Canton, Ohio

Canton, Ohio

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Canton
settlement_type = City
nickname = Hall of Fame City

imagesize =
image_caption = Skyline of downtown Canton from William McKinley Monument in Monument Park.


mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location within the state of Ohio

mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = Ohio
subdivision_name2 = Stark
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = William J. Healy II (D) [ [|City of Canton: Profile of Current Mayor] Retrieved 2007-01-02. ]
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_sq_mi = 20.6
area_land_sq_mi = 20.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.05
area_water_percent =
area_total_km2 = 53.3
area_land_km2 = 53.2
area_water_km2 = 0.1
elevation_m = 323
elevation_ft = 1060
latd = 40 |latm = 48 |lats = 18 |latNS = N
longd = 81 |longm = 22 |longs = 33 |longEW = W
population_as_of = 2007
population_footnotes = cite web|url=|title=Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Ohio, Listed Alphabetically: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007|accessdate=2008-08-03|format=|publisher=U.S. Census Bureau] cite web|url=|title=Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007|accessdate=2008-08-03|format=|publisher=U.S. Census Bureau]
population_total = 78319
population_metro = 407180
population_density_km2 = 1518.2
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 44700-44799
area_code = 330/234
timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latitude = 40°48'18" N
longitude = 81°22'33" W
website =
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 39-12000GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1048580GR|3
footnotes =
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1805
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date2 = 1815 (village)
established_title3 = -
established_date3 = 1854 (city)

Canton is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Stark CountyGR|6. The municipality is located in northeastern Ohio and is situated on the Nimishillen Creek, approximately 24 miles (38 km) south of Akron [cite web| last =| first =| authorlink =| coauthors =| title =Driving Directions from Canton, Ohio to Akron, Ohio| work =| publisher =Mapquest| date =June 5, 2007| url =| format =| doi =| accessdate =2007-06-05] and 60 miles (96 km) south of Cleveland. [cite web| last =| first =| authorlink =| coauthors =| title =Driving Directions from Canton, Ohio to Cleveland, Ohio| work =| publisher =Mapquest| date =2007-06-05| url =| format =| doi =| accessdate =2007-06-05]

It was founded in 1805 on the West and Middle Branches of the Nimishillen Creek, and became a manufacturing center owing to its location with numerous railroad lines. After the decline of heavy manufacturing, the city's industry has since diversified into service economy, including retailing, education, financial, and healthcare sectors. The population was 80,806 at the 2000 census, but according to a 2007 census estimate, the population has declined to 78,319. Despite this decline, the 2004 figure actually had moved Canton up from 9th to 8th place among Ohio cities, as Youngstown, once considerably more populous than Canton, had suffered a larger decline. According to the US Census 2007 estimate, the Canton-Massillon, Ohio Metropolitan Statistical Area has a total population of 407,180 residents.

Canton is home to the Pro Football Hall of Fame, the McKinley National Memorial, the William McKinley Presidential Library & Museum, and the First Ladies National Historic Site.


Canton was founded in 1805. quotes Kim Kenney, the curator of the William McKinley Presidential Library & Museum, whose information came from E.T. Heald's series The Stark County Story, as saying that Canton was incorporated as a village in 1822, and then as a city in 1838. However, the history page of the City of Canton's web page [ [ Welcome to Canton! ] at] gives the date for incorporation as a village as being in 1815, as a town in 1834, and as a city in 1854. [] , and [] ]

Bezaleel Wells, the surveyor who divided the land of the town, named it after Canton (an antiquated transliteration for Guangzhou), China. The name was a memorial to a trader named John O'Donnell, whom Wells admired. O'Donnell had named his Maryland plantation after the Chinese city, as he had been the first person to transport goods from there to Baltimore.


Canton is located at coor dms|40|48|18|N|81|22|33|W|city (40.804958, -81.375792)GR|1, at an elevation of 1060 feet (323 m). [cite web | url = Gnis3|1048580 | title = Geographic Names Information System entry for Canton | accessdate=2007-01-13] Nimishillen Creek and its East, Middle and West Branches flow through the city. [DeLorme (1991). "Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer". Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-233-1.]

Canton is bordered by Plain Township and North Canton to the north, Meyers Lake and Perry Township to the west, Canton Township to the South, and Nimishillen Township, Osnaburg Township and East Canton to the east. Annexations were approved in December 2006 extending Canton's eastern boundary to East Canton's border. [ [ - Canton and Stark County News ] ] [ [ - Canton and Stark County News ] ]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.6 square miles (53.3 km²), of which, 20.5 square miles (53.2 km²) of it is land and 0.05% is water.


Canton is the largest principal city of the Canton-Massillon Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan area that covers Carroll and Stark counties [ [ METROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS] , Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-07-30.] and had a combined population of 406,934 at the 2000 census.GR|2

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 80,806 people, 32,489 households, and 19,785 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,932.1 people per square mile (1,518.2/km²). There were 35,502 housing units at an average density of 1,728.0/sq mi (667.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.45% White, 21.04% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.61% from other races, and 3.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.24% of the population.

There were 32,489 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.1% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.6% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 87.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,730, and the median income for a family was $35,680. Males had a median income of $30.628 versus $21,581 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,544. About 15.4% of families and 19.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.


Canton works under a Mayor–Council government and it is the largest city in Ohio to operate without a charter. The City council is divided among 9 wards with 3 at-large seats and the council president. The current mayor is William J. Healy II.


The Canton area's economy is primarily industrial, with a significant agricultural segment. The city is home to the Timken Company, a major manufacturer of tapered roller bearings and specialty steel. Several other large companies operate in the greater-Canton area, including are Belden Brick Company (brick and masonry producer) and Diebold (ATMs, electronic voting devices, and bank vaults). The area is also home to several regional food producers, including Nickels Bakery (baked goods), Park Farms (poultry) and Shearers (snack foods). Poultry production and dairy farming are also important segments of the Canton-area economy.

As in many industrial areas of the United States, employment in the manufacturing sector is in a state of long-term decline. LTV Steel (formerly Republic Steel) had been a large employer before its bankruptcy in 2000. In 2004, the Timken Company proposed moving its Canton-based bearing production to plants in the South. While Timken's steel production remains centered around Canton, this has struck a blow to the economy and the city's image and pride. The Hoover Company (vacuum and floor cleaners) had been an iconic part of North Canton for more than 50 years. It was purchased by Techtronics Industries Co Ltd from the Whirlpool Corporation in January 2007, resulting in the June 2007 closure of the original North Canton site. In response to these manufacturing losses, the area is undergoing a transition to a retail and service-based economy.

Canton, like many mid-size American cities, has lost most of its downtown retail business to the suburbs. The lion's share of the Canton area's retail is located in the general vicinity of the Belden Village Mall in Jackson Township. In recent years, the downtown area has seen some rejuvenation, with cafes, restaurants, and art galleries springing up. Despite the exodus of most of the city's retail to the Belden Village area, a few retail centers remain in Canton (at or near the city limits). Tuscarawas Street (Lincoln Way), a leg of the Lincoln Highway connecting Canton with neighboring Massillon, is home to the Canton Centre Mall and several retail outlets of varying size. A vein of commerce runs along Whipple Ave, connecting the Canton Centre area with the Belden Village area. A similar vein runs north from the downtown area, along Cleveland and Market Avenues. Connecting Cleveland and Market Avenues is a small shopping district on 30th St. NW, and retail lines the Route 62 corridor leading from Canton to Louisville and Alliance.

Arts and education

The Canton Museum of Art, founded in 1935, is a broad-based community arts organization designed to encourage and promote the fine arts in Canton. The museum focuses on 19th and 20th Century American artists, specifically works on paper, andon American ceramics, beginning in the 1950s. The museum sponsors annual shows of work of high school students in Canton and Stark County, and financial scholarships are awarded. Educational Outreach programs take the museum off-site to libraries, parochial schools, area public schools, five inner city schools and a school for students with behavioral disorders.

Canton's K-12 students are primarily served by the Canton City School District, although students north of 17th St. NW have an overlap with Plain Local School District.
Malone University, a private, four-year liberal arts college affiliated with the Evangelical Friends Church, is located on 25th St. N.W. Catholic-run Walsh University is located nearby in North Canton. Stark State College and a branch of Kent State University are also nearby, in Jackson Township.

The city is also served by two Catholic high schools --- St. Thomas Aquinas High School serves the eastern portion of Canton (and eastern Stark County as a whole); while Central Catholic High School (located in Perry Township) serves the western part of Canton (and western Stark County as a whole). Perry Township is also home to Perry High School which serves students from both the Massillon and Canton area. Catholic grade schools within the city limits of Canton are St. Peter, St. Joseph, and Our Lady of Peace. There is also Heritage Christian School (K-12), a Christian grade school and high school. Canton Country Day School is another private elementary school in the city of Canton. Also within the city limits is the private Canton Montessori School, which teaches according to the Montessori Plan for education proposed by Maria Montessori in the early 20th century.



Canton is served in print by the "Canton Repository", the city's only daily newspaper.Canton is also served by one individual publication directed towards the citizens of Canton themselves called the "Canton Quarterly".


Canton, like Akron to the north, is part of the Cleveland television market. However, due to its proximity to Youngstown, it is not uncommon for residents to receive stations from that area as well via over-the-air television transmissions.

There are also 3 television stations that broadcast from Canton, though none of them are major network affiliates.
*Channel 17: WDLI - (TBN) - Canton - Christian
*Channel 52: WIVM-LP - (A1) - Canton - Local, independent
*Channel 67: WOAC - (IND) - Canton - infomercials

Canton also has a cable television public access channel, Canton City Schools TV 11. The content varies based on the viewer's location. Citizens located in North Canton will see North Canton's programming instead of Canton City's. Those within the borders of Plain Local Schools will see Eagle Television's programming.



*640 WHLO, (Clear Channel, News - Talk- Sports) - Akron
*900: WCER, (Melodynamic Broadcasting Corporation, Christian Talk) - Canton
*1060: WILB, ( [ Living Bread Radio] Inc., Catholic) - Canton
*1350 WARF, (Clear Channel, News - Talk- Sports) - Akron
*1480: WHBC, (NextMedia Group, News - Talk) - Canton
*1520: WINW, (Unknown, Black Gospel) - Canton


*89.7: WKSU, (Kent State University, Classical, NPR) "89.1 WKSU" - Kent
*92.5: WDJQ, (Donald Peterson, Top 40/CHR) "Q92" - Alliance
*94.1: WHBC-FM, (NextMedia Group, Hot AC) "Mix 94.1" - Canton
*95.9: WNPQ, (Tuscarawas Broadcasting Co., Contemporary Christian) "95.9 The Light" - New Philadelphia
*98.1: WKDD, (Clear Channel Communications, Hot AC) "98.1 WKDD" - Canton
*101.7 WHOF, (Clear Channel Communications, Adult Contemporary "my 101.7" North Canton
*106.9: WRQK, (Clear Channel Communications, Hard Rock) "Rock 106.9" - Canton


* [,+Canton+OH+44705&ll=40.809782,-81.34964&spn=0.014584,0.043259&om=1/ Crystal Park]
* [,+Canton+OH++44708&ll=40.802245,-81.418262&spn=0.013676,0.043259&om=1/ Harter Heights]
* [,+Canton+OH+44707&ll=40.784636,-81.371312&spn=0.01459,0.043259&om=1/ Highland Park]
* [ Market Heights]
*Newton Zone
* [,+1033+Troy+Pl+NW,+Canton+OH+44703&cid=40809791,-81381439,17941292438362623279&li=lmd&ll=40.807053,-81.381698&spn=0.003646,0.007317&om=1/ Summit]
*West Park
*West Branch Park


Canton is home to the Pro Football Hall of Fame. The American Professional Football Association, the forerunner of the NFL, was founded in a Canton car dealership on September 17, 1920.

Every summer, Canton holds the Pro Football Hall of Fame Festival, which includes a hot air balloon festival, ribs burn-off, fashion show, community parade, Sunday morning race, enshrinenee dinner, and the Pro Football Hall of Fame Grande Parade, and culminates in the enshrinement of the new inductees and then the NFL Hall of Fame Game, a pre-season exhibition between teams representing the AFC and the NFC at Fawcett Stadium. Fawcett, used during the regular season by McKinley and Timken high schools in Canton (as well as some other area schools and colleges) has been recognized by The Sporting News. The Canton Bulldogs were an NFL football team that played from 1920-1923 skipped 1924 season then played 1925 to '26 before folding.

Three of the OHSAA state final football games are hosted in Canton at Fawcett Stadium. The other three take place in nearby Massillon, Ohio, at Paul Brown Tiger Stadium.

The Canton Legends play in the American Indoor Football Association at the Canton Civic Center. The Continental Indoor Football League also has offices in Canton.

The Canton Invaders of the National Professional Soccer League II and American Indoor Soccer Association played home games at the Canton Memorial Civic Center from 1984 until 1996, winning five league championships.

Canton has been home to professional baseball on several occasions. A number of minor league teams called Canton home in the early 1900s, including the Canton Terriers in the 1920s and '30s. The Canton-Akron Indians were the AA affiliate of the major league Cleveland Indians for nine years, playing at Thurman Munson Memorial Stadium until the team relocated north to Akron following the 1996 season. Two independent minor league teams, the Canton Crocodiles and the Canton Coyotes, both members of the Frontier League, called Munson Stadium home for several years afterward. The Crocodiles, who won the league championship in their inaugural season in 1997, moved to Washington, Pennsylvania, in 2002, and the Coyotes moved to Columbia, Missouri, in 2003, after just one season in Canton.

Canton is also home of the baton twirling international championships. The event is sponsored by Twirling Unlimited.


Canton is well connected to the Interstate Highway System. Several highway exits from Interstate 77 connect travelers to Canton from Columbia, South Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina, Charleston, West Virginia and points south, and from Cleveland, Ohio, Akron, Ohio and points north.

Two limited-access highways serve Canton. Several highway exits from U.S. Route 30 connect travelers to Canton from Fort Wayne, Indiana and points west, and from Atlantic City, New Jersey, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and points east. Several local highway exits from U.S. Route 62 connect travelers to Canton from Columbus, Ohio and points southwest, and from Youngstown, Ohio and points northeast.

The city has several arterial roads. Ohio 43 (Market Avenue, Walnut Avenue and Cherry Avenue), Ohio 153 (12th Street and Mahoning Road), Ohio 172 (Tuscarawas Street) / The Lincoln Highway, Ohio 297 (Whipple Avenue and Raff Avenue), Ohio 627 (Faircrest Street), Ohio 687 (Fulton Drive), and Ohio 800 (Cleveland Avenue) / A.K.A. Old Route 8.

Public transportation is provided by SARTA, the Stark Area Regional Transit Authority.

Akron-Canton Regional Airport (IATA: CAK, IACO: KCAK) is a commercial Class C airport located 10 miles (16 km) north of the city, between Canton and Akron.

Popular culture

On the July 21, 2008, Stephen Colbert on "The Colbert Report" made a comment about John McCain making a campaign stop in Canton, Ohio, and "not the crappy Canton in Georgia."cite news |work=The Atlanta Journal-Constitution |title=Colbert's 'crappy Canton' comment puzzles mayor |url= |date=2008-07-23 |first=Jamie |last=Gumbrecht] The comment resulted in a local uproar, with the Canton, Georgia, mayor insisting Colbert had never visited the town along with an invitation for him to do so. On July 30, 2008, Colbert apologized for the story, insisting that he was incorrect and that the "real" crappy Canton was Canton, Kansas, after which he made several jokes at the Kansas town's expense. [cite news |work=WXIA-TV |title=Colbert Apologizes To Canton... Sort Of |url= |date=2008-07-31 |first=Paul |last=Crawley] [cite news |work=Kansas City Star |title=Stephen Colbert slams Canton, Kansas |url= |date=2008-07-31 |quote=In "apologizing" to Canton, Ga., on Wednesday's "The Colbert Report," Stephen Colbert slammed Canton, Kan.] On August 5th, Colbert apologized to citizens of Canton, Georgia and Canton, Kansas, then directing his derision on Canton, South Dakota. Colbert later went on to offer a half-hearted apology to Canton, SD before proceeding to mock Canton, Texas.

Notable natives

* Jake Abel, actor
* Mother Angelica, Roman Catholic nun and foundress of the Eternal Word Television Network
* Brannon Braga, television producer and screenwriter
* Andrew W. Cordier, U.N. official
* Frank De Vol, composer, songwriter, music arranger, actor
* Nicholas Diak, writer
* Dan Dierdorf, American Football player, television announcer
* Mike Doss, American Football player, Minnesota Vikings
* Dustin Fox, American Football player, Buffalo Bills
* Peggy Ann Garner, actress
* Macy Gray, R&B singer
* Andy Haag, attorney
* Michael Hawkins, basketball player
* Ted Henry, television co-anchor of WEWS Channel Five news, Cleveland, Ohio
* Phil Hubbard, basketball player and coach
* Inhale Exhale, Christian metal band
* Karl King, composer and bandleader
* Kosta Koufos, basketball player with the Utah Jazz and Greece national team
* Frank Lavin, international trade official
* Benjamin F. Leiter, mayor of Canton, member of the U.S. House of Representatives
* Enoch Light, bandleader
* Lovedrug, indie band
* The Pursuit, Pop band
* John Mahon, percussionist with the Elton John Band
* Marilyn Manson (aka Brian Warner), rock singer of the band of the same name
* William McKinley, 25th U.S. President, who is interred in Canton at the McKinley National Memorial
* Keith McLeod, NBA basketball player, Dallas Mavericks
* Don Mellett, newspaper editor
* Marion Motley, American Football player
* Thurman Munson, baseball player
* The O'Jays, soul group
* Jack Paar, host of The Tonight Show
* Alan Page, member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame and current Associate Justice of the Minnesota Supreme Court
* Jean Peters, actress
* Relient K, Christian rock band
* Lewis Roth, Assistant Executive Director, Americans for Peace Now
* Boz Scaggs, musician
* Eric Snow, basketball player, Cleveland Cavaliers
* LeRoy Sprankle, high school multi-sport coach, author, general manager of the Canton Independents
* Jeff Timmons, singer of 98 Degrees
* Nick Weatherspoon, former Illinois and professional basketball player
* Don Willis, pool player
* Nicole Wood, Playboy Playmate
* Dave Wottle, Olympic Gold Medalist, 1972 Summer Olympics, Track & Field
* James Oliver Huberty, committed a shooting spree in a McDonald's.

ister cities

Canton has one sister city:
* - Acre, Israel


External links

* [ Canton's official website]
** [ Short page on the history of Canton]
* [ Canton/Stark County Convention and Visitors Bureau]
* [ SARTA - Stark Area Regional Transit Authority]
* [ Canton City Schools]
* [ Stark County District Library]
*wikitravel|Canton (Ohio)|CantonGeographic Location (8-way)
Centre =Canton
North=North Canton
Northeast =Youngstown
East =East Canton
Southeast =Pittsburgh
South =
Southwest =Columbus
West =Perry Heights
Northwest =Akron

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