Fairfield County, Ohio

Fairfield County, Ohio

Infobox U.S. County
county = Fairfield County
state = Ohio


founded = December 9, 1800cite web|url = http://www.odod.state.oh.us/research/FILES/S0/Fairfield.pdf |title = Ohio County Profiles: Fairfield County |accessdate = 2007-04-28 |publisher = Ohio Department of Development | format = PDF]
seat wl = Lancaster
largest city = Lancaster | area_total_sq_mi = 509
area_total_km2 = 1317
area_land_sq_mi = 505
area_land_km2 = 1308 | area_water_sq_mi = 3
area_water_km2 = 9
area percentage = 0.69%
census yr = 2000
pop = 122759
density_sq_mi = 243
density_km2 = 94
time zone = Eastern
UTC offset = -5
DST offset= -4
web = www.co.fairfield.oh.us
named for = the Fairfield area of Lancaster, Lancashire, UK|

Fairfield County is a county located in the state of Ohio, United States. As of 2000, the population was 122,759. Its county seat is Lancaster.GR|6 Its name is a reference to the Fairfield area of the original Lancaster.cite web|url = http://www.osuedc.org/profiles/profile_entrance.php?fips=39045&sid=0|title = Fairfield County data |accessdate = 2007-04-28 |publisher = Ohio State University Extension Data Center ]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 509 square miles (1,317 km²).505 square miles (1,308 km²) of it is land and 3 square miles (9 km²) of it (0.69%) is water.

Fairfield County sits just on the edge of Ohio's Appalachian region. While the once-glaciated northern portion of the county is fairly flat, as one travels south along U.S. 33 one can easily recognize the foothills of a mountainous region beginning around the village of Carroll. Although not officially part of the state or federal definition of Appalachia, certain areas of Fairfield County—particularly south of U.S. 22—bear a distinctly Appalachian feel in both physical geography and demographics.

The scenic Hocking Hills region lies immediately to the south, mostly in neighboring Hocking County. A large portion of Buckeye Lake is located in northeastern Fairfield County.

Mudhouse Mansion, an alleged haunted house, is located in the county.

Adjacent counties

*Licking County (north)
*Perry County (east)
*Hocking County (south)
*Pickaway County (southwest)
*Franklin County (northwest)

Demographics

USCensusPop|1810=11361|1820=16633|1830=24786|1840=31924|1850=30264|1860=30538|1870=31138|1880=34284|1890=33939|1900=34259|1910=39201|1920=40484|1930=44010|1940=48490|1950=52130|1960=63912|1970=73301|1980=93678|1990=103461|2000=122759|estimate=140591|estyear=2006|footnote=Population 1810-2006.As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 122,759 people, 45,425 households, and 34,159 families residing in the county. The population density was 243 people per square mile (94/km²). There were 47,922 housing units at an average density of 95 per square mile (37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.15% White, 2.67% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 45,425 households out of which 36.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.70% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.80% were non-families. 20.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,962, and the median income for a family was $55,539. Males had a median income of $39,566 versus $27,353 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,671. About 4.50% of families and 5.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.40% of those under age 18 and 6.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Roster of County Officials (as of November, 2007):
*Commissioners: JUDITH K. SHUPE (R), JON D. MYERS (R), MIKE KIGER (R)
*Prosecutor: DAVID L. LANDEFELD (R)
*Sheriff: DAVID PHALEN (R)
*Auditor: BARBARA CURTISS (R)
*Treasurer: JON A. SLATER JR. (R)
*Recorder: GENE WOOD (R)
*Clerk of Courts: DEBORAH SMALLEY (R)
*Engineer: FRANK ANDERSON (R)
*Coroner: THOMAS R. VAJEN (R)
*Judge, Common Pleas Court: CHRIS ALLAN MARTIN (R)
*Judge, Common Pleas Court: RICHARD BERENS (R)
*Judge, Common Pleas Court (General/Domestic Relations): KATHY S. MOWRY (R)
*Judge, Common Pleas Court (Juvenile/Probate): STEVEN O. WILLIAMS(R)

Communities

Cities

*Columbus
*Lancaster
*Pickerington
*Reynoldsburg

Villages

Townships

Census-designated place

*Fairfield Beach

Other communities

*Colfax
*Hooker
*Royalton

References

External links

* [http://www.co.fairfield.oh.us/ Fairfield County Government's website]
* [http://www.visitfairfieldcounty.org/ Fairfield County Visitors & Convention Bureau]


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