A politician (from Greek "
polis") is an individual who is involved in influencing public decision making through the influence of politicsor a person who influences the way a societyis governed through an understanding of political powerand group dynamics. This includes people who hold decision-making positions in government, and people who seek those positions, whether by means of election, coup d'état, appointment, electoral fraud, conquest, right of inheritance(see also: divine right) or other means. Politics are not limited to governance through public office. Political offices may also be held in corporations, and other entities that are governed by self-defined political processes.
Considered a politician
* A person who is active in
* In a
state, a member of the executive branch of government, or the office of Head of State, as well as the legislativebranch, and regional and local levels of government.
* Any person influencing group opinions in his or her favor can be termed a politician. For example, a worker participating in
office politicsis a politician, but only so far as the operations of his or her workplace are concerned.
* Some law enforcement officers, such as
sheriffs, and many judges who are elected or appointed because of their political views or popularity.
Not considered a politician
* Members of government who serve purely functional roles, such as
* Members of the
judicialbranch, law enforcement, and the militaryare not usually regarded as being politicians since they are generally executing or adjudicating established law and custom.
* Ordinary citizens with the power to vote cannot properly be called politicians even though they can participate in group decision-making. A politician participates in public debate that leads to a group decision being reached, while a voter is simply responding to that debate.
equityexpert Professor Paul Finnhas underlined, “the most fundamental fiduciary relationship in our society is manifestly that which exists between the community (the people) and the state, its agencies and officials. " Many suggest the basic problem of stopping Human Rightsviolations and political negligence stems from the lack of understanding by media and politicians on the laws of fiduciary control. In equityfiduciary control suggests obligations that not only include duties of good faith and loyalty, but also include duties of skill and competence in managing the people's interests. After all, Government is a trust structure created by people to manage certain services within society with the politicians depended on by the people to do that task. Therefore the relationship between government and it's politicians and the governed is clearly a fiduciary one.
Rules such as
Sovereign Immunityand Crown and Judicial Immunityare now being targeted as the very tools of oppression that are preventing victims from taking action against the people controlling the country who are causing the failure of care. Originating from within the Courts of Equity, the fiduciary concept was partly designed to prevent those holding positions of power from abusing their authority. This new thinking suggests anyone accepting any political or government control over the interests of people should be judged by the most exacting fiduciary standards given politicians are the most important fiduciaries in any society given they hold power over the people with power that comes from the people through elections. The fiduciary relationship arises from the government and its politicians ability to control people with the exercise of that power. In effect the argument is, if politicians have the power to abolish or ignore any rights they should be burdened with the fiduciary duty to protect people's rights because the government (or others engaging politicians on their behalf) would benefit from the exercise of discretion to extinguish rights which it alone had the power to dispose of.
Although members of governing bodies are often
honored, many people today have a poor opinion of politicians as a class. Not only do people often disagree with their policies, they are sometimes seen as unscrupulous, willing to do anything to gain power, or abusive of their position and privileges.
Politicians can also be criticized for becoming "career politicians." A politician who makes politics the source of their income, yet has to face re-election every few years can be less likely to make bold decisions or side with an unpopular bill. Some feel that fear of "rocking the boat" leads to a stagnant political climate, in which it becomes hard to address injustices and create change. Various measures have been taken in attempt to mitigate this effect, such as the implementation of
* Welch, Susan, John Gruhl, John Comer, and Susan M. Rigdon."Understanding American Government. 8th ed. Belmont, USA: Thompson Wadsworth, 2006"
* [http://www.webster.com/cgi-bin/dictionary?sourceid=Mozilla-search&va=politician "Merriam Webster Online Dictionary." Definition of politician]
5 June 2006
Richest American politicians
List of Canadian senators
List of Canadian Senate appointments by Prime Minister
* List of Members of the Canadian House of Commons
United States Politicians with Doctorates
* [http://politicalgraveyard.com/chrono/index.html List of American Politicians by Year Born or Died]
* [http://www.politicalheroes.org Political heroes]
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