Arterial tree

Arterial tree

In anatomy, arterial tree is used to refer to all arteries and/or the branching pattern of the arteries. This article regards the human arterial tree. Starting from the aorta:


Ascending aorta

(Branches to right coronary artery and left coronary artery. Click link for more info)

right coronary artery

left coronary artery

Arch of aorta

brachiocephalic artery

  • right common carotid artery
  • right subclavian artery

common carotid artery (directly from arch of aorta on left)

internal carotid artery
external carotid artery

subclavian artery (directly from arch of aorta on left)

vertebral artery
internal thoracic artery
  • Mediastinal branches
  • Thymic branches
  • Pericardiophrenic artery
  • Sternal branches
  • Perforating branches
  • six anterior intercostal branches
    • upper branches
    • lower branches of the space anastomoses
  • Musculophrenic artery
    • intercostal branches {three }
    • branches to lower part of the pericardium
    • branches to diaphragm
    • branches to abdominal muscles.
  • Superior epigastric artery
thyrocervical trunk
Deep cervical artery (sometimes)
costocervical trunk (mostly)
Axillary artery
Brachial artery

Thoracic aorta

Abdominal aorta

inferior phrenic


superior mesenteric

middle suprarenal


Anterior and posterior

interlobar artery



inferior mesenteric

median sacral

common iliac

common iliac arteries

internal iliac artery

Anterior division

Posterior division

external iliac artery

Popliteal artery


  1. ^ Human Anatomy - Lab 25 Step 12

See also

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