- United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development(UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body. It is the principal organ of the United Nations General Assemblydealing with trade, investment and development issues.
The organization's goals are to "maximize the
trade, investment and development opportunities of developing countriesand assist them in their efforts to integrate into the world economy on an equitable basis." (from official website). The creation of the conference was based on concerns of developing countries over the international market, multi-national corporations, and great disparity between developed nations and developing nations.
In the 1970s and 1980s UNCTAD was closely associated with the idea of a
New International Economic Order(NIEO).
Currently, UNCTAD has 191 member States and is headquartered in
Geneva, Switzerland. UNCTAD has 400 staff members and an annual regular budget of approximately US$50 million and US$25 million of extrabudgetary technical assistance funds.
The inter-governmental work is done at 5 levels of meetings [http://www.unctad.org/Templates/meeting.asp?intItemID=1942&lang=1&m=4289] :
*The UNCTAD Conference - held every 4 years;
**UNCTAD XIII will be held in
Doha, Qatarin 2012
**UNCTAD XII was held in
Accra, Ghanain 21-25 April 2008 [http://www.unctadxii.org/]
**UNCTAD XI was held in
São Paulo, Brazilin 13-18 June 2004 [http://www.unctadxi.org/]
**UNCTAD X was held in
Bangkok, Thailandin 12-19 February 2000 [http://www.unctad-10.org/]
**UNCTAD IX was held in Midrand,
South Africain 27 April– 11 May1996
**UNCTAD VIII was held in Cartagena,
Colombiain 8-25 February 1992
*The UNCTAD Trade and Development Board - the Board manages the work of UNCTAD in between two Conferences and meets up to three times every year;
*Four UNCTAD Commissions and one Working Party - these meet more often than the Board in order to take up policy, programme and budgetary issues;
*Expert Meetings - the Commissions will convene expert meetings on selected topics in order to provide substantive and expert input for Commission policy discussions.
UNCTAD produces a number of topical reports, including:
*The Trade and Development Report [http://www.unctad.org/tdr]
*The Trade and Environment Review [http://www.unctad.org/ter]
*The World Investment Report [http://www.unctad.org/wir]
*The Economic Development in Africa Report [http://www.unctad.org/africa/series]
*The Least Developed Countries Report [http://www.unctad.org/ldcr]
*UNCTAD Statistics [http://www.unctad.org/statistics]
*The Information Economy Report [http://www.unctad.org/ier/series]
*The Review of Maritime Transport [http://www.unctad.org/rmt/series]
*The International Accounting and Reporting Issues Annual Review [http://www.unctad.org/isar]
UNCTAD also conducts various technical cooperation programmes [http://www.unctad.org/tc] such as
ASYCUDA, DMFAS, EMPRETECand WAIPA.
In addition, UNCTAD conducts certain technical cooperation in collaboration with the
World Trade Organizationthrough the joint International Trade Centre (ITC), a technical cooperation agency targeting operational and enterprise-oriented aspects of trade development.
UNCTAD hosts the
Intergovernmental Working Group of Experts on International Standards of Accounting and Reporting (ISAR)[http://www.unctad.org/isar]
Complete List of Secretaries-General and Officers-in-Charge
* [http://www.unctad.org UNCTAD home page]
* [http://www.intracen.org International Trade Centre home page]
* [http://www.focusweb.org/publications/2000/UNCTAD.htm UNCTAD: Time to Lead (Focus on the Global South)]
* [http://www.globalpolicy.org/socecon/trade/unctad/unctadin.htm Global Policy Forum - UNCTAD]
List of countries by received FDI
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.