- International Air Transport Association
name = International Air Transport Association
membership = 240 airlines
Giovanni Bisignani, Director Generaland CEO
formation = April 1945
website = http://www.iata.orgThe International Air Transport Association is an
international industry trade groupof airlines headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, where the International Civil Aviation Organizationis also headquartered. The main objective of the organization is to assist airline companies to achieve lawful competitionand uniformity in prices. The Director General is Giovanni Bisignani.
IATA was formed in
April 1945, in Havana, Cuba. It is the successor to the International Air Traffic Association, founded in The Haguein 1919, the year of the world's first international scheduled services. At its founding, IATA had 57 members from 31 nations, mostly in Europeand North America. Today it has over 240 members from more than 140 nations in every part of the globe.
For fare calculations IATA has divided the world in three regions:
#South, Central and North America.
#Europe, Middle East and Africa. IATA Europe includes the geographical Europe and
Turkey, Israel, Morocco, Algeriaand Tunisia.
#Asia, Australia, New Zealand and the islands of the Pacific Ocean.
To this end, airlines have been granted a special exemption by each of the main regulatory authorities in the world to consult prices with each other through this body. However, the organisation has been accused of acting as a
cartel, and many low cost carriers are not full IATA members. The European Union's competition authorities are currently investigating the body. In 2005, Neelie Kroes, the European Commissionerfor Competition, made a proposal to lift the exception to consult prices. In July 2006, the United States Department of Transportationalso proposed to withdraw antitrustimmunity [ [http://www.dot.gov/affairs/dot7506.htm US DOT Antitrust Immunity] ] . IATA teamed with SITA for an electronic ticketing solution [ [http://www.sita.aero/News_Centre/Press_releases/Press_releases_-_2001/e-ticketing.htm SITA Press Release on eTicketing] ] .
IATA assigns 3-letter
IATA Airport Codes and 2-letter IATA airline designators, which are commonly used worldwide. ICAOalso assigns airport and airline codes. For Rail&Fly systems, IATA also assigns IATA train station codes. For delay codes, IATA assigns IATA Delay Codes.
IATA is pivotal in the worldwide accreditation of
travel agents with exception of the U.S., where this is done by the Airlines Reporting Corporation. Permission to sell airline tickets from the participating carriers is achieved through national member organizations.
IATA regulates the shipping of
dangerous goodsand publishes the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations manual, a globally accepted field source reference for airlines' shipping of hazardous materials.
IATA maintains the
Timaticdatabase containing cross border passenger documentation requirements. It is used by airlines to determine whether a passenger can be carried, as well as by airlines and travel agents to provide this information to travellers at the time of booking.
IATA publishes standards for use in the airline industry. The Bar Coded Boarding Pass (
BCBP) standard defines the 2-Dimensional (2D) bar code printed on paper boarding passes or sent to mobiles phones for electronic boarding passes.
In 2004, IATA launched Simplifying the Business - a set of five initiatives which it says will save the industry US$6.5 billion every year. These projects are
BCBP, IATA e-freight, CUSS (common use self-service), Baggage Improvement Programme (BIP) and the Fast Travel Programme.
IATA is member of the Air Transport Action Group (ATAG) [ [http://www.atag.org/ www.atag.org ] ] [ [http://www.enviro.aero enviro.aero ] ] .
IATA Simplifying the Business
International Civil Aviation Organization(ICAO)
International Society of Transport Aircraft Trading
* [http://www.iata.org/ International Air Transport Association web site]
* [https://www.iataonline.com IATAonline]
* [http://www.iatatravelcentre.com IATA Visa, Passport, and Health database for passengers]
* [http://www.iata.org/pressroom/facts_figures/fact_sheets/alt_fuels.htm Alternative fuels]
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