Surgeons at Work.jpg
Surgeons in an operating room
Activity sectors Medicine
Education required Degree in medicine

In medicine, a surgeon is a specialist in surgery. Surgery is a broad category of invasive medical treatment that involves the cutting of a body, whether human or animal, for a specific reason such as the removal of diseased tissue or to repair a tear or breakage. Surgeons may be physicians, dentists, podiatrists or veterinarians.

Minimally invasive procedures such as the procedures of interventional radiology are sometimes described as "minimally invasive surgery." The field traditionally described as interventional neuroradiology, for instance, is increasingly called neurointerventional surgery.

Robotic surgery is an area of growing interest.[citation needed]

A study in the United States came to the result that surgeons in private practice had higher levels of distress and lower career satisfactions than those practicing in an academic setting.[1]


Titles in the United Kingdom

In 1800, the Royal College of Surgeons of England (RCS) in London began to offer surgeons a formal status via RCS membership. The title Mister became a badge of honour, and today after someone graduates from medical school with the degrees MBBS or MB ChB, (or variants thereof) in these countries they are called "Doctor" until they are able, after at least four years' training, to obtain a surgical qualification: formerly Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons but also Member of the Royal College of Surgeons or a number of other diplomas, they are given the honour of being allowed to revert back to calling themselves Mr, Miss, Mrs or Ms in the course of their professional practice, but this time the meaning is different. Patients in the UK may assume that the change of title implies Consultant status (and some mistakenly think non-surgical consultants are Mr too), but the length of postgraduate medical training outside North America is such that a Mr (etc.) may be years away from obtaining such a post: many doctors used to obtain these qualifications in the Senior House Officer grade, and remain in that grade when they began sub-specialty training. The distinction of Mr (etc) is also used by surgeons in the Republic of Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and some other Commonwealth countries.[2]

Specialties and allied fields

The Gross Clinic, 1875, Philadelphia Museum of Art and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts

There are only about 1200 transplant surgeons.

Some medical doctors who are general practitioners or specialists in family medicine or emergency medicine may perform limited ranges of minor, common, or emergency surgery. Anesthesia often accompanies surgery, and anesthesiologists and nurse anesthetists may oversee this aspect of surgery. First assistants, surgical nurses, surgical technologists and operating department practitioners are trained professionals who support surgeons.

Pioneer surgeons

Organizations and fellowships


  1. ^ Balch, C. M.; Shanafelt, T. D.; Sloan, J. A.; Satele, D. V.; Freischlag, J. A. (2011). "Distress and Career Satisfaction Among 14 Surgical Specialties, Comparing Academic and Private Practice Settings". Annals of Surgery 254 (4): 558–568. doi:10.1097/SLA.0b013e318230097e. PMID 21946217.  edit
  2. ^ Mr. Keith Mutimer
  3. ^ A. Martin-Araguz, C. Bustamante-Martinez, Ajo V. Fernandez-Armayor, J. M. Moreno-Martinez (2002)
  4. ^ Ira D. Papel, John Frodel, Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
  5. ^ US Patent 4,840,175, "METHOD FOR MODIFYING CORNEAL CURVATURE", granted June 20, 1989
  6. ^

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • surgeon — [ syrʒɔ̃ ] n. m. • 1549; « source » XIIIe; altér., d apr. lat. surgere, de l a. fr. sourjon (XIIIe); de sourjant, p. prés. de sourdre ♦ Arbor. Drageon. Surgeons d un rosier. Par métaph. La grêle « frappe la vie en ses tendres surgeons » (Aragon) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Surgeon — Sur geon, n. [OE. surgien, OF. surgien, contr. fr. chirurgien. See {Chirurgeon}.] 1. One whose profession or occupation is to cure diseases or injuries of the body by manual operation; one whose occupation is to cure local injuries or disorders… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Surgeon — ajouter une photo Caractéristiques Longueur 30 km Bassin 36 km2 Débit moyen  ? Cours Se jette dans …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Surgeon — (* 1. Mai 1971; eigentlich Anthony Child) ist ein britischer DJ und Produzent im Bereich der elektronischen Tanzmusik. Surgeon war an Musikprojekten mit dem „Napalm Death“ Schlagzeuger Mick Harris, British Murder Boys (mit Regis), und Frequenz 7… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Surgeon — es el pseudónimo de Anthony Child, un productor y DJ inglés de música electrónica. Child publica música en su propios sellos discográficos Counterbalance y Dynamic Tension. Otros sellos consolidados, como Tresor, Soma y Harthouse, también han… …   Wikipedia Español

  • surgeon — SURGEON. s. m. Rejetton qui est du tronc, du pied d un arbre. Ces arbre n a point poussé de rameaux, il en est seulement sorti quelques surgeons. Il signifie aussi fig. Issu, descendant d une race. Surgeon du sang de Charlemagne. Il vieillit. On… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Surgeon — (engl., spr. Sördsch n), der Chirurg, Wundarzt …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • surgeon — c.1300, from Anglo Fr. surgien (13c.), from O.Fr. serurgien, cirurgien, from cirurgie surgery, from L. chirurgia, from Gk. kheirourgia, from kheirourgos working or done by hand, from kheir hand + ergon work (see URGE (Cf. urge) (v.)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • surgeon — Surgeon, Cerchez Sourgeon …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • surgeon — ► NOUN 1) a medical practitioner qualified to practise surgery. 2) a doctor in the navy. ORIGIN Old French serurgien, from Greek kheirourgia handiwork, surgery …   English terms dictionary

  • surgeon — [sʉr′jən] n. [ME surgien < OFr cirurgien < cirurgie,SURGERY] a doctor who specializes in surgery, as distinguished from a physician …   English World dictionary

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