Outline of Portugal

Outline of Portugal
The location of Portugal
An enlargeable basic map of Continental Portugal.

The Portuguese Republic, commonly known as Portugal, is a sovereign country principally located on the Iberian Peninsula in Southern Europe.[1] Portugal is the westernmost country of continental Europe and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south and by Spain to the north and east. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira (including the Savage Islands) are also part of Portugal.

The land within the borders of today's Portuguese Republic has been continuously settled since prehistoric times. Some of the earliest civilizations include Lusitanians and Celtic societies. Incorporation into the Roman Republic dominions took place in the 2nd century BC. The region was ruled and colonized by Germanic peoples, such as the Suebi and the Visigoths, from the 5th to the 8th century. From this era, some vestiges of the Alans were also found. The Muslim Moors arrived in the early 8th century and conquered the Christian Germanic kingdoms, eventually occupying most of the Iberian Peninsula. In the early 12th century, during the Christian Reconquista, Portugal appeared as a kingdom independent of its neighbour, the Kingdom of León and Galicia. In a little over a century, in 1249, Portugal would establish almost its entire modern-day borders by conquering territory from the Moors.

During the 15th and 16th centuries, with a global empire that included possessions in Africa, Asia and South America, Portugal was one of the world's major economic, political, and cultural powers. In the 17th century, the Portuguese Restoration War between Portugal and Spain ended the sixty year period of the Iberian Union (1580–1640). In the 19th century, armed conflict with French and Spanish invading forces and the loss of its largest territorial possession abroad, Brazil, disrupted political stability and potential economic growth. After the Portuguese Colonial War and the Carnation Revolution coup d'état in 1974, the ruling regime was deposed in Lisbon and the country handed over its last overseas provinces in Africa. Portugal's last overseas territory, Macau, was handed over to China in 1999.

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Portugal:

General reference

  • Pronunciation: /ˈpɔɹ.tʃə.ɡəl/ ( listen) (US), /ˈpɔː.tʃə.ɡəl/ or /ˈpɔː.tjə.ɡəl/ (UK)
    • Portuguese: [puɾ.tu.ˈɡaɫ]
  • Common English country name: Portugal
  • Official English country name: The Portuguese Republic
  • Common endonym(s): Portugal
  • Official endonym(s): República Portuguesa
  • Adjectival(s): Portuguese
  • Demonym(s):Portuguese
  • Etymology: Name of Portugal
  • International rankings of Portugal
  • ISO country codes: PT, PRT, 620
  • ISO region codes: See ISO 3166-2:PT
  • Internet country code top-level domain: .pt

Geography of Portugal

An enlargeable satellite image of Continental Portugal
The Azores archipelago (including the islands of Flores, Corvo, Terceira, Graciosa, São Jorge, Pico, Faial, Santa Maria and São Miguel).
The Madeira archipelago (including Madeira, Porto Santo and the Desertas).
Location of the Savage islands.
Map of the Savage islands

Environment of Portugal

Natural geographic features of Portugal

Regions of Portugal

Ecoregions of Portugal

Administrative divisions of Portugal

Autonomous Regions of Portugal
Districts of Portugal
Municipalities of Portugal
Parishes of Portugal

Demography of Portugal

Portuguese people

Government and politics of Portugal

Main article: Government of Portugal and Politics of Portugal

Branches of the government of Portugal

Executive branch of the government of Portugal

Legislative branch of the government of Portugal

  • Parliament of Portugal (unicameral)

Judicial branch of the government of Portugal

  • Supreme Court of Portugal

Foreign relations of Portugal

International organization membership

The Portuguese Republic is a member of:[1]

Law and order in Portugal

Military of Portugal

Local government in Portugal

History of Portugal

History of Portugal
Coat of Arms of Portugal
This article is part of a series
Prehistoric Iberia
Early history
Lusitania and Gallaecia
Kingdom of Portugal
Portuguese Republic
Colonial history
Art history
Economic history
History of the Azores
History of Madeira
Language history
Military history
Music history
Women's history

Portugal Portal
v · d · e
Main article: History of Portugal, Timeline of the history of Portugal, and Current events of Portugal

Culture of Portugal

Art in Portugal

Sports in Portugal

Economy and infrastructure of Portugal

  • Portugal Stock Exchange

Education in Portugal

Infrastructure of Portugal

Health in Portugal

See also


External links

Wikimedia Atlas of Portugal

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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