Names Medical Specialist
Activity sectors Medicine
Education required

Doctor of Medicine Medical residency

Fellowship (medicine)

Hematology, also spelled haematology (from the Greek αἷμα haima "blood" and -λoγία), is the branch of biology physiology, internal medicine, pathology, clinical laboratory work, and pediatrics that is concerned with the study of blood, the blood-forming organs, and blood diseases. Hematology includes the study of etiology, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and prevention of blood diseases. The laboratory work that goes into the study of blood is frequently performed by a medical technologist. Hematologists physicians also very frequently do further study in oncology - the medical treatment of cancer.

Blood diseases affect the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, hemoglobin, blood proteins, the mechanism of coagulation, etc.

Physicians specialized in hematology are known as hematologists. Their routine work mainly includes the care and treatment of patients with hematological diseases, although some may also work at the hematology laboratory viewing blood films and bone marrow slides under the microscope, interpreting various hematological test results. In some institutions, hematologists also manage the hematology laboratory. Physicians who work in hematology laboratories, and most commonly manage them, are pathologists specialized in the diagnosis of hematological diseases, referred to as hematopathologists. Hematologists and hematopathologists generally work in conjunction to formulate a diagnosis and deliver the most appropriate therapy if needed. Hematology is a distinct subspecialty of internal medicine, separate from but overlapping with the subspecialty of medical oncology. Hematologists may specialize further or have special interests, for example in:


Hematology as basic medical science

abnormality of the hemoglobin molecule or of the rate of hemoglobin synthesis)


Treatments include:

Alphabetical lists

External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hematology — Hem a*tol o*gy, n. [Hemato + logy.] The science which treats of the blood. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hematology — [hē΄mə täl′ə jē, hem΄ətäl′ə jē] n. [ HEMATO + LOGY] the study of the blood, blood forming tissues, and blood diseases hematologic [hē΄mətō läj′ik, hem΄ətō läj′ik] adj. hematological hematologist n …   English World dictionary

  • hematology — hematologic /hee meuh tl oj ik, hem euh , hi mat euh /, hematological, adj. hematologist, n. /hee meuh tol euh jee, hem euh /, n. Med. the study of the nature, function, and diseases of the blood and of blood forming organs. [1805 15; HEMATO +… …   Universalium

  • hematology — noun Date: circa 1811 a medical science that deals with the blood and blood forming organs • hematologist noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • hematology — noun The scientific study of blood and blood producing organs. See Also: hematologist, haematologist …   Wiktionary

  • hematology — The medical specialty that pertains to the anatomy, physiology, pathology, symptomatology, and therapeutics related to the blood and blood forming tissues. SYN: hemology. [hemato + G. logos, study] * * * he·ma·tol·o·gy …   Medical dictionary

  • hematology — he|ma|tol|o|gy [ ,himə talədʒi ] the scientific study of blood …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • hematology — study of blood Sciences and Studies …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • hematology — n. scientific study of the blood …   English contemporary dictionary

  • hematology — he·ma·tol·o·gy …   English syllables

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