationwide advantage for Democrats, who were not seen as being as tied to the war as Republicans, led by George Bush, were.
Additionally, president Bush himself, seen as the leader and face of the Republican party, was a large factor in the 2006 election. Exit polls showed that a large chunk of the electorate had voted for Democrats or for third parties specifically because of personal opposition to or dislike for Bush. The size of the segment that said it had voted specifically to support Bush was not as large. [cite news |url=http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/Vote2006/story?id=2637650&page=1 |publisher=
ABC News| date=2006-11-08 |accessdate=2007-04-13 |title=Much-Diminished GOP Absorbs the Voters' Ire] Opposition to Bush was based on a number of factors, these not limited to opposition to his Social Security plan, the slow response of his administration to Hurricane Katrina, his perceived inaction in the face of and association with rising gas prices, and as mentioned above, his continued commitment to the war. Fact|date=August 2008
Also, congressional approval, which had been slightly negative since before the 2004 election, began a steady drop beginning in March 2005. Congress's unprecedented and unpopular involvement in the
Terri Schiavocontroversy is often pointed to as the catalyst for this drop. Congressional scandals, such as the Jack Abramoff lobbying scandal, the sentencing of Duke Cunninghamto over eight years in prison, the indictment of then House majority leader Tom DeLay, the corruption of William J. Jeffersonand Bob Ney, the misconduct of Cynthia McKinney, and the Mark Foleyscandal all continued to pull down congressional popularity. In the months leading up to the election, congressional approval ratings flirted with all-time historical lows. [http://pollingreport.com/CongJob1.htm] Because congress was controlled by Republicans, this high disapproval affected Republicans much more negatively than it did Democrats.
Democrats were successful in portraying the congress as a lazy, greedy, egotistical, and inefficient "Do-Nothing Congress." Indeed, the congress had been in session much less than previous ones had [cite news |url=http://www.sunlightfoundation.com/daysinsession |publisher=
Sunlight Foundation|accessdate=2007-04-13 |title=The Most Do-Nothing Congress Since 1948] (including those under Republican control), and numerous public opinion polls showed that large majorities believed that the congress had accomplished less than normal. [http://pollingreport.com/congress.htm#misc] This too, took a toll on Republicans (as the leaders of the government).
The listed scandals were all dwarfed by the highly publicised
Mark Foley scandal, which broke in late September and rapidly metastasized to include the House Republican leadership. Florida Representative Mark Foley, who ironically headed the House Caucus on Missing and Exploited Children, was found to have been making sexually lewd and highly inappropriate contacts online with male congressional pages, and it was soon found that members of the Republican leadership knew in some capacity of Foley's advances, yet took little action. The scandal allowed Democrats to adopt corruption as a campaign issue, and exit polls on election day showed that corruption remained an important issue, one that Democrats held an advantage on. [cite news
title=Exit polls: Scandals hurt GOP more than war| date=
November 7, 2006| publisher= Associated Press| url=http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15614139/] In addition, many (at the time and after the fact) cited the scandal as an event that sealed the fate of the Republican congress. [cite news |url=http://rothenbergpoliticalreport.blogspot.com/2006/10/how-can-democrats-not-win-house-and.html |publisher= The Rothenberg Political Report|accessdate=2007-04-14 |title= How Can the Democrats NOT Win the House ... and the Senate?] [cite news |url=http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15319792/ |publisher= MSNBC|accessdate=2007-04-13 |title=Big Democratic wins likely on Election Day] After the election, top Republican strategist Karl Rove specifically named the Foley scandal as the cause of the Republicans' loss of congress. [cite news |url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/11/AR2006111101103.html |publisher= The Washington Post|accessdate=2007-04-24 |title= Rove Remains Steadfast in the Face of Criticism]
The result was that on election day, many congressional seats had been touched by Republican scandals and were easier to pick up for Democrats than under normal conditions. These include but are not limited to the Montana Senate, Virginia Senate, CA-11, PA-07, PA-10, TX-22, OH-18, FL-16, and NY-20 races.
Almost all of the gains made by Democrats came from large gains among independents, not Republicans. Democrats, Republicans, and independents all accounted for proportions of the electorate similar to what they did in 2004. Democrats and Republicans voted nearly as loyally for their parties in 2006 as they did in 2004, but independents exhibited a large swing towards Democrats. In 2004, independents split 49-46, slightly in favor of Democrats, [http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2004/pages/results/states/US/H/00/epolls.0.html] but in 2006 they voted 57-39 for Democrats, a fifteen point swing and the largest margin among independents for Democrats since the
US 1986 Midterm elections. [cite news |url=http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/Vote2006/story?id=2637650&page=1 |publisher= ABC News|accessdate=2007-04-23 |title=Much-Diminished GOP Absorbs the Voters' Ire]
At the non-federal statewide and local level, reasons for large Democratic gains were less clear. Many governorships and statewide offices were picked up in "blue" states that were pushed to vote for statewide Democrats by the national climate, while in previous years had been more receptive to Republicans. In some statewide and state legislative races, especially in Ohio [cite news
first=Joe | last=Hallett | first=Jonathan | last=Riskind
title=From Red to Blue| date=
November 8, 2006| publisher= The Columbus Dispatch| url=http://www.columbusdispatch.com/dispatch/contentbe/dispatch/2006/11/08/20061108-A1-00.html] , Republican corruption played a very strong role. More than anything, it is likely that the national tide against Republicans affected downticket races in favor of Democrats, delivering them their significant non-federal gains.
There were scattered reports of problems at polling places across the country as new electronic voting systems were introduced in many states. The problems ranged from voter and election official confusion about how to use new voting machines to apparent political dirty tricks designed to keep certain voters from casting their votes to inclement weather suppressing turnout.
Some reported irregularities:
*Millions of allegedly harassing and deceptive "robo-calls" were reported or placed in at least 53 house districts. The vast majority of the calls were reported to begin with the message "Hello, I’m calling with information about (Democratic candidate)" and continue with a negative message concerning the candidate. Regulatory statements concerning the sponsor of the message (usually the NRCC) allegedly did not come until after the message, instead of before, as the FCC mandates. Citizens reported receiving calls several times an hour and as late as 2:30 AM, and many held the mistaken belief that the calls were from Democratic campaigns. [cite web | url=http://www.boston.com/news/local/connecticut/articles/2006/11/01/how_do_you_like_those_nasty_telephone_calls_from_the_campaigns/?page=2 | title=How do you like those nasty telephone calls from the campaigns? | author=Philip Elliott | date=2006-11-01 | publisher=
The Boston Globe]
*Massive undervoting in several
Floridacounties, suspected to be caused either by malfunctioning electronic voting machines or bad ballot design. Recount is impossible because of missing paper trail. [cite web | url=http://www.heraldtribune.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20061115/NEWS/611150751 | title=Analysis suggests undervote caused by ballot design | author=Abby Goodnough | date=2006-11-15 | publisher= Sarasota Herald-Tribune] [cite web | url=http://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/10/us/politics/10florida.html | title=In Florida, Echoes of 2000 as Vote Questions Emerge | author=Abby Goodnough | date=2006-11-10 | publisher= New York Times] An analysis from the Orlando Sentinelclaims the undervoting swung an election to the GOP in Florida's 13th congressional district. [ [http://www.orlandosentinel.com/news/local/state/orl-mvote2206nov22,0,1913349.story Analysis: Ballots favored Dems] ] Democratic candidate Christine Jenningsbrings a lawsuit to court. [ [http://heraldtribune.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20061121/NEWS/611210505/-1/NEWS0521 Buchanan declared winner; rival Jennings sues] ]
Gateway, Arkansas, a town of 122 people, 199 votes were cast in an uncontested mayoral race. In nearby Pea Ridge, Arkansas, 3,997 votes were cast in a contested mayor's race for the city of 3,344 people. [cite web | url=http://www.nwaonline.com/articles/2006/11/11/news/111106bzelectioncontinued.txt | title=Election Results Continue To Puzzle | author=Michelle Burhenn | date=2006-11-10 | publisher=The Morning News]
Waldenberg, Arkansasmayoral candidate, Randy Wooten, gets no votes despite voting for himself. [cite web | url=http://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/11/11/zero.votes.ap/index.html | title=Candidate gets no votes -- but he voted for himself | author= | date=2006-11-11 | publisher= Associated Press] [cite web |url=http://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory?id=2646802&CMP=OTC-RSSFeeds0312 | title=Candidate: Zero Vote Tally Off - by 1 | author= | date=2006-11-11 | publisher= Associated Press]
*Report of a "
straight vote" for Democrats including non-Democrats in York County, Pennsylvania. [cite web | url=http://www.ydr.com/politics/ci_4622149 | title=Woman: Machine calls Santorum a Democrat | author=Brent Burkey | date=2006-11-07 | publisher=The York Daily Record]
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvaniaarea, officials could not verify that voting machines were secure and did not already have votes in them. [cite web | url=http://www.salon.com/politics/war_room/2006/11/07/pennsylvania/index.html | title=Pennsylvania: Faulty machines, closed polls in black neighborhoods | author=Tim Grieve | date=2006-11-07 | publisher=Salon Media Group]
*Voting-machine problems kept polls open until 9:00 PM, an hour later than scheduled, in
Lebanon County, Pennsylvania. [cite web | url=http://www.ldnews.com/news/ci_4624247 | title=Voting-machine snafus keep polls open until 9 | author=John Latimer, Chris Sholly, and Brad Rhen | date=2006-11-07 | publisher=Lebanon Daily News]
*A man in
Allentown, PAsmashed an electronic voting machine with a paperweight. The votes were recovered. [cite web| url=http://mobile.mcall.com/news.jsp?key=18695 | title=Voter smashes touch-screen machine in Allentown | author=Daniel Patrick Sheehan and Wendy Solomon| date=2006-11-07 | publisher= The Morning Call]
*Poll workers struggled with e-ballots in several states. [cite web| url=http://www.forbes.com/business/commerce/feeds/ap/2006/11/07/ap3152794.html | title=Poll Workers Struggle With E-Ballots | author=Deborah Hastings| date=2006-11-07 | publisher=
*In a small town in Oklahoma, a power outage in a polling station was caused by a squirrel gnawing on a power cable. [cite web| url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/08/AR2006110800448.html | title=Networks Play It Safe On Election Night | author=Paul J. Gough| date=2006-11-07 | publisher=
*Officials and experts reported electronic voting machine malfunctions in Indiana, Ohio, New Jersey, Colorado and Florida. [cite web| url=http://elections.us.reuters.com/top/news/usnN07421791.html | title=Democrats win House | author=John Whitesides| date=2006-11-07 | publisher=
*A bomb threat at East High School caused a voting shutdown in
Madison, Wisconsin. [cite web | url=http://www.channel3000.com/news/10265056/detail.html | title=Voting Interrupted At Madison School After Bomb Threat | publisher=Channel3000.com | date=2006-11-08]
*A Kentucky poll worker was charged with choking a voter. [cite web | url=http://www.nbc30.com/politics/10264850/detail.html | title=Ky. Poll Worker Charged With Choking Voter | publisher=nbc30.com | date=2006-11-07]
*Programming errors and inexperience dealing with electronic voting machines caused delays in Indiana, Ohio and Florida. About 175 of 914 precincts turned to paper ballots in
Marion County, Indiana. [cite web|url=http://www.linuxinsider.com/story/7A5xxpIrSiGaYc/E-Voting-Glitches-Besiege-Early-Voters.xhtml | title=E-Voting Glitches Besiege Early Voters | author=Jesdanun, Anick | publisher=LinuxInsider | date=2006-11-07]
*Vandals chained the main door and broke keys into the locks of New Jersey Republican candidate for Senate Tom Kean Jr.'s headquarters. Accusations have been made towards Democratic incumbent Bob Menendez, but they deny any involvement in the situation. [cite web|url=http://firstread.msnbc.msn.com/archive/2006/11/07/11670.aspx | title=First Read : 'Dirty tricks' in Jersey? | author=Ron Allen | publisher=
*Disabled voters were asked by election officials in
Bonneville County, Idahoto use punch card ballots. [cite web | url=http://www.kpvi.com/index.cfm?page=nbcheadlines.cfm&ID=37581 | title=Disabled Votes Asked To Use Punch Card Ballots | author= | date=2006-11-07 | publisher= KPVI-TV]
* Irregularities with Diebold and other
voting machines have been reported in the early elections. [cite web | url=http://www.miami.com/mld/miamiherald/news/editorial/15889697.htm | title=Problems in test run for voting | author= | date=2006-10-31 | publisher= Miami Herald] [cite web | url=http://arstechnica.com/news.ars/post/20061101-8131.html | title=Primary and early e-voting problems point to gathering storm | author=Jon Stokes | date=2006-11-01 | publisher= Ars Technica]
* The Chicago Board of Elections has been running a Web site that has allowed, by a simple programming hack, the exposure of personal information of a million registered voters. (Fixed on
21 October 2006) [cite web | url=http://www.suntimes.com/news/metro/108366,CST-NWS-hack24.article | title=Board of Elections Web site leaves Social Security numbers vulnerable | author=Art Golab | date=2006-10-24 | publisher= Chicago Sun-Times]
* Reports from Virginia: [cite web | url=http://www.votetrustusa.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1972&Itemid=113 | title=Sec. of Virginia State Board of Elections Finds Widespread Incidents of Voter Suppression | author= | date=2006-11-06 | publisher=VoteTrustUSA]
**FBI looking into possible Va. voter intimidation. [cite web | url=http://www.kvlytv11.com/artman/publish/article_1409.shtml | title=FBI looking into possible Virginia voter intimidation | author= | date=2006-11-07 | publisher=
**Calls that voting will lead to arrest.
**Telling voters that their polling location has changed.
**Fliers in Buckingham county say “Skip the election”
**Voting machine problems.
*Vote flipping of
voting machines in several states. [cite web | url=http://www.heraldtribune.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20061105/NEWS/611050530/1006/SPORTS | title=Voting glitch prompts warning | author=Todd Ruger | date=2006-11-05 | publisher= Sarasota Herald-Tribune] [cite web | url=http://www.elpasotimes.com/news/ci_4602577 | title=Voting machine problems checked | author=Vic Kolenc | date=2006-11-05 | publisher= El Paso Times] [cite web | url=http://www.suntimes.com/news/121097,CST-NWS-vote02.article | title=Early voters finding new machines aren't without faults | author=Steve Patterson | date=2006-11-02 | publisher= Chicago Sun-Times] [cite web | url=http://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/local/palmbeach/sfl-pvotercomplaint02nov02,0,6529912.story?coll=sfla-news-palm | title=Palm Beach County records 32,000 early votes for Tuesday's election | author=Luis F. Perez | date=2006-11-02 | publisher= Sun-Sentinel]
* Demonstration of crackable Diebold Election Systems voting machine in HBO's documentary "
Hacking Democracy". [cite web | url=http://www.computerworld.com/action/article.do?command=viewArticleBasic&articleId=9004584 | title=Election integrity advocate Brad Friedman looks at HBO's Hacking Democracy | author=Brad Friedman | date=2006-11-01 | publisher= Computerworld] [cite web | url=http://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/02/arts/television/02hack.html?_r=1&oref=slogin | title=In the Land of ‘Every Vote Counts,’ Uncertainty on Whether It’s Counted Correctly | author=Virginia Heffernan | date=2006-11-02 | publisher= New York Times]
* On Election day
November 7, talk show host Laura Ingrahamprompted listeners ( [http://websrvr80il.audiovideoweb.com/il80web20037/ThinkProgress/2006/ingraham.mp4 audio] ) to jam the Democratic Voter Protection hotline where voting problems were to be reported, [cite web | url=http://thinkprogress.org/2006/11/07/ingraham-voter-line/ | title=Ingraham Tells Listeners To Jam Voter Protection Hotline | author= | date=2006-11-07 | publisher= Center for American Progress] reminiscent of the 2002 New Hampshire Senate election phone jamming scandal.
* In Maryland, some voters were given sample ballots by Republican supporters that incorrectly listed Republicans Robert Ehrlich and Michael Steele as Democrats. [cite web | url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/07/AR2006110700740.html | title=Sample Ballots in Pr. George's Misidentify Candidates | author=Ernesto Londono | date=2006-11-07 | publisher=
Sarasota County, Florida, a large number of undervotes for the close 13th congressional district race, coupled with reports of voting machine problems on that part of the ballot, led Florida's Secretary of State to send a team to audit the result and possible recount. [cite web | url=http://www.bradenton.com/mld/bradenton/news/nation/15970924.htm | title=State to audit flawed Sarasota County vote | author=Marc Caputo and Gary Fineout | date=2006-11-09 | publisher= Miami Herald]
* Electronic voting machine problems in
Kane County, Illinoiskept the polls open until 8:30pm CST, an hour and a half later than scheduled. [cite web | url=http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/politics/chi-061107kaneelect,1,2980297.story?track=rss | title=Election Day chaos rocks Kane County | author=William Presecky | date=2006-11-07 | publisher= Chicago Tribune]
* In western
Washington, flooding from heavy rainfall interfered with the elections. [cite web | url=http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/291509_problems08.html | title=Other states have dirty tricks; we have flooding | author=Carol Smith | date=2006-11-08 | publisher= Seattle Post-Intelligencer]
Denver, Colorado, the computer system containing the voter registration rolls slowed down and crashed on several occasions during the day causing lines that were over two hours long at some vote centers. [cite web | url=http://www.rockymountainnews.com/drmn/elections/article/0,2808,DRMN_24736_5126521,00.html | title=Denver voters seethe in lines | author=Ann Imse, Lou Kilzer, James Meadow And Laura Frank | date=2006-11-08 | publisher= Rocky Mountain News] Some vote centers ran out of provisional ballots, and sample ballots had to be used instead. [cite web | url=http://www.rockymountainnews.com/drmn/elections/article/0,2808,DRMN_24736_5126340,00.html | title=Ballot shortage forces desperate measure | author=Gargi Chakrabarty and Rachel Brand | date=2006-11-08 | publisher= Rocky Mountain News]
* Also in Denver, 44,000 absentee ballots were misprinted with the "yes" and "no" positions on a ballot issue reversed. Also, the
bar codedesignating the ballot style was misprinted, requiring the ballots to be hand sorted which delayed results by over a week. The problem is blamed on ballot misprints by Sequoia Voting Systems. Some ballots had to be hand-copied onto other ballots before they could be counted. [cite web | url=http://www.rockymountainnews.com/drmn/elections/article/0,2808,DRMN_24736_5142404,00.html | title=Big bar code misfire | author=Ann Imse | date=2006-11-14 | publisher= Rocky Mountain News]
A database of reported problems can also be found at [http://www.votersunite.org/electionproblems.asp Voters Unite] .
Many political analysts concluded that the results of the election were based around President
George W. Bush's policies in the War in Iraqand corruption in Congress. [cite news | title=Midterm Election Roundtable| author=| url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/audio/2006/11/08/AU2006110800644.html| date= November 8 2006| publisher= Washington Post] [cite news | title=Elections Bring New Landscape to Capitol| author=Sheryl Gay Stolberg and Philip Shenon| url=http://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/08/us/politics/08cnd-elect.html| date= November 8 2006| publisher= New York Times] At a press conference given to address the election results, President Bush called the cumulative results of the election a "thumpin'" by the Democrats.cite web | url=http://www.marketwatch.com/News/Story/Story.aspx?guid=%7B1AEB9978-9BE4-4A3F-8C97-5180E05A5987%7D&siteid=google&dist= | title=Embattled Rumsfeld to resign | author=William L. Watts | date=2006-11-08 | publisher= MarketWatch]
Democrats have promised an agenda that includes withdrawing from the
war in Iraq, [cite web | url=http://www.breitbart.com/news/2006/11/09/D8LA01L00.html | title=McGovern to Meet With Congress on War| author=Oskar Garcia | date=2006-11-09 | publisher= Associated Press] raising the minimum wage, implementing all of the 9/11 Commissionrecommendations, eliminating subsidies for oil companies, restricting lobbyists, repealing tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans, lowering interest rates on college loans, expanding stem-cell research, investigating political appointees for actions taken during and leading to the war in Iraq, allowing current tax cuts to expire, [cite web | url=http://www.ombwatch.org/article/articleview/3638/1/2?TopicID= | title=Tax Policy on the Campaign Trail | author= | date=2006-11-07 | publisher=OMB Watch] and negotiating Medicare prescription drug prices. They planned to legislate these issues within their first 100 legislative hours of power in January 2007. [cite web | url=http://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/11/08/pelosi.speaker/index.html | title=Pelosi ready for House helm, battle over issues | author= | date=2006-11-09 | publisher= CNN] According to Brian Wright, president of Democrasource, LLC (an Ohio based national political consulting group), “There’s no question, the administration and Iraq set the tone for this year. This new balance of power can be a true catalyst to get the country back on track."
Prior to the election in July 2006 Democrats unveiled a six-point plan they promised to enact if elected with congressional majorities. The plan was billed the "Six for 06 agenda" and officially called "A New Direction For America" [cite web | url=http://www.democraticleader.house.gov/pdf/NewDirection.pdf | title=A New Direction For America (pdf) | author=Congressional Democrats | date= | publisher=
Nancy Pelosi|format=PDF] and compared to the 1994 Republican " Contract with America". [cite web | url=http://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/07/27/campaign.2006/index.html | title=Democrats launch 'Six for '06' agenda | author=Dana Bash and Ted Barrett | date=2006-07-28 | publisher= CNN] The six-points of the plan include: "honest leadership and open government, real security, energy independence, economic prosperity and educational excellence, a healthcare system that works for everyone, and retirement security". [cite web | url=http://www.democrats.org/agenda.html | title=6-point plan for 2006 | author= Democratic National Committee| date=2006-07-28 | publisher= Democratic National Committee]
** In regards to "real security" they propose a "
phased redeployment" of U.S. forces from Iraq, doubling the size of U.S. military special forces to capture Osama Bin Ladenand destroy terrorist groups such as al Qaeda, and implementing the 9/11 Commission proposals to secure the national borders of the United States and screen every container arriving at U.S. ports.
*Economic prosperity and educational excellence
** Democratic plans for economic prosperity include ending the congressional pay raise until the federal
minimum wageis raised and withholding tax breaks from U.S. companies that outsource jobs to foreign countries. Within education they plan to cut college loan rates, expand federal grants, and ensure that funds used for college tuition are not taxed.
** The Democratic plan for achieving an end to American dependence on foreign countries for
oilconsists of repealing tax incentives given to oil companies, higher penalties for price gouginggasoline products, increasing tax incentives and funding for the research and development of technologies intended to improve fuel-efficiency and creating viable alternative fuel supplies such as biofuels.
With apparent reference to the impact of the Iraq war policy, in a press conference held on November 8, Bush talked about the election and announced the resignation of
Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld. Bush stated, "I know there's a lot of speculation on what the election means for the battle we're waging in Iraq. I recognize that many Americans voted last night to register their displeasure with the lack of progress being made there." Prior to the election, Bush had stated that he intended to keep Rumsfeld on as Secretary of Defense until the end of his Presidency. However, Bush then went on to add Rumsfeld's resignation was not due to the Democratic victories on November 8. Rumsfeld's job reportedly had been on the line for several months prior to the election, and the decision for him to stay until after the election, if he was going to be let go at all, was also reportedly made several months earlier. All this led to his resignation. [cite news | title=Removal of Rumsfeld Dates Back to Summer | author=Jim Rutenberg | url=http://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/10/washington/10rumsfeld.html | date = November 10 2006| publisher= New York Times]
On the same day, then Speaker of the House, Representative
Dennis Hastertof the 14th Congressional District of Illinois, said he would not seek the Minority Leaderposition for the 110th Congress.
In the aftermath of the election "
The Weekly Standard" published a number of articles highly critical of how the Republican Party had managed the United States Congress. It called the electoral defeat for the G.O.P. "only a little short" of "devastating" saying the "party of reform... didn't reform anything" and warned that the Democratic Party has expanded its "geographical sphere of Democratic power" to formerly Republican-held states such as Montana, Colorado, Arizona, Wyoming, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota while it solidified former swing states like Illinoisas Democratic strongholds. In the New England region, popular Republican Senator Lincoln Chafeeof Rhode Islandwas defeated, despite having approval ratings near 60% and Republicans now only control a single district, the CT-04 seat held by Chris Shays, out of 22 congressional districts. The Democrats also became the clear majority in the Mid Atlanticregion as well. Two Republican incumbent Congressmen were defeated in New Yorkstate and the Democrats picked up a Republican open seat, all from Republican regions upstate, and four Republican Congressmen were defeated in Pennsylvania. Democrats picked up seats in all Northeastern state legislatures holding elections, except Rhode Island, which remained unchanged (and Democrats clearly in the majority), winning a supermajorityin both the Connecticut House and Senate, and winning both houses of the New Hampshire legislature for the first time since 1874. Democrats kept both vulnerable Senate seats in Marylandand New Jersey, winning them by wider margins than predicted, and they won the heavily contested Senate seats in Missouriand Virginia.
The Democratic expansion into Indiana, Virginia, and Ohio has "seriously diminished the chances for future Republican success" it claimed. The paper, which has been described as the "quasi-official organ of the Bush Administration" [cite news| title=WHY WE HATE BUSH (It's the Stolen Election, Stupid) | author=
Ted Rall| date = September 25 2003| publisher=Yahoo!] also stated that more people would have to "bendover" to get anywhere in a political office and has called on Republicans to move to the center for the sake of the party's future viability saying "conservatives won't want to hear this, but the Republican who maneuvered his way into the most impressive victory... won ... after moving to the center" and that "the South is not enough space to build a national governing majority". [cite web | title=Republicans find themselves increasingly confined to the Sun Belt | author= Matthew Continetti
url=http://weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/012/921bvzsc.asp | date =
November 8 2006| publisher= Weekly Standard] [cite web | title=Why Republicans got shellacked in the midterms | author=Fred Barnes
url=http://weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/012/923kemje.asp?pg=2 | date =
November 8 2006| publisher= Weekly Standard]
*flagicon|PRC The government of the
People's Republic of Chinais said to be nervous about the effect a Democratic-led Congress might have on its exports to the United States market and the possible controversy that could result because of the country's human rightsrecord. Nancy Pelosi, who became the Speaker of the House, is a noted critic of Chinese policy. Concerns likely to be raised include the undervalued Chinese currency, blamed by some for the recent losses in the American manufacturing industry, and issues such as internet censorship, piracy, limited market access within China itself for companies based in the U.S., and religious freedom. [cite web | url=http://dailynews.muzi.com/news/ll/english/10026302.shtml | title=China to come under tighter scrutiny by new US Congress | author= | date=2006-11-12 | publisher=Muzi.com] The Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu stated that she hoped the United Stateswould play a "constructive role" in maintaining "sound, healthy and stable relations between China and the U.S.".
Minister of Defence André Flahautexpressed his approval of Rumsfeld's resignation. He said Rumsfeld was "obstinate", and he hoped that the elections would bring upon a change in the United States' foreign policy.
*flagicon|Denmark Danish Prime Minister
Anders Fogh Rasmussensaid he hoped that President Bush and the newly-elected Congress could find common ground and resolve issues regarding the War in Afghanistan and the War in Iraq. Rasmussen also said Denmarkwould keep its troops in Iraqand neither the election nor the resignation of Donald Rumsfeldwould change government foreign policies.cite web | url=http://www.turkishpress.com/news.asp?id=150627 | title=World contemplates fallout for Iraq of US election | author= | date=2006-11-09 | publisher= Agence France-Presse]
France's Minister of Defence Michele Alliot-Mariesaid that her American counterpart, Donald Rumsfeld, had "taken the consequences" of an election in which voters punished the government over the war in Iraq. The former Socialist Prime Minister of France, Laurent Fabius, was quoted as saying, ""A lot of Americans have realised that Mr. Bush has lied to them."
*flagicon|Germany The German Foreign Office's coordinator for German-American cooperation, Karsten D. Voigt, said that he believed that the Democratic-controlled Congress will be more cooperative with the world, but he expects that Europeans will have to carry more influence on such foreign issues of importance, such as the war in Iraq and in Afghanistan, and the nuclear weapon programs of
North Koreaand Iran. Voigt further stated that Europeneeded to develop a stronger relationship with the United States, especially with newly elected Congressional politicians. Voigt went on to say that doing so would help "better convey European positions on major international issues and make concerted efforts to find constructive political solutions for the future."cite web | url=http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,2230672,00.html | title=World contemplates fallout for Iraq of US election | author= | date=2006-11-09 | publisher= Agence France-Presse]
*flagicon|UK Labour Party
Member of ParliamentJohn McDonnell, a critic of United KingdomPrime Minister Tony Blair, said, "the message of the American people is clear -- there needs to be a major change of direction in Iraq. Just as in Britain, people in the US feel that they have been ill advised, misled and ignored."cite web | url=http://www.spiegel.de/international/0,1518,447246,00.html | title=European Reaction- "End of a Six Year Nightmare" | author= | date=2006-11-08 | publisher=] McDonnell, who became the first Labour Party MP to announce that he would stand for leadership in 2007, also said, "These election results have not only damaged Bush, they mean that Blair is now totally isolated in the international community."
Prime Minister of Italy, Romano Prodi, believed that it was Bush's Iraq policy that had led to the complete turnover in the elections. He said that Bush would "have to negotiate with the opposition on all issues."
*flagicon|Spain The ruling
Spanish Socialist Workers' Partyresponded to the elections stating that they hoped the elections "would help to change the course of US foreign policy."
*flagicon|Iran Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah
Ali Khameneion Friday called U.S. President George W. Bush's defeat in congressional elections a victory for Iran. "This issue (the elections) is not a purely domestic issue for America, but it is the defeat of Bush's hawkish policies in the world," Khamenei said in remarks reported by Iran's student news agency ISNA on Friday. "Since Washington's hostile and hawkish policies have always been against the Iranian nation, this defeat is actually an obvious victory for the Iranian nation." "The result of this election indicates that the majority of American people are dissatisfied and are fed up with the policies of the American administration," the IRNA state news agency quoted Ahmadinejad as saying. [cite web | url=http://today.reuters.com/news/articlenews.aspx?type=politicsNews&storyid=2006-11-10T140135Z_01_L10266591_RTRUKOC_0_US-USA-ELECTIONS-IRAN.xml&src=rss&rpc=22 | title=Khamenei calls elections a victory for Iran | author=Jon Hemming | date=2006-11-10 | publisher= Reuters]
**In a letter to the American people released on Wednesday, November 29, 2006 via Iran's Permanent Mission to the
United Nationsin New York, Mahmoud Ahmadinejadwrote:
cquote|I'd also like to say a word to the winners of the recent elections in the US :
The United States has had many administrations; some who have left a positive legacy, and others that are neither remembered fondly by the American people nor by other nations.
Now that you control an important branch of the US Government, you will also be held to account by the people and by history.
If the US Government meets the current domestic and external challenges with an approach based on truth and Justice, it can remedy some of the past afflictions and alleviate some of the global resentment and hatred of America . But if the approach remains the same, it would not be unexpected that the American people would similarly reject the new electoral winners, although the recent elections, rather than reflecting a victory, in reality point to the failure of the current administration's policies. These issues had been extensively dealt with in my letter to President Bush earlier this year. [cite news | url=http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15947213/?GT1=8717 | title=U.S. governs by ‘coercion,’ Iran leader writes | publisher=MSNBC | date=
November 29, 2006] [cite news | url=http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15952309/ Full letter at MSN | title=Text of Iran president’s letter to the U.S. | publisher=MSNBC | date= November 29, 2006]
* [http://www.computerworld.com/action/article.do?command=viewArticleBasic&articleId=9004591 E-voting state by state: What you need to know] , Computerworld,
1 November 2006
* [http://www.pbs.org/kcet/tavissmiley/special/election06/ Election coverage] on the
* [http://uspolitics.einnews.com/2006-midterm-elections U.S. Midterm Election News Coverage] - Comprehensive news coverage of all election campaigns and candidates
* [http://www.bluestatesredstates.com/BSRS_Special_Elect2006.html BSRS Newsservice Coverage of US Midterm Elections] - Humorous coverage of the all national and state-wide races in the 2006 midterm elections
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