- Jerzy Buzek
Jerzy Buzek President of the European Parliament Incumbent Assumed office
14 July 2009
Vice President Preceded by Hans-Gert Pöttering Prime Minister of Poland In office
31 October 1997 – 19 October 2001
President Aleksander Kwaśniewski Deputy Longin Komołowski
Preceded by Włodzimierz Cimoszewicz Succeeded by Leszek Miller Member of the European Parliament
Incumbent Assumed office
20 July 2004
Member of Sejm In office
20 October 1997 – 18 October 2001
Personal details Born 3 July 1940
(now Smilovice, Czech Republic)
Political party Civic Platform Spouse(s) Ludgarda Buzek Children Agata Alma mater Silesian University of Technology Signature
Jerzy Karol Buzek [ˈjɛʐɨ ˈbuzɛk] ( listen) (born 3 July 1940) is a Polish engineer, academic lecturer and politician who was the ninth post-Cold War Prime Minister of Poland from 1997 to 2001. He has been a member of the European Parliament since 13 June 2004, and he was elected as President of the European Parliament on 14 July 2009, succeeding Hans-Gert Pöttering.
Jerzy Karol Buzek was born to a Lutheran family on 3 July 1940 in what is now Smilovice in the Czech Republic. He was born into the prominent Buzek family, which participated in Polish politics in the Second Polish Republic during the interbellum. The family was part of the Polish community in Zaolzie. Buzek's father was an engineer. After the Second World War, his family moved to Chorzów. He is a Protestant.
In 1963 Jerzy Buzek graduated from the Mechanics-and-Energy Division of the Silesian University of Technology, specialising in chemical engineering. He became a scientist in the Chemical Engineering Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Since 1997 he has been a professor of technical science. He is also an honorary doctor of the universities in Seoul and Dortmund.
From 1997 to 2001, Buzek was a coalition Prime Minister of Poland.
In 1998 he became the first laureate of the Grzegorz Palka Award and was nominated European of the Year by the European Union Business Chambers Forum.
In 1998 he was named Człowiek Roku i.e. Person of the Year by the influential Polish political weekly Wprost. He won the award for a second time in 2009. On receiving the award again, as President of the European Parliament, he stressed that he was the first winner to be honoured for his work beyond the borders of Poland.
He was the first Prime Minister of the 3rd Republic of Poland to serve a full term.
After losing the parliamentary elections in 2001, he stepped back from political life and focused more on his scientific work, becoming the prorector of Akademia Polonijna in Częstochowa and professor in the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of the Opole University of Technology in Opole.
Whilst President of the European Parliament, on 30 March 2011, he was awarded an honorary fellowship of the IChemE at a meeting of the European Federation of Chemical Engineering (EFCE) in Brussels, Belgium.
In the 1980s, Buzek was an activist of the democratic anti-communist movements, including the legal (1980–1981 and since 1989) and underground (1981–1989) Solidarity trade union and political movement in communist Poland. He was an active organiser of the trade union's regional and national underground authorities. He was also the chairman of the four national general meetings (1st, 4th, 5th and 6th) when the Solidarity movement was allowed to participate in the political process again.
Jerzy Buzek was a member of the Solidarity Electoral Action (Akcja Wyborcza Solidarność, AWS) and co-author of the AWS's economic program. After the 1997 elections he was elected to the Sejm, the lower house of the Polish Parliament, and was soon appointed Prime Minister of Poland. In 1999 he became the chairman of the AWS Social Movement (Ruch Społeczny AWS) and in 2001 he became the Chairman of the Solidarity Electoral Action coalition.
Jerzy Buzek's government
Between the years 1997–2001 he was the Prime Minister of Poland, first of the right-centrist AWS–UW coalition government until 2001, and then of the rightist AWS minority government. His cabinet's major achievements were four significant political and economic reforms: a new local government and administration division of Poland, reform of the pension system, reform of the educational system, and reform of the medical care system. AWS was defeated in the Polish parliamentary election, 2001. Buzek resigned as the chairman of AWS Social Movement, and was replaced by Mieczysław Janowski.
Polish Member of the European Parliament
On 13 June 2004, in the European Parliament election, 2004, Jerzy Buzek was elected a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from the Silesian Voivodeship, basing his candidacy only on the popularity of his name and on direct contact with the voters. He received a record number of votes, 173,389 (22.14% of the total votes in the region). His current party affiliation is with the Platforma Obywatelska, the governing party in Poland, which is a member of the European People's Party.
In the 2004–2009 European Parliament, he was a member of the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, an alternate member of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety, a member of the Delegation to the EU–Ukraine Parliamentary Cooperation Committee, and an alternate delegate for the delegation for relations with the countries of Central America. He served as rapporteur on the EU's 7th Framework Programme for Research and Development, a multi-billion euro spending programme for the years 2007–2013.
On 7 June 2009, in the European Parliament election, 2009, Buzek was re-elected as a Member of the European Parliament from the Silesian Voivodeship constituency. Just as in the previous election, Buzek received a record number of votes in Poland: 393,117 (over 42% of the total votes in the district).
President of the European Parliament
On 14 July 2009, Buzek was elected President of the European Parliament with 555 votes of the 644 votes cast, the largest majority ever, becoming the first person from the former Eastern Bloc and the first former Prime Minister since Emilio Colombo to gain that position. He succeeded the German Christian Democrat MEP, Hans-Gert Pöttering. He has pledged to make human rights and the promotion of the Eastern partnership two of his priorities during his term of office, which will last two and a half years until, due to a political deal, Social Democrat MEP Martin Schulz will take over.[not in citation given] [dead link]
Jerzy Buzek with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev
Jerzy Buzek with Prime Minister of Hungary Viktor Orbán
Jerzy Buzek with Jyrki Katainen
Jerzy Buzek with Mariano Rajoy
- from 1997 to 2001: Professor of technical sciences, actively engaged in public work, Prime Minister of Poland
- Honorary doctorates of the Universities of Dortmund, Seoul, Süleyman Demirel University (Isparta)
- University lecturer of long standing at Opole, Gliwice and Częstochowa, researcher at the Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Gliwice
- 1972: Research stay, on a British Council scholarship, at the University of Cambridge
- 1992–1997: Representative of Poland at the International Energy Agency – Programme of Greenhouse Gas Effect
- 1996: Organiser and chairman of an international network of 19 institutions working on energy and environmental protection
- Author of some 200 research papers, over a dozen rationalisations and three patents in the fields of environmental protection, power and process engineering
- 1981: Member of the independent, self-governing trade union 'NSZZ Solidarność', Chairman of the I National Congress of Delegates of 'Solidarność' in
- 1981: Active in the Solidarność underground structure after
- 1997: Elected as a Member of the Polish Parliament in
- As Prime Minister, in 1999, took Poland into NATO and prepared the country for integration into the European Union (including decentralisation of the State – consolidation of the role of local self-government)
- In 1998, began accession negotiations
- 1999: Represented the Social Movement of Solidarity Electoral Action (AWS) in the PPE–DE
- 1999: Established the annual Pro Publico Bono prize for the best national civic initiatives
- Set up the Family Foundation together with his wife (1998), having gained greater understanding of the meaning of help for the needy after their experiences with the battle for the life of their own child
- ^ a b c d "Euro parliament elects new leader". BBC News. 14 Jul. 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/8148729.stm. Retrieved 14 Jul. 2009.
- ^ The Smilovice (German: Smilowitz, Polish: Śmiłowice) village lies in the region historically known as Austrian Silesia, more precisely the Zaolzie region. This territory was until 1918 part of Austria-Hungary (Austrian part), then from November 1918 part of Poland, then from 1920 part of Czechoslovakia. After the Munich Agreement in 1938 Czechoslovakia agreed to transfer the Zaolzie region to Poland, which, after the 1939 German invasion of Poland, was annexed by Germany. After World War II, it became again a part of Czechoslovakia and, since 1993, part of the Czech Republic. Buzek hails from the Polish minority in Zaolzie. At the time of his birth, it was officially named Smilowitz and was occupied by Germany as part of Landkreis Teschen.
- ^ Nowak, Włodzimierz (6 Jul. 2009). "Nad Betlejem, nad Rolą kometa. Zaolziańska saga rodu Buzków". Gazeta Wyborcza. http://wyborcza.pl/1,75248,6792766,Nad_Betlejem__nad_Rola_kometa__Zaolzianska_saga_rodu.html. Retrieved 14 Jul. 2009.
- ^ "Jerzy Buzek Człowiekiem Roku tygodnika "Wprost" – Wiadomości – WP.PL". Wiadomosci.wp.pl. http://wiadomosci.wp.pl/kat,1342,title,Jerzy-Buzek-Czlowiekiem-Roku-tygodnika-Wprost,wid,11872962,wiadomosc_prasa.html?ticaid=1c0db. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
- ^ "Sorry". Tcetoday.com. http://www.tcetoday.com/latest%20news/2011/march/icheme%20honours%20european%20president.aspx. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
- ^ "Transition by Mario I. Bléjer, Marko Škreb". Google Books. http://books.google.com/books?id=bDx0Ak4xnOQC&pg=PA144&lpg=PA144&dq=jerzy+buzek+educational+pension+reform&source=bl&ots=ltis_hNVgR&sig=AwIonYTqxhATSVH8SXxBqSiWe9k&hl=pl&ei=zmM7Ss-BG4mk-AbG3-3NDQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
- ^ cs. "Jerzy Buzek – Biography of the President of the European Parliament : Jerzy Buzek". Europa (web portal). http://www.europarl.europa.eu/president/view/en/the_president/biography.html. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
- ^ Henson, Carolyn (14 Jul. 2009). "UPDATE: EU Parliament Elects Ex-Polish PM Buzek As President * Article". Wall Street Journal. http://online.wsj.com/article/BT-CO-20090714-703860.html. Retrieved 14 Jul. 2009.
- European Parliament President Jerzy Buzek – official website
- European Parliament biography of Jerzy Buzek (incl. Speeches, Questions and Motions)
- Jerzy Buzek on Facebook
- Jerzy Buzek on Twitter
Political offices Preceded by
Prime Minister of Poland
President of the European Parliament
Incumbent Academic offices Preceded by
Speaker of the College of Europe Opening Ceremony
Presidents of the European Parliament Common Assembly: 1952–1958 Parliamentary Assembly: 1958–1962 European Parliament (Appointed): 1962–1979 European Parliament (Elected): 1979–present Commission President · President of the European Council · Council Presidency · President of Parliament Prime Ministers of Poland Kingdom of Poland (1916–1918) Republic of Poland (1918–1939)Daszyński · Moraczewski · Paderewski · Skulski · Grabski · Witos · Ponikowski · Śliwiński · Nowak · Sikorski · Witos · Grabski · Skrzyński · Witos · Bartel · Piłsudski · Bartel · Świtalski · Bartel · Sławek · Piłsudski · Sławek · Prystor · Jędrzejewicz · Kozłowski · Sławek · Zyndram-Kościałkowski · Składkowski Polish government in Exile (1939–1990) People's Republic of Poland (1944–1989) Republic of Poland (1989–present) previous ← Members of the European Parliament 2009–2014 Austria MEPs 2009–2014Martin Ehrenhauser · Karin Kadenbach · Othmar Karas · Elisabeth Köstinger · Jörg Leichtfried · Evelin Lichtenberger · Ulrike Lunacek · Hans-Peter Martin ·
Andreas Mölzer · Franz Obermayr · Hella Ranner · Evelyn Regner · Paul Rübig · Robert Sabitzer · Richard Seeber · Ernst Strasser · Johannes Swoboda
Belgium MEPs 2009–2014 Dutch electoral collegeIvo Belet · Frieda Brepoels (replacing Bart De Wever) · Philip Claeys (replacing Filip Dewinter) · Jean-Luc Dehaene · Saïd El Khadraoui · Derk Jan Eppink (replacing Jean-Marie Dedecker) · Annemie Neyts-Uyttebroeck · Bart Staes · Philippe De Backer (replacing Dirk Sterckx as of september 2011) · Marianne Thyssen · Kathleen Van Brempt · Frank Vanhecke · Guy Verhofstadt French electoral college German electoral college Bulgaria MEPs 2009–2014Slavcho Binev · Filiz Husmenova · Stanimir Ilchev · Iliana Ivanova · Rumiana Jeleva · Ivaylo Kalfin · Metin Kazak · Evgeni Kirilov · Nadezhda Mihaylova ·
Maria Nedeltcheva · Vladko Panayotov · Antonia Parvanova · Dimitar Stoyanov · Emil Stoyanov · Vladimir Urutchev · Kristian Vigenin · Iliana Yotova
Cyprus MEPs 2009–2014 Czech Republic MEPs 2009–2014Jan Březina · Zuzana Brzobohatá · Milan Cabrnoch · Andrea Češková · Robert Dušek · Richard Falbr · Hynek Fajmon · Jiří Havel · Jaromír Kohlíček · Edvard Kožušník · Jiří Maštálka ·
Miroslav Ouzký · Pavel Poc · Miloslav Ransdorf · Vladimir Remek · Zuzana Roithová · Libor Rouček · Olga Sehnalová · Ivo Strejček · Evžen Tošenovský · Oldřich Vlasák · Jan Zahradil
Denmark MEPs 2009–2014 Estonia MEPs 2009–2014 Finland MEPs 2009–2014 France MEPs 2009–2014 East France Île-de-France Massif Central-Centre North-West France Overseas TerritoriesMaurice Ponga · Élie Hoarau · Patrice Tirolien South-East France South-West France West France Germany MEPs 2009–2014Jan Philipp Albrecht · Alexander Alvaro · Burkhard Balz · Lothar Bisky · Reimer Böge · Franziska Brantner · Elmar Brok · Udo Bullmann · Reinhard Bütikofer · Daniel Caspary · Jorgo Chatzimarkakis · Michael Cramer · Jürgen Creutzmann · Albert Deß · Christian Ehler · Ismail Ertug · Cornelia Ernst · Markus Ferber · Knut Fleckenstein · Karl-Heinz Florenz · Michael Gahler · Evelyne Gebhardt · Jens Geier · Sven Giegold · Norbert Glante · Ingeborg Gräßle · Matthias Groote · Gerald Häfner · Thomas Händel · Rebecca Harms · Martin Häusling · Jutta Haug · Nadja Hirsch · Monika Hohlmeier · Peter Jahr · Elisabeth Jeggle · Petra Kammerevert · Martin Kastler · Franziska Keller · Christa Klaß · Wolf Klinz · Jürgen Klute · Dieter-Lebrecht Koch · Silvana Koch-Mehrin · Holger Krahmer · Constanze Krehl · Wolfgang Kreissl-Dörfler · Werner Kuhn · Alexander Graf Lambsdorff · Bernd Lange · Werner Langen · Kurt Lechner · Klaus-Heiner Lehne · Josef Leinen · Hans-Peter Liese · Barbara Lochbihler · Sabine Lösing · Thomas Mann · Hans-Peter Mayer · Gesine Meißner · Norbert Neuser · Angelika Niebler · Doris Pack · Markus Pieper · Bernd Posselt · Hans-Gert Pöttering · Godelieve Quisthoudt-Rowohl · Bernhard Rapkay · Britta Reimers · Herbert Reul · Ulrike Rodust · Dagmar Roth-Behrendt · Heide Rühle · Horst Schnellhardt · Birgit Schnieber-Jastram · Helmut Scholz · Elisabeth Schroedter · Martin Schulz · Werner Schulz · Andreas Schwab · Peter Simon · Birgit Sippel · Renate Sommer · Jutta Steinruck · Alexandra Thein · Michael Theurer · Helga Trüpel · Thomas Ulmer · Sabine Verheyen · Axel Voss · Manfred Weber · Barbara Weiler · Anja Weisgerber · Kerstin Westphal · Rainer Wieland · Sabine Wils · Hermann Winkler · Joachim Zeller · Gabriele Zimmer Greece MEPs 2009–2014Kriton Arsenis · Nikolaos Chountis · Marilena Koppa · Giorgos Koumoutsakos · Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou · Stavros Lambrinidis · Thanasis Pafilis · Chrysoula Paliadeli · Giorgos Papakonstantinou · Giorgos Papanikolaou · Georgios Papastamkos · Thanos Plevris · Anni Podimata · Konstantinos Poupakis · Sylvana Rapti · Theodoros Skylakakis · Giorgos Stavrakakis · Giorgos Toussas · Michalis Tremopoulos · Ioannis Tsoukalas · Niki Tzavela · Marietta Giannakou Hungary MEPs 2009–2014János Áder · Zoltán Bagó · Zoltán Balczó · Lajos Bokros · Tamás Deutsch · Kinga Gál · Béla Glattfelder · Kinga Göncz · Zita Gurmai · Enikő Győri · András Gyürk · Ágnes Hankiss · Edit Herczog · Lívia Járóka · Ádám Kósa · Béla Kovács · Krisztina Morvai · Csaba Őry · Ildikó Pelczné Gáll · Pál Schmitt · György Schöpflin · László Surján · József Szájer · Csanád Szegedi · Csaba Tabajdi Ireland MEPs 2009–2014 Dublin East North-West SouthBrian Crowley · Alan Kelly · Seán Kelly Italy MEPs 2009–2014 Central IslandsRita Borsellino · Rosario Crocetta · Salvatore Iacolino · Giovanni La Via · Saverio Romano · Giommaria Uggias North East North WestGabriele Albertini · Sonia Alfano · Magdi Allam · Francesca Balzani · Vito Bonsignore · Mario Borghezio · Sergio Cofferati · Lara Comi · Carlo Fidanza · Mario Mauro · Cristiana Muscardini · Pier Antonio Panzeri · Fiorello Provera · Licia Ronzulli · Oreste Rossi · Francesco Speroni · Gianluca Susta · Patrizia Toia · Gianni Vattimo · Sonia Viale · Iva Zanicchi Southern Latvia MEPs 2009–2014 Lithuania MEPs 2009–2014 Luxembourg MEPs 2009–2014 Malta MEPs 2009–2014 Netherlands MEPs 2009–2014Hans van Baalen · Bas Belder · Thijs Berman · Louis Bontes · Emine Bozkurt · Wim van de Camp · Marije Cornelissen · Peter van Dalen · Bas Eickhout · Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy · Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert · Dennis de Jong · Esther de Lange · Kartika Liotard · Barry Madlener · Toine Manders · Judith Merkies · Lambert van Nistelrooij · Ria Oomen-Ruijten · Judith Sargentini · Marietje Schaake · Laurence Stassen · Daniël van der Stoep · Sophie in 't Veld · Corien Wortmann-Kool Poland MEPs 2009–2014Adam Bielan · Piotr Borys · Jerzy Buzek · Tadeusz Cymański · Ryszard Czarnecki · Lidia Geringer de Oedenberg · Adam Gierek · Marek Gróbarczyk · Andrzej Grzyb · Róża Gräfin Von Thun Und Hohenstein · Małgorzata Handzlik · Jolanta Hibner · Danuta Hubner · Danuta Jazłowiecka · Sidonia Jędrzejewska · Filip Kaczmarek · Jarosław Kalinowski · Michał Kamiński · Lena Kolarska-Bobińska · Paweł Kowal · Jacek Kurski · Ryszard Legutko · Janusz Lewandowski · Bogusław Liberadzki · Krzysztof Lisek · Elżbieta Łukacijewska · Bogdan Marcinkiewicz · Marek Migalski · Sławomir Nitras · Wojciech Olejniczak · Jan Olbrycht · Mirosław Piotrowski · Tomasz Poręba · Jacek Protasiewicz · Jacek Saryusz-Wolski · Joanna Senyszyn · Czesław Siekierski · Marek Siwiec · Joanna Skrzydlewska · Bogusław Sonik · Konrad Szymański · Rafał Trzaskowski · Jarosław Wałęsa · Jacek Włosowicz · Janusz Wojciechowski · Paweł Zalewski · Artur Zasada · Janusz Zemke · Zbigniew Ziobro · Tadeusz Zwiefka Portugal MEPs 2009–2014Luís Paulo Alves · Regina Bastos · Luís Capoulas Santos · Graça Carvalho · Maria do Céu Patrão · Carlos Coelho · António Correia de Campos · Mário David · Edite Estrela · Diogo Feio · José Manuel Fernandes · Elisa Ferreira · João Ferreira · Ilda Figueiredo · Ana Gomes · Marisa Matias · Nuno Melo · Vital Moreira · Miguel Portas · Paulo Rangel · Rui Tavares · Nuno Teixeira Romania MEPs 2009–2014Elena Antonescu · Elena Băsescu · George Becali · Sebastian Bodu · Victor Boştinaru · Cristian Buşoi · Corina Creţu · Sabin Cutaş · Vasilica Dănciă · Ioan Enciu · Cătălin Ivan · Petru Luhan · Monica Macovei · Marian-Jean Marinescu · Ramona Mănescu · Iosif Matula · Norica Nicolai · Rareş Niculescu · Ioan Mircea Paşcu · Rovana Plumb · Cristian Preda · Daciana Octavia Sârbu · Adrian Severin · Theodor Stolojan · Csaba Sogor · László Tőkés · Claudiu Ciprian Tănăsescu · Silvia Adriana Ţicău · Traian Ungureanu · Corneliu Vadim-Tudor · Adina Ioana Vălean · Renate Weber · Iuliu Winkler Slovakia MEPs 2009–2014 Slovenia MEPs 2009–2014 Spain MEPs 2009–2014Magdalena Álvarez Arza · Josefa Andrés Barea · Pablo Arias Echeverría · Inés Ayala Sender · Pilar Ayuso González · María Badia i Cutchet · Izaskun Bilbao · Alejandro Cercas Alonso · Ricardo Cortes Lastra · Luis de Grandes Pascual · María Pilar del Castillo Vera · Agustín Díaz de Mera García-Consuegra · Rosa Estaràs Ferragut · Santiago Fisas Ayxelá · Carmen Fraga Estévez · Iratxe García Pérez · José Manuel García-Margallo Marfil · Eider Gardiazabal Rubial · Garriga Polledo · Enrique Guerrero Salom · Cristina Gutiérrez-Cortines Corral · María Esther Herranz García · Carlos Iturgaiz Angulo · Ramón Jáuregui Atondo · Teresa Jiménez-Becerril Barrio · Oriol Junqueras · Verónica Lope Fontagne · Juan Fernando López Aguilar · Antonio López-Istúriz White · Miguel Ángel Martínez Martínez · Antonio Masip Hidalgo · Gabriel Mato Adrover · Jaime Mayor Oreja · Francisco Millán Mon · Íñigo Méndez de Vigo Montojo · Emilio Menéndez del Valle · Willy Meyer · María Muñiz de Urquiza · Raimon Obiols i Germà · Juan Andrés Perelló Rodríguez · Teresa Riera Madurell · Carmen Romero López · Raül Romeva · José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra · Antolín Sánchez Presedo · Francisco Sosa Wagner · Ramon Tremosa · Alejo Vidal-Quadras Roca · Luis Yáñez Barnuevo · Pablo Zalba Bidegain Sweden MEPs 2009–2014Anna Maria Corazza Bildt · Lena Ek · Christian Engström · Christofer Fjellner · Göran Färm · Anna Hedh · Gunnar Hökmark · Anna Ibrisagic · Olle Ludvigsson ·
Isabella Lövin · Marit Paulsen · Carl Schlyter · Olle Schmidt · Alf Svensson · Eva-Britt Svensson · Marita Ulvskog · Åsa Westlund · Cecilia Wikström
United Kingdom MEPs 2009–2014 East Midlands East of England London North East England North West England Northern Ireland Scotland South East England South West England Wales West Midlands Yorkshire & the Humber Category · European Union
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.