Otolaryngologist performing an endoscopic sinus surgical procedure

Otolaryngology or ENT (ear, nose and throat) is the branch of medicine and surgery that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, throat, and head and neck disorders.

The full name of the specialty is otorhinolaryngology;[1] the full term otorhinolaryngology (neoclassical Greek and modern Greek: ὠτο(ρ)ρινολαρυγγολογία), also includes ῥινο- - rhino- (root of ῥίς) "nose". The term comes from the Classical Greek roots ὠτ- - ot- (root of οὖς) "ear", λαρυγγ- - laryng- (root of λάρυγξ) "larynx/throat", and the root -logy "study", and it literally means "the study of ear and throat".

Some people refer to it as head and neck surgery. Practitioners are called otolaryngologists–head and neck surgeons, or sometimes otorhinolaryngologists (ORL).



Otolaryngologists are medical doctors (MD, DO, MBBS, MBChB, etc.) who, in the United States, complete at least five years of surgical residency training. This is composed of one year in general surgical training and four years in otolaryngology–head and neck surgery; in the past it varied between two and three years of each.

Following residency training some otolaryngologists elect to complete advanced subspeciality fellowship training which can be 1–2 years in duration (pediatric otolaryngology,[2] neuro-otology, laryngology, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, rhinology, or head and neck oncology).[citation needed]


Head and neck Facial plastics Otology Neuro-otology* Rhinology/sinus Laryngology Pediatrics* Sleep*
Surgical oncology Facial cosmetic surgery Ear Middle and inner ear Sinusitis Voice therapy Velopalatine insufficiency
Reconstruction Maxillofacial Hearing Temporal bone Allergy Phono-surgery Cleft lip and palate
Endocrine surgery Trauma Skull base Anterior skull base Airway
Dizziness Apnea and snoring Vascular malformations
Cochlear implant/BAHA

(* Currently recognized by American Board of Medical Subspecialties)

Topics in otolaryngology, head and neck surgery

Contributors please visit the new Current Otorhinolaryngology WikiBook project before posting your academic topics here. High-level professional-quality material needed!

Head and neck surgery



Rhinology pertains to sinus diseases and the anterior skull base.



Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery

Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery is a one-year fellowship open to otolaryngologists and plastic surgeons who wish to specialize in the aesthetic and reconstructive surgery of the head, face, and neck.

See also


External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • otolaryngology — [ōt΄ō lar΄iŋ gäl′ə jē] n. [ OTO + LARYNGOLOGY] the branch or practice of medicine dealing with disorders of the ear, nose, and throat otolaryngologist n …   English World dictionary

  • Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery —   …   Wikipedia

  • otolaryngology — noun Date: 1897 a medical specialty concerned especially with the ear, nose, and throat • otolaryngological adjective • otolaryngologist noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • otolaryngology — otolaryngologist, n. otolaryngological /oh toh leuh ring geuh loj i keuhl/, adj. /oh toh lar ing gol euh jee/, n. the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, function, and diseases of the ear, nose, and throat. Also called… …   Universalium

  • otolaryngology — noun otorhinolaryngology …   Wiktionary

  • otolaryngology — The combined specialties of diseases of the ear and larynx, including the upper respiratory tract and diseases of the head and neck, tracheobronchial tree, and esophagus. [oto + G. larynx, + logos, study] * * * oto·lar·yn·gol·o·gy ə jē …   Medical dictionary

  • otolaryngology —  The branch of medicine dealing with ear, nose, and throat disorders …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • otolaryngology — n. branch of medicine that is concerned with the study of diseases of the ears and nose and throat əʊtÉ™lærɪŋ gælÉ™dʒɪ / əʊtəʊlærɪn gÉ’ …   English contemporary dictionary

  • otolaryngology — [ˌəʊtə(ʊ)larɪŋ gɒlədʒi] noun the study of diseases of the ear and throat. Derivatives otolaryngological adjective otolaryngologist noun …   English new terms dictionary

  • otolaryngology — oto·laryngology …   English syllables

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