- Anterior spinal artery
Name = PAGENAME
Latin = arteria spinalis anterior
GraySubject = 148
Caption = Arteries of the
brain, brain stemand upper spinal cord(anterior spinal artery at bottom)
Caption2 = 1: posterior spinal vein
2: anterior spinal vein
3: posterolateral spinal vein
4: radicular (or segmental medullary) vein
5: posterior spinal arteries
6: anterior spinal artery
7: radicular (or segmental medullary) artery
BranchFrom = vertebral arteries
anterior spinal veins
DorlandsPre = a_61
DorlandsSuf = 12156004
human anatomy, the anterior spinal artery is the blood vesselthat supplies the anterior portion of the spinal cord. It arises from branches of the vertebral arteries and is supplied by the anterior segmental medullary arteries, including the artery of Adamkiewicz, and courses along the anterior aspect of the spinal cord.
The anterior spinal artery is a small branch, which arises near the termination of the vertebral, and, descending in front of the
medulla oblongata, unites with its fellow of the opposite side at the level of the foramen magnum.
One of these vessels is usually larger than the other, but occasionally they are about equal in size.
The single trunk, thus formed, descends on the front of the
medulla spinalis, and is reinforced by a succession of small branches which enter the vertebral canalthrough the intervertebral foramina; these branches are derived from the vertebral arteryand the ascending cervical arteryof the inferior thyroid arteryin the neck; from the intercostal arteriesin the thorax; and from the lumbar artery, iliolumbar arteryand lateral sacral arteriesin the abdomenand pelvis.
They unite, by means of ascending and descending branches, to form a single
anterior median artery, which extend as far as the lower part of the medulla spinalis, and is continued as a slender twig on the filum terminale.
This vessel is placed in the
pia materalong the anterior median fissure; it supplies that membrane, and the substance of the medulla spinalis, and sends off branches at its lower part to be distributed to the cauda equina.
Disruption of the anterior spinal cord leads to bilateral disruption of the
corticospinal tract, causing motor deficits, and bilateral disruption of the spinothalamic tract, causing sensory deficits in the form of pain/temperature sense loss. See also Medial medullary syndrome
Anterior spinal artery syndrome
*Yoshioka K, Niinuma H, Ohira A, Nasu K, Kawakami T, Sasaki M, Kawazoe K. MR angiography and CT angiography of the artery of Adamkiewicz: noninvasive preoperative assessment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm. Radiographics. 2003 Sep-Oct;23(5):1215-25. PMID 12975511 [http://radiographics.rsnajnls.org/cgi/content/figsonly/23/5/1215 Full Text]
* [http://radiographics.rsnajnls.org/content/vol23/issue5/images/large/g03se12c1a.jpeg Drawing of the anterior spinal artery]
* [http://www.frca.co.uk/images/spinal-cord4.jpgHorizontal view of blood supply to the spinal cord]
* [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=spinalcord.figgrp.220 Diagram] at nih.gov
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